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altar.” (Gen. viii. 20.) “And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. And the fear of you, and the dread of you, shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, ' upon all that moveth upon the earth; and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand they are delivered. Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you, even as the green herb have I given you all things. But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, ye shall not eat.” (Gen. ix. 1-4.) . '
Man, who was created originally as the Lord of the creation, to have dominion over it, which implies rule, for the general good, on his fall became the tyrant over his subject animals, and bears sway, not for the general good, but according to his own self-will, and for what he conceives to be his own self-interest, and looks upon them with indifference or contempt, except so far as they seem to administer to his interest and his pleasure. But shall man look with indifference or contempt upon those things which have been made by the Allmighty and All-wise Creator of all? The same God who made man, hath made, also, “all sheep and oxen; yea, and the beasts of the field, and the fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, and whatsoever walketh through the paths of the sea.” (Psalm viii. 7, 8.) And, when man had "corrupted his way before God,” and He had determined, on that account, not only to destroy man from the face of the earth, but every living thing also, “ Noah found grace in his eyes;" and so, also, did “every living thing of all flesh:” (Gen. vii. 8, 19.) an ark was prepared for man and every living thing; food was procured for all; and, on the subsiding of the waters, and the release of all from out of the
ark, God made ONE COVENANT with man and animals: “GOD spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, And I, behold I establish my COVENANT with you, and with your SEED after you, and with EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you, of the Fowl, of the CATTLE, and of EVERY BEAST of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. And I will establish my COVENANT with you; neither shall ALL FLESH be cut off any more by the waters of a flood: neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.”
“ And GOD said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you, and EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you for perpetual generations: I do set my Bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth. And it
shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember my COVENANT which is between me and you and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember THE EVERLASTING COVENANT between God and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh, that is upon the earth. · And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between Me and all flesh that is upon the earth.” (Gen. ix. 8~17.)
III. If we pursue our way through the Sacred Books, we shall still find, that, as God at first made the animals of the brute creation, and, as they “ found grace in his eyes" at the destruction of the world by water; so, when the world had again become corrupt, and God
had separated a people to himself, and gave them laws from heaven by his own voice, amid the terrors of his majesty, He, in his mercy, considered the animals as well as man. The Sabbath, ordained as a blessing to man, was to be a blessing also to the brute creation under his care.
1. Delivered first by the voice of God, and then “written with the finger of God upon the tables of testimony,” (Exod. xxxi. 18.) and confirmed to us by the Saviour of the world, (Matt. v. 17-19; Mark ii. 27.) the fourth commandment speaks to every soul of man: “Remember the Sabbath-day to keep it holy" -"in it thou shalt do no manner of work"nor thy cattle.” (Exod. xx. 8—10; xxiii. 12.)
2. It is a part of the traditional law of the Jews, that, when any animal was to be slaughtered, it should be done with a highly