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Unmindful of the crown that virtue gives,
Shakespeare has “ LIPSBUR Y PINFOLD,” where, as Mr.-Steevens observes, something like the cant-phrase Lobs pound is perhaps intended. K. LEAR, A. i. S. i. Some miserable puns are constructed on this word, in the Two GentLEMEN of Verona. “ Pro. You mistake, I mean the Pound, a pin-fold, &c.” A.i. S. i. It is a Pound in Hudibras. A Pinner is a fhepherd in some parts of England, one who pins the fold. Compare Reed's OLD PLAYS, vol. iii. p. 7. In old deeds, among manerial rights, the privilege of a Pinfold for Pound, is claimed.
11. Amongst the enthron'd gods on fainted seats.] We may read, with Fenton, “ th' enthroned.” Or rather,
Amongst the gods enthron’d on sainted seats. But Shakespeare seems to ascertain the old collocation, Anton. CLEOPATR. A. i. S. iii.
Though you in swearing shake the THRONED GODS. Milton, however, when speaking of the inhabitants of heaven, exclusively of any allusion to the class of angels styled throni, seems to have annexed an idea of a dignity peculiar, and his own, to the word ENTHRON'D. See PARAD. L. B. v.
536. Myself, and all th' angelic hoft, that stand
In fight of God, enTHRON'D. For fo I point the passage. Compare B.i. 128. “O chief of many THRONED powers.”
other proofs. 15. -Errand.-) See Note on Sams. AGON. v. 1284. 16. I would not foil these pure ambrofal weeds
With the rank vapours of this fin.worn mold.) But in the PARADISE Lost, an Angel eats with Adam, B. v.
433. This, however, was before the fall of our first parent : and it is not quite yet decided by Thomas Aquinas, whether or no Angels may not eat, when assuming a human form. He has a question, “ An Angeli " poffint comedere in corporibus assumptis?” Tom. vi. p. 27. In Lib. Sec. Petri Lomb. Quæst
. i. Distinct. viii. Artic. iv. edit.
% That poem
With the rank vapours of this fin-worn mold.
But to my task. Neptune, besides the sway Of every salt food, and each ebbing stream, Took in by lot 'twixt high and nether Jove Imperial rule of all the sea-girt illes, That like to rich and various gems inlay The unadorned bosom of the deep ; Which he, to grace his tributary Gods, By course commits to several government, 25 And gives them leave to wear their faphir crowns, And wield their little tridents : but this Inle, The greatest and the best of all the main, He quarters to his blue-hair'd deities;
Antv. 1612. fol. As the angel Gabriel condescends to feast with Adam, while yet unpolluted, and in his primeval state of innocence, so our guardian Spirit would not have loiled the purity of his ambrofial robes with the noisom exhalations of this sin-corrupted earth, but to affift those distinguished mortals, who by a due progress in virtue, aspire to reach the golden key which opens the palace of eternity. 22. Sea-girt ifles,
That like io rich and various gems inlay
The unadorned bofom of the deep.] The thought, as has been observed, is first in Shakespeare, of England. K. RICHARD ü. A. ii. S. i.
This precious stone set in the filver fea. But Milton has heightened the comparison, omitting Skakespeare's petty conceit of the filver sea, the conception of a jeweller, and substituting another and a more Atriking piece of imagery. This RICH INLAY, to vse an expression in the Paradise Lost,gives beauty to the bosom of the deep, elfe UNADORNED. It has its effect on a simple ground. Thus the bare earth, before the creation,
desert and bare, unfightly, UNADOR N'D.” PARADISE L.
B. vii. 314.
Eve's tresses are unadorned, Ibid. B.iv. 305.
24. -Tributary Gods.] Hence perhaps Pope, in a similar vein of allegory, took his “ TRIBUTARY urns.”. Winds. For. v. 33.
29. He quarters.-) That is Neptune : with which name he ho
And all this tract that fronts the falling sun 30
40 But that by quick command from sovran Jove
nours the King, as Sovereign of the four seas; for from the British Neptune only, this Noble Peer derives his authority. W. 32.
With temper'd awe to guide
An old and hanghty nation, proud in arms.] That is the Cambro-Britons, who were to be governed by respect mixed with awe. The earl of Bridgewater, “ A noble peer of mickle trust and
power,” was now governour of the Welch as lord-president of the principality. “ Proud in arms," is Virgil's “belloque superbi.” Æn. i. 21.
34. Where his fair offspring, nurs'd in princely lore, &c..) I have been informed from a manuscript of Oldys, that Lord Bridgewater, being appointed lord president of Wales, entered upon his official residence at Ludlowe castle with great folemnity. On this occasion he was attended by a large concourse of the neighbouring nobility and gentry. Among the rest came his children; in particular, Lord Brackley, Mr. Thomas Egerton, and Lady Alice,
To attend their father's state,
And new-intrufted scepter. They had been on a visit at a house of their relations the Egerton family in Herefordshire ; and in passing through Haywood forest were benighted, and the Lady Alice was even loft for a short time. This accident, which in the end was attended with no bad confe. quences, furnished the subject of a Mask for a Michaelmas festivity, and produced Comus. Lord Bridgewater was appointed Lord President, May 12, 1633. When the perilous adventure in Haywood forest happened, if true, cannot now be told. It must have been soon after. The Mak was added at Michaelmas, 1634.
I was dispatch'd for their defense and guard;
Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
The poet insinuates, that the story or fable of his Mask, was new and unborrowed : although distantly founded on antient poetical history. The allusion is, to the antient mode of entertaining a splendid assembly, by finging or reciting tales.
+5. From old or modern bard, in ball or bower.] That is literally, in Hall or CHAMBER. The two words are often thus joined in the old metrical romances. And thus in Spenser's ASTROPHEL,
Merrily malking both in Bowre and Hall. So Chaucer, Mill. T. 259.
- Heare thou not Absolon,
That chauntith thus under our BOURIS-Wall ? “ Under our chamber-window.” And Spenser as literally, ProTHALAM. ft. viii. Of the Temple,
Where now the studious lawyers have their Bowers. And in his Colin Clours come HOME AGAIN.
And purchase highest roome in Bowre or Hall. Where, roome is place. “Take the lowest room,” S. Luke, xiv. 8.9.10. That is, the lowest place at the table. A paffage, I believe, not always properly understood. Shakespeare has literally Bower for Chamber. CORIOLAN. A. iii. S. ü.
I know, thou hadft rather,
Than flatter him in a Bower.
-48. After the Tuscan mariners transform'd.) This story is alluded to in Homer's fine Hymn to Bacchus ; the punishments he inficted on the Tyrrhene pirates, by transforming them into various animals, are the subjects of that beautiful Frieze on the LANTERN of Demosthenes, so accurately and elegantly described by Mr. Stuart in his ANTIQUITIES OF ATHENS, p. 33. Dr. J. WARTON.
See the fable in Ovid. Metam. iii. 660. feq. Lilius Gyraldus relates, that this history was most beautifully represented in Mosaic work, in the Church of S. Agna at Rome, originally a temple of
Coasting the Tyrrhene shore, as the winds listed,
The daughter of the fun, whose charmed cup 45 Whoever tasted, loft his upright shape,
And downward fell into a groveling swine ?
Bacchus. Hist. Deor. S, viii. Opp. vol. i. p. 271. col. i. edit. 1697. fol. And it is one of the Pictures in Philoftratus.
49. -Winds lifted.] So in S. John, iii. 8. “The wind bloweth s where it LISTÉTH.' 50.
-Who knows not Circe,
The daughter of the sun, &c.) Mr. Bowle observes, that
Solis edita SEMINE,
Hunc aprI facies tegit, &c.
54. This Nymph that gax'd upon his clufiring locks.] See Note on Sams. AGON. v. 568.
Doctor Newton is of opinion, that Milton by his use of the word Gazed in this place, favours the notion of those etymologists who derive to Gaze from the Greek ATAZOMAI. Mr. Upton might have quoted Shakespeare on this occasion, to prove his knowledge of Greek. FIRST P. K. Henry vi. A. i. S. i.
All the whole army stood AGAZ'D on him. But this is nothing more than at gaze. In PARADISE Lost, our author has a singular use of GAZE, applied to the fun. B. xi. 845.
And the clear fun on his wide watry glass
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew.
At length the fun, GAZING upon the earth,