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ciety, in its actual state, trang toge- the more delighted was the reader ther by innumerable links and liga- the longer the banquet was protures. Many things are deemed, tracted. In after times, when taste upon one view, useless and perni- and manners were changed, the tale cious, which, upon a more accurate became tedious, because it was and comprehensive observation, will deemed unnatural and absurd, and often be found inseparable and essen- it would have been condemned as tial. It would not be an unamusing, tedious, and treated with neglect, nor, perhaps, an unprofitable, task whether it filled ten pages or ten to weigh accurately the present volumes. constitution of almost all human so- Cleopatra and Cassandra are no cieties, by which the existence of greater violations of historical vera. domestic animals is not merely to- city and probability, and no more lerated, but deemed indispensible to drawn from an ideal world, than the general welfare. Whether all Johnson's Rasselas, Hawkesworth's the domestic animals that are at Almoran and Hamet, or Fenelon's present reared and fostered in Telemachus. In all these, names Great Britain, for example, or and incidents, and some machinery, some one class of them, might not are taken from a remote age and be entirely dispensed with, and nation, but the manners and sentiwhat effect the total extirpation ments are modelled upon those of would have on human felicity, are the age in which the works were problems not unworthy the attention written, as those of the Scuderis of inquisitive minds.

were fashioned upon the habits of Whatever solution these problems their own age. The present unpo, should receive from a hundred or a pularity of the romances of the fifmillion of enquirers, the state of teenth and sixteenth centuries is not things will doubtless remain the owing to the satires of Cervantes or same; but surely there is some ad- of Boileau, but to the gradual revoluvantage in seeing every object in its tion of human manners and national proper light. The conduct of others 'taste. is seldom influenced by our opinion The “ Arabian Nights" delight of its rectitude, but to form just opi- us in childhood, and so do the chi. nions of the conduct of others is, at valrous romances; but, in riper age, least, to enlighten ourselves, to aug- if enlightened by education, we dement our own stock of truth, and spise what we formerly revered. lessen our own stock of error. Individuals, whose minds have been

uncultivated, continue still their attachment to those marvellous stories.

And yet, must it not be ascribed For the Literary Magazine. rather to change of manners than to

any other cause, that we neglect ROMANCES.

and disrelish works which gave in

finite delight to sir Philip Sidney, A TALE, agreeable to truth and sir Walter Raleigh, and sir Thomas nature, or, more properly speaking, More, to Sully and Daubigne : men agreeable to our own conceptions of whose knowledge of Augustan motruth and nature, may be long, but dels, and delight in them, was never cannot be tedious. Cleopatra and exceeded, and the general vigour Cassandra by no means referred to and capacity of whose minds has an ideal world; they referred to never been surpassed. the manners and habits of the age The works that suited former in which they were written ; names ages are now exploded by us. The and general incidents only were works that are now produced, and taken from the age and history of which accommodate themselves to Alexander and Cæsar. In that age, our habits and taste, would have therefore, they were nct tedious, but been utterly neglected by aur ancestors : and what is there to hinder veller. It's a damned strange thing, the belief, that they, in their turn, I must own : but they told me there will fall into oblivion and contempt....the French consul at Alexandry at some future time. We natu- told me....I lived with him while I rally conceive our own habits and staid at Alexandry....he told me opinions the standard of rectitude ; damned strange things though, I but their rectitude, admitting our tell you before hand; that this river claim to be just, will not hinder goes away every winter into the them from giving way to others, and moon, into a damned high mountain being exploded in their turn.

there, and then comes down again after a while....the consul told me... rattling and splashing at a devil of

a rate, rolling along mud and croFor the Literary Magazine. codiles.

This information was followed A CONVERSATION UPON EGYPT. with a deep pause. At length the

skipper said, Come, come, Mr. ElAn original letter. lis, that won't do. You are boring

us. Christeen, August 4, 1784. The traveller affirmed, with an

oath, that he was serious ; that the I HAVE little, as yet, to tell French consul and many others you, my dear friend, but that, after told him so. a tedious passage of two days, I What, said the skipper, the chan. have at last reached this place, and nel, I suppose, then, is dry in the found what I came in search of. I winter season. was never here before, and have Dry as this deck, said the travelnot been here long enough to form ler. The consul told me so. A any notion of the place and its inha- beaten road; nobody can tell it from bitants. The incidents of my little the fields ; rather dustier, that's all. voyage were not worth relating to Egypt! Egypt! résumed the you, who have made such voyages skipper : why it an't the place we so often, yet most of them were read of in the Bible is it? where new, and therefore interesting, to Joseph, and Pharaoh, and Potiphar me. Perhaps I cannot amuse you and them was; and where the Jews better, or while away more effectu. passed over the Red Sea without ally this sultry afternoon, than by wetting their shoes, repeating a little conversation which The very same, like enough, said took place between some of my fel. the traveller, but dam'me if I know. low passengers.

Perhaps the Red Sea was like the We sat together on the quarter- river, and the Jews went over when deck, shaded by the main-sail, as it happened to be dry : but I can't we were towed up the innumerable say positive as to that, for I never windings of this dirty stream. A heard of the Red Sea when I was careless, jolly fellow observed, that there ; so perhaps it's not the same this creek strongly reminded him of as the Bible makes mention. But the Nile, which, he said, was just I'll tell you what's stranger still : such a river as this.

when the rirer comes back, it overThe Nile! exclaimed the fat flows all the land, and then they alskipper; where's that?

ways plough and sow, when the waIt's in Egypt, says the other: 'twas ter's on it, three or four feet deep. in Egypt when I was there.

I've seen them at it: the men up When you was there? said an to their middles, and the oxen up to Irish innkeeper, of this village: if their bellies. it was once there, I suppose it is al. But how can ther sow in the wa. ways there.

ter? how does the seed get to the There you're out, replied the tra- ground?

Sinks to be sure, how should it Why, says he, they take and sacri. else?

fice him to the new moon, he says. I know Egypt well enough, said Why, said the demure personage, the innkeeper. I had a full brother if a man goes into a such like place, there seven years. When he came 'tis my belief he's an idolater. He's back, he used to tell us such odd co- no conscientious christian. The mical stories. By the mass, I never scriptur says, who can touch pitch believed half of them : yet brother and not be defiled ? Pat was an honest soul, and never And then, too, continued the inn. told a lie, but when he was in li- keeper, they never rings no bells to quor, and that was not oftentimes; call people to church, but the clarnot more than once a week, or there. Syman goes to the top of the steeple away, and then he was damned and calls out to the people to come, drunk, that's the truth on't.

and then they takes and goes : and Pray, interrupted I, what did Pat then, too, what's oddest of all, they say about Egypt?

keep Sundays on Pridays. And Why, he said they were all no they call the Bible the Go run. better than Mihummetans in that Why that, says the man in grey, country ; people that worship the is worst of all, to keep Sundays on new moon. They put it a-top of all Fridays. Why they're no better, as their churches.

a body may say, than a parcel of Put the new moon a-top of all sabbath-breakers. God forbid I their churches ! said the astonished should be uncharitable, but it's my skipper.

belief that no good can come of Pshaw! said the traveller, that's such doings. The scriptur saith...... a lie, for I remember there was no As to that, interrupted the travel. such thing on the steeples that I ler, you may think as you please, to saw, and many is the good time I be sure, Mr. Elmslie, but my notion have seen their churches ; aye, and is, that all days is alike. been in them too. When I was This declaration aroused the zeal there, I never saw the new moon, of Mr. Elmslię, and he set himself or the old one either, any where else in the hold forth attitude immedibut in the sky, not I.

ately. The traveller continued : I don't mean the new moon, its I'll bet you a bowl of jorum (here, own self, said the innkeeper, but a Tom, bring us another bottle, you statute of the new moon, as I take dog, and some sugar); I'll prove it

you as plain as the nose in your face. That's flat idolatry, says a little I lays no wagers, says the theolodemure personage, in grey clothes; gian; I am for plain downright ar. for the scriptur says, thou shalt not guing, dy'e see, from scriptur..... worship any thing in the heavens Mark that : I sticks to scriptur. above, nor in the earth beneath: Being anxious to hear the innnow the moon, you can't deny, is a keeper repeat a little more of his thing in heaven : now to make a brother Pat's account of Egypt, I graven image of the moon, why here interfered between the dispu. that's a profane idol ; why that's to tants with....Pray, gentlemen, let us be no better than a heathen, dy'e have the jorum first, and this weighsee me.

ty matter may be settled afterwards. Aye, resumed the innkeeper, and Meanwhile, let us have more of Mr. what's worse than all that, they've M’Dowal's account of Egypt. no pews in their churches. So, Why, says M’Dowal, I don't Pat says, he heard say, for he did know as how as I remember much not see it himself. Becase why? why more of what Pat told us....Aye! he becase they won't let no christian said, that every man there has a go into their churches. If he goes dozen wives; that women never go in, what do they do? says I to Pat. to market, a shopping, nor a gossips

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Ing as they do in christian countries, in the reverberation of an echo, and because the men are affeared they'll in the lessening tones of a bell after run off: so they keeps them locked being struck. up all their lives, and they don't go The science of harmony is foundnowhere's; not even to church. ed upon the number and regularity Mr. Elmslie heaved a deep sigh... of the vibrations in strings of dif

And then there's a sort of people ferent lengths and thicknesses; a there, Pat said; he called them short thick piece of metal being mammy looks, that are always on struck, vibrates with amazing rahorseback, and they are great lords, pidity, while one of the same length and they do what they please among but less thickness has a slower mothe people. They never go out but tion in proportion as it is extended they cut off the heads of somebody, with less force. Two strings of equal especially christians. If one of them length and thickness, being extended there mammy looks meets a chris- with unequal power, produce an tian, why he'll cut him down with unpleasant sensation on the organ of his broad sword as soon as look at hearing; but if the two are equally him....Sarvice to you, gentlemen, tightened, the effect is agreeable, beputting the jorum to his lips. Pat cause an equal number of vibrations says, they makes no more of drink- is produced by each string in the ing the blood of us christians, than same period of time; the tone is I do this jorum.

the same, because the two strings, Here Mr. Elmslie's devout excla- of equal thickness, strike the air mations awakened the disputatious with equal force. Strings of diffezeal of the traveller, and the talk rent sizes and lengths, although prowas turned upon the equality be- ducing different tones, and an unetween the value of a christian's life qual number of vibrations, neverthewith that of a Jew's or a pagan's. I less harmonize together, when the shall not follow them in this digres- number and force of the vibrations sion, but end here, with the ending of proceed in regular proportions, and my paper. So, adieu.

H. L. occur in regular periods. The art

of forming instruments to produce

harmonious sounds, depends upon For the Literary Magazine.

this extensive variety of vibrations,

requiring to produce them a succesFALSE PREJUDICE AGAINST

sion of strings, gradually encreasing

in length and thickness. In a pianoMUSIC,

forte the length of the smallest He that hath not music in his soul

string is only a few inches, while Is fit for treason, stratagem, and spoil. that of the longest extends to six

SHAKESPEARE. feet.

Can it be more offensive to the THE doctrine of sounds is a conscience of a good man that he study against which no conscience should hear two strings, vibrating can revolt, because it is the attri- thus regularly, and in unison, than bute of man to enquire into the to hear them vibrating irregularly, causes of things, and he is wont to thereby producing discord ? If it consider it as the best evidence of is, to be consistent with himself, he his not abusing the faculties bestow. should delight in the clashing of ed on him by his bountiful Creator. shovel and tongs, and the confusion Our enquiries on this head have of tongues ; if married, he should taught us, that sounds are produced prefer the sounds of discontent to on the organs of hearing by vibra. the sweetest accordance of sentition, and therefore the drum of the ment, and should seek occasions to ear is analogous to the instrument procure from his children an eternal whence it is named. The effect of succession of squailing, whining, vibration is beautifully exemplified and screaming. Who is he that is

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offended with echo, who quarrels inherited from our forefathers, with the birds, because they sing, whose piety was incensed at the and hates to hear an infant laugh ? association of music with the rites Let me avoid his path. Yet, if he of superstition, as it would be mad. does no harm, 0) pity this sad dis. ness to prefer pain to pleasure, ease of his mind, and seek him next deformity to beauty, so should it be in bedlam.

not to love harmony, at least as The fact is, that all good men, much as we abhor discord. If the provided they are in health, love frenzy of Saul was assuaged by music; and it is only the prejudice the harp of David, many an evilof an illiberal education which in- brooding brain has been harmonized duces them to affect a disapproba- by music's thrilling chords, and the tion of it. I have seen such as these, savage breast been taught to vibrate when they have thought themselves in concert with its companions of unseen, listening with rapture to humanity ; for it is a sentiment the strains of harmony, and at the taught by universal experience, that moment their consciences have ac. quitted them of harm.

“ He that hath not music in his soul Music may not be a necessary of Is fit for treason, stratagem, and spoil.'' life, but it is an innocent sensation of it ; it may not do much good, but

VERITAS. it can do no harm ; it may be a little expensive, but it is not so much so, as the skirts to our coats, as fur hats instead of leather ones,

For the Literary Magazine. as carpets, mahogany tables, silver spoons, carriages, and extensive FORCE OF EXAMPLE. houses. But when this music is produced at the expence of others,

Continued. surely it is cheap enough to hear, and reasonable enough to be pleas SUCH were my sensations at this ing.

time ; such were the thoughts that Music, the knowledge of which passed through my brain. But to I forbear to call an accomplishment, proceed. Notwithstanding the apsince the term is in bad repute, but pearance of the mendicant denoted which I would call the divine res- extreme misery, not a hand was torer and harmonizer of the soul, is extended for his relief. Whether a talent in its practice spreading my companions thought him an unmore delight than almost any other, worthy object, or whether each and a delight unfelt by the bosom waited for the other to set an exwhich at the time harbours aught ample which he was willing to folof inhumanity. The only objection low, I know not ; however, he reof any weight comes from the rigid ceived nothing from any of the comeconomist of time; yet of him I pany. I pitied him sincerely, and would ask, are there to be no mo- would have most cheerfully contriments of relaxation ? Must the buted to his relief; but such was bow be always bent? The harmless the force of example, that I was tenants of the grove, between their ashamed to be the first to begin, and intervals of labour, in the search the poor man was obliged to retire, for food, exult in notes of joy, which bare and pennyless as he came. excite the sympathy of all animat- Even while pity pleaded in his beed nature. And shall man alone half, my heart felt the impulse of persist in his sullen misery, nor benevolence, and my mind acknowdare to express oue note of pleasure, ledged the justice of his claim, yet, one gay effusion of gratitude ? for want of an example, did my

While we are disposed to excuse hand refuse to obey their direction. the visionary objections which are Nor do I believe my case is an

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