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voted his spare time to the study of Latin and The elevation of Mount Washington was forGreek, until increase of knowledge inspired him merly estimated at 10,000 or 11,000 feet ; but late with the desire to obtain more favorable opportu- computations, founded on barometrical observanities for improving his talents; and a university tion, have much reduced it; one making it 7108, education for the church became the great object another 6634, another 6234, another 6225, and of his ambition. Through the generosity of Mr. another 6103. Wilberforce, and the Rev. Charles Simeon, he was The following table exhibits the elevation of the admitted a student of St. John's College, Cam- several peaks according to the measurement of bridge, where he applied to his studies with such captain A. Partridge. unremitting labor that his health became deranged,

Feet above Feet above and he died October 19th, 1806, deeply lamented.

the sea.

the base. He published in 1803 a poem called Clifton Grove,

Mount Washington · 6234 ... 4464 and after his death his Remains, consisting of Second peak . . . 5328 . .. 3554 Poeins, Letters, and Fragments, were edited by

Third peak ... 5058 .... 3288 Dr. Southey in 2 vols. 8vo.

Fourth peak . . 4866 . . 3096 WHITE BEAR LAKE, a lake of North America, Fifth peak . . . . 4711 ... 2941 out of which proceed some of the head waters of

Sixth peak..i 4356 ... 2586 the Mississippi. Carver supposes it to be the most Base of the mountains 1770 northern of any which supply that great river. WHITE SEA, called by the Russians Bielæ More, But subsequent travellers have discovered the a great gulf of the Northern Ocean, which may be source of the Mississippi to be in several lakes said to penetrate into the Russian territory, to a farther to the north. Long. 95° 30' W., lat. 46° 50' N. depth of 300 or 400 miles. Its shape is long and

WHITE EARTH River, a river which empties narrow; its greatest extent from west to east. The itself into the Missouri from the north. Before it White Sea extends from long. 32° to 46° E., and reaches the low-grounds near the Missouri this from lat. 63° 45' to 68° 25' N. river is a fine bold stream, sixty yards wide, deep, WHITEFIELD (George), A. B., the celebrated and navigable; but it is so much choked up at field-preacher, and the founder of the sect of Calthe entrance by the mud of the Missouri, that its vinistic methodists, was born in 1714, at Gloucesmouth is no more than twenty yards wide. Its ter. At about twelve years of age he was put to a course, as far as captains Lewis and Clarke could grammar school, but his mother keeping a tavern, discern from the neighbouring hills, is nearly due he, about fifteen, served her as a waiter. Next Dorth through a beautiful and fertile valley, though year he got admitted servitor in Pembroke College, without a tree or bush. It has steep banks, about Oxford. Here he distinguished himself by the ten or twelve feet high, and the water is much austerities of his devotion. At the age of twentyclearer than that of the Missouri. The salts also, one, the fame of his piety recommended him so which have been mentioned as common on the effectually to Dr. Benson, then bishop at GloucesMissouri, are here so abundant, that in many places ter, that he ordained him. Immediately after his the ground appears perfectly white. It is naviga- admission into the ministry, Mr. Whitefield applied ble almost to its source, supposed nearly to extend himself to the most extraordinary, indefatigable to 50° of N. lat.

duties of his character, preaching daily in prisons, WHITE MOUNTAINS, or White Hills, a range of fields, and open streets, wherever he thought there mountains in New Hampshire, North America; would be a likelihood of making proselytes. eighteen or twenty miles long, and eight or ten Having at length made himself universally known broad. The base of the mountains is about twenty- in England, he embarked for America, where the five miles south-east of Lancaster; and Mount tenets of Methodism began to spread very fast Washington, the highest summit, is seventy miles under his friends the Wesleys; and first determined in a right line north of Concord, and eighty-two upon the institution of the orphan house at Georgia, north by west of Portsmouth. Long. 71° 20' W., which he afterwards effected. After a long course lat. 44° 15' N. In the western pass of these of peregrination his fortune increased as his fame mountains there is a remarkable gap, called the extended among his followers, and he erected two Notch. These mountains have been ascended by very extensive buildings for public worship, under different routs. The course which is usually con the name of tabernacles; one in Tottenham Court sidered as attended with the least difficulties, is Road and the other near Moorfields. Here, with the that which commences at the plain of Conway, help of some assistants, he continued for several and follows the course of Ellis River, a northern years attended by very crowded congregations, branch of the Saco, having its origin high in tbe and quitting the kingdom only occasionally. Mr. mountains. The view from the summit is rendered Whitefield, by being chaplain to the countess wonderfully grand and picturesque, by the magni- dowager of Huntingdon, was also connected with tude of the elevation, the extent and variety of the two other religious meetings, one at Bath, and the surrounding scenery, and above all by the huge other at Tunbridge, chiefly erected under that lady's and desolate pile of rocks, extending to a great patronage. By a lively, fertile, and penetrating distance in every direction. These mountains are genius, by the most unwearied zeal, and by a covered with snow nine or ten months in the year, forcible and persuasive delivery, he never failed of and derive their name from their white appearance. the desired effect upon bis ever crowded and They are seen many miles off at sea, and a person admiring audiences. America, however, which when on their summit has a distinct view of the always engaged much of his attention, was destined Atlantic Ocean, the nearest part of which is sixty- to close his eyes; and he died at Newberry, about five miles distant in a direct line. The limit of forty miles from Boston in New England in 1770. forest trees is at the height of 4428 feet. The WHITEHAVEN, a sea-port and market town sides are composed of micaceous schistos, and the in the parish of St. Bees, Allerdale ward, above summit of gneiss.

Durwent, Cumberland, lying on a bay of the Irish Sea, five miles north by west from Egremont, and lawyer, born in London in 1570, and educated at 307 north-west of London. The town is recorded Merchant Tailor's School, and St. John's College, to have contained only six houses in 1566: it owes Oxford, where he graduated in 1594. He entered its present thriving condition to the improvement in the Middle Temple, and in 1620 was chosen in its harbour, during the reign of queen Anne. M. P. for Woodstock. He was made chief justice The piers or moles have since been greatly en- of Chester, and afterwards of the king's bench; larged, and further additions and improvements and was knighted. His works consist of Lectures are in contemplation. Here are three churches, in the Middle Temple, and Speeches in ParliaSt. James's, the Trinity, and Hold Church; several ment. He died in 1632, aged sixty-two. meeting-houses for various sectaries, a public WiiTELOCKE (Sir Bulstrode), son of Sir James, dispensary, charity schools, and a theatre, &c. was born in 1605; educated at London and Ox Besides the extensive coal mines in the vicinity, ford, whence he went to the middle temple. la some of which are 130 fathoms deep, and in many the long parliament he was M. P. for Marlow, and places a considerable way under the sea, here are was appointed chairman of the committee for procopperas-work, breweries, yards for ship-building, secuting the earl of Strafford, against whom he sail-cloth manufactories, and three large roperies. was very zealous. He was a member of the assemA steam packet plies during the summer between bly of divines at Westminster, and in 1647 was a this port, Liverpool, and Dumfries. On both the commissioner of the great seal. In 1653 he was old and new quay are erected light houses, and sent ambassador from the Commonwealth to Swethe entrance of the harbour is defended by a fort and den; and on his return was made a commissioner half moon battery. This port has a custom house, of the treasury. In 1656 he was chosen speaker with regular officers attacbed to it, and the coal of the house of commons; and in 1653 a member trade is reckoned the most eminent in England, of Cromwell's house of lords. In 1659 he was next to Newcastle. In March 1793 this town suf- made president of the council of state, and keeper fered by a storm, when the tide rose six feet above of the great seal. lle died at Chilton, Wilts, in its usual height. Market on Tuesday.

1676. He wrote 1. Monarchy the best, most anWHITEHEAD (Paul), a poet and satyrist, cient, and legal Form of Government, 8vo. 2. born at Westminster in 1710, where he received a Memorials of English Affairs, fol., 1682. 3. liberal education. The first of his pieces which Speeches, &c. attracted attention were, The State Dunces, 1733, WIIITGIFT (John), D. D., an eminent prelate, and 2. Manners, a satire, 1738 : 3. Honor, a was born at Great Grimsby, in Lincolnshire, in satire, 1747; 4. The Gymnasiad, a mock heroic 1530; educated at Queen's College and Pembroke poem, 1748; a well timed satire on the brutal llall, Cambridge. In 1560 he took orders, and custom of boxing. His friend and patron, lord le became chaplain to bishop Cox of Ely, who gave Despencer, procured him a place of £800 a year, him a living. In 1563' he was appointed lady wbich he held for life. lle died in 1774.

Margaret's professor of divinity, and restored order WHITE LEAD (William), a poet and dramatic in the university. In 1567 he was made master of writer, the son of a baker, born at Cambridge in Trinity Colleve; in 1573 dean of Lincoln ; in 1715. He was admitted in 1735 a sizar, and in 1576 bishop of Worcester; and in 1583 archbishop of 1742 a fellow of Clare Hall College. He attended Canterbury. He was a great favorite with queen the sons of the earls of Harcourt and Jersey on their Elizabeth, and founded an hospital at Croydon. travels. On his return he published the Roman Ile died at Lambeth in 1604. Ile wrote several Father, a tragedy, 1750; Creusa, another, in 1754. valuable tracts in defence of the discipline, conPutul Constancy. The School for Lovers, a stitution, and liturgy of the church of England comedy. A Trip to Scotland, a farce, and other against Cartwright, whom he also befriended in a pieces. In 175.5 he was appointed poet laureat; manner not common among controversialists. and clied in 1785, aged seventy.

WITHIER, udv., Sax. hpyder. To what HUTEHORST (John), F.R. S., was the son WuTLERSOLVER. I place? interrogatively, or of a watchmaker, bom at l'ongleton in Cheshire, in absolutely; to which place; to what degree? to 1713. In 1734 he went to Dublin, on purpose to see whatsoever place.

curious clock he had heard of. He took lodgings Iulier when as they came, they fell at words, in the house, where the clock was closely secured Whether of them should be the lord of lords. Spenser from all inspection. Hle, however, made way to it, Sister, well met; whither away so fast? Shakspeare. juspected its machinery, and retired undetected.

Ihither at length wilt thou abuse our patience ? Ble returned to England, and settled at Derby,

Still shall thy fury mock us?

Ben Jonson. where he made the clock of the town hall, and the

For whatever end faith is designed, and whitherspeter clock and chimes of the beautiful tower of All

the nature and intention of the grace does drive us,

thither we must go, and to that end we must direct all Saint's Church. He was appointed stamper of the

our actions.

Taylor. money weights at the mint; on which he came to That lord advanced to Winchester, whither sir John London, where his house soon became the resort Berkley brought bim iwo regiments more of foot, of all men of science. In 1778 he published his

Clarendon. Enquiry into the Original State and Formation of I strayed I knew not whither.

Miitori. the Earth. In 1779 he was elected F. R. S. In Ah! whithir am I hurried? ah! forgive, 1786 be republished his Enquiry, with improve- Ye shades, and let your sister's issue live. Dryden. ments, in 1 vol. 4to. lle also published An Al- WHITING, n. s. Belg. witting. A small seatempt towards obtaining invariable measures of fish. Length, Capacity, and Weight, from the mensura- Somne fish are gutted, split, and kept in pickle, as tion of time, in 8vo.; besides several papers in the uniting and mackerel.

Carex'. Philosophical Transactions. He died in London Some fishes, as whitings, can be almost entirely disin 1788.

solved into water.

Arbuthnol. WIIITELOCKE (Sir James), LL.D., a learned WHITLOW, n. Sax hpir, and loup, a woli. -Skinner. Sax. Þeir, and low, a fame.-Lye. sure road to distinction, he quitted the army, and, A swelling between the cuticle and cutis, called the after going rapidly through several subordinate mild whitlow; or between the periosteum and the situations, was appointed in 1786 minister plenibone, called the malignant whitlow.

potentiary to the court of Poland. Recalled in Paronychia is a sinall swelling about the nails and the autumn of 1788, Mr. Whitworth proceeded in ends of the fingers, by the vulgar people generally the same capacity to St. Petersburgh, where in called whitflaw.

Wisemun. 1793 he received the red riband of the bath. On WHITSUN FARTHINGS, otherwise called smoke his return to England, in 1800, Sir Charles was farthings, or quadrantes Pentecostales, a composi- created baron Whitworth of the kingdom of Iretion for offerings which were anciently made iu land, and soon after again despatched on an embassy Whitsun-week by every man in England, who oc- to the court of Denmark. An adjustment which cupied a house with a chimney, to the cathedral proved but short lived took place through his exerchurch of the diocese in which he lived.

iions in August, and the ambassador returned WHITSUNDAY, a solemn festival of the church, home. In the following April he married the observed on the fiftieth day after Easter, in memo- duchess dowager of Dorset. After the treaty of sy of the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Amiens, lord Whitworth, haring been previously apostles in the visible appearance of fiery cloven created a privy counsellor, was accredited as pletongues, and of those miraculous powers which nipotentiary to Paris, and is admitted to have conwere then conferred upon them. It is called ducted himself with equal spirit, firmness, and Whitsunday or White Sunday, because, this being moderation, till his mission terminated abruptly in one of the stated times for baptism in the ancient the renewal of hostilities. He quitted the French church, those who were baptised put on white capital May 13th, 1803. Lord Whitworth now garments, as types of that spiritual purity they retired to Knowle in Kent, the family seat of the received in baptism. As the descent of the Holy Sackvilles, into the temporary possession of which Ghost upon the apostles happened upon the day he had come in right of his wife, and there exwhich the Jews called Pentecost, this festival re- erted himself in raising, at his own expense, a troop tained the name of Pentecost among the Christians. of yeoman cavalry. In the spring of 1813 he was See PENTECOST.

made one of the lords of the bedchamber, and the WHITYSUNTIDE, n. $. White and Sunday; year following took his seat in the house as an because the converts newly baptised appeared from English peer by the title of viscount Whitworth of Easter to Whitsuntide in white.-Skinner. The Adbaston. In August of 1814 he succeeded the feast of Pentecost.

duke of Richmond as viceroy of Ireland, which Strephon, with leafy twigs of laurel tree,

high dignity he enjoyed till 1817, when, the usual A garland made on temples for to wear;

period of office being expired, he returned to EngFor he then chosen was the dignity

land, having been in the interval advanced to an Of village lord that Whitsuntide to bear. Sidney.

earldom. Lord Whitworth, who united much And let us do it with no shew of fear;

private worth to unquestioned talent, died at Nor with no more than if we heard that England Were busied with a Whitson morrice dance. Shaksp.

Knowle, after an illness of three days' duration,

May 13th, 1825.
This they employ in brewing and baking against


WHIZ, v. n. From the sound. To make a WHITTINGTON (Sir Richard), a rich citizen loud humming noise. cf London, who flourished in the reigns of Richard The exhalations, whissing in the air, II., Henry IV., and Henry V., and was knightod. Give so much light that I may read by them. Shaksp. He was three times elected lord mayor; the last

Turn him about; time in 1419. Being very successful in foreign I know him, he'll but whiz, and straight go out. trade, he amassed a fortune. He built Newgate,

Dryden. part of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and erected the WHO, pronoun, Genitive whose; other library in Grey Friars, now called Christ's Hospi

cases whom. Sax. hpa; Belg. tal. He also built part of Guildhall, with the cha WHOMSOEV'ER, Swie. A pronoun relative, pel and depository for the city records.


applied to persons: it is WHITTINGTON (Robert), a learned teacher, born Who'sOEVER. Soften used interrogatively: at Lichfield, and educated at Oxford. He pub- whoso and whosoever, is any one soever. lished a Latin Grammar in 4to., in 1500; and Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without several other tracts in Latin, on Philology, &c. knowledge ? He died in 1530.

In the grave who shall give thee thanks ? Psalms. WHITTLE, n. s. & v. a. Sax. Pejtel. A knife: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted ; and to edge; sharpen.

whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained. John. He wore a Sheffield whittle in his hose. Betterton. Whoever doth to temperance apply

When they are come to that once, and are thoroughly His stedfast life, and all his actions frame, whittled, then shall you have them cast their wanton Trust me shall find no greater enemy, eyes upon men's wives.

Hakewill. Than stubborn perturbation to the same. Spenser. WHITWORTH (Charles), earl, was descend- Were the graced person of our Banyuo present, ed of an ancient family in Staffordshire, one Whom I may rather challenge for unkindness, of the members of which had been ennobled Than pity for mischance.

Shakspeare. for his diplomatic services in 1720. The sub- Thy name affrights me, in whose sound is death. Id. ject of this article was born in 1754 at Leo

Whoso is out of hope to attain to another's virtua

will seek to come at even hand, by depressing another's burne-grange, Kent, the seat of his father Şir


Bacon. Charles Whitworth, and was educated at Tun

We have no perfect description of it, nor any knowbridge grammar-school. He early obtained a ledge bow, or by whom, it is inhabited. Abbot. commission in the guards; but, the example of his ivho first seduced him to that dire revolt ? arcestor appearing to point out diplomacy as a The' infernal serpent.




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against the tyranny of Rome, wrote against the bility and gentry, as well as the present gratifying papal supremacy and infallibility, and published a and happy state of improvement to which every book on the Truth of the Scriptures, intended to small tract has been brought. The lake scenery is prepare the way for an English iranslation of them, peculiarly interesting. Mr. Latouche's demesne of in which he made considerable progress. In 1381 Luggelaw is generally preferred by tourists as the he published Sixteen Conclusions, in the first of most delightful scene of this class, but some others which he exposed the grand article of transubstan- are litile inferior. There are twelve pretty lakes tiation. These conclusions being condemned, by scattered amongst the mountain glens, some of which the chancellor of Oxford, Wickliff' appealed to the are of considerable areas. The mountains in this king and parliament; but, being deserted by the county range from 1000 to 3000 feet in height; duke of Lancaster he was obliged to make a con- Lugnaquilla, the lofuiest, being 3070 feet above the fession at Oxford; and by an order from the king level of the ocean. Amongst many beautiful resiwas expelled the university. Ile now retired to dences in Wicklow, the noble mansions of Kilrudhis living of Lutterworth, where he finished his dery (lord Meath's), Powerscount (visited by king translation of the Bible. This version, of which George IV. in 1821), Rusborough (the seat of earl there are several MS, copies in the libraries of the Millown), Charleville (the residence of lord Rathuniversities, British museum, &c., is a very literal down), and the remarkably beautiful and chaste translation of the Latin Vulgate. In 1383 he was edifice, of modern erection, in the abbey style, suddenly struck with the palsy, a repetition of called Shelton Abbey (the seat of lord Wicklow which put an end to his life in December, 1384. seem to deserve notice both from their elegance Ile was buried in his own church, where his bones and their magnitude. were suffered to rest in peace till 1428, when, Ly The mountain districts, which are entirely of an order from the pope, they were taken up and granite formation, contain lead ore in abundance, burnt. Besides a number of works that have been which is now raised skilfully at the Seven Churches printed he left a prodigious number of MSS.; an and at Glenmalure, and also copper ore, which has accurate list of which may be seen in bishop Tan- been raised, to the enrichment of many proprietors ner's Bib. Brit. Iib. Some of them are in the formerly, at ('onebane and Ballymustagh. AlluBodleian Library, others in the British Mu- vial gold was found some years ago in a stream seum, &c.

originating in Croghan Kinshela Mountain, but it WICKLOW, a county of Ireland, in the pro- did not repay the expense of collecting. Garnets vince of Leinster. Its boundaries are, on the north are gathered in various places, being found imDublin ; on the west Carlow, Kildare, and part of bedded in the granite; and on the sea-shore are Dublin county; on the south the county of Wer- fcund pebbles susceptible of a high polish, known ford; and on the east the Irish Sea. Its greatest to the lapidary by the name of Wicklow pebbles. length is about forty English miles, and greatest There is little or no manufacture carried on here; breadth twenty; and the superficial contents amount flannel was formerly the staple, for which a ready to 311,000 Irish plantation acres. The territorial and good market existed in the town of Rathdrum. division of Wicklow consists of the half barony of The chief towns are Wicklow (the assize town), Rathdown, together with the following baronies:- Rathdrum, Bray, Enniskerry, Arklow, Newtown, Arklow, Ballynacor, Newcastle, Shililah, Talbots- Mountkenedy, Carnew, Blessington, Donard, Holtown Lower and Talbotstown Upper; and the ec- lywood, and Baltinglass. The chief rivers are the clesiastical division comprises forty-eight entire Ovoca, formed by the Avonmore and Avonbeg, the parishes with parts of eight others. About one- Leitrim, the l'artrey, the Bray, the king's River, tenth of the population receive gratuitous education and the Slaney and Liffey, which take their rise in this county. The surface of this county is wholly here. The sea-coast is dangerous of approach, encumbered with mountains, many of them lofty, and requires the establishment of an asylum at barren, and unprofitable, but many also capable of Bray, at Graystones, or at Wicklow, at any of easy reclamation by drainage only: The range ad- which the formation of a small harbour or pier is jacent to Dublin called the Kippune Group would practicable. Wicklow returns two members to the afford excellent pasturage; but the great central imperial parliament, and gives title of earl to the district is not so happily formed for agricultural ancient family of Iloward. purposes. Mountainous countries generally abound Wicklow, a town in the county of the same in picturesque scenery, but Wicklow is particu- name, in the kingdom of Ireland. It stands on the larly celebrated for the grandeur and beauty of its sea-coast at the mouth of the river Leitrim, which glens, lakes, and vales; of these the most conspi- was once defended by a fortified rock called the cuous and attractive are the lakes and valleys of Black Castle, enclosed in the year 1375. The Glendaloch. This vale, noble, extensive, and pic- shallowness of the river permits only a scanty turesque, possesses very interesting remains of trade, but a good harbour might be constructed seven ancient churches, founded by St. kevin, here at a small expense. The promontory of who is much venerated here; besides a perfect Wicklow Ilead, formidable to the mariner, is indiround tower of early and unknown date, with se- cated at night by two light-houses erected thereon. veral other curious remnants of antiquity, the occa. In this town the assizes are held, besides annual sion of many a romantic and many an agreeable races and four fairs. There is a barrack also for a though fabulous tale. The Dargle and Devil's company of foot, a county jail and court-house, a Glen are also scenes of considerable natural beauty handsome church and glebe-house, and a Roman and grandeur, though of a very different kind; and Catholic chapel, but no manufacture or important the vale of Arklow has attracted the attention of tratiic; the ale of this toun was once held in high the most elegant of all the Irish bards. The sin. estimation. The O'Tools of Imaly founded a mo gular beauty of the various glens of this county has nastery here for Franciscan friars, part of the walls occasioned the appropriation of most of its avail- of which are still remaining. Distance from Dublin able surface to the accommodation of resident 10- twenty-eight English miles. Lut, 52° 7', long. 6° 30. Dryden.

WIDE, adj. & adv.) Sax. pide; Beig. wijd; We do instate and widow you withal,
WIDE'LY, adv. /Goth. wid. Broad; ex- To buy you a better husband.

Shakspeare. Wi'den, v. a. & v. n. Stended far each way; re- She employed her last widowhood to works no less

Carew. WIDE NESS, n s. | mote; wandering: at a dis- bountiful than charitable. WIDTH. tance; with great extent

Cherish thy hastened widowhood with the gold or breadth : widely and wideness correspond: to

Of matrimonial treason: so farewel.

Milton. widen is, to make or grow wide; to

The widowed isle in mourning

extend: Dries un her tears width is, wideness; breadth.

Who has the paternal power whilst the widow queen They found fat pasture, and the land was wide and is with

Locke. quiet.

1 Chronicles.

The widowhunters about town often afford them great A little wide diversion.

Addison. There was a holy chapel edified, Wherein the hermit wont to say

Widows' SCHEME, a scheme of raising a perpeIlis holy things each morn and even tide. Spenser. tual fund for the support of the widows and chil

So now the gates are ope; now prove good seconds; dren of deceased ministers of the church of Scot'Tis for the followers fortune widens them,

land, planned and brought to perfection by Dr. Not for the flyers.

Shakspeare. Alexander Webster. From an accurate list of the of all these bounds enriched

ministers of the church and members of the uniWith plenteous rivers, and wide skirted meads, versities in Scotland, compared with the ratio of We make thee lady.


births, marriages, and deaths, he fixed on a series Many of the fathers were far wide from the under

of rates to be paid annually by these persons, the standing of this place.


amount of which would supply a specific annuity Consider the absurdities of that distinction betwixt the act and the obliquity; and the contrary being so

to the widows and children of those who should wide from the truth of scripture and the attributes of become contributors. This scheme he began by a God, and so noxious to good life, &c. Hammond. correspondence with all the clergy; and receiving With huge two-handed sway

the sanction of the general assembly in 1742, and Brandished aloft, the horrid edge came down,

that of the British parliament in 1748, from which Wide wasting..

Milton. period it began to be acted upon, the scheme was The rugged hair began to fall away;

completed and legally enacted by parliament in The sweetness of her eye did only stay,

1770. And his calculations at that early period Though not so large ; her crooked horns decrease ,

were so accurate, and founded on such unerring The wideness of her jaws and nostrils cease. Dryden. principles, that the widows' fund, instead of falling Let him exercise the freedom of his reason, and his

short, has increased far beyond the original estimind will be strengthened ; and the light which the re

mate. This excellent scheme has been since folmote parts of truth will give to one another will so assist his judgment that he will seldom be widely out.

de lowed and imitated by most other incorporate Locke.

Locke bodies in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and other cities of These accidents, when they first happen, seem but Scotland. small and contemptible, but by degrees they branch out WIELD, v. a. Sax. pealdan, to manage in the and widen themselves into a numerous train of mis. hand. To use with full command. chievous consequences.


His looks are full of peaceful majesty,
Oft wide of nature must he act a part,
Make love in tropes, in bombast break his heart. Tickle.

His head by nature framed to wear a crown,

His hand to wield a scepter, and himself Yet side was spread their fame in ages past,

Likely in time to bless a regal throne. Shakspeare. And poets once had promised they should last. Pope.

'Mongst forest, hills, and floods, was ne'er such leave WID'GEON, n. s. Fr. vingeun. A waterfowl, and shove, not unlike a small wild duck.

Since Albion wielded arms against the son of Jove. Amongst the first sort we reckon creysers, curlews,

Drayton. and widgeons.


The least of whom could wield WIDOW,n. s. & v.a. Saxon pidpa; Belg. These elements, and arm him with the force WID'ower, n. s. (weduwe; Welsh weddw;

Of all their regions.

Milion. Wid'OWHOOD, Lat. vidua. A woman

He worthiest, after him, his sword to wield,

Or wear his armour, or sustain his shield. Dryden. WIDOWHUNTER. whose husband is dead : to deprive of a husband; endow with widows'

WIELICZKA, a town of Austrian Poland, in rights; deprive of any thing valuable : a widower Galicia, circle of Bochnia, the seat of a salt and a is a man who has lost his wife: widowhood, the mine office, and remarkable for its large and prostate of a widow or widower: widowhunter, a

ductive salt mines. They are divided into three hunter of widows for their fortunes.

parts, and extend not only under the whole town, The barren they more miserable make,

but to a considerable distance on each side, viz. And from the widow all her comfort take. Sundys. 700 yards from north to south, and 2000 from east

The king, sealing up all thoughts of love under the to west. They have ten entrances, and in one of image of her memory, remained a widower many years these is a winding staircase of 470 steps. On enafter.

Sidney. tering the subterranean regions the stranger is Ne ween my right with strength adown to tread struck with the magnitude and beauty of the Through weakness of my widowhood or woe,

vaulted passages; he sees chapels, with altars, cut For truth is strong.


out of the saline rock, with crucifixes or images, And will she yet debase her eyes on me,

and lamps continually burning before them. Seven That cropt the golden prime of this sweet prince. And made her widow to a woeful bed ? Shakspeare.

miles from Cracow. In this city he

WIENERWALD (Forest of Vienna), a large Hath widowed and unchilded many a one,

forest of Lower Austria, extending from the KahWhich to this hour bewail the injury.

Ja. lenberg southward beyond Kaumberg. It sepaFor his possessions,

rates and gives name to the two circles of the Although by confiscation they are ours,

Upper and Lower Wienerwald, otherwise called VOL. XXII.


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