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possessed estates in Normandy.... ducted to prison at Bayeux, at the The strange events of the revolu. distance of only ten leagues from St. tion disordered his senses; he saw Lo. His father came again to pros that many had raised themselves cure his deliverance, which, in confrom obscurity, and he wished to do sideration of his youth, was indul, the same.
gently granted, and the lad replaced In September, 1796, he left his under paternal authority. He was father's house, and strolled as a va. now to learn the trade of a tailor ; gabond -about the country, declaring an insufferable thought to his mind. himself to be the son of a family of He broke loose a third time. rank, reduced to distress by the re. In 1797, he was in the diligence volution. His youth, his innocent or stage coach, between Laval and appearance, and the plausibility of Alencon, very plainly and decently his story, every where procured habited according to his sex. Not him a favourable reception and re- far from the latter place he alighted, lief. He had no passport, but was and brushed off to a village by the never asked for one. He became road side, called Les Joncherts bolder, and attempted likewise to Being benighted, he begged quarters carry on his trade in the towns, of a peasant, who directed him to He came to Cherbourg, but was the house of mademoiselle Talon soon taken up as a vagrant. His Lacombe for better accommodation. father, the tailor, being apprised of To this lady he declared himself to this, hastened to fetch him, and was be one of the family of Montmo. not a little surprised to find him rency, who had a castle and estates richly provided with money and near Dreaux, but was obliged to fly jewels. He brought him back to from his persecutors. She conceive St. Lo, where the brisk young blade ed a lively interest for his situation, did not, however, stay long, but soon and supplied him with money and ran away a second time, strolled clothes, which he promised to repay thycugh the department of Cal. upon his arrival at Dreaux. Here vados, and, having improved both he lived, for a while, much at his in body and mind, he became more ease, acted the part of a man of ingeniously inventive in his stories quality, and presented, for instance, than at first. He sometimes passed the hostler, who saddled his riding for a son of the prince of Monaco, horse, with a louis-d'or. and sometimes for the heir of the At last he felt himself induced to duke d'Ursel, in the Netherlands. set off, and mademoiselle Lacombe He thus raised himself, step by step, accompanied him to Dreaux, to get and, ere long, made himself a rela- back the value of what she had adtion of Louis XVI, of France, of the yanced to him. They safely reach. emperor Joseph II, and of the king ed the place; but both castle and of Prussia. For the sake of his estates had vanished. Can any safety, which was threatened, he thing be more natural ? Poorer by travelled in women's clothes, pre- fifty louis-d'ors, and richer in expe. tending that he had just returned rience, the lady returned home. from England, where he had been The young hero continually gain. taking some money to his emigrant ed in boldness. In the month of father.
May, 1791, he ventured in the diliMany, very many people of rank gence to Meaux, only eight leagues and education were deceived, for from Paris, and alighted at the inn, he flattered their former prejudices, where he, indeed, obtained some rethe ladies, in particular, showed freshment, but, having no passport, a decided partiality for him, bewas refused a night's lodging. The cause he addressed their hearts..... wife of a Paris merchant, Laravine, His adventures began to attract who happened to be at Meaux, took some notice, and he was arrested a pity on him, and permitted him to second time in female attire, and con- sleep in her warehouse. This ena
couraged him to ask further favours, rooms were elegantly furnished, and he succeeded. He represented masters were given him, the jailor himself as a rich farmer's son at treated him with deference and Domery, who had fled to avoid be. respect; his prisoner was allowed ing enrolled as a recruit, and ma to walk about as often as he pleasdame made him a present of four ed, but always in the disguise of a louis-d'ors, upon which he hired a female ; in fine, his dungeon was, place in the diligence for Strasburg. as it were, metamorphosed into a
About one league from Chalons he pleasure house. disappeared, and the postillion in Meanwhile the persons who were vain waited his return. He went let into the secret were not suffito the village of Mery, and wished ciently discreet. A word dropped to make good his story at the castle here and there, in the gladness of of Guinancourt ; but, being suspec- their hearts, aroused the vigilance ted, he was put under arrest, and of the magistrates; and, after this taken before the justice of peace at masquerade was played two months, Cernon. Being asked who he was, Hervagault was made to undergo he mysteriously replied, “ He had stricter examinations.' With artino answer to make to such a ques. fice and gestures that seemed to betion.” He was sent to Chalons, lie his words, he now declared that where, being asked to give his he was the son of a tailor at St. Lo. name, he proudly said, “ You will The father was applied to in writ. learn it but too soon.” At last he ing, confirmed the truth of the desaid, he was called Louis Antoine claration, and the offender was senJean Francois de Langueville ; that tenced to one month's imprisonment. his father was dead, and that his This mild punishment was consimother, madame Sainte Emilie, dered as a victory by those who lived at Bauzeville, near Pont An- thought they really knew the sedemar, in the department of Eure. cret: during his trial they trembled It must be confessed that it is im- test the real origin of the prisoner possible to tell a fie morc circum- should not escape discovery. In stantially.
order to free him from the prying Confined in the prison of Chalons, vigilance of the police, they abun. Hervagault assumed an air of gran. dantly furnished him with money deur, and a mysterious deportment; and jewels, and thus facilitated his he tempted the curious, gave signi. retreat. He was vory well satisfied ficant hints, and, in short, ere long, with the issue, and now began to it was whispered about, “ It is the act his part at Vire, in the depart. dauphin ! the son of Louis XVI !" ment of Calvados. Here he made The jailor himself believed the but a few proselytes, was soon arstory, and advanced him money. rested again, and, with greater se. The wives of two merchants of the verity, doomed to two years impri. town, Saignes and Felize, were ini. sonment. As the inhabitants of tiated in the secret, which soon Vire only considered him as a young spread about ; and no one any lon- vagabond, he would have passed ger doubted. His figure, his man. these two years very sorrily, had ners......“ You need but see him," not his faithful adherents at Chalons exclaimed the credulous souls, “ to continued to support him, on which recognize him at the very first occasion the consoling madame look." All the inhabitants of Cha. Saignes conducted the correspon. lons, of the privileged orders, were, dence. This woman really wished by degrees, made confidents and him well, and advised him to apply adherents; and they all vied with the time of his confinement to the each other in supporting this last improvement of his education ; but ill-fated offspring of their kings.... he gave way to drinking, and, at His table was daily served with the end of two years, left the prison dainties of every description, his worse than when he entered. Mae dame Saignes herself went to fetch found among them. They all glowe him from Vire to Chalons, into the ed with enthusiasm, and prepared bosom of his faithful and devoted to make the greatest sacrifices. friends. The most splendid prepa- Men of birth and rank deemed rations were made for his reception. themselves fortunate in being able He arrived, received congratula- to perform the meanest drudgery tions, had flowers strewed at his of menial service for him. Misers feet, and was treated with the most turned spendthrifts, that they might distinguished respect. In short, the have the honour of entertaining horn of plenty was again most co- him. It was very natural that piously poured out on the tailor's such proceedings should not escape son of St. Lo.
the eye of a vigilant police. Fouche When the police discovered these was informed, at Paris, of all that proceedings, his partisans, upon de- was going forward at Vitry; and a liberation, found it expedient to warrant put an end to the farce. send the dauphin on his travels. But, even when taken into custo. His route was so contrived that he dy, Hervagault conducted himself every where found confidential with a loftiness and dignity that friends, who, being previously in- struck all present with a dubious formed of his supposed high birth, awe. His most downcast confidants showed him all the respect due to surrounded him with the most heartthat exalted station. He was once felt reverence ; one of them, highly at Rheims, twice at Vitry le Fran- moved, begged leave to embrace cais, and often at different little him, and the tailor's son negligently country seats, where balls, concerts, tendered his hand to kiss. The and feasts of every kind, were given very first night of his incarceration in honour of him. At Vitry he was a most splendid feast was given at splendidly and conveniently lodged the prison. Intercessions were at the house of madame de Ram- made for his release upon bail, but becour, whose husband closely fol- in vain ; all that could be obtained lowed all his footsteps, waited upon was to mitigate, as much as possihim with the most attentive zeal, ble, the rigours of his captivity. He and served him like a valet. On was constantly served in the most St. Louis's day a superb fete was sumptuous manner, and so accusprepared for him ; it being the feast tomed to this high style of living, of the saint whose name he bore. that once a chicken, a pigeon, with The ladies sung songs composed in a sallad and custard being served honour of him. In the confidential for his supper, he thought proper to circles which he frequented they find the fare incomplete, and indigalways called him mon prince: his nantly dashed the mess on the portrait was handed about as that ground. of the dauphin, and it was reported Admet the notary called him, in that the pope himself had imprinte his prison, monseigneur, and was ed a mark on his leg, to know him most graciously rewarded with the again by; finally, a letter was hand- appellation of « Mon petit page, ed about from a bishop, in which mon petit valet de chambre d'. that deluded prelate writes in exe amitie.” Thus he acted his part pressions of the profoundest respect dispassionately, and with an air of for this young vagabond ; and, by the utmost importance. Going to his example, convinced many who mass, a servant carried his prayerwere still wavering in their belief. book and cushion. He appointed Already was a court formed round a secretary, and made him sign, in Louis XVII. He had immediately his name, that of Louis Charles. his favourites, and was going to no- Where a man bears a great name, minate those who were to hold the said he to the justices, he is sure to great offices of his household. Many be exposed to persecution. The names of consequence were to be mayor of Vitry, owing to the great concourse of people, found himself, neglected prince a good education, at last, under the necessity of put- and endeavoured to accomplish this ting him under closer confinement, end with the purest and sincerest and, at the same time, intercepted intentions. He sent him, amongst the enormous supplies of wine and other works, one day, Le Geni du good cheer sent for his use. No Christianisme, by Chateabriant, and person, but those absolutely to at the tragedy of Athilla ; upon which tend him, was permitted admission he received, to his surprise, this without a ticket.
answer: “ Do you mock me? All Meanwhile, his offence was by no this I know by heart.” means considered in a political Al the fears of the prelate were, view, but merely as a matter be- lest the object of his care should be longing to the correctional police, sentenced to transportation. To to the enquiry and punishment of prevent this, he strained every which he was accordingly left..... nerve, and made use of the interest Madame Saignes was likewise taken of every friend he could command up as his accomplice; but, there in Paris. He drew up a list of those being no proof to convict her, she persons to whom he intended to enwas acquitted in consequence. Her trust the fate of the dauphin. In it vagault, in the beginning of the year were found, among others, the 1802, was sentenced to four years names of Brissac, Necker, madame imprisonment, as a sharper and de Stael, Montesson, Roquelare, abuser of the credulity of the peo- Augouleme, Talleyrand, Puys de ple, and confined accordingly in the Segur, Boufflers, La Harpe, &c. house of correction at Ostend. Both Some believed him, some did not ; the delinquent and the attorney-ge. some called him a Blondel, some a neral, though upon different grounds, Joab. The correspondence was appealed against this sentence to the carried on in cyphers. It even government.
wefit so far that the project was The matter was now to be treat- formed to marry the dauphin with ed at Rheims, when a new and very a distant relation of the royal family. important actor suddenly burst upon Hervagault at first seemed to wave the scene of this tragi-comedy..... the proposal, for he had, according There the late L. de S- bishop to his own account, sworn the oath de V , remarkable for his inte. of fidelity and affection to the queen grity, universally respected for the of Portugal's most amiable sister ; austerity of his manners, and his but, from political movements, he profound learning, expressed his yielded, and it was resolved to make conviction, that Hervagault was the levies of men for his service. real and genuine dauphin. He had But, ere these negociations could even spoke to the surgeons that had possibly ripen, the trial before the anatomised the corpse of the pre- criminal tribunal at Rheims was tended dauphin in the Temple, who once more publicly revised, and that had informed him it was not that of in the presence of a numerous mul. the real one. He resolved upon titude of people, who all were in freeing his young monarch from the favour of the accused, loudly murchains of captivity, lent out conside- mured against the prosecuting at. rable sums to effect this purpose, torney-general, and, with enthusi. abandoned the very functions of his astic fervor, applauded the official office, came to Rheims, correspond- defender of Hervagault. The judge ed with the prisoner by means of es, however, would not suffer them. the keeper of the jail, and thought selves to be misguided, and confirmhimself sure of his being the identi- ed the original sentence. While cal person. The dauphin's death they were deliberating on the subappeared to him a mere political lie ject in another room, the most pain. of the national convention. He even ful anxiety was depicted in the thought it his duty to give to the countenance of every spectator in
court. Hervagault heard his sen- who have derived benefit from his tence with composure, with a smile writings. of contempt; and his partisans, in- Mr. Murray is a native of Pennstead of giving credit to the juridi- sylvania ; he was born in the year cal decision, obstinately persevered 1745. His parents were persons of in their former preconceived opin respectable characters, who were nion. They continued to wait on solicitous to endue his mind with him with royal service in the place pious and virtuous principles. He of his detention. He had by him, was carefully and regularly educat. amongst other effects, a silver cup, ed, and made a rapid progress in on which the letters L. C. (Louis learning. His father, who removed Charles) were engraved and deco- to New York; and was a distinrated with an antique French crown. guished merchant there, placed him, This, he pretended to the jailor, at the age of fifteen, in his counting was his cypher.
house, intending to form him to None of his adherents deserted mercantile business. But this emhis cause ; on the contrary, their ployment not agreeing with young zeal redoubled, and the venerable Murray's taste for reading, and de. bishop of
V a lways headed them. sire of improving his mind, he soliNay, the latter did not confine his cited permission to study medicine zeal to presents and good advice, he or law. His father, perceiving his even resolved most actively to exert strong bent towards learning, prohimself; and, being informed that cured for him a private tutor, a it was intended to bring his illustri. person of erudition and respectabi. ous pupil from Rheims to Soissons, lity, under whose care and direction he determined to rescue him on the he closely applied to the liberal road from the hands of his prosecu- studies, and gratifying himself in his tors. This youthful project of an favourite pursuits. old head was betrayed ; the bishop At the age of nineteen, he comand his papers were seized ; and it menced the study of the law, under evidently appeared, upon proof, that the auspices of a gentleman eminent it was his intention to make the in his profession; and he had the tailor's son of St. Lo act the part of happiness of having for his fellow the dauphin. The government, student Mr. Jay, late plenipotentiary however, had compassion on the to the court of Britain. At the exhoary dotard, and gave him his li- piration of four years, Mr. Murray berty. Hervagault himself had far- was admitted to the bar, and receive ed better, if the least prospect of ed a licence to practice, both as amendment had appeared in his counsel and attorney, in all the conduct; but, as he formed another courts of the state of New York. In junto of partisans at Soissons, it was this profession he continued, with thought proper to make himn disap- increasing reputation and success, pear.
till the troubles in America interrupted all business of this nature. He then removed from New York,
and remained some time in the BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF LIND. country. But impatient of an inacLEY MURRAY, ESQ.
tive life, and desirous of improving
his fortune, he returned to the city, THIS gentleman's literary cha- and engaged in the mercantile line. racter, the extensive circulation of By his diligence, abilities, and reshis works, and his solicitude for the pectable connections, he acquired, guarded education and happiness of in the course of a few years, a very young persons, will doubtless render handsome competency. He then some traits of his history interesting concluded to retire from business, to the public, especially to those and made a correspondent arrange