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the present instance, by their novelty. Satiated with this amusement, we Scenery so ample and stupendous, at length prepared to return. This I never before beheld. A plain, was more difficult than the ascent broken up into luxuriant undula- 'had been. It cost as much trouble tions, checquered by sunshine and to find a practicable path for our shade, divided into regular enclo horses. D- and , taking the sures of grove, corn-field, and mea. way which we had already tradow, and forming a circle, whose versed, arrived, after much stumdiameter was hardly less than forty bling and sliding, at more footable miles, was diffised before us. The spaces. A- and W- who cliff on which we stood formed part had charge of the chaise-horse, of the circumference of this circle. made their way, with extreme diffiThe Sound and the shadowy ridges culty, and some injury to the poor of Long Island formed another part. animal whom they conducted, over The remainder was shut out by a a more dangerous track. smooth and gradually swelling ridge, We carried refreshments along covered with wood, which advanced with us; and stopping at a farm at into the midst of the circle, and then the mountain's foot, enjoyed the sipking suddenly to the level of the luxury of coolness, and shade, and adjacent spaces, left an abrupt knoll, pleasant viands. Lemonade and which we conjectured to be ten miles cold ham formed an agreeable redistant.
past, in the midst of new made hay, Nothing is more deceitful than and beneath an apple-tree, in an the common estimate of heights. orchard, whence the neighbouring That which we occupied appeared mountain could be advantageously the greater by being so abrupt, and seen. by contrast with that wide spread and billowy surface which it bounded. The fields appeared like the plots of a garden. In one of them,
POWDER HILL. immediately beneath us, were kine grazing, which my companions, for After our refreshment, much of a time, mistook for sheep. Viewed the day being unconsumed, we profrom so high a pinnacle, their out- ceeded, orer a pleasant road, to lines were indistinct, and peculiari. Powder hill. I had much talk with ties of shape and motion were not D- as we trotted side by side. to be distinguished.
We found colonel Lyman, a farMy friends dared not to approach mer who lives near the hill, busy in the verge. Dizziness and a dispo- his hay field. He led us to an exsition to spring forward seized them cellent spring, where we once more when they caught a glance at the regaled ourselves on lemonade, and abyss. I gare them much disquiet, leaving our horses in the meadow, and brought upon me the reproach ascended the bill. Like the former, of fool-hardiness and temerity, by this hill consists of a gradual ascent venturing to sit upon the utmost on one side, and a towering precibrink, and look steadfastly on the pice upon the other. The cliff was gloomy and profound dell, in which not so high, nor the landscape so the cliff terminated. I took plea- extensive, as the former, but it was sure in following with my eye the an enchanting scene. The atmorocks which they rolled down the sphere was, in a high degree, serene precipice, and which carried down and luminous, and the sun promised with them the stony fragments to set with uncommon splendour. which they encountered in their The cliff looked towards the west, passage, and bounded over rocks and the harbour of Newhaven and and chasms with a noise that had in the Sound were distinctly visible. I it no small portion of sublimity. was willing to sit here till the sun
had disappeared, but my friends equable degrees, to the margin, which did not concur.
is smooth, unembarrassed by stocks The artifices of description would or stones, and covered with white give as much dignity and splendour clover, whose blossom is exceeded to these scenes, as if they had oc- by few plants in its fragrance and curred in the bosom of the Alps. beauty. This embroidery extends All mountains and mountainous ex- to the very skirts of the lake, and cursions agree in essential particu- ends only where its liquid murmurs lars. The difference is unimportant, and transparent refluence begin. and would not be discovered in the Its waters abound with perch and hands of an eloquent describer. other fish, whose sports are seldom
or never interrupted by the fisher
man. The temperature, as we exJOB'S POOL.
perienced by bathing in it, was, in
the highest degree, mild and saluYesterday afternoon, A
brious. We lingered here for some a nd I crossed the rivertime, and returned to Middletown half a mile wide in this place, in a at the close of a delightful day. kind of boat, which I cannot better describe than by calling it a batteau, both whose ends are stern-fashion, that is, broad and square. It was For the Literary Magazine. impelled forward, not by rowing, but by sculling. We were provided PASSAGE OF THE ALPS. with a half dozen limes and a glass tumbler, which we produced at the BONAPARTE'S passage of the edge of a spring, and refreshed our Alps has been celebrated as an exselves after a fatiguing walk. : ploit no less singular than arduous;
This lake was made to embellish and yet France has produced, ala poetical description. Fancy, in most every war, for this half a her pictures, is ingenious in omit- dozen centuries, at least one Hanniting all harsh and untoward fea- bal as adventurous and successful in tures. All is chrystaline, and cool, surmounting this gigantic barrier, and flowery, in the abode which she as the Hannibal now living. The selects for the nymphs. Here, how- attempt of the prince of Conti, unever, the truth is so graceful and der Louis XV, to pass these mounenchanting as to require no omis- tains, by no means falls short of the sions, and be scarcely susceptible of recent one, and shows as forcibly any embellishments.
that the greatest difficulties may be This lake is called Job's Pool. surmounted by valour and perseveIt lies in the midst of cultivated rance. Most of these passages are lawns and wooded dales. Its sur- equal to each other in the havock face is unbroken by shoals or islets, and cruelty committed on the people and is spread over some hundreds of the invaded country. Among of acres. Its sides constitute waving many like instances which occurred and corresponding lines, whose cur. under the prince of Conti, the folvature is the smoothest and most lowing was by no means the inost luxuriant imaginable. Its supplies atrocious. Thirty peasants were are drawn from subterranean or carried to their native village, and secret sources, as no stream either hanged, in the presence of their enters it or issues from it, and its friends and relatives, for having op. height is said to be equally unaffec- posed the invaders of their country, ted by winter's torrents or sum. Bonaparte's punishments were still mer's droughts.
more summary and comprehensive, Its depth, in the middle, has not When a village was found a little hitherto been fathomed. The bot. restive and turbulent, all the inhatom ascends on all sides, and by bitants were collected and shot to death, and the houses, after being this maxim is a false one. It is the well rummaged and ransacked, characteristic of human nature to were burnt to the ground.
discredit what is opposite to our own observation or experienceWhether this observation and ex.
perience be narrow or extensive, For the Literary Magazine. we are equally disposed to deny
credit to that which contradicts it. LMPLOYMENT A CURE FOR Perhaps it is the natural conse. LUNACY.
quence of enlarged knowledge to
produce credulity, or a disposition I'T may be very wise in most to admit, if not the truth, yet, at cases, and in some cases absolutely least, the likelihood or possibility of necessary, to shut up maniacs alone, facts, not enforced by the strongest in naked, gloomy, noisome cells, testimony, though such facts do not and to consign them to total inacti- coincide with our own experience. vity. One, who is no physician, can The more we know, the larger are hardly fail of condemning such the limits of possibility. Every new modes of treatment. We know that fact or appearance is, of course, not these circumstances would make a coincident with previous knowledge, sound man crazy. It is hard to be- and seems to allow us to conjecture lieve them capable of making a the possibility or existence of things, crazy man sound.
as remo.e from the fact just known, The following information, to be as this fact is from what was previ. found in a report upon the state of ously known. the lunatic hospital at Saragossa, in Should a traveller in unknown Spain, is worthy notice. The cure, countries, half a century ago, have says the reporter, is generally at- related, on his return, that, in this tempted by cold bathing and refri. remote region, he met with an anigerant medicines; but the treat mal, whose fore legs were not one. ment seldom answers. Constant fifth part, in length or size, of the experience has shown, that some hind ones. Suppose him to say, that employment, which exercises the the strength this animal has, in its patients' limbs, is the most efficaci- hind quarters, is very great : in its ous mode of cure. Most of those endeavours to escape when sur. lunatics, who are employed in the prized, it springs from its hind legs, shops and offices of the house, reco- and leaps at each bound about six ver. Their occupation consists in or eight yards, but does not appear cleaning the house, carrying wood in running to let its fore feet come and water, harvest work, and the near the ground; indeed they are like.
so very short, that it is not possible Part of the house is appropriated that the animal can use them in to persons of the richer class, whose running: they have vast strength friends support them. It is asserted also in their tail; it is, no doubt, a that lunatics of distinction, who are principal part of their defence, when not employed in any servile occupa attacked; for with it they can tion, nor in labour of any sort, sel strike with prodigious force, I bedom recover.
lieve with sufficient power to break the leg of a man ; nor is it improbable that this great strength in the
tail may assist them in making those For the Literary Magazine. astonishing springs.
The opossum (which, before the MARVELLOUS STORIES. discovery of America would have
been thought a natural impossibility) IGNORANCE, they say, is the is also very numerous here, but it is mother of credulity ; but I think not exactly like the American opos
sum; it partakes a good deal of crow is found here, but the sound the moka, in the strength of its tail, of their voice and manner of croakand make of its fore legs, which are ing are very different from those in very short in proportion to its hind Europe. Here are a great variety ones; like the opossum it has the of smaller birds, but I have not pouch, or false belly, for the safety found one with a pleasing note. I of its young in time of danger, and have seen several large birds, which its colour is nearly the same, but the I supposed, when I first saw them, fur is thicker and finer. There are to be the ostrich, as they could not several other animals of a smaller fly when pursued, but ran so exsize, down as low as the field rat, ceedingly fast, that a very strong which, in some part or other, par- and fleet greyhound could not come take of the moka and opossum. I near them : it was, when standing, have caught many rats with this seven feet two inches from its feet pouch for carrying their young when to the upper part of its head. The pursued, and the legs, claws, and only difference which I could pertail of this rat are exactly like those ceive between this bird and the osof the maka. It was wonderful to trich was in its bill, which appears see what a vast variety of fish are to me to be narrower at the point; caught, which, in some part or other, and it has three toes, which, I am partake of the shark : it is no una told, is not the case with the ostrich. common thing to see a skate's head It has one characteristic, by which it and shoulders to the hind part of a may be known, and which may be shark, or a shark's head to the body thought very extraordinary ; this of a large mullet, and sometimes to is that two distinct feathers grew to the flat body of a sting-ray. out from every quill. The ants are
With respect to the feathered of various sizes, from the smallest tribe, the parrot prevails; I have known in Europe, to the size of shot birds with the head, neck, and nearly an inch long. Some are bill of a parrot, and with the same black, some white, and some of the variety of the most beautiful plu- largest sort, reddish. Those of this mage on these parts for which that kind are really a formidable little bird here is distinguished, and a animal ; if you tread near the nest, tail and body of a different make which is generally under ground, and colour, with long, straight, and with various little passages, or outdelicately made feet and legs, which lets, and have disturbed them, they is the very reverse of any bird of will sally forth in vast numbers, atthe parrot kind formerly known. I tack their disturbers with astohave also seen a bird with the legs nishing courage, and even pursue and feet of a parrot, the head and them to a considerable distance ; neck made and coloured like the and their bite is attended, for a common sea-gull, and the wings and time, with a most acute pain. Some tail of a hawk. I have likewise seen build their nests against a tree, to trees bearing three different kinds the size of a large bee-hive; an of leaves, and frequently have found other sort raises mounts on the others bearing the leaf of the gum ground, of clay, to the height of four tree, with the gum exuding from it, feet. In speaking of the spider, it and covered with bark of a very would be improper to be silent on different kind.
the industry of this little creature: There are a great variety of birds I call them little, although, if coinin this country; all those of the pared with our common spider, they parrot tribe are clothed with the are very large; they spread their most beautiful plumage that can be web in the woods between trees, conceived; it would require an able generally to a distance of twelve or pencil to give a stranger an idea fourteen yards, and weave them so of them, for it is impossible by words very strong, that it requires consi. to describe them. The common derable force to break them. I have
seen the silk of which the web is hour in anxious and irresolute recomposed wound off into a ball, and flections. They were no other than think it equal to any I ever saw in had hitherto occurred, but they octhe same state from the silk worm. curred with more force than ever. I have found upon bushes, on which Some fatal obstinacy, however, got the web has been hanging in clusters, possession of me, and I persisted in a thin shell, something like that the resolution of concealing one wherein the silk worm prepares its thing. We become fondly attached silk, and, on opening them, I have to objects and pursuits, frequently seen a quantity of this silk within, for no conceivable reason but the. in which a spider was found wrap- pain and trouble they cost us. In ped up.
proportion to the danger in which When speaking of birds, I should they involve us do we cherish them. have mentioned the black swan Our darling potion is the poison that which is found in some parts of the scorches our vitals. west coast of this country; the After some time, I went to Ludextremities of their wings are loe's apartment. I found him sowhite, and all the rest of the piumage lemn, and yet benign, at my enblack. I have seen one which trance. After intimating my comanswered the above description as pliance with the terms prescribed, to colour, but the bill was a pale which I did, in spite of all my labour pink, or crimson ; it was about the for composure, with accents half size of a common white swan, and faultering, he proceeded to put vawas good meat.
rious questions to me, relative to Here we will suppose the travel- my early history. ler to end, though indeed the pa- I knew there was no other mode tience and attention of his hearers of accomplishing the end in view, must have ended long ago. These but by putting all that was related stories would be classed with fic- in the form of answers to questions ; tions, no less absurd than impudent, and when meditating on the characand their authors would speedily be ter of Ludloe, I experienced excesconsigned to contempt and oblivion. sive uneasiness as to the consumAnd yet such are almost literally mate art and penetration which his the representations made of the ani- questions would manifest. Consci. mals of New Holland, by the Eng- ous of a purpose to conceal, my Jish governors of the colony in that fancy invested my friend with the region, and which are supported by robe of a judicial inquisitor, all such evidence as the ignorant would whose questions should aiin at exprobably reject, though the wise and tracting the truth, and entrapping knowing cannot but admitit. Change the liar. the word moka into kangaroo, and In this respect, however, I was the original of the strangest of these wholly disappointed. All his inquipictures is familiar, by hearsay at ries were general and obvious, least, to most readers.
They betokened curiosity, but not suspicion ; yet there were moments when I saw, or fancied I saw, some dissatisfaction betrayed in his fea
tures ; and when I arrived at that For the Literary Magazine. period of my story which terminated
with my departure, as his compaMEMOIRS OF CARWIN THE BILO- nion, for Europe, his pauses were, QUIST.
I thought, a little longer and more
museful than I liked. At this peContinued from page 114. riod, our first conference ended.
After a talk, which had commenced I RETIRED accordingly to my at a late hour, and had continued cpartment, and spent the prescribed many hours, it was time to sleep,