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CHAPTER XXII.

Operations by Sea. Sailing Pasha despatched to Alex-

of the Egyptian Fleet 517 andria to treat for Peace.

Turkish Fleet sails for

Ismael Bey assassinated by

Rhodes. Proceeds to Skan-

his Troops

525

deroon. Osman Pasha the Demands of Russia. Opposes

Egyptian Admiral. Cap- the Dismemberment of the

ture of six Turkish Vessels. 518 Turkish Empire. Language

Approach of the hostile

of Austria. Foresight of

Fleets. Preparation_for

the Pasha

526

Action. Turkish Fleet Fierce Mandate to the In-
enters the Port of Mar-

spectors of Provinces

527
mara. Armistice. Termin- General Muravieff quits
ation of the Negotiations. Egypt. Ready Wit of
Recal of the Turkish Ad- Mohammed Ali. Deceives
miral. Bloodless Termi- the Russian Envoy. Re-
nation of the Naval Cam-

doubles his Preparations
paign

519 for prosecuting the War - 528
Observations on the Conduct Halil Pasha arrives at

of the Egyptian Admiral. Alexandria. Anecdote.
Policy of Mohammed Ali. Another fierce Oriental
Domestic Innovation. Use Mandate

529

of Turkish Money prohi- Sufferings of the Egyptians.

bited in Egypt

520 Inclemency of the Winter.

The Mussulmans of Egypt Rain. Hail. Scarcity of

unfavourable to the Pasha. Provisions. Compassion

His Conduct condemned and Humanity of the

by his Adherents

- 521 Pasha

- 530

Ibrahim's Victories dispar- Appeal to the Charity of the

aged. Inhabitants of Asia Franks. Liberal Subscrip-
Minor discontented with tion. Application of the
the Turkish Government. Money. Europe_deeply

The Sanjiak Sheriff - 522 interested in the Political

Feast of the Bairam. Efforts Movements of the East.

of the Pasha to combat the British Diplomatic Agent

charge of Heresy and Irre- at the Court of Egypt - 531

ligion

523 Austria. Colonel Campbell.

Advance of Ibrahim upon His distinguished Recep-

Constantinople.Consterna- tion at Alexandria. Speech

tion of the Porte. Treaty to the Pasha

532

with Russia. Capitan Superior Diplomatio Elo-

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Origin and Purposes of the Persian, and Arabic Names

Pyramids. “ Lives of

of this Goddess. The

Celebrated Travellers.” 542

Egyptians surrounded by

Theory of Dr. Shaw. Hy-

Nations devoted to the

pothesis of the Learned. Worship of Venus Gene-

Pyramids regarded as Ob- trix

547

servatories, Tombs, Trea- Cheops introduces the Ador-
suries, or Granaries. Ab- ation of Venus into Egypt.
surdity of this Opinion Opposes the Worship of
exposed by Sir Thomas the popular Gods. Excites
Browne. Greaves. Dio.

the Hatred of the Priests.

dorus. Chemmis. Cephren. Accounts given by them to

Strabo. Testimony of Ibn

Herodotus. Castellanus 548

Abd Alokin. Great Py- Construction of the Laby-
ramid opened in the Time rinth and Temples of Mem-
of the Romans

543 phis and Thebes. Moral
Pyramids designed for a Pur-

Turpitude of the Religion

pose not contemplated by introduced by Cheops.

any of these Writers. Death Herodotus. Babylon. Stan-

regarded by the Egyptians ley

549

as a Species of Slumber 544 Flagitious Conduct of Cheops

Pyramids erected as Temples

towards

his Daughter.

in honour of Venus 545 Mode of perpetuating the

Admission of the God Serapis Memory of herself. Ma-

into the Egyptian Mytho- terials for building the

logy. Migration of the Middle of the Three Py-

Worship of Venus. Modi- ramids

550

fication of this Superstition 546 Labours of Cephrenes. Hero-
Venus regarded as the Air, dotus. Tradition that

Earth, Fire, or Water, as Cheops was interred in the
the Passive Principle of Great Pyramid. Diodorus.
Generation. Assyrian, Hatred of the Egyptians

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towards those Princes. The under the Form of a Pyra-

Egyptian Kings not buried mid. Apollo, or Adonis - 563

in the Pyramids

551 | Worship of Apollo at Mægara.

Marvellous Account cited by Pausanias

564

Greaves. Sarcophagus 552 Bacchus represented under

Sarcophagus in the King's the Figure of a Cone.

Chamber" designed for the Suidas. The Primitive

embalmed Body of a Cow. Divinity regarded as Mas-

Venus worshipped in Egypt culo-feminine. The Phal-

and in India under that lus, a Symbol of Fertility 565

Form. Pyramid erected Respect of the Sabæans för

to Athor by Mycerinus. the Pyramids. Sacrifice

Preserved the dead Body of a Black Calf. Delphi,

of his Daughter in a

synonymous with

Yoni.

Heifer made of Wood.

Perforated Stones

566

Herodotus

553 Worship of Venus originated

Bones of a Cow found in the in India. Grose. Conical

Pyramid opened by Belzoni. Figure of the Paphian Ve-

Worship of the Yoni, and

567

of the Phallus

555 Jaggannath, pyramidal

The Triangle. The Delta. black Stone. Captain Ha-

The Pyramid. The Cone. milton. Clemens Alex-

The Phallus
556 andrinus

568

The Generative Power adored Brahmin's Prayer, addressed

by the Pagan World. The to the Generative Power.

Pyramid regarded by the Venus Urania. Her Wor-

Ancients as a Symyol of ship on the Banks of the

the Female Nature. Sin- Ganges

569

gular Warlike Trophy Worship of Jagganat'h. Pro-
erected by Sesostris. Mar- faned by obscene Rites.

garet, Queen of Denmark 557 Originally consisted in

Various Modifications of this the silent Adoration of

Symbol among the Egyp- the Creative Power. The

tians. A conspicuous Fi- Productive Energy con-

gure on their Monuments. ceived to be feminine 570

Impressed on the Bosom The Pyramid an Emblem of

of the Lotus. Athor. Isis 558 Womanhood. A mystical
Conception and Birth of Type of Immortality. No

Apis. Plutarch. Larcher 559 more to be considered a
Reasons for their superior

Tomb than one of our
Veneration of Female Churches. Pyramidal Tem-
Deities. Origin of the Py- ples in Hindoostan.
ramids

In

· 560 Peru. Sale. Eusebius.

Worship of the Yoni in Hin, Ecchellensis. Alciatus - 571

doostan. Brotier. Ward 561 Col. Wilford. The Pura-

Venus adored by the Pa-

Sir W. Jones. Le-
phians under the form of gends and fictitious Nar-
a White Pyramid, resem- ratives good Evidence in
bling that of the Meta of certain Cases. The Pyra-
the Hippodrome. Maximus mid connected with the
Tyrius. Tacitus. Span- Worship of Bhavani, the
heim

562 Indian Venus. The Yoni
Baal, or the Sun, worshipped figured in the Chalice of

nas.

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EGYPT

AND MOHAMMED ALI;

&c. &c.

CHAPTER I.

RETURN INTO EGYPT — HAYT EL ADJOUR — VAST MOHAMMEDAN

CEMETERY — ARABIC LEGEND — ELEPHANTINE DANCING GIRLS OF ES-SOUAN-TEMPLE OF KOOM OMBOS -- LARGE BLOCKS OF STONE — PORTICO OF THE GREAT TEMPLE — WORSHIP OF SATURN — SAKTI OF TYPHON — ORIGIN OF THE WORSHIP OF THE CROCODILE—AAJJAR SILSILIS — PRODIGIOUS QUARRIES ANECDOTE OF AX ARAB-ANCIENT ROCK TEMPLES-MEET WITH AN ENGLISH GENTLEMAN - VILLAGE AND TEMPLE OF EDFOO - MAGNIFICENCE

OF THE RUINS

ENORMOUS PROPYLON - ELEGANT PERISTYLE

AND PORTICO- UNCLEAN HABITS OF THE ARABS MYTHOLOGICAL SCULPTCRES INTERIOR OF THE TEMPLE ASPECT OF THE TEMPLES

OF

EGYPT HUMAN SACRIFICE TYPHONIUM

GROTTOES OF EILITHYIAS MEN BURNED ALIVE IN HONOUR OF

BOUBASTA SEPULCHRAL CHAMBERS ANCIENT PAINTINGS REAPING SCENE HARVEST HOME - AN EGYPTIAN FEAST CONDITION OF WOMEN - THE FUNERAL CEREMONY-ESNEH

THE COPTS SCARABÆI AND ENGRAVED GEMS AMULETS AND TALISMANS CESTUS OF VENUS - PIETY OF THE ORIENTALS

APOLOGUE.

Tuesday, Feb. 5. Koom Ombos. CCCCIII. Having in the ascent from Egypt into Nubia proceeded by the way of the river, I had seen nothing of the country lying between the mountains

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