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pal reason that so few have eme time and manner of payment, and braced its provisions. When we annually, in the month of Decemconsider the manner in which the ber, lay before the legislature a greater part of our schools are con- statement of their proceedings reladucted; the great body of our tive to schools, and also whatever schoolmasters deficient in the first amendments may, in their opinion, principles of the language they at- be necessary for improving the sys. , tempt to teach; our youth in immi- tem. nent danger of acquiring erroneous Second, Each school district shall habits; and, add to this, the time annually chose three trustees, whose that must be wasted in acquiring a duty it shall be to provide a suitable useful degree of education, it is pre- person to teach the English or Ger. sumed that a general plan of educa- man language (as the case may be) tion may be adopted, that will have grammatically, writing a fair hand, a tendency to prevent those evils, and arithmetic, on the most approvand be supported at as little expence ed plan. Said trustees shall have to the community as the present. power to dismiss the teacher of their Young men will find it their inte. proper school district for disorderly rest to qualify themselves for the behaviour; to provide, at the ex. office of teachers, when they know pence of the district, a suitable that none but qualified persons will school-house, and generally to su. be admitted, and salaries more per- perintend the concerns of their promanent and certain be allowed. per schools; and annually, in the
Your committee flatter them- month of October, lay before the selves that few, if any, will object commissioners an account of their to contribute a small portion of their proceedings, and what further im. wealth towards aiding their more provements to them would appear indigent neighbours to have their necessary. chuldren thus educated; thus qua- Third, All the youth under fourlifying them, in some measure, to teen years of age, may, at the county be useful members of society, and expence, be taught reading, writing, thereby laying the surest foundation and plain arithmetic; their further for the continuance of our civil and progress shall be at the proper exreligious liberties, and perpetuating pence of those who send them.our happy form of government. To Payments made by any householder a generous mind, the recollection to the teacher of the proper district, that they have been instrumental in shall operate as a credit in his paya promoting human happiness, will ment of county taxes to the amount greatly outweigh any pecuniary con- of his or her quota for the support siderations : under these impres- of schools. sions your committee submit the fol Fourth, The law not to be in lowing resolution, viz.
force, in any particular county, unResolved, That a committee be til sanctioned by the associatc judges, appointed to bring in a bill, embrac- grand-jury, and commissioners of ing the following principles :
the proper county, or a majority of First, Two suitable persons shall them. be chosen by each township, ward, or district in the commonwealth, at thie same time, and in the same manner, that constables are chosen, For the Literary Magazine. who, together with the county commissioners, shall lay off their pro- APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE Supe per county into convenient school PORT OF THE NAVY OF THE districts, having respect to the lan- UNITED STATES, FOR 1805. guage and local circumstances of the inhabitants, fix the salaries of the FOR the pay and subsistence of teachers, lay down rules for the the officers, and the pay of the sea.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE NAVY.
men, four hundred and fifteen thou. States, for the year 1805, for the Insand five hundred and seventy-eight dian department, and for the exdollars :
pence of fortifications, arsenals, For provisions, two hundred and magazines, and armories, the foltwenty-seven thousand and eighty- lowing sums are appropriated, viz. : six dollars, and forty cents :
For the pay of the army, three For medicine, instruments, hospi- hundred and two thousand, seven tal stores, and all expences on ac- hundred and ninety-six dollars : count of the sick, ten thousand seven for forage, four thousand four hundred and fifty dollars :
hundred and eighty-eight dollars : For repairs of vessels, store rent, For the subsistence of the officers and other contingent expences, four of the army and corps of engineers, hundred and eleven thousand nine thirty-one thousand three luindred hundred and fifty-one dollars, and and twenty-nine dollars and fourteen two cents :
cents : For the pay and subsistence of For the subsistence of non-comthe marine corps, including provi. missioned officers, musicians, and sions for those on shore, and forage privates, one hundred and seventyfor the staff, eighty-two thousand nine thousand and nine dollars and five hundred and ninety-three dol- sixty-nine cents : lars, and sixty cents :
For clothing, eighty-five thousand For clothing for the same, sixteen dollars. thousand five hundred and thirty-six For bounties and premiums, fif. dollars, and ninety-eight cents: teen thousand dollars :
For military stores for the same, For the medical and hospital de. one thousand six hundred and thir- partment, twelve thousand dollars : ty-five dollars :
For camp equipage, fuel, tools, For medicine, medical services, expence of transportation, and other hospital stores, and all expences on contingent expences of the war de. account of the sick belonging to the partment, eighty-one thousand dol. marine corps, one thousand two lars : hundred and fifty dollars :
For fortifications, arsenals, magaFor quarter-master's and bar zines, and armories, one hundred rack-master's stores, officers' tra- and thirty-three thousand two hunvelling expences, armourers' and dred and ninety-six dollars and carpenters' bills, fuel, premium for eighty-eight cents : enlisting, music, and other contin- For purchasing maps, plans, gent expences, eight thousand four books, and instruments for the war hundred and nineteen dollars : department, and military academy,
For the expence of navy yards, five hundred dollars : docks, and other improvements, the For the pay and subsistence of the pay of superintendants, store keep- commandants in Louisiana, five ors, clerks, and labourers, sixty thousand nine hundred and seventythousand dollars :
one dollars and seventy-seven cents: For completing the marine bar. For the Indian department, nine. racks at the city of Washington, ty-two thousand six hundred dol. three thousand five hundred dollars. lars.
For the Literary Magazine. For the Literary Magazine. APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUP- A LIST OF THE ACTS PASSED DU.
PORT OF THE MILITARY ESTA- RING THE SECOND SESSION OF BLISHMENT OF THE UNITED THE EIGHTH CONGRESS OF THE STATES, FOR 1805.
UNITED STATES. FOR defraying the expence of the 1. AN act making a farther ap. military establishment of the United propriation for carrying into effect
VOL. III. NO. XX.
the treaty of amity, commerce, and Fayetteville, in North Carolina, to navigation between his Britannic Charleston, in South Carolina majesty and the United States of 17. An act concerning the mode America.
of surveying the public lands of the 2. An act making an appropria. United States. tion to supply a deticiency in an ap- 18. An act making appropriations propriation for the support of go- for the support of the military estabvernment during the present year lishment of the United States, for (1804), and making a partial appro- the year 1805. priation for the same object, during 19. An act making appropriations the year 1805.
for the support of government, for 3. An act concerning drawbacks the year 1805. on goods, wares, and merchandize. 20. An act to continue in force
4. An act for the disposal of cer. “ An act declaring the consent of tain copies of the laws of the United congress to an act of the state of States.
Maryland, passed the 28th day of 5. An act declaring Cambridge, December, 1793, for the appointin the state of Massachusetts, to be ment of a health officer." a port of delivery.
21. An act to amend the act inti6. An act to divide the Indiana tuled “ An act further to amend the territory into two separate govern- act, intituled “ An act to lay and ments.
collect a direct tax within the Unit7. An act authorizing the corpo- ed States." ration of Georgetown to make a 22. An act to appropriate a sum dam or causeway from Mason's of money for the purpose of building island to the western shore of the gun boats. river Potowmac.
23. An act to authorize the erec8. An act for the relief of Char- tion of a bridge across a mill pond lotte Hazen, widow and relict of the and marsh, in the navy yard belonglate brigadier-general Moses Hazen. ing to the United States, in the town
9. An act making appropriations of Brooklyn, in the state of New for the support of the navy of the York. United States, during the year 1805. 24. An act further to amend an
10. An act making an appropria. act intituled “ An act regulating the tion for completing the south wing grants of land, and providing for of the capitol, at the city of Wash- the disposal of the lands of the ington, and for other purposes. United States, south of the state of
11. An act for carrying into more Tennessee." complete effect the tenth article of 23. An act for ascertaining and the treaty of friendship, limits, and adjusting the titles and claims to navigation with Spain.
lands within the territory of Orleans, 12. An act to provide for com- and the district of Louisiana. pleting the valuation of lands and 26. An act to amend the act indwelling houses, and the enumera- tituled “ An act for the government tion of slaves, in South Carolina, and regulation of seamen in the and for other purposes.
merchants' service." 13. An act supplementary to the 27. An act for the relief of the act, intituled, “ An act to regulate widow and orphan children of Rothe collection of duties on imports bert Elliott. and tonnage.”
28. An act authorizing the dis14. An act for the relief of John charge of John Yorke froin his imSteele
prisonment. 15. An act for the relief of Alex. 29. An act to authorize the secre. ander Murray.
tary of war to issue military land 16. An act authorizing the post. warrants, and for other purposes. master-general to make a new con- 30. An act to amend the charter tract for carrying the mail from of Georgetown.
31. An act further providing for appropriation for carrying into effect the government of the territory of the convention between the United Orleans.
States of America and his Britannic 32. An act to amend an act in- majesty." tituled “ An act for imposing more Resolution expressive of the sense specific duties on the importation of of congress of the gallant conduct of certain articles; and also for levy. captain Stephen Decatur, the offi. ing and collecting light money on cers and crew of the United States' foreign ships or vessels.”
ketch Intrepid, in attacking, in the 33. An act to provide for the ac. harbour of Tripoli, and destroying, commodation of the president of the a Tripolitan frigate of forty-four United States.
guns. 34. An act to establish the dis Resolutions expressive of the sense tricts of Genessee, of Buffaloe creek, of congress of the gallant conduct of and of Miami; and to alter the port commodore Edward Preble, the of entry of the district of Erie. officers, seamen, and marines of his
35. An act to regulate the clear- squadron. ance of armed merchant vessels.
36. An act further to alter and establish certain post roads, and for other purposes.
Por the Literary Magazine. 37. An act for the relief of Richard Taylor.
REVIEW. 38. An act supplementary to the aco intituled “ An act making pro. The History of Virginia, from its vision for the disposal of the public first settlement to the present day. lands in the Indiana territory, and By John Burk. Vol. 1. 8vo. Pe for other purposes."
tersburg, 1804. pp. 348. 39. An act making provision for the widow and orphan children of SEVERAL circumstances, to use Thomas Flinn.
the language of the author, contri40. An act for the relief of George bute to render the history of VirgiScoone and Alexander Cameron. nia an object of interest and curio
41. An act making appropriations sity. In this part of the American for carrying into effect certain In- continent, the first permanent estabdian treaties, and for other purposes lishment was formed by the British; of Indian trade and intercourse and it is here we must look for those
42. An act for the more effectual ancient documents and materials, preservation of peace in the ports whose discovery will throw light on and harbours of the United States, the history of the other states. and in the waters under their juris- By her population and geographic diction.
cal position, she stands conspicuous 43. An act to extend jurisdiction, in the confederacy, which her valour in certain cases, to the territorial hath erected, in common with that courts.
of her sister states, and which her 44. An act for the relief of Robert spirit and constancy have since imPatton and others.
proved and supported. 45. An act further providing for. The materials for a correct histhe government of the territory of tory are diminishing every day. Louisiana.
The war hath already made a me. 46. An act in addition to " An lancholy chasm in our public react to make provision for persons cords. History, to which we might that have been disabled by known look to supply this loss, is often siwounds.”
lent. 47. An act supplementary to the Stith, as far as he goes, is, inact intituled “ An act making an deed, a faithful guide ; but his history comprizes only a space of tions to trace their own original to twenty years, and it is to be found a divine or miraculous source: a only in the libraries of the curious propensity favoured by the obscu
Beverley is a mere annalist of rity in which their original is genepetti incidents, put together without rally involved; and dwells upon the method, and unenlivened by any of difference, in this respect, between the grace of style. He is, more, the nations of the ancient world and over, the apologist of power, in those which have grown out of their which respect also he differs essen- colonies in the western hemisphere. tially from Suth, who, on all ocra. He then details the history of ancient sions, displays a manly contempt trade and navigation, which be and det.pce of injustice and tyranny. brings down to the voyages of Co
Sir W. Keith, although more dif- lumbus and Cabot. He now enters fuse than kererley, and more grace. upon the proper subject of his work, ful and correct, has little more of and relates, in a clear and circumdetail.
stantial manner, all the events conSmith's is a sort of epic history nected with the history of Virginia, or romance, where the author re- from the earliest expeditions to the counts his achievements in the spi- dissolution of the Virginian Comrit with which he fought. His nar- pany, in 1625. An appendix is subrative, however, occasionally disco- joined, in which some further acvers much good sense, and raises count is given of the London Comconsiderable interest. It is, more. pany, of the state of the aboriginal over, the ground-work of succeeding tribes on the arrival of the stranhistories, and is valuable as a piece gers, and a list is inserted of the of rare and curious antiquity. names of the adventurers for Virgi
These books, taken together, con- nia, in 1620. tain a mass of valuable matter, This portion of the work, being which it would be prudent to collect, considerably circumstantial, and rearrange, and concentrate, before the lating to events qualified, in them. few copies which remain disappear selves, to excite the reader's intefrom private libraries, as they have rest, is highly entertaining and inalready done from the shelf of the structive. The writer has done jusbookseller.
tice to his theme, by a clear and In addition to the assistance which distinct, though, on some occasions, might be derived from those publi- a desultory style and manner. For cauicns, chance has thrown in the the copiousness of this narration, the author's way two large manuscrint author apologizes in the following volumes, containing the minutes of terms : the London Company, together with “ During the first eighteen years the proceedings of the Virginia of the settlement of Virginia, the incouncils and assembly, with little cidents are so numerous and diverinterruption, to the middle of the sified, that, with every wish to be reign of George II. These volumes concise, I could not, consistently with are a mine of information, and their my general plan, compress them value is enhanced by the considera- within a narrower compass. In the tion that they are, in all probability, commencement of any work, every the only copies in existence.
material occurrence should be pla. This collection may be further ced full in the view of the reader; enriched by such documents as are the nature and origin of every in, to be found in the public offices, and stitution fully explained ; and the in the library of Williain and Mary principal personages who figure in College, to the free use of which the it be introduced with a suitable des. author has been politely invited. cription of their characters and ac.
The author begins his work with tions. If this be done, the bare reremarks upon the propensity of na- currence of the names in the other