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a summary manner, but sufficiently copious for those who attend seriously to the subje&; than which nothing can be more necessary to principle the minds of men in virtue, the only genuine fource of political and individual liberty, the only true fafeguard of states, the bulwark of their prosperity and renown. Lastly I wrote my Areopagitica, in order to deliver the press from the re. straints with which it it was encumbered; that the power of determining what was true and what was false, what ought to be published and what to be suppressed, might no longer be entrusted to a few illiterate and illiberal individuals, who refused their fanction to any work, which contained views or sentiments at all above the le. vel of the vulgar superstition. On the last species, or civil liberty, I said nothing; because I saw that fufficient attention was paid to it by the magistrates; nor did I write any thing on the prerogative of the crown, till the king, voted an enemy by the parliament, and vanquished in the field, was summoned before the tribunal which condemned him to lose his head. But when, at length, fome presbyterian ministers, who had formerly been the most bitter enemies to Charles, became jealous of the growth of the Independents, and of their ascendancy in the parliament, most tumultuously clamoured against the sentence, and did all in their power to prevent the execution, though they were not angry, so much on account of the 'act itself, as because it was not the act of their party; and when they dared to affirm, that the doctrine of the protestants, and of all the reformed churches, was abhorrent to such an atrocious proceeding against kings; I thought, that it became me to oppose such a glaring falsehood; and accordingly, without any immediate or personal application, to Charles, I shewed, in an abstract confideration of the question, what might lawfully be done against tyrants; and in support of what I advanced, produced the opinions of the most celebrated divines ; while I vehemently inveighed against the egregious ignorance or eifrontery of men, who professed better things, and from whom better things might have been expected. That book did not make its appearance till after the death of Charles; and was written rather to reconcile the minds


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