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tenth of their possession. This fine was called "Den zehnten Auswanderungspfennig." After this they were to pass heyond every German province of Austria. The result of this edict was that six burghers became Roman Catholics, while the rest emigrated to Bohemia, Hungary, and Germany. Four pastors, who had dared to remain in Carniola, were sought and placed in the strong tower of Laibach—Felizien Truber, son of Primus, being one ;—his companions in bonds for the faith were Georg Klement, Johann Svoilschek, and Nicklas Wurizh.
I may mention as of literary interest, that the famous Nicodemus Frischlin was, in 1582, elected Rector of the Evangelical schools of Laibach—but so fully had these parts become Protestant, that even so early as 1555 almost all the feudal barons of Styria, Corinthia, and Carniola had embraced the Reformer's doctrine. And of these once prosperous Churches what now remains!—I have already described the state of Carniola, where none but the newlyfounded Church exists. In Styria there are two, besides that of Gratz: in Corinthia the fourteenth is now forming. Let us work while it is called to-day, perhaps the night is near when no man can work. Commending, then, this interesting infant community to the kindness and to the prayers of Protestants throughout Britain, and asking your indulgence for myself if I have been too diffuse or tedious, I remain, Sir, yours respectfully,
Romish Miracles in their relation to
"When anciently the Scripture miracles were wrought, they were not displayed merely for the sake of individuals, or for sects and parties, but for mankind generally. They were wrought for the purpose of proving to man that the prophets and messengers of God were really commissioned from on high; and consequently they formed part of a great providential scheme, and were connected with alMhe im
portant events resulting from the execution of such extraordinary commissions "Speaking of Popish
miracles, our author asks,—" Have these wonderful works been followed by an 'unction from the Holy One 1' And have they caused the infidel to become a believer—or the hearer of the Word to be a doer of what it enjoins—or the bigot to become charitable—or the avaricious man liberal —or the sensualist more intellectual and sober—or the oppressor just?"
We cannot forbear adding one specimen of a Romish miracle. It is stated of St. Philip Neri, the founder of the Oratory,* "That when he was a layman, not yet thirty years of age, towit, in the year 1544,—he felt himself replenished with such power of the Divine Spirit, and with so great force, that he felt his heart leap within his body and burn with so great heat,
* The Oratory is a religious community, a portion of which have recently favoured England with a visit. Their " House" is at Birmingham; and their superior Dr. Newman.
that nature gave notice during this unwonted palpitation of his heart, that she could not bear it. Wherefore the gracious Lord, in order to spare him for the salvation of many, having broken two of his ribs, and increased the space above a hand breadth, by lifting them up, of his left side,—namely, the fourth and fifth, wonderfully enlarged the sphere of the heart for the purpose of its freer action. A fracture was made in this manner in the anterior part of the
breast where the ribs terminate in cartilage. From which time his heart began to be so vehemently shaken and agitated for upwards of fifty years more or less."
We cannot but marvel that Dr. Newman's mind should be so perverted as to express a belief in such lying wonders. He enumerates, says Dr. Lowe, a variety of miracles of this nature in his Lectures "On the present Position of Catholics in England."
Manchester.—The Rev. Canon Stowell has addressed the following spirit-stirring letter—
"TO THE PROTESTANT ELECTORS OF MANCHESTER.
"Fellow - Protestants, — Disappointed, but not disheartened, by the result of your late election, I cannot take leave of the subject without a few parting remarks.
"We have been deceived, but we have not been guilty of deception. Between five and six thousand pledges for the Protestant candidates fully justified the confident tone with which I spoke of the probable issue of the contest. Not to have been confident would have been a breach of charity. That our confidence has been largely betrayed is not our fault, but the fault of those who have proved themselves unworthy of the confidence which we reposed in them.
"As for the hundreds of voters who violated their distinct pledges, I leave it to their own consciences to characterize their conduct.
"As for the Churchmen who supported the present Members, I can only say their Church has good reason to be ashamed of them. Was it their faith, or their trade, that swayed them?
"As for the Dissenters, they have shown themselves in their true colours: with some splendid exceptions —the more splendid, because so few
—they have allowed their sectarianism to outweigh their Protestantism.
"As for the Wesleyan Methodists, the majority of them have 'quitted themselves like men,' and proved that there is something dearer to them than either sect or trade.
"The efforts of some of our friends have been beyond all praise. Had the zeal of all our supporters borne any proportion to that of a few, success must have crowned us.
"We have been defeated,—but has our struggle been in vain? Far from it. The Protestant sentiment of Manchester has been tested and traced; a goodly band of four thousand electors have been rallied round the national standard; a noble nucleus for future combination has thus been formed; the men who misrepresented your Protestantism in Parliament have been shorn of their prestige ;—they can no longer boast that they reflect the undivided opinions of your great constituency;—they have been taught—if they can learn—a lesson of caution, if not of wisdom.
"Far, therefore, from regretting the movement which I originated, I would,—if opportunity served, and occasion required, and none else would begin,—originate such another. A commanding sense of duty to my country, my faith, and my God, constrained me to act as I did, and the same sense of duty would constrain me to act so again. I defy those who impute to me mere party or political motives to point out a single instance, in which I have failed to make Protestant truth the pole-star of my public conduct. My judgment may have erred, but my aim has been one. If politicians had not intermeddled with the rights of Protestant Christianity, most gladly would I have abstained from intermeddling with them.
"But enough of the past; let us turn to present and urgent duty. You must act, not lament—anticipate the coming, not brood over the bygone. There must be no prostration—no despondency. Organization must be met by organization. Instead of breaking up, perpetuate your machinery. Let the Election Committee in each ward resolve themselves into a Protestant Association for their ward. Let them communicate and co-operate with the Central Society.
"All our efforts will be needed. The struggle with Rome is only begun. It waxes and will wax closer and closer. Spiritually, ecclesiastically, politically, she must be withstood. She neither evades nor declines the combat any longer. She challenges us to the conflict;—she dares us to resist her. Meekly then, but manfully, with all charity, yet with all determination, let us gird ourselves in the battle. The battle of the Reformation has to be fought again.
"My high and holy duties will not allow me to devote much time to details. I must not 'leave the word of God to serve' Committees; but my counsel, my countenance, and my cooperation on all important occasions you may freely command.
"It is highly probable that a year or two at the lopgest will witness another dissolution of Parliament; meantime perfect your organization, look well to the Registration, have all things in readiness—then should your present Members continue to treat your Protestantism as they have hitherto treated it, they will find that the cuckoo-cry of 'Free-trade in danger' will not again divert attention from the real point at issue, and they will be dealt with according to their deserts.
"Finally and emphatically, let all your doings be done in a right spirit —in a spirit of prayer. Let there be no resentment, no retaliation, no asperity. Leave personalities and slanders to those whose cause they befit; 'Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.'
"I am, fellow-Protestants,
Banbury Protestant InstituTion. — On Tuesday evening, the Quarterly Protestant Lecture was delivered in the Gills' National schoolroom, by James Lord, Esq., on the "Past and Present Policy of the Church of Rome, in Ireland." The Rev. W. Wilson, Vicar of Banbury, took the chair, and there was a numerous and respectable attendance., The learned lecturer gave a highly interesting history of the Church of Ireland, previous to the origin of Popery; traced the subjection of that extraordinary people to the see of Rome; explained the danger of the system taught at the Romish College of Maynooth, as being in antagonism to our Protestant monarchy and institutions; touched with vivid force upon the recent Papal aggression, and the Tractarian defections from our Church; and exhorted the audience to oppose, by every legitimate means, the further progress of the Romish system in this land.—Oxford Chronicle, July 17, 1852.
Bermondsey. — Eleven converts from the Church of Rome renounced the errors of Popery on Sunday, in the church of the Rev. Dr. Armstrong, St. Paul's, Bermondsey. They were for the most part intelligent workingmen, and one of them had been clerk to a priest.—Record, July 22.
Roman Catholics In Parliament. —It is stated that only one Roman Catholic has been returned to Parliament in England, Wales, or Scotland. This one is Lord E. Howard, who married Miss Talbot, and is the nominee of the now Protestant Duke of Norfolk.
Ayr.—Mr. Cardwell has lost his election for this county.
THE POPE'S NOMINEES IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
We are averse to introduce politics needlessly to the notice of our readers. Still, where it is needful to do so, we feel it our dutr not to shrink from it, and we feel also that they will see the importance of our referring to such subjects.
If politics be taken in their legitimate sense as the science of Government, they cannot be fairly excluded from the publications of a Society whose members avow their attachment to the British Constitution, and their determination, by God's blessing, to aid in upholding the Protestant Institutions of the empire in Church and State.
The science of Government implies a knowledge of the materials of Government and the relative value of its various constituent items.
In a Christian community, religion ever has formed, and ever will form, one of the principal of those, imparting, where true and pure,—life and animation to the whole,—and where false and impure, imparting a deadly element of decay and ruin.
Thus has it been with various nations and communities besides our own; thus, too, will it continue to be. Despite all the policy and contrivance of the unprincipled and the evil, it still holds true as regards nations, no less than as regards individuals, that "the blessing of the Lord, it maketh rich." We believe that statesmen of the present day, rise not to the true tone which becomes them as nominal professing Christians, and that if they and the people generally were more under the influence of a vital genuine Christianity, their policy would be wiser, their power more stable, and their proceedings more prosperous.
To press onward in the course of what is right is the Christian's duty; and beyond doubt, Churches and nations may do much more in their collective, and corporate capacity, than ever yet they have done.
The elevating principles of true religion have been illustrated in England in a pre-eminent degree. The depressing, and depreciating influence of a false religion, has been shown no less clearly in the Romish parts of Ireland.
Vol. XIV.—September, 1853. T New Series, No. 21.
He who is the God of nations as well as of individuals, manifests His power and goodness, love and favour, to nations and Churches as such, fearing and honouring Him, and working righteousness. True wisdom is from above. Wise councillors and statesmen, no less than sound theologians and faithful divines, "rightly dividing the Word of Truth," are from God; without whom "nothing is wise, nothing is strong, nothing is holy." Hence, therefore, national gratitude should be the return for national blessing, while national attachment and fidelity to the sacred trust reposed in the nation should characterize its people, and generate a vigilance and determination to watch and strive that none take away its blessings.
The Apostle to the Gentiles did not forget his rights and privileges as a citizen because he was a Christian. He pleaded the immunities to which as a Roman he was entitled; and widely—as it has ever appeared to us—are they mistaken who deem it in any way a desecration of their religious character, to provide that the affairs of this country should be conducted upon Christian principles; that the policy of the nation shall be Christian, as well as the religion of its Church; and that its national laws and the machinery of its Government should be made to move in harmony with the written revelation of Him, who is over all, "and by whom it is kings reign, and princes decree justice."
Such an error we consider a grave one, the consequences must be injurious to a greater or less extent, in proportion to the degree in which it is suffered to prevail. Nor has the British empire been without having suffered much from this cause. Many pious Christians have stood by, and suffered evil to be done, which their voice, vote, influence, or example might have mitigated or prevented.
Many, we believe, now see this, who hitherto have been blind, or indifferent to it. To this supineness, we owe much of the evil which has paralyzed the Legislature, and afflicted Ireland. There, intimidation has been carried to an unprecedented extent, and by the spiritual influence of the priests of Rome, directed upon temporal matters, a body of men have been returned to the British House of Commons, in defiance of the wishes of many of the better classes. It remains to be seen what the House, or the wisdom of Parliament will do in this matter. But, assuredly, if the undue influence of certain families, in various constituencies, served in any way as a pretext, or additional reason for the "Reform Bill," the people of the British empire have a much more real and substantial cause to clamour for a redress of this growing evil in Ireland; an evil which places a power, it may be a controlling power, in the hands of the nominees of a foreign and hostile sovereign, whose bounden duty, interest, and inclination it is, to bring