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ADMIRAL LATOUCHE TREVILLE, much disabled, that he could have

forced her to surrender, had not the LOUIS RENE MAGDALEINE LE- importance of his mission been such VASSOR LATOUCHE TREVILLE, as to impose on him the duty of congrand officer of the empire, one of tinuing his course for the river Dethe inspectors general of the coast, laware, up which he was to sail, grand officer of the legion of honour, with a sum of four millions, and and vice-admiral commanding the dispatches of the highest importance. squadron of his imperial majesty in The Hector was so ill used, that the Mediterranean, died lately on she foundered a few days after. board the Bucentaur, in the road of wards. Toulon.

The frigates were not yet reThis general officer, the issue of paired, when he was attacked by a a family highly distinguished in the squadron under the command of records of the navy, was born at admiral Elphinstone. Obliged to Rochefort, on the 3d of June, 1745. enter the Delaware very precipi

He had not attained his thirteenth tately, he took such measures as inyear, when he was appointed garde sured the safety of la Gloire ; and de la marine, and in this capacity he even he himself would have escaped bore a share in many actions which the enemy, had not the aukwardtook place during the year 1756. ness of a pilot run his vessel on a

His preference of the sea service, sand bank. In this critical position, and the progress he made in it, did he maintained himself against the not, however, prevent his family fire of the whole squadron, until he from making him accept a company had landed his dispatches, together of cavalry, in the year 1768 ; but, with the treasure, with the general unable to resist his first inclinations, officers he had on board, and the he was not long in returning to his major part of his crew. first career.

Peace being concluded shortly af. He was exercised in it in different terward, his experience and knowcommands, when the American war ledge induced the government to broke out; he was appointed to call him first into the superior adseveral ships of war during its con- ministration of ports, and afterwards tinuance; and was likewise employ- to the councils of the ministry : here ed on many private and difficult it was that his meditations produced missions.

the ordinance of 1786, a military In 1780, he commanded l'Hermic code the most complete that has one, of 32 guns, in the seas of the appeared to the present day. United States, on board of which he În 1787, he was appointed chanattacked the Iris English frigate, of cellor to the first prince of the the same force. The action was blood. very obstinate, and the Iris was only In 1789, he was deputed by the indebted for her safety to her supe- bailiage of Montargis to the states rior sailing, by means of wbich she general, where he took his seat sought shelter in New York.

among the friends of well regulated In 1781, in company with l’As. liberty : as deputy to this illustrious trea frigate, commanded by the ce- body, no one could charge him withi lebrated La Perouse, he maintained exaggerations of opinion. a very warm action against two fri In 1792, the appearances of an gates and four sloops of war, and approaching war recalled him to induced them at length to sheer off. active service, with the rank of

In 1782, having the command of rear-admiral. He commanded a l'Aigle and la Gloire frigates, he division of ships employed in the fell in, during the night, off Dela- Cagliari and Oneille expeditions, ware, with the Hector English man and which reduced Nice: being of war, of 74 guns, which he so dispatched with a squadron to Na.

ples, under such delicate circum He was no sooner recovered thax stances, he nobly supported the dig- he solicited the honour of rendering nity of the French name and flag. new services. Accordingly, in last

His services, the amenity of his Germinal, his imperial majesty concharacter, and the purity of his pat- ferred on him the rank of vice-adriotism, did not, however, screen miral, and commander of the Medihim from those persecutions which terranean squadron. but too strongly marked that unfor From that period he has been tunate period of our history: he continually in presence of superior was deprived of his rank, and im- forces, which have in vain attempt. prisoned until the beginning of the ed to blockade Toulon. The actiyear 3.

vity to which he had accustomed all Scarcely had he recovered his the ships of his squadron, and the liberty, when he again solicited em- strict discipline he had kept up, ployment at sea ; but circumstances were the means of preventing the proving unfavourable, he devoted enemy from appearing in the road, himself to useful labours, until the without being pursued, harassed, 18th Brumaire, when he was restor- and at length forced to sheer off. ed to a service in which he was still His majesty appointed him, in last to distinguish himself.

Messidor, grand officer of the emHe first commanded a squadron pire, and inspector general of the at Brest ; shortly afterwards, on be- Mediterranean coast. ing sent to Boulogne, he prepared Seized, on the 22d Thermidor, the first elements of that fotilla, with a grievous sickness, of which which has since been so considere he did not conceal the danger, he ably augmented ; and the glorious was in vain solicited to suffer him. actions he fought with admiral Nel. self to be carried on shore, in order son, on the 17th and 27th Thermi. to receive that assistance of which dor, year 9, are in the recollection his situation stood in need; he conof every one.

stantly refused, and expired on Peace did not set bounds to his board Le Bucentaur, in the night of indefatigable activity. Scarcely the 2d Fructidor. were the preliminaries signed, when His last words were, “A sea offihe was appointed to the command cer ought to die under his ship’s of a squadron destined for St. Do- flag." mingo. Having special orders to Vice-admiral Latouche carries attack Port au Prince, he entered with him the regret of the navy: the road fighting, subjugated the his life recalls to mind long and hoforts, caused the troops to be landed, nourable services, and his death and contributed, in a most effectual leaves the great example of an unmanner, towards preserving the bounded attachment to discipline. town from being burnt.

Remaining as commander in chief to the naval forces at St. Domingo, it is to the activity and wise combi

THE NAJA. nation of the measures he took to execute the orders of government THE naja, or serpent with spectathat we are indebted for having cles, which makes a beautiful apsaved almost the whole of the squa- pearance, on account of the richness dron that he commanded, and which of its colours, is one of the most vethe war surprised whilst cruising nomous in the East Indies, yet in off that island.

that country there are jugglers bold He did not quit St. Domingo until enough to exhibit it as an amusing Brumaire, year 12, when illness and spectacle to the curiosity of the fatigue had brought him to the brink public. By means of processes,

related by travellers, they tame

of the grave.

this formidable animal, diminish the low the head. The latter afterquantity of its poison, and make it wards turn back as far as the corperform a kind of dance.

ner of the mouth, and the head of The juggler takes in his hand a the serpent may be then seen coverroot, the virtue of which, as he pre- ed from the muzzle to the eyes with tends, is a preventative against the a new skin, while the animal makes bite of the serpent, and drawing the continual efforts to disengage itself animal from a vase, in which he from the kind of case in which it is generally keeps it shut up, he irri- enclosed. This case continues to tates it by holding out his stick to turn back like a glove, in such a it, or only with his fist ; the naja manner, that while the real head of immediately raising itself upright the serpent advances in one direcagainst the hand that attacks it, tion to get rid of it, the muzzle of resting on its tail, elevating its body, the old skin, which is always very swelling up its neck, opening its entire, advances, as one may say, mouth, stretching out its forked towards the tail, that the old skin tongue, agitating itself with vivacity, may be entirely stripped off. The darting fire from its eyes, and make eyes cast their coats, like the rest ing a hissing noise, begins a sort of of the body; the cornea divests itcombat with its master, who then self entirely, as well as the eyelids, singing in a loud strain, holds his of that scaly substance which surfist to it, sometimes on the right side, rounds it, and which preserves its and sometimes the left, while the form in the dry skin, where it apanimal, which keeps its eyes always pears with the concave side utterfixed on the hand that threatens it, most. The scales rise entirely with follows all its motions, balances its part of the epidermis, to which they head and body on its tail, and thus were attached.

This epidermis exhibits the appearance of a kind of forms a kind of frame around each dance. The naja can continue this scale, whether great or small : it exercise for nearly ten minutes, but does not exactly follow the circumas soon as the Indian perceives that, ference of each, but it surrounds that fatigued by its motions and vertical part which adheres to the skin, and situation, the serpent is ready to which, by the different motions of make its escape, he 'puts an end to the animal, could not be separated his singing, the naja ceases to dance, from it. These frames, which touch stretches itself out on the ground, each other, form a kind of net, less and its master puts it back into its transparent than the scales, which vessel.

appear to fill up the intervals of it like so many facets and diaphonous plates.

By rubbing themselves against the earth, and every thing they meet

with, serpents get rid of their old IT is well known that serpents skin, which always rolls itself back cast their skins every year; but to the last scale of the tail: this dethis difficult operation has perhaps taches itself without folding back. never been clearly explained. This skin is turned inside out. The reptile must have begun to get rid of it by the head, having no other opening but the mouth, by which it could get out of this kind of bag. The scales which cover the jaws are the first that turn backwards, Portland by detaching themselves from thé Wiscassett

1 palate, and by remaining always Hallowell very even with those above and be.





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IF nature seems to have exhausted all her ornaments upon an atom,

such as the humming bird, she has 8 been no less lavish towards a harm

less species of serpent in India, named the boiga.

The lively colours of precious stones, and the brilliant splendour of gold, says the count de la Cepede,

shine forth on the scales of the boiga, 5 as well as on the feathers of the

humming bird ; and as if in the embellishment of these two beings nature wished to give a perfect model to art, of the most beautiful assortment of colours, the brownest tints

laid one over the other, amidst the 6 brightest shades, are arranged in

such a manner as to produce, by a

happy contrast, the splendid colours 1 which they display.

We should have but an imperfect idea, says he, of the beauty of the boiga, did we only represent to our

selves that azure and white agree. 6 ably contrasted, and set off by these

three embroideries, ornamented

with a gold colour ; we must paint 1 all the different reflections from the

upper and lower parts of the body, and the different tints of silver

colour, yellow, red, and black which 3 they produce. The blue and white

through which you imagine that you perceive these tints wonderfully blended, unite also the softness of

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their shades to the vivacity of these feet and that of Holland fought in different reflections in such a man the channel for three days succesner, that when the boiga moves, you sively, engaging in the day, and lyimagine that you see shining below ing to at night. But just as they a piece of chrystal, transparent, and were preparing

to renew the action, sometimes bluish, long chain of advice came off that an armistice. emeralds, topazes, sapphires, and was concluded upon, and the hostile rubies. It is to be remarked that parties began to exercise mutual it is in the beautiful and scorched civilities. On board a Dutch man plains of India, that chrystal and of war, which lay along side an Enthe hardest stones exhibit the live. glish first rate, was a sailor so reliest shades, and where nature has markably active, as to run to the thought proper, if I may say so, to mast-head and stand upright upon represent on the skin of the boiga the truck, after which he cut sevea faithful picture of these rich orna- ralcapers, and concluded with standments.

ing upon his head, to the great asThe boiga is very slender in pro- tonishment and terror of the specportion to its length. Those from tators. On coming down from his which the preceding description exploit, all his countrymen expres. was taken were more than three sed their joy by huzzaing, and feet in length, and scarcely a few thereby signifying triumph over the lines in diameter. Their tail, English. One of the English tars, almost as long as the body, still con- piqued for the honour of his countinues diminishing, and resembles a try, ran up to the top like a cat, very fine needle.

and essayed, with all his might, to The boigas to richness of colour throw up his heels like the Dutchadd slenderness of proportion; they man, and, not having the skill, he are, therefore, extremely nimble, missed his poise, and came down and can, by forming their bodies rather faster than he went up. The into several folds, dart forward with rigging, however, broke his fall, rapidity, easily twist themselves and he lighted on his feet unhurt. round different objects, mount or As soon as he had recovered his descend, suspend themselves from speech, he ran to the side, and exthem, and, in an instant, display, on ultingly cried out to the Dutchmen, the branches of the trees which they “ There, do that if you can." inhabit, the gold and azure of their smooth shining scales.

The boiga draws towards it different kinds of birds, by imitating certain sounds, which are familiar to them; and, for this reason, some authors have called its hissing its THE following account of a persong; but it simply emits a hissing son, who had obtained considerable noise. So many beauties and graces credit in France, as the son of Louis united in this animal are still height- XVI, is given in Kotzebue's journey ened by its innocence. It seems from Berlin to Paris : even to acknowledge the caresses Jean Marie Hervagault is the son bestowed on it by the young Indians, of a tailor at St. Lo, of a prepossesand to take pleasure in being turned sing figure, features bearing resemover and over again by their deli- blance to those of Louis XVI, fair, cate hands.

șlender, lively, communicative without suspicion, quickly penetrating, and feigning innocence in a masterly manner; of course a person of great

endowments, but no education. He IN the great Dutch war, in the is supposed to be a natural son of reign of Charles II, the English the late duke of Valentinois, who VOL. III. NO, XVI.






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