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Henry VIII. c. 17. All woods that are felled at and there are two fairs yearly, one on April et fourteen years growth are to be preserved from de- the other on October 12th. Seventy-seven muje struction for eight years; and no catile put into north-east of London, and seven E. N. E. of 153the ground for five years after the felling thereof, wich. &c., 13 Eliz. c. 25. The burning of woods or un WOODCOCK. See ScolopaX. derwood is declared to be felony; also those persons WOODCOTE. See NEOMAGUS. that maliciously cut or spoil timber-trees, any fruit- WOODFALL (William), a printer and parttrees, &c., shall be sent to the house of correction, mentary reporter, whose father, also a printer, wa there to be kept three months, and whipt once a the proprietor of the Public Advertiser. The sun month.

was placed in the printing office of Mr. Balder, Wood, METHOD OF STAINING OR DYEING. See and afterwards assisted his father. He then a. TURNING.

tempted the stage, but with little success; and pre WOOD (Anthony), an eminent biographer and pared for exhibition Savage's tragedy, entitled St antiquarian, was the son of Thomas Wood, B. A. Thomas Overbury, acted at Covent Garden in 177" and LL. Civ., and born at Oxford in 1632. He In consequence of his being the publisher of the studied at Merton College, and in 1655 took the Letters of Junius, he was exposed io a prosecution, degree of M. A. He wrote, 1. The History and which induced him to take refuge in Ireland: a Antiquities of the University of Oxford; which length he became proprietor and editor oí was afterwards translated into Latin by Mr. Wase Morning Chronicle, and distinguished himsella and Mr. Peers, under the title of Historia et Anti- the ability and precision with which he reparte quitates Oxoniensis, 2 vols. folio. 2. Athena Ox- the debates. He died August 1st, 1803, at the 2 oniensis ; or an exact Account of all the Writers of fifty-eight. Besides his labors as a journa', and Bishops who have had their Education in the he produced, in several pamphlets, reports of a de University of Oxford, from the year 1500 to 1600, bate in the Irish house of commons; and another 2 vols. folio ; which was greatly enlarged in a se- at the India House. cond edition published in 1721 by bishop Tanner. WOODFORD, a parish in Beacontree hunds. Upon the first publication of this work ihe author Essex, situate on the road to Epping, eight mit was attacked by the university, in defence of Ed- and a half north-east of London; containing me ward earl of Clarendon, lord high chancellor of houses and 2699 inhabitants. In the church-rat England, and chancellor of the university, and was is a handsome Corinthian column, brought in likewise animadverted upon by bishop Burnet; Italy, and erected to the memory of Sir Edmu: upon which he published a Vindication of the His- bury Godfrey. toriographer of the University of Oxford. He died WOODFRETTER. See ONISCUS. at Oxford of a retention of urine in 1695.




WOODPECKER. See Picus. WOODBRIDGE, a town of Suffolk, which WOODPIG EON. See COLUMBA. took its name, it is supposed, from a wooden WOODS, Lake of, a lake of North America, s. bridge built over a hollow way, to make a commu- most northern in the territory of the United Sza nication between two parks, separated by the road so called from the large quantities of wood gas which leads by the market place towards Ipswich. ing on its banks; such as oak, pine, fir, spruce, The streets though narrow are paved, and the There are a few Indian inhabitants on the back! longest is nearly a mile in extent. The market- the lake, who might live very comfortably, if a place is clean and well built. The river Deben, were not so immoderately fond of spirituous liqe: on which this town is situated, discharges itself The lake is of an oval form, thirty-six miles inc into the sea, about ten miles below it, and is navi- cumference, according to major Pike; and 63 gable up to the town. Here are two quays. This thickly studded with islands, some of which e place is generally admired by travellers for its extensive. By its means, the communication healthy and salubrious air. A considerable trade kept up between the lakes Winnipic, Bourbon, s is carried on here in corn, flour, malt, cheese, coals, Lake Superior. It deserves to be mentioned, as timber, deals, wine, foreign spirits, porter, grocery, that in the treaty concluded between Great Briz drapery, and ironmongery, goods. "The shipping and America it was fixed upon by the Americas of late years has increased in the exportation of as the spot from which a line of boundary becse corn. Regular London traders sail to and from the United States and the British territories wat port, weekly; the other vessels for the most part run, until it struck the Mississippi; which, but are employed in the Newcastle and Sunderland ever, can never happen, as the north-west pas trade. The manufacture of sack-cloth, for which the Lake of the Woods is in lat. 49° 37' N. this place was formerly noted, and the refining of long. 94° 31' W., and the source of the Mass salt are now quite relinquished, other places afford- sippi, as explored by major Pike in 1805, is ing them on cheaper terms. The parish church is 47° 42' 40' N. a very noble structure. The tower is remarkably WOODSORREL. See OXALIS. handsome, composed of flute work in beautiful WOODSTOCK, a borough, market town, 21 compartments. It is 108 feet high, and is distin- parish in Wootton hundred, Oxon, standing on a guished at sea as a capital object, and even at a brook which falls into the Isis, eight miles NNW great distance on land. There are also several of Oxford, and sixty-two and a half W.N.W.5 meeting houses for the Dissenters. The quarter London; containing 246 houses and 1455 imbak sessions of the peace for this division are held here ants. Woodstock is noted for its manufacture i in a noble old hall, built in the reign of queen fine wash-leather gloves and polished steel 3 Elizabeth. The number of houses is 657, and in- chains, &c. In the time of the Saxons bere : habitants 4132. The market is held on Wednesday; royal palace. Adjoining the town is Blende

house and park, the magnificent seat of the duke of a fresh crop. It differs from hair, however, in the Marlborough. Market on Tuesday,

uniformity of its growth, and the regularity of its WOODWARD (Dr. John), was born in 1665, shedding. Every filament of wool seerns to keep educated at a country school, and sent to London, exact pace with another in the same part of the where he is said to have been put an apprentice to body of the animal; the whole crop springs up at a linen draper. He was not long in that station, once; the whole advances uniformly together; the till he became acquainted with Dr. Peter Barwick, whole loosens from the skin nearly at the same pean eminent physician, who took him under his tui- riod, and thus falls off if not previously shorn, leavtion and into his family. Here he prosecuted with ing the animal covered with a short coat of young great vigor and success the study of philosophy, wool. Hairs are commonly of the same thickness anatomy, and physic. In 1692, Dr. Stillingfileet in every part; but wool constantly varies in thickquitting the place of professor of physic in Gresham ness in different parts, being generally thicker at College, he was chosen to succeed him, and the the points than at the roots. That part of the year following was elected F.R.S. In 1695 he fleece of sheep which grows in winter is finer than obtained the degree of M. D. by patent from arch- what grows in summer. While the wool remains bishop Tenninson; and the same year he publish- in the state it was first shorn off the sheep's back, ed his Essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. and not sorted into its different kinds, it is called He afterward wrote many other pieces, which have fleece. Each fleece consists of wool of divers quabeen well received by the learned world. He lities and degrees of fineness, which the dealers founded a lecture in the university of Cambridge, therein take care to separate. The French and to be read there upon his essay, &c., and hand- English usually separate each fleece into three sorts, somely endowed it. He died in 1728.

viz. 1. Mother wool, which is that of the back and WOODWORM. See ONISCUS.

neck. 2. The wool of the tails and legs. 3. That WOOL, n. s.

Sax. pul; Bel. wol; of the breast and under the belly. The Spaniards WOOL'FEL,

Teut. wolle; Gothic make the like division into three sorts, which they Wool'len, adj. & n. s. / and Swedish ull. The call prime, second, and third ; and, for the greater WOOL LY, adj.

Sfleece of sheep ; that ease, denote each bale or pack with a capital letter Woo L'PACK, n. s.

which is woven into denoting the sort. Among the ancients, the wools WOOL'SACK,

cloth; any short, thick of Attica, Megara, Laodicea, Apulia, and especi. WOOL'WARD, adv. J hair: woolfel is skin ally those of Tarentum, Parma, and Altino, were not stripped of the wool : woollen, made of wool; the most valued. Varro assures us that the people the cloth so made : woolly, clothed with, or con. there used to clothe their sheep with skins, to sesisting of wool: woolpack, or woolsack, a bag con- cure the wool from being damaged. taining wool; the seat of the judges in the house of WOOLLEN CLOTH. See Cloth. lords; any thing bulky but light : woolward is in WOOLLI, a small kingdom of Western Africa, wool: obsolete.

extending along the north side of the Gambia, havWhat signifies

ing Tenda on the south-east, and Bondow on the My fleece of woolly hair, that now uncurls ? Shaksp. north-east. It is level, and covered entirely with In the cauldron boil and bake;

wood. Park, in his first journey, received a very Wool of bat and tongue of dog.

Id. hospitable reception from the king, who, however, I was wont

endeavoured to dissuade him from his journey. To call them woollen vassals, things created

WOOLMAN (John), a minister of the Society To buy and sell with groats.


of Friends in North America, chiefly remarkable I have no shirt; I go woolward for penance. Id. Woollen cloth will tenter, linen scarcely. Bacon.

as an early and faithful advocate of the rights of Wool and woolfels were ever of little value in this

is the enslaved Africans, was born at Northampton, kingdom.


in Burlington county, West Jersey, early in the Chaos of presbyt'ry, where laymen guide

last century. He was the principal means of inWith the tame woolpack clergy by their side. Cleavel. ducing this valuable body of religionists to part His breeches were of rugged woollen,

with all their slaves. A Memoir of him was pub. And had been at the siege of Bullen. Hudibras. lished in London in 1815, to which we must refer At bar abusive, on the bench unable,

the reader. Knave on the woolsack, fop at council table. Dryden. WOOLSTON (Thomas), an English divine, was

Gently they lay 'em down, as evening sheep born at Northampton in 1669, and educated at On their own woolly fleeces softly sleep.

Cambridge. His first appearance in the learned At dawn of day our general cleft his pate, Spite of his woollen night-cap.


world was in 1705, in a work entitled The Old Nothing profits more

Apology for the Truth of the Christian Religion, Than frequent snows; Oh mayst thou often see

against the Jews and Gentiles, revived. He afterThy furrows whitened by the woolly rain

ward wrote many pieces : but what made the most Nutritious!

Philips. noise were his Six Discourses on the Miracles of Odions ! in woollen ! twould a saint provoke : Christ; which occasioned a great number of books No, let a charming chiotz and Brussels lace

and pamphlets upon the subject, and raised a proWrap my cold limbs, and shade my lifeless face. Pope. secution against him. He was sentenced to a year's

He is a bel-esprit, and a woollen-draper. Swift. imprisonment, and to pay a fine of £100. He pur

Wool is the covering of sheep. See Ovis, and chased the liberty of the rules of the King's-bench, SHEEP. Wool resembles hair in a great many par- where he continued after the expiration of the year, ticulars; but besides its fineness, which constitutes being unable to pay the fine.' The greatest oban obvious difference, there are other particulars struction to his deliverance from confinement was which may serve also to distinguish them from one the obligation of giving security not to offend by another. Wool, like the hair of horses, cattle, and any future writings, he being resolved to write most other animals, completes its growth in a year again as freely as before. He died January 27th and then falls off as hair does, and is succeeded by 1732-3.

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WOOLSTONECRAFT. See WOLLSTON ECRAFT. riodical works of every description, are taka

WOOLWICH, anciently Hulviz, Wolwiche, and here; and the library contains about 7000 vela Wollewic, a market-town of the county of Kent, is The building next to the left end of the barra situated on the banks of the Thames, about eight fitted up as a chapel, and is capable of conta miles from London. Market on Saturdays. This 1000 persons. There is a very handsome wi town, originally a straggling village, rose into over the altar. Divine service is performed notice in the reign of Henry VIII., who esta- twice on each Sunday by the chaplains of the blished a royal dock-yard here. Its size and con- ment; and the military band play some exa sequence have been particularly increased since the pieces of sacred music establishment of the royal arsenal and royal artil- In the rear of the front range towards the lery in the beginning of the last century. We there are two very large quadrangles, conta regret that we cannot avail ourselves of a detailed the barracks for the officers and men of the description of all these establishments with which horse artillery, and stabling for their horses. we have been favored, but see our article Docks. ing the late war both the quadrangles were

About half way between the arsenal and the pied by this corps, but at present they only as artillery barracks stands the grand depôt of field a part of one. These quadrangles are nared artillery; it consists of several long store sheds, in the noblemen who were the masters-general which are deposited a number of batteries of field- ordnance when they were erected, the east guns completely equipped for active service in the called Richmond and the west Chatham field; the whole of the guns mounted on the forts To the north of these stands a range of her and batteries, at home and abroad, are under the and stables, which was erected for the late our superintendance of this department; and the royal artillery drivers ; but, that corps du commanding officers of artillery, at all the stations, been incorporated with the regiment of artii: make half yearly reports to the head of the esta- 1822, it is now occupied by the brigades of blishment, who is always the senior officer of the artillery. At the north-east corner of the bo regiment, and is denominated the director-general there is a handsome riding school, with a ! of artillery.

barrack for the men of the riding department Nearly opposite to the grand depôt stands the school is built like an ancient temple, has a spacious hospital for the artillery and sappers and appearance, and is about fifty-six yards in miners. It is capable of containing 700 patients; twenty-two broad. and for cleanliness and comfortable arrangement The whole of the artillery barracks will at pa may be said to be unrivalled. There is a medica' accommodate 2855 men, but, in case of emerg library in this building, which contains the best they are adapted for 4700. - The regiment ca works on that science, and which is supported by of the horse and nine battalions of food and a subscription from the medical officers. It is un- and a part of each is always at Woulwich a der the superintendance of sir John Webb, who is amount of, at present, about 2700 men the director-general and inspector of the medical greatest strength of the regiment of artillery, department of the ordnance. A little below the and foot, at home and abroad, was, in du grand depôt there is a small barrack which was 1814 (the last year of the war), 28,291 offron erected, about 1812, for the royal sappers and men; but it is now reduced to 7199 offer miners, who have their head-quarters here; but, as men. At the west end of the barracks ther: only as many of that corps are stationed here as battery for mortars and howitzers, at which is are necessary for carrying on the military works, are practised in throwing shells at a flag-staf their numbers are very small: they are com- ed on the common. manded by officers from the corps of royal en- The royal military repository adjoins the tani gineers.

fields, and has within these few years bei On the north side of Woolwich Common the rounded by a regular fortification of 9944 barracks for the head-quarters of the royal regiment on which are mounted all the different si of artillery are erected; they stand nearly due east cannon used in the defence of fortified to and west, and fronting to the south; the range is this establishment the royal artillery are to about 400 yards long by 250 deep, and they are whole of the duties of artillery in garrison, an divided into two wings connected by a handsome dergo such a course of instruction as is cao archway of stone, surmounted by the royal arms to enable them to meet and to overcome By and groups of military trophies, and having four gency to which the peculiar nature of the 19 Doric columns in front; the left wing was erected service may render them liable on active ser about the year 1779, and the right about 1803. Here are two large pieces of water, on WEL The front range of the barracks consists of two men are taught to lay pontoons, to transport large buildings for the men and four for the officers; lery upon rafts, and all the different medisi between each of these there is a low building, hand- can be adopted for the passage of troops i somely stuccoed, with Doric columns in front, and a rivers, &c. The repository grounds are tas colonnade above each; the first of these on the laid out. The rotunda which was erected s right contains the offices of the commandant of the ton gardens, at the fete given by his prezi garrison, the adjutant-general, and one office for jesty to the emperor of Russia and the Et each of the battalions of artillery; the next is most Prussia, was removed to this place, and be splendidly fitted up as a mess-room for the officers, formed into a model room : its interior diod and is supposed to be the largest in England. The are immense. next low building on the east side of the connect. In a shed near the model-room is the belly ing archway is fitted up as a guard-room; but the which the remains of the late emperor da upper story contains a reading-room and library of were conveyed to his grave in St. Helena large dimensions for the officers; the leading daily The Royal Military Academy was erecte and weekly papers, reviews, magazines, and pe- royal arsenal about the year 1719, but if da

appear to have been regularly established until the built and endowed from a bequest made by Mrs. year 1745, when it was founded by a warrant from Apne Withers, in 1753, for teaching thirty poor George II. as an academy for instructing persons, girls to read and work with the needle; and a intended for military officers under the ordnance, in school founded under the will of Mrs. Mary Wisemathematics and fortification, to qualify them for man, in 1758, for educating, clothing, and apprenthe service of the artillery and engineers. In this ticing six orphan boys, the sons of shipwrights who year the number of cadets was forty-eight, in 1783 had served their apprenticeship in the dock-yard. they were augmented to sixty, in 1793 to ninety, Exclusive of those belonging to government there in 1800 to 100, and in 1806 to 200, which was the are no manufactories in this neighbourhood, except highest establishment. Since the peace they have sugar potteries, of which there are several on Plumbeen gradually reduced, and the establishment is stead Common. now at sixty. Some of the first mathematicians of WOOTTON-UNDER-EDGE, a borough and this country have been employed here as professors. market town, in Berkley hundred, Gloucestershire,

The new Military Academy, situated on the south nine miles from Minchinghampton, and 109 west side of Woolwich Common facing the north, was by north of London. It is seated beneath a pleacompleted in the year 1805; it is a handsome sant and fertile eminence. The town is well built, structure, built of brick in the castellated form, and and has a handsome church, the tower of which is consists of a centre and two wings united by cor- adorned with battlements and pinnacles. Here is ridors; the centre is a quadrangle and has octagonal a free-school, founded in 1385, by lady Catherine towers at the angles. The wings contain the quar- Berkeley ; it has also alms-houses for six poor men ters of the military officers of the establishment, and as many women. In the town and neighbourand sleeping-rooms for the cadets, each room con- hood are several cloth manufactories. Market on taining four. In the rear of the principal building Friday. there are several ranges of detached houses con- WORCESTER (Tiftoft), marquis of, a nobletaining the dining-room for the cadets, the public man of a very extraordinary genius for mechanical kitchen, the apartments of the housekeeper, and of discoveries, who flourished in the age of lord Vethe servants of the house

rulam, and in 1663 published a curious philosophiThe cadets are the sons of officers of the army cal work, entitled A'Century of Inventions. " or navy, or of respectable parents in civil life, and WORCESTER, a city in Worcestershire, situate on no boy can be admitted to the academy unless the banks of the Severn, three miles and a quarter possessed of the following qualifications :-He from Droitwich, and 111 north-west by west of must not be less than fourteen por more than six- London. It contains nine parishes within the city. teen years of age, which is to be ascertained by the The cathedral was erected by Etheldred, king of production of a certificate of his birth taken from Mercia, in 680, when it was a convent of secular the parish register and certified by the minister priests; a short time after the conquest, it was laid and churchwardens ; but, if the parish register in ashes by the Welsh, but soon after nearly recannot be resorted to, an affidavit of the fact will built with greater magnificence, though not entirely be accepted.

completed till the year 1374. It is in length 514 At the south-west corner of Woolwich Common feet, in breadth seventy-eight, and the tower 200 there is a veterinary establishment for the horses of feet high. On the south side is a chapel of most the royal artillery; it adjoins the great road to curious workmanship: both the church and cloisDover, and is well situated; it was built in the ters are arched with stone of a reddish color; and year 1805.

in the tower are eight good bells, the largest weighOn the north side of the artillery barracks there ing 6600 pounds. The window, in the west front, is a barrack occupied by the fourth division of the was rebuilt in an elegant manner in 1789, in comroyal marines, which was established here in the memoration of the honor of his late majesty's visit year 1805. A handsome, airy, and commodious at the music meeting in 1788; and in 1792 an elemarine hospital was erected near these barracks in gant window was built, at the east end of the cathe1815, for the accommodation of the sick of the dral, containing some excellent paintings ou glass. division, and of the sick seamen from the ships of The pulpit is octagonal and of stone, curiously war stationed here. The establishments connected carved in the Gothic manner with the symbols of with the navy at Woolwich are under the control the four evangelists, and a representation of the and superintendance of the Admiralty; and the New Jerusalem, as described in the Revelations. whole of the civil and military establishments be- The altar-piece is of stone, perforated and glazed. longing to the ordnance are under the control of The chief monument in the cathedral is that of the master-general and board.

king John standing in the midst of the choir. On The church at Woolwich, which is dedicated to each side of the king are those of the bishops WolSt. Mary Magdalene, is a spacious brick building, stan and Oswald. On the south side of the altar and stands on an eminence that overlooks the is prince Arthur's sepulchral chapel; it was repairdock-yard. It has a plain tower at the west end, ed and beautified in 1791. There are also several and consists of a nave, chancel, and aisles. It was other handsome monuments, particularly one of rebuilt between the years 1726 and 1740, partly Dr. Hough, by Roubiliac. from the funds granted under queen Anne for Fronting the cathedral is a fine broad street, callbuilding churches, and partly from contributions ed the High Street, in which is the Guildhall, erectand legacies. The interior is handsomely fitted up, ed in 1720. The streets are in general broad, well and has galleries on the north, south, and west paved and lighted, and the town is well supplied sides. There are but few monuments.

with water. The county gaol has two large court There are three charitable establishments in this yards divided by an iron palisade, and so formed town: an alms-house, founded for five poor widows, that the gaoler and turnkey may have a view of in 1562, by sir Martin Bowes, in which they re- every cell. The city jail stands in Friar Street, so ceive £25 a year besides coals; a girl's school, called from a house of Gray Friars which originally


stood therein. A new jail has been erected of late WORCESTERSHIRE. This counters years, which cost £19,000. Here is also a com- takes its name from its principal city Wor modious house of industry, erected in 1784. The the etymology of which is deduced from 1 theatre is a neat small building, erected in 1781. cester, by changing its vowel. The Dame Here are also several alms-houses and charity- nia occurs in Florence of Worcester, sbs schools, many hospitals, and a public infirmary. about sixty years before Joseph of Exeters Among the parish churches, nine within the walls Abingdon derives the Saxon name from the 1 and two without, pone deserve particular notice on the river. The inhabitants, with those e but St. Andrew's, which has an exceedingly hand- adjoining parts, were in Bede's time, priery some spire 245 feet high, and in the parish is a division of the island into counties, called i noble free-school, founded by Henry VIII. The a name derived, as we may reasonably consiste bridge over the Severn is of stone, having five se- from the salt-pits which it contains, the old ta micircular arches, erected in 1780. Here are name of which is witches. This county ker meeting-houses for various sectaries, as well as Ro- constituted the second part of the country man Catholics. Edgar's tower, a strong portal in Cornavii, or Dorbuni. In the time of the Rd College Green, was part of its ancient castle, and it was swampy, overgrown with wood, and a Dear it is the register office.

quently but little known to that cautious and Worcester has every convenience and accommo- like people ; neither Ptolemy nor Antonide dation in common with most cities, having its pub- any notice of it whatever; and of the four ! lic banks, fire offices, libraries, assemblies, music- Roman roads which cross the kingdom meeting, &c. The bishop's palace stands in a viz. the Ryknild Street, approaches its bordes commanding situation on the banks of the Severn. Ryknild Way, however, crosses a small porta The manufactures are those of china, carpets, the county, entering it near Beoly, and, passz. gloves, and lace; and its trade is greatly increased to Edgbaston in Warwickshire, leaves the by a canal navigation communicating with all parts Birmingham a little to the west. The pa of the kingdom. The present corporation, by stations, or camps, in this county are on a charter of James I., consists of a mayor, recorder, and Whitchbury Hill, near the banks of the sun sheriff, six aldermen, twenty-four common-council- the neighbourhood of Kempsey, Little Van men, and forty-eight assistants. It sends two mem- and upon Wobury Hill. Worcestershire coesten bers to parliament, chosen by the citizens, admitted under the Saxon Heptarchy a part of the lung to their freedom by birth or servitude, or by re- of Mercia, and was the frequent scene of any demption : the number of voters is about 1700; and contests between the Saxons and the Dane the returning officer is the sheriff.

Worcestershire is an inland county, boende This city suffered much during the wars between the north by Staffordshire, on the east by the houses of York and Lancaster; but the most wickshire, on the south by Gloucestershire, u remarkable event here was the famous battle be- west by Herefordshire, and on the northtween the English army, under Cromwell, and the Shropshire; and lies between lat. 59 151 Scotch, in the cause of Charles II. in 1650, when 52° 39' N., and between long. 1° 30 and 70 the royalists had 2000 killed and 8000 taken pri- from London : its mean length from north soners, most of whom were sold as slaves to the down the Severn, the shortest line, is about : American colonies ; after this, Cromwell ordered miles, and its mean breadth from east to #8 the walls of the city to be rased to the ground. twenty-six miles, and contains 936 square w This city gives title of marquis to the duke of or 600,000 acres; of this two-thirds are i Beaufort. The market-house is a new and com- east, and one-third to the west, of the river modious addition to the comforts of the city. The To this may be added, for detached parts: hop-market is the most considerable in the king- acres, making in the whole 618,240 acres dom during the hop season, and is governed by county is divided into five hundreds and 5 guardians chosen out of every parish in the city containing 152 parishes, one city (Worcesta The race course is three miles in circumference, eleven market-towns. called Pitchcroft, situate to the north-west of the The air of this county is mild, was, city. Markets, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday. healthy, there being but few lakes and tersi

WORCESTER, county, Massachusetts, bounded swampy ground; the inhabitants of the day north by New Hampshire, east by Middlesex and Hills enjoy a most salubrious and tempera Norfolk counties, south by Rhode Island and Con- mate, a circumstance which, conjointly wt necticut, and west by Hampden, Hampshire, and beautiful rich and picturesque scenery whic! Franklin counties.

furnish, contributes not a little to induce med · WORCESTER, a post town, the capital of Worcester of fashionable loungers to make the village county, Massachusetts ; thirty nine miles N. N. W. Great and Little Malvern, which are situated of Providence, forty west by south of Boston. It the western side of these hills, the tempore contains an elegant court house, a jail, a bank, two atres of their æstival gaieties; but the well be paper mills, two printing offices, from each of is the centre of attraction, on account of the which is issued a weekly newspaper; and three tiguity of the Spa. The soil of this country houses of public worship, two for Congregational- be thus stated :--To the north of Worcester, 1 ists, and one for Baptists. It is pleasantly situated, is situated nearly in the centre of the (c1 and is the most considerable inland town in New chiefly consists of rich loamy sand with a England, and is a place of much wealth and trade. portion of gravel; there is some very lights The principal street is upwards of a mile in length; few spots of clay, of black peat earth the wax it is well built, and has a number of elegant houses. chiefly inclining towards the east. In this ca In 1791 two editions of the bible, one in large (the east) the prevailing soil is, fo: the most folio the other in royal quarto, the first of the kind strong clay. The waste land, which is ec published in America, were printed in this town. considerable, in general is a deep black pezi*

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