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ment of his affairs. He purchased and the key, has been much apa beautiful country residence, a few proved of by the public, and adopted miles from the city of New York, in most of the principal seminaries where he hoped to enjoy much plea- in England. It has passed through sure in rural occupation, and in the many large editions in that country, social intercourse of a wide circle of and been frequently reprinted in Ire. relations and friends. But pleasing land and America. prospects soon disappeared ; for, The merit of this work, and the not long after his determination to high character given of it in the retire, he was arrested by the hand different reviews, induced his bookof sickness. The fever with which sellers to offer him a very considerhe was afflicted left a great weak- able sum for the copy-right, which ness in his limbs, and his health and he thought proper to accept. The strength became so much impaired copy-right of his Introduction to the as to induce him, by the advice of English Reader, the English Reader his physicians and friends, to try itself, and the Sequel to that work, the air and climate of England. together with the abridgment of the

In the year 1785, he went to Eng- Grammar, all of which have been land, and, in a short time, found much commended for their chaste himself considerably relieved in the and judicious execution, were disgeneral state of his health, but not posed of for very liberal prices. Mr. to that degree as to render it pru. Murray's latest work is “ Le Lecdent for him to return to America. teur Francais," a book on the plan

He settled in Yorkshire, and pur- of the English Reader. It has alchased a house pleasantly situated ready received some very favours about a mile from York, where he able and respectable public as well continues to reside. The weakness as private testimonies, and it bids of his limbs gradually increased, so

fair to enhance Mr. Murray's repu. that for some years he has found tation, as a writer who is solicitous himself incapable of walking more to improve the taste and underthan a few steps in the course of a standing, and to form the heart of day, without great inconvenience. his young readers. The copy-right He is, however, able to ride in his of this work also has been disposed carriage an hour or two every day, of very advantageously. and in summer he is frequently But this gentleman's views in drawn about his garden, in a chair writing are not mercenary. Have conveniently made for the purpose. ing began his literary career from To a person distinguished, as Mr. disinterested motives, he has conMurray had been, for health, stantly devoted all the profits of his strength, and agility, this confine- works to charitable purposes ; to ment must have been, at first, a the benefit of institutions for the re. heavy misfortune. At present, no lief of the poor and distressed ; to one would suppose him to be under assist the needy in procuring educaa the influence of affliction. Time and tion for their children; and to rena reflection seem to have perfectly der comfortable those who are more reconciled him to his situation. in straitened circumstances.

Deprived of the usual occupations The work which Mr. Murray and amusements of life, and of the first published, and which appears common occasions of doing good to to afford him peculiar satisfaction, others, he has very happily and is “The Power of Religion on the generously turned his attention to Mind, in Retirement, Affliction, and compose literary works, for the be- at the approach of Death.” Having Defit chiefly of the rising generation. been himself struck and edified with In this benevolent employ he has the sentiments expressed by a va. found great satisfaction, and met riety of characters, at the most sowith uncommon success. His Eng- lemn period of life, he naturally lish Grammar, with the exercises thought that others would receive


similar impressions from perusing him to be the uniform, zealous, and a collection of such testimonies..... judicious friend of virtue and of Animated by this expectation, he piety. formed the compilation, and interspersed it with many occasional ob. servations and reflections of his own. The book has passed through eleven editions. The first impression was made wholly at Mr. Murray's own From a London paper. expence, and given away, chiefly in the neighbourhood of his own re AN experiment was tried lately sidence. Perceiving that the work on the river Thames, to ascertain met with approbation, he enlarged the utility of this invention, which and improved it. In its present is intended not only to preserve the state it has been much praised, and lives of those who wear it, but to enwarmly recommended to the peru. able them, from the buoyancy it afsal of all classes of readers.

fords them in the water, to afford Time thus employed, and the re- relief to others who may be in danwards of labour thus distributed, ger of drowning, and that without prevent that gloom which ill health hazard to themselves. and long confinement are so apt to

At 12 o'clock at noon,


persons, produce, and contribute to render who had previously had the maMr. Murray cheerful and happy, in chines girthed on, leaped out of their a situation that many would think boats opposite Parliament stairs, must be highly distressing. He ap- Westminster bridge, and afforded pears to make the best of his con a very curious sight to the spectators, dition, and to look at the bright side the body being in a perpendicular of the objects around him.

position, the head and upper part of He is a member of the society the shoulders only appearing above called quakers, and is much res- the water. In this state, their arms, pected and esteemed by them ; but, legs, and all their limbs being at in all his writings, he has scrupu- perfect liberty, they went down Jously avoided introducing, in any with the tide through Black-friars shape, the peculiar tenets of the bridge, surrounded by a great numsect. On moral and religious sub- ber of boats; they went though the jects, he confines himself to the lead- middle of the stream, until they ing principles of piety and virtue, passed Strand-lane, where they and to the general spirit and pre- came closer on the shore: they then cepts of christianity. For this ju- came abreast of the Temple, where dicious care, as well as for the ex- they again put off, which they did emplary chasteness of his works, he with no further trouble than a trifhas received particular commenda- ling steerage with their hands. tion.

The machine is very simple in He married early in life, but he contrivance, being composed of eight has no children. Mrs. Murray is a divisions, each made of strong sheet person of great merit and respecta. copper, firmly soldered and japanbility, and is faithfully and tenderly ned, much on the principle of the attached to him.

balls used to float on cisterns: these Mr. Murray is as highly distin- are connected by straps, and when guished by the excellence of his the machine is put on, the lower heart as by the powers of his mind. girth fastens round the chest ; from He is a most affectionate husband, a thence it is rolled up over the breast, warm and sincere friend, a pleasing but not higher than the arm-pits ; and instructive companion. His from the upper part straps go over sentiments are liberal and refined; the shoulders, and are secured to the and the tenour of his life, in confor- girth round the chest. When on, mity with his writings, demonstrates it has much the appearance in shape


of a horse's collar, the large end others, that I should dispatch them. downwards. It is very safe, be. They will then soon be in a place cause if even two or three of the where proper care will be taken divisions should by any accident, but of them ; very good place, which is hardly possible, lose their where they will neither be permitwind and take water, there will ted to molest any one, nor be themstill be buoy enough to keep up the selves exposed to molestation. Yes, body.

yes, that's best; dispatch them.” A numerous concourse of spec In consequence of the above order, tators, on land and water, appeared twenty-three victims, who had for very highly pleased with the expe- merly enjoyed the highest stations riment, which met with complete in Turkey and Egypt, were charisuccess.

tably thrown en masse into the sea, as the most expeditious mode of execution; many others were destroy

ed by the bowstring. GEZZAR PACHA.

The object of Gezzar was to ob

tain the whole government of Syria THE last accounts from Constan- and Egypt. At the time of his tinople bring many particulars res- death, he had united in his own perpecting the present state of Egypt son the pachalick of Servia, Damas. and Syria. Gezzar Pacha, whose cus, and Tripoli, and the nominal object was to attain the supreme viceroyship of Egypt. The pacha. authority in Egypt, was succeeded lick of Aleppo alone remained for by Ismail Pacha, who acknowledged the completion of his desire. the supremacy of the porte, but, at Ismail Pacha accompanied the the same time, endeavouring to grand army to Egypt, in the year establish himself independent. The 1800, and being patronized by the particulars which have transpired, Napif Pacha, obtained the dignity relative to Gezzar Pacha, will throw of bashaw of three tails; after this some light upon the politics of the he was put into possession of the goporte and its agents.

vernment of Marash, but did not The real character of Gezzar long hold it, owing to his great exPacha, the tyrant of St. John d'Acre, tortions, which surpassed every has never been well known. After thing formerly practised by Turkish a life spent in the commission of the oppression. He was ordered to sufmost horrid cruelties and enormities, fer capital punishment; to effect for the attainment of the supreme which, the grand vizier appointed authority in a once famous country, him to the government of Suwas, this wretch closed his days with the whilst a plan was concerted to wayfollowing merciless soliloquy, which lay him on his road thither, and he uttered a few moments previous bring him in chains to the Turkish to his decease : “ I perceive," said camp; the meeting, however, behe, “ that I have but a short time tween the assassins and Ismail serv. longer to live ; what must I do with ed only to establish his reputation those rascals in my prisons ? Since for extraordinary courage and fortiI have stripped them of every thing, tude ; for be displayed such gallanwhat good will it do them to let them try and vigour on their attack, that loose again naked into the world? they were obliged to fly. He then The greatest part of them were flew for protection to Gezzar, and governors and men of consequence was kindly received by thạt chieftain in the country, who, if they return on his complaining that he suffered to their posts, will be forced to ruin from the grand vizier's persecu. a great many poor people, in order tion; he followed the fortunes of to replace the sums I have taken Gezzar till within a year and a half from them; and so it is best, for prior to the latter's decease, when their own sakes, and for that of Ismail lost his favour, and was conVOL. III, No. XVI.


sequently committed to prison in entertainment ; but, in this foolish Acre, where he remained till the town, we are obliged to read every day of Gezzar's decease. Gezzar, foolish book that fashion renders having no children, considered prevalent in conversation, and I am Ismail as a man fit to inherit his horribly out of humour with the wealth and power, as he had been present taste, which makes people bred up in a rancorous hatred to the ashamed to own they have not read, grand vizier, and in independence what, if fashion did not authorise, of the porte.

they would, with more reason, blush As Gezzar lay on his death bed, to say they had read! Perhaps he sent for Ismail Pacha from his

some polite person, from London, confinement, who had so little ex- may have forced this piece into pectation of the change of fortune your hands; but give it not a place that awaited him, that he requested in your library; let not Tristram to be allowed a few moments

to pre. Shandy be ranked among the well pare himself for death. On his chosen authors there. It is, indeed, being brought into Gezzar's pre- a little book, and little is its merit, sence, he would have begged for though great has been the writer's mercy, but Gezzar said, “ there, I reward! Unaccountable wildness, leave you plenty of troops, plenty of whimsical digressions, comical incos money to pay them, and good forti- herencies, all with an air of novelty, fications to fight in. If you are a has catched the reader's attention, man, you will keep them, and my and applause has flown from one to enemies shall have no reason to ex- another, till it is almost singular to ult in my death.”

disapprove: even the bishops adImmediately on the death of Gez- mire and recompence his wit, though zar, Ismail seized on the reins of his own character, as a clergyman, government, and the most perfect seems much impeached by printing obedience ensued in the neighbour- such gross and vulgar tales, as no ing provinces. He however de. decent mind can endure without clared that he held the government extreme disgust! Yet I will do only until the will of the porte should him justice; and, if forced by be known, and, in consequence, af- friends, or led by curiosity, you have fixed the public seal to the immense read, and laughed, and almost cried magazines of treasures left by the at Tristram, I will agree with you, deceased.

that there is subject for mirth, and When the last accounts left Con- some affecting strokes; Yorick, Unstantinople, the captain bashaw had cle Toby, and Trim are admirably taken the city of St. Jean D'Acre characterized, and very interesting, out of the hands of Ismail Pacha; and an excellent sermon, of a pecuthe latter, however, was expected liar kind, on conscience, is introslortly to be reinstated in his au- duced ; and I most admire the authority.

thor for his judgment in seeing the town's folly, in the extravagant praises, and praises heaped on him,

for he says, he passed unnoticed by TRISTRAM SHANDY CHARACTER- the world till he put on a fool's coat,

and since that every body admires

him ! Letter from S. Richardson to the But mark my prophecy, that, by Rev. Mr. Hildesley. another season, his performance

will be as much decried as it is now London, Sept. 24, 1761. extolled, for it has not intrinsic me

rit sufficient to prevent its sinking, HAPPY are you in your retire. when no longer upheld by the shorte ment, where you read what books lived breath of fashion : and yet anyou chuse, either for instruction or other prophecy I utter, that this


ridiculous compound will be the I have no objection but to the cause of many more productions, preface, in which you first mention witless and humourless, perhaps, the letters as fallen by some chance but indecent and absurd, till the into your hands, and afterwards town will be punished for undue en- mentioned your health as such, that couragement, by being poisoned with you almost despaired of going disgustful nonsense.

through your plan. If you were to require my opinion which part should be changed, I should be in

clined to the suppression of that part LETTERS BY DR. JOHNSON, LATE- which seems to disclaim the compe

LY PUBLISHED BY MRS. BAR- tition. What is modesty, if it de. BAULD.

serts from truth? of what use is the

disguise by which nothing is conTo S. Richardson.

cealed ?

You must forgive this, because it DEAR SIR, March 9, 1750-1. is meant well.

I thank you once more, dear sir, THOUGH Clarissa wants no for your books; but cannot I prehelp from external splendour, I was vail this time for an index? Such glad to see her improved in her ap. I wished, and shall wish, to Clapearance, but more glad to find that rissa. Suppose that in one volume she was now got above all fears of an accurate index was made to the prolixity, and confident enough of three works : but while I am writsuccess to supply whatever had hi- ing, an objection arises; such an intherto been suppressed. I never, dex to the three would look like the indeed, found a hint of any such de- preclusion of a fourth, to which I falcation, but I regretted it; for, will never contribute : for, if I can. though the story is long, every letter not benefit mankind, I hope never is short.

to injure them. I wish you would add an index rerum, that when the reader recol. lects any incident, he may easily find it, which at present he cannot SKETCH OF JOSEPH CAPPER, do, unless he knows in which vo.

ESQ. lume it is told; for Clarissa is not a performance to be read with THIS gentleman was, perhaps, eagerness, and laid aside for ever, the most eccentric character living but will be occasionally consulted by since the celebrated Elwes. He the busy, the aged, and the studie was born in Cheshire, of humble

and therefore I beg that this parents. His family being nume. edition, by which I suppose poste- rous, he came to London at an carly rity is to abide, may want nothing age, as he used to say, to shift for that can facilitate its use.

himself, and was bound apprentice to a grocer. Mr. Capper soon ma.

nifested great quickness and indus. DEAR SIR, Sept. 26, 1753. try, and proved a most valuable

servant to his master. It was one I return you my sincerest thanks of the chief boasts of his life, that for the volumes of your new work*, he had gained the confidence of his but it is a kind of tyrannical kind- employer, and never betrayed it. ness to give only so much at a time, Being of an enterprising spirit, as makes more longed for ; but that Mr. Capper commenced business as will probably be thought even of the soon as he was out of his apprenwhole, when you have given it. ticeship, in the neighbourhood of

Rosemary-lane. His old master Sir Charles Grandison, was his only friend, and recom.


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