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a large breed: wolfish and wolvish, resembling a buried with military honors in Westminster Abbey, wolf.

where a magnificent monument is erected to his No, rather I abjure all roofs, and chuse

memory. To be a comrade with the wolf and owl,

Wolfe (John Christian), a celebrated German Necessity's sharp pinch

philosopher, was born at Breslau in 1679. He Thy desires

prosecuted his studies successively in the universiAre wolfish, bloody, starved, and ravenous. Id.

ties of Jena, Hamburgh, and Leipsic. At the My people are grown half wild, they would not worry one another so in that wolvish belluine manner else.

age of twenty-six he had acquired so much dis

tinction, that he was appointed professor of maNothing more common than those wolfish back-friends theinatics, and soon afterwards of philosophy in in all our pretensions.

L'Estrange, general, in the university of Hall. After Leibnitz There is a base wolvish principle within that is grati. had published his Theodicea, Wolfe, struck with fied with another's misery

South. the novelty of the edifice which that philosopher The luckless prey how treacherous tumblers gain, had raised, assiduously labored in the investigation And dauntless wolfdogs shake the lion's mane. Tickell. of new metaphysical truths. He also digested the Wolf, in zoology. See Canis.

elements of mathematics in a new method, and atWolf, or WOLF Poison. See Poison.

tempted an improvement of the art of reasoning, in Wolf Dog. See Canis.

a treatise On the Powers of the Human UnderWOLF Fish, or Sea Wolf. See ANARCHICAS. standing. Upon the foundation of Leibnitz's doc

WOLFE (major-general James) was born at trine of Monads, he formed a new system of cosWesterham in Kent, 1726. His father was lieute- mology and pneumatology, digested and demonnant-general Edward Wolfe. He went into the strated in a mathematical method. This work, enarmy when very young; and, applying himself with entitled Thoughts on God, the World, and the assiduity to the study of his profession, soon be- Human Soul, was published in the year 1719; fc came remarkable for his military knowledge. He which were added, in a subsequent edition, Heads distinguished himself at the battle of Lafelt when of Ethics and Policy. Wolfe was now rising little more than twenty. After the peace, he con- towards the summit of philosophical reputation, tinued to cultivate the art of war. He introduced when the opinion which he entertained on the docthe greatest regularity, and the exactest discipline trine of necessity being deemed by his colleagues into bis corps, and at the same time preserved the inimical to religion, and an oration which he deaffection of the soldiers. In 1758 he was a briga- livered in praise of the morality of the Chinese dier-general at the siege of Louisbourg. He having given much offence, an accusation of heresy landed first on the island at the head of his di- was publicly brought against him; and though he vision; and in spite of the violence of the surf, attempted to justify himself, in a treatise which he and the force and well-directed fire of the enemy, wrote on the subject of fatality, a royal mandate drove them from their post with great precipitation. was issued in November 1723, requiring him to The surrender of the town, which happened soon leave the Prussian dominions. Having been forafter, was in a great measure owing to his activity, merly invited by the landgrave of Hesse Cassel to bravery, and skill. The fame which he acquired fill a professor's chair in the university of Cassel, here procured him the command of the army Wolfe now put himself under the patronage of that destined to attack Quebec. This was the most prince, who had the liberality to afford him a sedifficult and the most arduous undertaking of the cure asylum, and appointed him professor of mawar. Quebec was well fortified, and defended by thematics and philosophy. The question concerning an army of 20,000 men, regulars and militia, be- the grounds of the censure which had been passed sides a considerable number of Indian allies. The upon Wolfe, was now every where freely canvassed ; troops destined for this expedition consisted of ten almost every German university was inflamed with battalions, making up altogether about 7000 men. disputes on the subject of liberty and necessity; le landed his army on the northern shore of the and the names of Wolfians and Anti-Wolfians were river St. Lawrence in spite of the enemy, and every where heard. After an interval of nine years, forced them to a battle, in which they were com- the king of Prussia reversed his sentence of exile, pletely defeated. The consequence of this battle and appointed him vice-chancellor of the university was the reduction of Quebec, and the conquest of of Hall; where his return was welcomed with Canada. In the beginning of the battle, general every expression of triumph. From this time he Wolfe was wounded in the wrist by a musket ball, was employed in completing his Institutes of Phibut he continued to give his orders with his usual losophy, which he lived to accomplish in every calmness and perspicuity. Towards the end of the branch except policy. In 1745 he was created a battle, he received a new wound in the breast; he baron by the elector of Bavaria, and succeeded Luimmediately retired behind the rear-rank, sup- dowig in the office of chancellor of the university. ported by a grenadier, and laid himself down on He continued to enjoy these honors till 1754, when the ground. Soon after a shout was heard ; and he expired. one of the officers who stood by him exclaimed, WOLFENBUTTEL, or BRUNSWICK WOLFEN"See how they run!' The dying hero asked with BUTTEL, an independent duchy of Germany, comsome emotion, Who run?' The enemy,' re- posed of several scattered territories in the circles plied the officer, they give way every where. The of Upper and Lower Saxony and Westphalia. It general then said, " Pray, do one of you run to contains 1615 square miles, and 210,000 inhabitcolonel Burton, and tell him to march Webb's ants. The whole is divided, for the purpose of regiment with all speed down to Charles River, to local government, into six districts, of which the cut off the retreat of the fugitives from the bridge. principality of Wolfenbuttel retains four. The Now, God be praised, I shall die happy!' He revenue, amounting to £200,000 a year, is at the then turned on his side, closed his eyes, and ex- disposal, partly of the duke, partly of the states. pired. His body was brought to England, and The personal income of the duke, in consequence

of the successive lapse of the property of noble lerated his death. He died the 29th of October families, is larger than that of most German princes; 1724. he draws $15,000 from the duchy of Oels in Si- WOLLSTONECRAFT (Mary), an extraordinas lesia.

writer, born at Beverley in Yorkshire in 1768. ller WOLFENBUTTEL, a city of Germany, and the father having ruined his fortune, she opened capital of the principality of the same name, stands school at Islington, in ber twenty-fourth ye. on the Oker, thirty-seven miles E.S. E. of Han- which was soon after transferred to Newings over. Its environs are fertile; but they contain Green. She had for her partner a young lady ta some marshes, which render the air somewhat un- whom she was greatly attached, and whom. i. healthy. It is fortified; but its works are neg- 1785, she accompanied to Lisbon. On her retorn lected. It is divided into the citadel or fortified to England she became governess to lord kines part, and two suburbs. The public buildings are borough's daughters. In 1787 she again settled in the castle, formerly the residence of the dukes of London, and lived by her pen. She publiste Brunswick, three parish churches, the chancery, Original Stories from Real Life, for the use of and arsenal. The public library is large; but the Children, a translation from the French and Ge books are in general old. Wolfenbuttel has a man. She next had some concern in the Ana's. Ducal high school; also other schools, and a Lu- tical Review. In 1790 she published an Ansat theran convent. It is also the seat of a court of to Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution justice, and of a consistory. The manufactures, and, in 1791, her Vindication of the Rights: Though on a small scale, comprise linen, leather, Women. In 1792 she went to Paris, where su soap, and silk. Population 6700.

formed an unfortunate connexion with an Amer WOLFSBANE. See ACONITUM.

can gentleman, by whom she had a daughter. E7 WOLFSBANE, Winter. See HELLEBORUS. him she undertook a voyage to Norway to regula

Wolga, a river of Russia, which has the longest some commercial concerns. This tour occasione, course, and, with the exception of the Danube, the her Leiters from Scandinavia. On her return ty largest volume of any river in Europe. It rises England, she found herself deserted by her pare among the Valdai mountains, in lat. 57° N., and mour, and, in a fit of despair, plunged into se takes a direction in general eastward, but with many Thames, from Putney Bridge. She was saved an windings, until reaching the city of Kazan. Below restored to life. In 1796 she was married to : Kazan it receives the Kama, which brings to it the Godwin, the author of Political Justice, and ote tribute of a great extent of country. It now flows works. She died in child-birth in August 17 southward, and forms the boundary between Eu- Her posthumous works, consisting of Letters 2. rope and Asia during several hundred miles, till Fragments. reaching Tzarystyn, when, turning to the east, it WOLSEY (Thomas), Cardinal, is said to bare approaches the Caspian, and, after separating into been the son of a butcher at Ipswich. He stode. a great number of branches, discharges itself into at Magdalen College, Oxford, and in 1500 becure that sea near Astracan. Its course is computed at rector of Lymington in Somersetshire: he wa: the extraordinary length of 2700 miles. From terwards made chaplain to king Henry VIII., an! the vicinity of Tver, northward, a communication obtained several preferments. Having grados is opened to the Msta, a river flowing northward acquired an entire ascendency over the mind a to the Nieva ; so that Russia in Europe admits of Henry VIII., he successively obtained several tbeing traversed by water in all its extent. The shoprics, and at length was made archbishop si principal rivers which join the Wolga are the York, lord high chancellor of England, and prio Tvertza, the Mologa, the Sestra, the Soscha, the minister; and was for several years the arbiter di Oka, the Sura, the Kasanka, the Kama, the Sok, Europe. Pope Leo X. created him cardina 2 and the Samara.

1515, and made him legate à latere ; and the s. WOLLASTON (William), descended of an an- peror Charles V., and the French king Francis I cient family in Staffordshire, was born in 1659. loaded him with favors, to gain him over to the He was in 1674 admitted a pensioner in Sidney interest : but, after having first sided with the ecCollege, Cambridge. In 1682 he became assistant peror, he deserted him to espouse the interest to the head master of Birmingham school. Some France. As his revenues were immense, his pri time after he got a small lecture about two miles and ostentation were carried to the greatest heiste distant, but did the duty the whole Sunday; which, He had 500 servants; among whom were din :: together with the business of a great free school for ten lords, fifteen knights, and forty esquires. Hy about four years, began to break his constitution. ambition to be pope, his pride, his exactions, a: During this space he likewise underwent a great his political delay of Henry's divorce, occasos deal of trouble and uneasiness, to extricate two of his disgrace. See ENGLAND. He died in the e his brothers from some inconveniences, to which 1530. their own imprudence had subjected them. In The magnificence of the cardinal's chapel 1688 affairs took a new turn. He found himself blishment, as described by Cavendish, his contes by a cousin's will entitled to a very ample estate; porary and domestic, seems far to have surpasse. and came to London that same year, where he ihat of the Roman pontiff himself. First, by settled ; choosing a private, retired, and studious had there a deane, a great divine, and a man å life. Not long before his death, he published his excellent learning; a sub-dean, a repeatour of the treatise entitled The Religion of Nature Deline- quire, a gospeller and epistollor; of singing ated ; a work for which so great a demand was priests, ten, a master of the children. The secu made that more than 10,000 copies were sold in a lars of the chapell, being singing men, twelte, very few years. He had scarcely completed the singing children, ten, with one servant to 12 publication of it, when he unfortunately broke an upon them. In the vestry, a yeoman and 1 arm; and this, adding strength to distempers that grooms; over and besides other retainers is had been growing upon him for some time, acce- came thither at principal feasts. And for the is

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niture of his chapell, it passeth my weak capacity This effeminate love of a woman doth womanise a man. to declare the number of the costly ornaments and

Sidney. rich jewels that were occupied in the same. For I So easy 'tis t'appease the stormy wind

stufour Of malice, in the calm of pleasant womankind. Spens. have seen in procession about the hall forty-four 0

There dwells sweet love and constant chastity, rich copes, besides the rich candlesticks, and other

Unspotted faith, and comely womanhood.

Id. necessary ornaments to the furniture of the same.'

A voice not soft, weak, piping, and womanish, but The earl of Northumberland seems to have been

audible, strong, and manlike.

Ascham. treated with great insolence and indignity by the

She brings your froward wives, cardinal, who demanded his choral books for the As prisoners, to her womanly persuasion. Shakspeare. use of this chapel. Letters concerning this requi- That man who hath a tongue is no mau, sition are still preserved, in which the earl says, If with his tongue he cannot win a woman. Id.

I do perceayfi my lorde cardinall's pleasour ys to I could not personally deliver to her have such boks as was in the chapell of my lat What you commanded me ; but by her woman lorde and ffayther (wos soll Jhu pardon). To the I sent your message. accomplychment of which, at your desyer, I am I do attend here on the general, confformable, notwithstandinge I trust to be able And think it no addition, nor my wish,

To have him see me womaned.

I shall ons to set up a chapell off myne owne.

During his banishment, he was so softened and dewith all sped send up the boks unto my lord's ;

jected, as he wrote nothing but a few womanish epistles. grace, as to say iiij Antiffonars (Antiphoners),

Bacon. such as I think wher not seen a gret wyll

All will spy in thy face Gralls (Graduals)—an Ordeorly (Ordinal)-a Ma- A blushing womanly discovering grace.

A blushing womanly discover

Donne. nuall-viij Prossessioners (Processionals).' Nore O woman, lovely woman, nature formed thee thumberland Household Book.

To temper man: we had been brutes without thee. WOLVERENE, in zoology. See URSUS.

Orway. WOLVERHAMPTON, a market town in Seis- Because thou doat'st on womankind, admiring don hundred, Staffordshire, situate on a rising

on a rising Their shape, their colour, and attractive grace, ground, fourteen miles north-west of Birmingham,

None are, thou think'st, but taken with such toys. and 123 north-west of London. Of its trade and

In a sad look of womanish complaint. Denham. manufactures, hardware is the chief article, but it I melt to womanish tears, and, if I stay, is also noted for its ingenious locksmiths. Most I find my love my courage will betray. Dryden. of the farmers in the neighbourhood have their Rage choaks my words ; 'tis womanly to weep. Id. forges, where they work when not employed in the Women are made as they themselves would chuse, field, and take their work to market as regularly Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse. Garth. as other farmers their corn; many of the women Vivacity is the gift of women, gravity that of men. are assistants in these manufactures, and work at

Addison. the file. It has two churches; St. Peter's is col. Juba might make the proudest of our sex, legiate, and has a lofty square tower, embellished Any of womankind but Narcia, happy. with battlements; it has eight bells, a set of chimes, Young persons, under a womanly age, are often and an organ, and contains several handsome mo- troubled with some of the same symptoms. Arbuthnot. numents. This church, as well as a convent, was How could it come into your mind, erected about the end of the tenth century, by a To pitch on me, of all mankind, Saxon lady, called Wulfruna, whence the corrup- Against the sex to write a satire, tion of the word Wolver. An act of parliament And brand me for a womanhater?

Swift. was obtained, in 1775, for the erection of a new WOMAN. See Hono. church or chapel of ease here, which was finished for the present improved treatment of the fair in a plain neai manner, in 1758; but, for want of sex, and in consequence thereof of society in gefunds, the steeple was not erected till 1776. It is neral, modern Europeans are indebted to our Godedicated to St. John. Besides these churches thic ancestors. Women, among the ancient Greeks there are three chapels, and numerous dissenting and Romans, seem to have been considered merely meeting-houses. This town has a canal branching as objects of sensuality, or of domestic convenifrom the Dudley and Birmingham canal ; commu- ercy: they were devoted to a state of seclusion nicating also with the Stafford, Worcester, and and obscurity, had few attentions paid them, and Grand-Trunk, and another branch to the Wyrley were permitted to take as little share in the conand Essington canal, at Walsall. Market on Wed- versation as in the general commerce of life. But nesday and Saturday. The mother church is a the northern nations, who paid a kind of devotion curacy under the dean of Windsor, and St. John's to the softer sex, even in their native forests, had is a chapel of ease thereto.

no sooner settled themselves in the provinces of WOM'AN, n.s.&v.a. Sax. pişman, pimman the Roman empire, than the female character began Wom'anED, adj. 1 (Skinner), meaning wif to assume new consequence. Those fierce barbaWou'ANHATER, n. S. or womb-man. The hu- rians, who seemed to thirst only for blood, always Wom'anHEAD,

man female; a female forbore to offer any violence to the women. They WOMANHOOD,

servant: to woman is, brought along with them the respectful gallantry Wox'ANISE, v. a. to make too pliant; to of the north, which had power even to restrain WOM'ANISH, adj. emasculate : womaned their savage ferocity; and they introduced into the WOMANKIND, N. s. is accompanied by, or west of Europe a generosity of sentiment, and a

WoM'Anty, adj.& adv.) united with, a woman: complaisance towards the ladies, to which the most womanhead or womanhood, the character or quali- polished nations of antiquity were strangers. These ties of a woman : to womanise is to make effemi- sentiments of generous gallantry were fostered by nale; soften : the other derivatives correspond. the institution of chivalry, which lifted woman yet

And Abimelech took men servants and women ser- higher in the scale of life. Instead of being nobody vaats.

Genesis. in society, she became its primum inobile. Every

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knight devoting himself to danger, declared him- miration; astonishment; cause of wonder: Wonderself the humble servant of some lady, and that lady ful and wondrous mean admirable : strange; was often the object of his love. Her honor was marvellous: and the other derivatives correspond supposed to be intimately connected with his, and I uttered that which I understood not, things ta her smile was the reward of his valor : for her he wonderful for me, which I knew not. Job abi. attacked, for her he defended, and for her he shed The house which I am about to build shall be trü, his blood. Courage, animated by so powerful a derful great.

2 Chron. Ü.!. motive, lost sight of every thing but enterprise:

• The want of these magazines of victuals I have conincredible toils were cheerfully endured, incredible !

in plained of in England, and wondered at in other cuti

tries. actions were performed, and adventures seemingly"

Spetzt ures seemingly When my pen would write her titles true, fabulous were realised. The effect was reciprocal. It ravished is with fancy's wonderment.

I Women, proud of their influence, became worthy My lord led wondrously to discontent. Shalsperre. of the heroism which they had inspired : they were from that part where Moses remembereth the giants, not to be approached but by the high minded and begotten by the sons of good men upon the daughters the brave; and men then could only be admitted of the wicked, did they steal those wondrous great at to the bosom of the chaste fair, after proving their of their ancient kings and powerful giants. Raleigh. fidelity and affection by years of perseverance and The pope, knowing himself to be unprofitable to the of peril. Again, as to the change which took place christian world, was wonderfully glad to hear that there in the operations of war, it may be observed that were such echoes of him sounding in remote parts.

Васи the perfect hero of antiquity was superior to fear,

Wonder causeth astonishment, or an immoveable po but he made use of every artifice to annoy his

ture of the body ; for in wonder the spirits fly not as a enemy: impelled by animosity and hostile passion, je

animosity and hostile passion, fear, but only settle. like the savage in the American woods, he was

Then medicines woundrously composed the skilt only anxious of attaining his end, without regard

leech applied. ing whether fraud or force were the means. But The Cornish wonder-gatherer describeth the same the true knight or modern hero of the middle ages,

Carr who seems in all his rencounters to have had his There is a place deep, wondrous deep, below, eye on the judicial combat or judgment of God, which genuine night and horrours do o'erflow. Carles. nad an equal contempt for stratagem and danger.

The credit of whose virtue rest with thee; He disdained to take advantage of his enemy: he

Wondrous indeed, if cause of such effects. Milte desired only to see him, and to combat him upon

There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues. H. equal terms, trusting that heaven would declare in


Hath been the cause, and wonderful to hear. k behalf of the just; and as be professed only to

Drawn for your prince, that sword could verders vindicate the cause of religion, of injured beauty,

The 1 or oppressed innocence, he was further confirmed

In such charities she passed the day, in this enthusiastic opinion by his own heated ima- 'Twas wondrous how she found an hour to pray. gination. Strongly persuaded that the decision must be in his favor, he fought as if under the in- King Turnus wondered at the fight renewed. I fluence of divine inspiration rather than of military . Ascanius, wonderstruck to see ardor. Thus the system of chivalry, by a singular That image of his filial piety. combination of manners. blended the heroic and The neighbours made a wonderment of it, and asta sanctified characters, united devotion and valor, e united devotion and valor


him what he meant. zeal and gallantry, and reconciled the love of God

Who can wonder that the sciences have been so me and of the ladies

charged with insignificant and doubtful expressites. WOMB, n. s. & v.a.Sax, pamb; Goth. wamba; kr

capable to make the most quick-sighted little the same WOMBY', adj. S Isl. wamb. The place of There is something wonderfully divine in the an a the fætus in the mother; place whence any thing is this picture.

Adara produced ; cavity: to enclose : womby, capacious. Sylphs, yet mindful of their ancient race, Obsolete.

Are, as when women, wondrous fond of place. Pepe When yet he was but tender bodied, and the only I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity son of my womb.

Shakspeare. these diminutive mortals, who durst venture to not Not for all the sun sees, or and walk upon my body.

Sert The close earth wombs, will I break my oath

Researches into the springs of natural bodies, ex To this my fair beloved.


their motions, should awaken us to admire the waste He'll call you to so hot an answer for it,

wisdom of our Creator in all the works of nature. That caves and womby vaultages of France Shall chide your trespass, and return your mock. Id.

WONT, v. n.

Pret. & part. wont; SE The earth was formed, but in the womb as yet

WONT’ED, adj. punian. Teut.wonkeit. Of waters, embryon immature involved,

WONT'EDNESS, n. s. (be accustomed ; to use ;*

Appeared not.
New-born children bring not many ideas into the

Wont'less, adj. used : wontless is vir world, bating some faint ideas of hunger and thirst

customed, and the other derivatives correspond. which they may have felt in the womb. Locke. Passing their time according to their cont, they An amphitheatre unpeopled Rome,

waited for the coming of Phalantus. Sider And held, uncrowded, nations in its womb. Addison. Through power of that, his cunning thieveries WON'DER, v. n. & n. s.) Sax. punonian; Teut.

He wonts to work, that none the same espies. Sperma

Whither, love, wilt thou now carry me! Won'DERFUL, adj. | wunder ; Belg. wonder. w

What wontless fury dost thou now inspire Won'DERFULLY, adv. To be struck with ad- Into my feeble breast, when full of thee? WON DERMENT, n. s. miration; be pleased or Things natural in that regard forget their order WON'DERSTRUCK, adj. | surprised to astonish- natural wont, that which is heavy mounting some Won'drous, adj. & adv. | ment: with nt, and upwards of its own accord. WON'DROUSLY, adr. s rarely with after : ad- Jason the Thessalian was wont to say, that se

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things must be done unjustly, that many things may I'll win this lady Margaret : for whom? be done justly.

Bacon. Why, for my king ; tush, that's a wooden thing. Id. Did I see any thing more of Christ in those that pre

Beatrice, e'en now tend to other modes of government, I might suspect Couched in the woodbine coverture. my judgment biassed with prejudice or wontedness of my He hath bid me to a calve's head and a capon ; shall opinion.

King Charles. I not find a woodcock too? So prayed they, innocent, and to their thoughts The froth called woodsare, being like a kind of spittle, Firm peace recovered soon, and wonted calm. Milton. is found upon herbs, as lavender and sage. Bacon. For others that he saw perplexed about the manage

Wooded so, of their difficult affairs, he was wont to ask them when It makes a spring of all kindes that grow. Chapman. they would begin to trust God, or permit him to govern Then to the well-trod stage anon, the world?

Fell. If Jonson's learned sock be on;
Who have no house, sit round where once it was, Or sweetest Shakspeare, Fancy's child,
And with full eyes each wonted room require ; Warble his native wood notes wild.

Milton. Haunting the yet warm ashes of the place,

By dimpled brook and fountain brim, As murthered men walk where they did expire. Dryd. The woodnymphs decked with daisies trim, The pond-frog would fain have gotten the other frog Their merry wakes and pastimes keep.

Id. over ; but she was wonted to the place, and would not Four times ten days I've passed, remove.

L'Estrange. Wandering this woody maze, and human food Another sort of sophism is wont to be called an im- Nor tasted, nor had appetite.

Id. tenumeration or false induction, when from a They used to vault or leap up; and therefore they few experiments men infer general theorems. Watts. had wooden horses in their houses and abroad. Browne.

WOO, v. a. & v. n.) Sax. aporod, courted. To Having filled it above five inches with thoroughly WooʻER, n. s. court; sue to for love; im

kindled wood coals, we let it down into the glass,

Boyle. portune; make love: he who woos.

Hecate, when she gave to rule the woods, We cannot fight for love, as men may do ;

Then led me trembling through those dire abodes. We should be wood, and were not made to woo.


Of long growth there stood
In those holes
A laurel's trunk, a venerable wood.

Id. Where eyes did once inhabit, there were crept,

Pressed with the burden, Cæneus pants for breath; As 'twere in scorn of eyes, reflecting gems ;

And on his shoulders bears the wooden death. Id. That woo'd to the slimy bottom of the deep. Id.

This household beast, that used the woodland Usurping woers felt his thundering sword,

grounds, And willing nations knew their native lord. Creech. Was viewed at first by the young hero's hounds, How is the loadstone, nature's subtle pride,

As down the stream he swam.

Id. By the rude iron woo'd, and made a bride ? Cowley. Herbs are those plants whose stalks are soft, and .. My proud rival woos

have nothing woody in them, as grass and hemlock. Another partner to his throne and bed. Philips.

Locke. Oh stretch thy reign, fair peace! from shore to What should I do, or whither turn? amazed, shore,

Confounded to the dark recess I fly Till conquest cease and slavery be no more ;

Of woodhole.

Philips. Till the freed Indians in their native groves

Herrings must be smoaked with wood. Child. Reap their own fruits, and woo their sable loves. Pope. The millepes or woodlouse is a small insect; it has

WOOD, adj. Sax. pod; Goth. vod. Mad; only fourteen pair of short legs; it is a very swift runfurious; raging. Obsolete.

ner, but it can occasionally roll itself up into the form Winds do rage as winds were wood,

of a ball.

Hill. And cause spring rides to raise great flood. Tusser. Diana's woody realms he next invades, Calm the tempest of his passion wood;

And crosses through the consecrated shades. Addis. The banks are overflown when stopped is the food. When a bold man is out of countenance, he makes a Spenser. very wooden figure on it.


Soon as in doubtful day the woodcock flies, WOOD, n. s. , Sax. pude ; Belgic woud; Her cleanly pail the pretty housewife bears. Gay. WOOD'BINE, Goth. and Swed. wid. A large The drinking elder-wine or wooddrinks are very useWood'cock, or thick collection of trees; ful.

Floyer. WOOD'DRINK, the substance of trees ; timber: The lord Strutts have been possessed of a very great Wood'en, adj. woodbine is a name of the ho- landed estate, well conditioned, wooded, and watered. Wood'en, neysuckle : woodcock, a bird

Arbuthnot. Wood'HOLE, I used as an emblem of a fool :

The structure of the tongue of the woodpecker is very WOOD'LAND, Swooddrink, a decoction of a

singular, whether we look at its great length, its bones Wood'LOUSE, medicinal wood: wooded, sup

and muscles, its incompassing parts, &c. Derham. WOOD'MAN,

Here hills and vales, the woodland and the plain, i plied with or abounding in

Here earth and water seem to strive again. Pope. WOOD'NOTE, wood : wooden, made of wood;

There is an insect they call a woodlouse, WOOD'N YMPH, / ligneous; also clumsy; awk. That folds up itself in itself, for a house, WOOD'PECKER, ward; stupid : woodhole, a As round as a ball, without head, without tail, WOOD'SAP.E, store-hole for wood : woodsare Inclosed cap-a-pe in a strong coat of mail. Swift. Wood'y, adj. J is explained in the extract, and

Wood (sylva), in geography, a multitude of trees the other compounds seem to require no explanation. extended over a vast tract of land, and propagated With the woody nymphs when she did play. Spenser. without culture. The generality of woods only The wood-born people fall before her flat,

consist of trees of one kind.-The ancient Saxons And worship her as goddess of the wood. Id.

had such a veneration for woods that they made The duke is a better woodman than thou takest him

them sanctuaries. It is ordained, that none shall for.


destroy any wood, by turning it into tillage or pasThe woods are ruthless, dreadful, deaf, and dull : ture, &c., where there are two acres o There speak and strike.

Id. quantity, on pain of forfeiting 40s. an acre, by 35

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