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diator, flaved in different points of gates of Cairo erected by Saladin, view. His object, in this perform- and two mosques, one of which is ance, is to render the work useful highly venerated by the mussulto the study of the imitative arts, mans, and appears as old as the and principally those of painting foundation of the city. and sculpture. He has taken ad. Baron Aretin discovered lately, vantage of the means furnished by in the electoral library at Munich, the military hospital, to which he a Latin manuscript, containing a is attached, to place, in the attitude description of the method of preparof the gladiator, different human ing the Greek fire. Since that subjects, and to model all the mus- time, two manuscript copies have cular parts in such a manner, that been found in the French national the spectator may discover, at first library, at Paris, of a work entitled, sight, the mechanism of the muscles, Liber ignium ad comburendos hoswhich produce the movement of tes, auctore Marco Græco.-Trea. that beautiful figure. He has, in tise on Fires proper for destroving this manner, represented the gladia. Enemies. This treatise has been tor flayed in different points of view, printed, and forms eighteen pages in each of which the figure is deve. in quarto. The librarians have loped from the skeleton to the skin. given a faithful copy from the two To enable the pupil to understand manuscripts, without remark or this anatomy, he intends to publish commentary. Some passages in this some engravings, containing the performance do not possess even principles of the bones and muscles, novelty, as they may be found in a the head of the Apollo Belvidere little work, entitled, De Miradissected in profile, and a front view bilibus Mundi, attributed to Alof the bones of the head of the bert the great. From various pas. same figure ; and these will be suc- sages in the works both of Je. ceeded by feet and hands, designed rome Cardan and his antagonist, after antiques.
Julius Cæsar Scaliger, both those The commission composed of writers appear acquainted with the Monge, Berthollet, Fourier, Castaz, piece ascribed to Marcus Græcus. Desgenettes, Conte, Girard, and The writing of the oldest of these Laucret, have drawn up a report manuscripts cannot date farther on the progress of the work on back than the latter half of the fourEgypt. One hundred engravings are teenth century, and the other is not already finished; of these, forty- anterior to the conclusion of the fifseven represent some of the ancient teenth. Egyptian monuments, seventeen re- M. Wildenow, professor of botany present modern monuments, eight at Berlin, has, since 1801, been emrelate to the arts known in Egypt, ployed in making juclicious alteraand twenty-eight represent different tions in the botanic garden belong. objects of natural history. One hun- ing to the king. All the hedges, dred and sixty other plates have bushes, and other indications of the been begun. The designs of tem- French manner, have been removed. ples, palaces, and tombs, are not The garden, with the court and confined to those of ancient con- buildings, occupies twenty-seven struction : engravings have been acres, and has, in the centre, an made of a great number of idols, oval pond, another of an oblong statues, amulets, and likewise of form, in the back part, and on each the papyrus found in the tombs, un- side ditches have been dug to take der the coverings of the mummies. off the water: these ponds and The small number of architectural ditches are devoted to the cultiva. engravers at Paris has prevented tion of aquatic plants. Seven greenthe editors from procuring many en houses have been built, and they are gravings of modern edifices. They already full of plants; earh of them have, however, given two of the contains a thermometer, to indicate the proper degree of heat. The from the concentrated juice of inula plants of the south of Europe, the heleni. It resembles starch in senorth of Africa, the temperate re- veral of its properties, but differs in gions of Asia, and those of Carolina others. It burns like sugar, is inand Florida, are here cultivate l in soluble in cold water, but soluble in the ground, without pots. One hot, and the solution passes through greenhouse is embellished with a the filter. Alcohol throws it dowa lofty palm-tree, a magnolia grandi- from water. fiora, twenty-two feet in height, Experiments on the solution of and other trees equally rare. It indigo, in different kinds of sulphualso contains several hot-beds for ric acid, have been published by M. other exotic plants. The whole Bucholz, who found that the British garden has been laid out in the Eng. Sulphuric acid was a bad solvent, lish taste, and to each plant has unless previously boiled with sulbeen assigned a congenial soil and phur; that the acid manufactured situation. The number of species in the north of Europe dissolved it exceeds five thousand, among which well in its natural state ; but, when are the strelitzia regind, sarrace. deprived of the sulphurous acid gaz, nia furpurea, hedyxarum gyrans, it became as inefficacious as the rhododendron caucusicum, azalia English. Hence it appears, that pontica, parkinsonia aculeata, and the presence of this gas promoted many species of erica, protea, and the solution ; of course, the common other vegetable products equally sulphuric acid, or, as it is usually rare.
called, the oil of vitriol, in the state M. Eckberg has lately discovered in which it is employed by the titanite at Karinbricka, in West. dvers, namely, blackened with ve. mannland, imbedded in quartz and getable matter, answers their purmica, and mixed with black tour. poses better than the purest. malins. He has lately announced a Ithas long been known that metals very curious property of the new precipitate each other from acids in earth called yttria. When the main their metallic state. Iron, for inriate of yttria is heated to redness, it stance, may be employed to throw gives out oxy-muriatic acid, nearly down copper, and copper to preciin the same proportiou as when mu- pitate silver. But it has not been riatic acidis treated in the same way suspected, till lately, that the same with the oxide of the new metal precipitations may be obtained when called corium. Hence it is proba- the metals are dissolved in alcalies; ble that yttria is a metallic oxicie. provided always that metals are
M. Gahn), in his attempts to les employed whose oxides are soluble duce the oxide of corium, hented it in alcalies. Klaproth has lately with a mixture of oxide of lead, published a set of curious experi. charcoal, and linseed-oil. He obe ments on this subject. Lead was tained a black, perous, brittle, dull precipitated in the metallic state, mass, which he considers as a car- by introducing a cylinder of zinc inburet ot lead. It acquired the me to a solution of oxide of lead in pottallic lustre when rubbed upon hard ash. The same result was obtained metals, and deposited coal.
when zinc was put into solutions of The metal called cerium was dis- oxides of tin and tellurium in the covered by Hisinger and Berzelius, same alcali, and into the solutions of in the mineral known by the name oxides of copper of tungsten in amof bastnastungstan. Their experi. monia. This last result points out ments were published in the new an easy method of reducing the very Berlin Journal der Chimie, from refractory metallic oxides to the which it was translated into the An- metallic state. nales de Chimie.
Great expectations are formed of M. Rose has published an account the History of Russia, now in great of white powder which separates forwardness, by Karamsin.
Several periodical' works have all private teaching, without a libeen commenced, in the present cence from the heads of the univeryear, in Russia. Among these, one sity, is forbidden; and those who entitled “ Notices of the North,” are taught in this manner, and withby M. Martignoro, well known for out such a licence, are prohibited his translation of Longinus. This from standing candidates for any paper will exhibit the history of situation which is to be decided by learning and civilization in Russia, the literary attainments of the can and will contain the lives of the didates. most illustrious men of that country. At Udursburg a machine has been Another journal will be published at invented, which turns a mill as a Moscow, by Kutosof, ancient cura- current of water does, but with less tor of the university, entitled “The expence. The inventor, whose Friend of Illumination ; or, Journal name is Oegg, has offered to governof the Sciences and Arts." There ment to produce such a machine, is also to be a journal for the fair provided he receives a patent for sex, which will be a miscellany of the exclusive privilege of making prose and verse.
them for twenty years. A third letter from Mr. Hum. Richter is occupied in a series of boldt, concerning his travels in South experiments on nickel. In its pure America and Mexico, was lately state, this metal is very mallcable, read in the National Institute of nearly as brilliant as silver, and France. In the first, he stated the more attractable by the loadstone observations made in the Atlantic, than iron. It contains copper ; but at the top of the Peak of Teneriffe, M. Richter has found a method of and in New Andalusia. In the se- freeing it from this metal. The cond, he described his operations in oxydes of the purified nickel are of Venezuela, and the plains of Cazo. a much more lively green colour bozzo, where he made some curious than the ordinary oxydes, and their experiments on the gymnotus elec- solution in ammonia is a pale blue. tricus. In the third, he gives us a A number of engineers, under short account of his voyage on the don Salvador de Ximenes, have, by Oroonoko, Rio Negro, and the Car- the Spanish government, been ensequaire, attended with great dan- gaged to prepare charts of the proger, to determine astronomically vinces of Spain, and plans of the the communication of the Orinaro principal towns. Two members and Amazon river. His memoirs, have been selected for the geomewhich contain an account of the trical and astronomical operations, geography, botany, and mineralogy who travel to all places to which of those countries, as well as of the the project extends, that the charts manners and customs of the people, may be completed with the greatest will be shortly published.
accuracy. The king of Sweden is very desirous of adopting a proper system of education. A board, appointed for superintending public instruc For the Literary Magazine. tion, has lately commissioned a young Swede, named Brooeman, SUBSTANCE OF THE REPORT OF
THE OPERATIONS OF THE MINT, cal pieces, and a treatise on educa- DURING THE LAST YEAR. tion, to travel through Europe, to collect information on the subject. THE issues of silver coins, not
By an edict issued at Vienna, all withstanding the mercantile embarlectures in the university of Vien- rassments attending the inportation na, on logic, metaphysics, practical of bullion, have greatly exceeded philosophy, and physics must be dc- that of the year 1803; and the ad. livered in Latin. By another edict, vantage of a public mint has long been sensibly experienced, by the When large deposits of precints greatest part of the deposits being metals are passing through the issued in small coin, which has been mint, and particularly when in fu. found very beneficial to the citizens sion, it may be of the most dangeat large, under the late scarcity of rous consequence to have officers Spanish dollars, occasioned by the and men called away, or be liable great exportation of them, for mer- to fines for non-attendance. It is cantile purposes.
too important a trust to be thus exThe quantity of gold bullion has posed. been equal to that of the last report, so that, in the past year, the coinage of the precious metals has amount For the Literary Magazine. ed to 358,983 dollars. About eleven thousand dollars of
LONGEVITY. the gold coin is the produce of vir. gin gold, found in the county of Ca- THAT instances of longevity are barrus, in the state of North Caro- not so rare in modern times as is lina, where, it is said, a very consi- usually imagined, the subjoined list, derable quantity has been found, collected from various sources, is a since the last deposits, and will, in curious proof. None have been inall probability, be forwarded to the serted who have not attained their mint. It is to be regretted, that 150th year, or whose longevity has this gold is melted into small ingots, not appeared to be well attested. before it is sent to the mint, for the Many more might, without doubt, convenience of carriage; but by be added, by those who have better which, there is reason to believe, a opportunities for collecting such acconsiderable proportion of it is counts. The date affixed to each wasted. It is also said, that the name is the year in which each per. finest particles are neglected, and son died, when that has been as. only the large grains and lumps certained, or when not, the last year sought after.
in which each is known to have lived. The increased price of copper in Europe, and the quantity on hand,
Ycar. have been thought sufficient reasons 1795 D. Cameron to confine the coinage of cents to 1766 J. de la Somel 130 one press; and from the last ac 1766 George King count from Europe, copper is likely 17 67 John Taylor 130 to be considerably increased in price, 1774 Wm. Beatle 130 which will render the coinage of 1778 Jolin Warson 130 cents less profitable. The past 1780 R. Macbride 130 year there have been issued, 756,838 1750 William Ellis 130 cents, and 1,055,312 half cents, equal 1764 Eliz. Taylor 132 to 12,844 dollars, 94 cents.
1775 Peter Garden 131 The coinage of the year amounts, 1761 E. Merchant 133 in the whole, to the sum of $71,827 1772 Mrs. Keith 134 dollars, 94 cents, and the number of 1767 Francis Agne 154 pieces to 2,046,839.
1777 John Brookey 134 The expences of the mint, for the 1744 Jane Harrison 135 last year, are reduced to a trifle 1759 James Sheile 136 more than sixteen thousand dollars. 1768 C. Noon
136 The director thinks it his duty 1771 Marg. Foster 1.36 to mention, that very considerable 1776 John Moriat 136 difficulty as well as danger may 1772 J. Richardson 137 arise to the public, from the cfficers 1793 - Robertson 137 and workinen of the mint being ex 1757 Wm. Sharpley 138 posed to be called out to attend mi 1768 J. M‘Donough 138 litia mectings, or on detachinents. 1770 Fairbrother 138
1772 Mrs. Clunn 138 George Gregory, Kingston,
C. Desmond 140 kers), Aberfeldy, England 106 1770 James Sands 140 A man, in Lithuania, Poland 163 1773 S. Monk
142 James Thomas, Georgia 134
146 Abigail Houghton, Stow, Mas. 101 1652 W'm. Mead 148 Lydia Bickford, Salem, Mas. 100 5 1763 F. Cousir
150 Mrs. Rice, Marlborough,
Moses Belknap, Atkinson, To these may be added a mulatto N. H. man, who died in 1797, in Frederick Joseph Farnworth, Fairfax, Town, North America, said to be Vermont 180 years old.
Susannah Babbidge, Salem, The London County Chroricle, Mas.
90 of December 13, 1791, stated that Mrs. Bullock, Salem, Mas. 90 Thomas Carn, according to the pa. Easter Lane, England 105 rish register of St. Leonard, Shore Samuel Brown, Connecticut 90 ditch, died the 28th of January, 1538, aged 207. This is an instance of longevity so far exceeding any other on record, that one is dispos For the Literary Magazine. ed to suspect some mistake either in the register or in the extract.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE RE. The following instances of unusu LATIVE TO THE ESTABLISHal longevity have been recorded in MENT OF SCHOOLS THROUGHthe American papers, during the OUT THE STATE OF PENNSYLyear 1804, viz.
VANIA, IN SUCH A MANNER
year3. mo. THAT THE POOR MAYBE John Quarterman, Penn. 108 8 TAUGHT GRATIS. Samuel Bartrow, Booth-bay Maine.
135 TO encourage the promotion of Ephraim Pratt, Shutesbury,
literature generally, the children of Mas.
117 all our citizens ought to be taught at John Belknap,. Wilksbo
the public expence. In this way, no rough, Mas.
101 inviduous distinctions of rich and Dorothy Dusan, Philadelphia 105 poor would be exhibited, nor would Ann Baker, Waterford, Me. 103 the feelings of any be unnecessarily Sarah Low, Fitchburg, Mas. 93 wounded. The existing law on the Abigail Stone, Groton, Mas. 98 subject holds out those distinctions, Henry Abram, Chillicothe 102 which, it is presumed, is a princi