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voted his spare time to the study of Latin and The elevation of Mount Washington was forGreek, until increase of knowledge inspired him merly estimated at 10,000 or 11,000 feet ; but late with the desire to obtain more favorable opportu- computations, founded on barometrical observanities for improving his talents; and a university tion, have much reduced it; one making it 7108, education for the church became the great object another 6634, another 6234, another 6225, and of his ambition. Through the generosity of Mr. another 6103. Wilberforce, and the Rev. Charles Simeon, he was The following table exhibits the elevation of the admitted a student of St. John's College, Cam- several peaks according to the measurement of bridge, where he applied to his studies with such captain A. Partridge. unremitting labor that his health became deranged,

Feet above Feet above and he died October 19th, 1806, deeply lamented.

the sea. the base. He published in 1803 a poem called Clifton Grove, Mount Washington · 6234 ... 4464 and after his death his Remains, consisting of Second peak . . .

3554 Poerns, Letters, and Fragments, were edited by

Third peak . . . . 5058 ... 3288 Dr. Southey in 2 vols. 8vo.

Fourth peak . . . 4866 ... 3096 White Bear Lake, a lake of North America, Fifth peak . . . . 4711 ... 2941 out of which proceed some of the head waters of Sixth peak.... 4356 ... 2586 the Mississippi. Carver supposes it to be the most

Base of the mountains 1770 northern of any which supply that great river. WHITE SEA, called by the Russians Bielæ More, But subsequent travellers have discovered the a great gulf of the Northern Ocean, which may be source of the Mississippi to be in several lakes said to penetrate into the Russian territory, to a farther to the north. Long. 95° 30' W., lat. 46° 50' N. depth of 300 or 400 miles. Its shape is long and

WHITE EARTH River, a river which empties narrow; its greatest extent from wesi to east. The itself into the Missouri from the north. Before it White Sea extends from long. 32° to 46° E., and reaches the low-grounds near the Missouri this from lat. 63° 45' to 68° 25' N. river is a fine bold stream, sixty yards wide, deep, WHITEFIELD (George), A. B., the celebrated and navigable; but it is so much choked up at field-preacher, and the founder of the sect of Calthe entrance by the mud of the Missouri, that its vinistic methodists, was born in 1714, at Gloucesmouth is no more than twenty yards wide. Its ter. At about twelve years of age he was put to a course, as far as captains Lewis and Clarke could grammar-school, but his mother keeping a tavern, discern from the neighbouring hills, is nearly due he, about fifteen, served her as a waiter. Next north through a beautiful and fertile valley, though year he got admitted servitor in Pembroke College, without a tree or bush. It has steep banks, about Oxford. Here he distinguished himself by the ten or twelve feet high, and the water is much austerities of his devotion. At the age of twentyclearer than that of the Missouri. The salts also, one, the fame of his piety recommended him so which have been mentioned as common on the effectually to Dr. Benson, then bishop at Glouces. Missouri, are here so abundant, that in many places ter, that he ordained him. Immediately after his the ground appears perfectly white. It is naviga- admission into the ministry, Mr. Whitefield applied ble almost to its source, supposed nearly to extend himself to the most extraordinary, indefatigable to 50° of N. lat.

duties of his character, preaching daily in prisons, WHITE MOUNTAINS, or White Hills, a range of fields, and open streets, wherever he thought there mountains in New Hampshire, North America; would be a likelihood of making proselytes. eighteen or twenty miles long, and eight or ten Having at length made himself universally known broad. The base of the mountains is about twenty- in England, he embarked for America, where the five miles south-east of Lancaster; and Mount tenets of Methodism began to spread very fast Washington, the highest summit, is seventy miles under his friends the Wesleys; and first determined in a right line north of Concord, and eighty-two upon the institution of the orphan house at Georgia, north by west of Portsmouth. Long. 71° 20' W., which he afterwards effected. After a long course lat. 44• 15' N. In the western pass of these of peregrination his fortune increased as his fame mountains there is a remarkable gap, called the extended among his followers, and he erected two Notch. These mountains have been ascended by very extensive buildings for public worship, under different routs. The course which is usually con- the name of tabernacles; one in Tottenham Court sidered as attended with the least difficulties, is Road and the other near Moorfields. Here, with the that which commences at the plain of Conway, help of some assistants, he continued for several and follows the course of Ellis River, a northern years attended by very crowded congregations, branch of the Saco, having its origin high in the and quitting the kingdom only occasionally. Mr. mountains. The view from the summit is rendered Whitefield, by being chaplain to the countess wonderfully grand and picturesque, by the magni- dowager of Huntingdon, was also connected with tude of the elevation, the extent and variety of the two other religious meetings, one at Bath, and the surrounding scenery, and above all by the huge other at Tunbridge, chiefly erected under that lady's and desolate pile of rocks, extending to a great patronage. By a lively, fertile, and penetrating distance in every direction. These mountains are genius, by the most unwearied zeal, and by a covered with snow nine or ten months in the year, forcible and persuasive delivery, he never failed of and derive their name from their white appearance. the desired effect upon bis ever crowded and They are seen many miles off at sea, and a person admiring audiences. America, however, which when on their summit has a distinct view of the always engaged much of his attention, was destined Atlantic Ocean, the nearest part of which is sixty- to close his eyes; and he died at Newberry, about five miles distant in a direct line. The limit of forty miles from Boston in New England in 1770. forest trees is at the height of 4428 feet. The WHITEHAVEN, a sea-port and market town sides are composed of micaceous schistos, and the in the parish of St. Bees, Allerdale ward, above summit of gneiss.

Durwent, Cumberland, lying on a bay of the Irish Sea, five miles north by west from Egremont, and lawyer, born in London in 1570, and educated at 307 north-west of London. The town is recorded Merchant Tailor's School, and St. John's College, to have contained only six houses in 1566: it owes Oxford, where he graduated in 1594. He enteret its present thriving condition to the improvement in the Middle Temple, and in 1620 was chosen in its harbour, during the reign of queen Anne. M. P. for Woodstock. He was made chief justo The piers or moles have since been greatly en- of Chester, and afterwards of the king's bench; larged, and further additions and improvements and was knighted. His works consist of Lectures are in contemplation. Here are three churches, in the Middle Temple, and Speeches in ParliaSt. James's, the Trinity, and Hold Church; several ment. He died in 1632, aged sixty-two. meeting-houses for various sectaries, a public WHITELOCKE (Sir Bulstrode), son of Sir Jame, dispensary, charity schools, and a theatre, &c. was born in 1605; educated at London and (x. Besides the extensive coal mines in the vicinity, ford, whence he went to the middle temple. In some of which are 130 fathoms deep, and in many the long parliament he was M. P. for Marlow, and places a considerable way under the sea, here are was appointed chairman of the committee for pra copperas-work, breweries, yards for ship-building, secuting the earl of Strafford, against whom te sail-cloth manufactories, and three large roperies. was very zealous. He was a member of the assez A steam packet plies during the summer between bly of divines at Westminster, and in 1647 was this port, Liverpool, and Dumfries. On both the commissioner of the great seal. In 1653 he wo old and new quay are erected light houses, and sent ambassador from the Commonwealth to S the entrance of the harbour is defended by a fort and den; and on his return was made a commissione half moon battery. This port has a custom house, of the treasury. In 1656 he was chosen speaker with regular officers attached to it, and the coal of the house of commons; and in 1653 a member trade is reckoned the most eminent in England, of Cromwell's house of lords. In 1659 he wa next to Newcastle. In March 1793 this town suf- made president of the council of state, and keeper fered by a storm, when the tide rose six feet above of the great seal. He died at Chilton, Wilk, in its usual height. Market on Tuesday.

1676. He wrote 1. Monarchy the best, med 3WHITEHEAD (Paul), a poet and satyrist, cient, and legal Form of Government, 8r0 . born at Westminster in 1710, where he received a Memorials of English Affairs, fol., 1682 % liberal education. The first of his pieces which Speeches, &c. attracted attention were, The State Dunces, 1733, WHITGIFT (John), D.D., an eminent prettig and 2. Manners, a satire, 1738: 3. Honor, a was born at Great Grimsby, in Lincolnshire, 1 satire, 1747; 4. The Gymnasiad, a mock heroic 1530; educated at Queen's College and Pembuke poem, 1748; a well timed satire on the brutal Hall, Cambridge. In 1560 he took orders, 2. custom of boxing. His friend and patron, lord le became chaplain to bishop Cox of Ely, who gur Despencer, procured him a place of £800 a year, him a living. In 1563 he was appointed by which he held for life. He died in 1774.

Margaret's professor of divinity, and restored orde WHITEHEAD (William), a poet and dramatic in the university. In 1567 he was made master writer, the son of a baker, born at Cambridge in Trinity College; in 1573 dean of Lincola; a 1715. He was admitted in 1735 a sizar, and in 1576 bishop of Worcester; and in 1583 archbishop 1742 a fellow of Clare Hall College. He attended Canterbury. He was a great favorite with ques the sons of the earls of Harcourt and Jersey on their Elizabeth, and founded an hospital at Crocs travels. On his return he published the Roman He died at Lambeth in 1604. He wrote sera Father, a tragedy, 1750; Creusa, another, in 1754. valuable tracts in defence of the discipline, ce Fatal Constancy. The School for Lovers, a stitution, and liturgy of the church of England comedy. A Trip to Scotland, a farce, and other against Cartwright, whom he also befriended in. pieces. In 1755 he was appointed poet laureat; manner not common among controversialists. and died in 1785, aged seventy.

WHITHER, adv.) Sax. hpyder. To se WHITEHURST (John), F.R. S., was the son WHITHERSOEVER. S place? interrogatively, of a watchmaker, born at Congleton in Cheshire, in absolutely; to which place; to what degree?" 1713. In 1734 he went to Dublin, on purpose to see whatsoever place. a curious clock he had heard of. He took lodgings Whither when as they came, they fell at words, in the house, where the clock was closely secured Whether of them should be the lord of lords. Spes from all inspection. He, however, made way to it, Sister, well met; whither away so fast? Shalgratt inspected its machinery, and retired undetected.

Whither at length wilt thou abuse our patience! lle returned to England, and settled at Derby,

Still shall thy fury mock us?

Ben Jetin where he made the clock of the town hall, and the

For whatever end faith is designed, and whitketaan clock and chimes of the beautiful tower of All

the nature and intention of the grace does drives

thither we must go, and to that end we must directo Saint's Church. He was appointed stamper of the

our actions. money weights at the mint; on which he came to That lord advanced to Winchester, whither sir Jeho London, where his house soon became the resort Berkley brought him two regiments more of fools of all men of science. In 1778 he published his

Claser Enquiry into the Original State and Formation of I strayed I knew not whither. the Earth. In 1779 he was elected F. R. S. In Ah! 'whither am I hurried ? ah! forgive, 1786 he republished his Enquiry, with improve. Ye shades, and let your sister's issue live. Dryer ments, in 1 vol. 4to. He also published An Are WHITING, n. s. Belg. witting. A small sa tempt towards obtaining invariable measures of fish. Length, Capacity, and Weight, from the mensura. Some fish are gutted, split, and kept in pickle, tion of time, in 8vo.; besides several papers in the whiting and mackerel. Philosophical Transactions. He died in London Some fishes, as whitings, can be almost entirely on in 1788.

Arbutik WHITELOCKE (Sir James), LL.B., a learned WIIITLOW, 1. & Sax hpıt, and loup, a na

solved into water.

--Skinner. Sax. peit, and low, a flame.-Lye. sure road to distinction, he quitted the army, and, A swelling between the cuticle and cutis, called the after going rapidly through several subordinate mild whitlow; or between the periosteum and the situations, was appointed in 1786 minister plenibone, called the malignant whitlow.

potentiary to the court of Poland. Recalled in Paronychia is a small swelling about the nails and the autumn of 1788, Mr. Whitworth proceeded in ends of the fingers, by the vulgar people generally the same capacity to St. Petersburgh, where in called whitflaw.

Wisemun. 1793 he received the red riband of the bath. On WHITSUN FARTHINGS, otherwise called smoke his return to England, in 1800, Sir Charles was farthings, or quadrantes Pentecostales, a composi- created baron Whitworth of the kingdom of Iretion for offerings which were anciently made in land, and soon after again despatched on an embassy Whitsun-week by every man in England, who oc- to the court of Denmark. An adjustment which cupied a house with a chimney, to the cathedral proved but short lived took place through his exerchurch of the diocese in which he lived.

tions in August, and the ambassador returned WHITSUNDAY, a solemn festival of the church, home. In the following April he married the observed on the fiftieth day after Easter, in memo- duchess dowager of Dorset. After the treaty of ry of the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Amiens, lord Whitworth, haring been previously apostles in the visible appearance of fiery cloven created a privy counsellor, was accredited as pletongues, and of those miraculous powers which nipotentiary to Paris, and is admitted to have conwere then conferred upon them. It is called ducted himself with equal spirit, firmness, and Whitsunday or White Sunday, because, this being moderation, till his mission terminated abruptly in one of the stated times for baptism in the ancient the renewal of hostilities. He quitted the French church, those who were baptised put on white capital May 13th, 1803. Lord Whitworth now garments, as types of that spiritual purity they retired to Knowle in Kent, the family seat of the received in baptism. As the descent of the Holy Sackvilles, into the temporary possession of which Ghost upon the apostles happened upon the day he had come in right of his wife, and there exwhich the Jews called Pentecost, this festival re- erted himself in raising, at his own expense, a troop tained the name of Pentecost among the Christians. of yeoman cavalry. In the spring of 1813 he was See PENTECOST.

made one of the lords of the bedchamber, and the WHITSUNTIDE, n. s. White and Sunday; year following took his seat in the house as an because the converts newly baptised appeared from English peer by the title of viscount Whitworth of Easter to Whitsuntide in white.-Skinner. The Adbaston. In August of 1814 he succeeded the feast of Pentecost.

duke of Richmond as viceroy of Ireland, which Strephon, with leafy twigs of laurel tree,

high dignity he enjoyed till 1817, when, the usual A garland made on temples for to wear;

period of office being expired, he returned to EngFor he then chosen was the dignity

land, having been in the interval advanced to an of village lord that Whitsuntide to bear. Sidney earldom. Lord Whitworth, who united much And let us do it with no shew of fear;

private worth to unquestioned talent, died at Nor with no more than if we beard that England

Knowle, after an illness of three days' duration, Were busied with a Whitson morrice dance. Shaksp. This they employ in brewing and baking against

... May 13th, 1825.

WHIZ. v. n. From the sound. To make a Whitsuntide

Carew. WHITTINGTON (Sir Richard), a rich citizen loud humming noise. cf London, who flourished in the reigns of Richard The exhalations, whissing in the air, II., Henry IV., and Henry V., and was knightod. Give so much light that I may read by them. Shaksp. He was three times elected lord mayor; the last

Turn him about ; . time in 1419. Being very successful in foreign I know him, he'll but whis, and straight go out. trade, he amassed a fortune. He built Newgate,

Dryden. part of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and erected the WHO, pronoun, Genitive whose; other Jibrary in Grey Friars, now called Christ's Hospi- Wuom.

cases whom. Sax. hpa; Belg. tal. He also built part of Guildhall, with the cha- WHOMSOEV'ER, Swie. A pronoun relative, pel and depository for the city records.

Who'so,

applied to persons: it is * WHITTINGTON (Robert), a learned teacher, born Wuo'sOEVER. often used interrogatively: at Lichfield, and educated at Oxford. He pub- whoso and whosoever, is any one soever. lished a Latin Grammar in 4to., in 1500; and Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without several other tracts in Latin, on Philology, &c. knowledge ? He died in 1530.

In the grave who shall give thee thanks ? Psalms. WHITTLE, n. s. & v. a. Sax. peyrel. A knife: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted ; and to edge; sharpen.

whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained. John. He wore a Sheffield whittle in his hose. Betterton. Whoever doth to temperance apply

When they are come to that once, and are thoroughly His stedfast life, and all his actions frame, whittled, then shall you have them cast their wanton Trust me shall find no greater enemy, eyes upon men's wives.

Hakewill. Than stubborn perturbation to the same. Spenser. WHITWORTH (Charles), earl, was descend- Were the graced person of our Banyuo present, ed of an ancient family in Staffordshire, one Whom I may rather challenge for unkindness, of the members of which had been ennobled Than pity for mischance.

Shakspeare. for his diplomatic services in 1720. The sub- Thy name affrights me, in whose sound is death. Id. ject of this article was born in 1754 at Leo

Whoso is out of hope to attain to another's virtuo

will seek to come at even hand, by depressing another's burne-grange, Kent, the seat of his father Şir

Bacon. Charles Whitworth, and was educated at Tun- We have no perfect description of it, nor any knowbridve grammar-school. He early obtained a ledge how, or by whom, it is inhabited.

Abbot, commission in the guards; but, the example of his who first seduced him to that dire revolt ? ar.cestor appearing to point out diplomacy as a The infernal serpent.

Milton.

Job.

fortune.

He inclosed

WHOO'BUB, n. s. Hubbub. See HUBBK Knowledge of good and evil in this tree,

Had not the old man come in with a whoebub agang That whoso eats thereof forthwith attains

his daughter, and scared my choughs from the chall, I Wisdom.

Id. had not left a purse in the whole army. Shakspeare. We are still as much at a loss who civil power be- WHOOP, n. S., v. n., & v. a. See Hoop. A longs to.

shout of pursuit : to shout with malignity: insus Whosoever hath Christ for his friend, shall be sure of

with shouts. counsel ; and whosoever is his own friend, will be sure

Treason and murder ever kept together, to obey it.

South.

As two yoke devils sworn to either's purpose : Those darts whose points make gods adore

Working so grossly in a natural cause, His might, and deprecate his power. Prior.

That admiration did not uhoop at them. Shakspeare WHOLE, adj. & n. s. ) Sax. paly; Belgic Let them breathe awhile, and then WHOLE'SALE, n. s. & adj. | heel; Swedish hel; Cry whoop, and set them on again. Hudibres, Whole'sOME, adj. Gothic all, oll. All; While he trusts me, 'twere so base a part WHOLE'SOMELY, adv. total; containing all ; To fawn, and yet betray; I should be hissed WHOLESOMENESS, n. s. complete; uninjured;

And whooped in hell for that ingratitude. Dryden WHOLLY, adv.

sound; healthy; re WHORE, n. s., v. n., &v.a.). Sax. hor; Belg. stored to health : as a noun substantive, the totality; WHORE'DOM, n. s.

hoer; Dan. kore; the system : the adverb wholly corresponding: WHORE'MASTER,

| Goth. har; $ wholesale is sale in the mass; the whole mass : as WHORE'MONGER,

from hire. A an adjective, dealing in masses or large quantities : Wuore'son,

| hired woman; : wholesome is sound; healthy; contributing to health; Wuor'ish, adj.

J woman who con useful: the adverb and noun substantive corres- verses unlawfully with men; a strumpet: to bare ponding.

intercourse with prostitutes: corrupt with regard When they had done circumcising all the people, to chastity: whoredom is the state or sin of whores they abode in the camp till they were whole. Joshua. and their paramours: whoremaster and share

Ånguish is come upon me, because my life is yet monger, one who keeps or converses with prostiwhole in me.

2 Samuel. tutes : whoreson, a bastard : whorish, unchaste. Fear God, and keep his commandments, for this is

By means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a the whole of man.

Ecclesiastes.
The thrust was so strong, that he could not so wholly I

piece of bread.

Precerts beat it away, but that it met with his thigh, through

What is a whoremaster, fool ?-A fool in good cleaks, which it ran.

u Sidney.

Shaben and something like thee.

Whoreson, mad compound of majesty, welcome. 11. I cannot make you a wholesome answer : my wit's diseased.

Shakspeare,

To put out the word whore, thou dost me wo All the whole army stood agazed at him.

Throughout my book; troth, put out woman toe

Id.
Metals are wholly subterrany.

Ben Jonan.
Bacon.
This I my glory account,

Some let go whoredom as an indifferent matter, weet My exaltation, and my whole delight.

Milton.

yet strive for an holy-day as for their life. He Night not now, as ere man fell,

Art thou fully persuaded that no whoremonger m Wholesome, and cool, and mild ; but with black air

adulterer shall have any inheritance in the kingdon a Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom. Id.

God? and dost thou continue to practice these vices We made a standard of the healthfulness of the air,

Tillecer from the proportion of acute and epidemical diseases,

'Tis a noble general's prudent part, and of the wholesomeness of the food from that of the

To cherish valour, and reward desert :

e Let him be daubed with lace, live high, and where; chronical.

Graunt. Would'st thou be soon destroyed, and perish whole,

Sometimes be lousy, but be never poor. Dryden. Trust Maurus with thy life, and Milbourne with thy

If he were jealous, he might clíp his wife's wis

but what would this avail, when there were fucks e soul.

Dryden. By turns they quit their ground, by turns advance;

whoremasters perpetually hovering over his house! Victors and vanquished in the various field,

Have I whored your wife?

Congress Nor wholly overcome, nor wholly yield.

Id. At Tonson they shewed us a great fountain of water,

Frog was a sly whoreson, the reverse of John.

Arbutant. that is in great esteem for its wholesomeness ; weighing two ounces in a pound less than the same measure of

WHURT, n. s. Dan. hiort, hore. A whorte the lake,water.

Addison. berry; bilherry. These are wholesale chapmen to Satan, that do not For fruits, both wild, as whurts, strawberries, por truck and barter one crime for another, but take the and plums, though the meaner sort come short whole herd.

Government of the Tmgue. gentlemen step not far behind those of other parts. She held it wholesomer by much To rest a little on the couch.

Prior.

WHY, adv. Sax. hpi, fonhpi. For wat So the doctrine contained be but wholesome and edi- WHY'NOT. or which reason? interrogare! fying, a want of exactness in speaking may be over or relatively : whynot Johnson calls 'a cant ! looked.

Atterbury. for violent or peremptory procedure.' Begin with sense, of every art the soul,

· In every sin, men must not consider the unde Parts answering parts shall slide into a whole. Pope. ness thereof only, but the reason why it should be u There is a metaphysical whole, when the essence of a lawful.

Perbs thing is said to consist of two parts, the genus and the

You have not been a-bed then? difference, i. e. the general and the special nature, Why, no; the day had broke before we parted. which, being joined together, make up a definition.

Sheakspess
Watts. If her chill heart I cannot move,
The' Almighty power,
Why, I'll enjoy the very love.

Carlos Who feeds the faithful at his chosen hour,

I was dispaiched for their defence and guard. Consults not taste, but wholesomeness of food,

And listen why, for I will tell you now. Me Nor means to please their sense, but do them good. Capoched your rabbins of the synod,

Harte. And snapped their canons with a whynot. Hudl

Turn the discourse, I have a reason why

Then quick did dress
I would not have you speak so tenderly. Dryden. His halfe milke up for cheese, and in a presse
We examine the why, the what, and the how of Of wicker prest it.

Chapman. things.

L'Estrange. A foolish painter drew January sitting in a wicker WHYMEA Road, a road on the south-west chair, with four nightcaps on, by the fire; and without coast of the island of Attowai. Captain Vancouver coors green trees, a

doors green trees, as if it had been in the midst of July. says this bay is much confined in respect to safe

Peacham. anchorage ; for, although the Discovery's cables

WICK'ET, n. 8. Fr. guicket; Welsh wicked ; had not been injured by a foul bottom, yet the Belg. wicket. A small gate. Chatham, in March 1792, when anchored in thirty When none yielded, her unruly page fathoms water, at only a convenient distance to the

With his rude claws the wicket open rent, north-west of the Discovery, on a bottom of soft

And let her in.

Spenser. mud, had both her cables much fretted and damaged

These wickets of the soul are placed on high,

Because all sounds do lightly mount aloft. Davies. by the rocks at the bottom. WHYTT (Robert), M. D., F. R. S., &c., an

The chaffering with dissenters, and dodging about

this or the other ceremony, is like opening a few wickets. eminent Scottish physician of the last century, by which no more than one can get in at a time. educated at Edinburgh, where he was born in

Swift. 1714. After studying physic, at St. Andrew's, he

WICKHAM, a village of Hampshire, remarkable went to France for the completion of his education, for the elegant seats in its vicinity and the beauty and graduated in 1736 at Rheims. On his return of the surrounding scenery. Here was born the to Scotland he commenced practice, and rose to celebrated vrelate William Wayneflete, bishop of be professor of medicine in the university of Edin- Winchester, and bere the learned Dr. Wharton burgh, president of the College of Physicians, and closed the evening of his life first physician to the king in Scotland. Dr.

WICKLIFF (John), was born about 1324, in Whytt was the author of some able professional the parish of Wycliff, near Richmond, in Yorktracts, which he collected and published in one shire. He was educated at Oxford, first in Queen's quarto volume. His death took place in the spring and afterwards in Merton College, of which he was of 1766.

a fellow. Having acquired the reputation of a WICK, .. Sax. peoce ; Belg. wiecke. The man of great learning and abilities, in 1361 he was burning part of a torch or candle.

chosen master of Baliol Hall, and in 1365 constiBut true it is, that when the oil is spent

tuted warden of Canterbury College by the founder The light goes out, and wick is thrown away. Spenser. . archbishop Simon de Islip; but was, in 1367.

There lives within the very flame of love
A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it. Shakspeare.

ejected by the regulars, together with three secular Little atoms of oil or melted wax continually ascend

fellows. He thought their proceedings arbitrary, apace up the wick of a burning candle. 'Digby. and therefore appealed to the pope; but, instead

of obtaining redress, in 1370 the ejectment was WICK'ED, adj. Dr. Johnson says the WICK'EDLY, adv. etymology is very obscure,

confirmed. This disappointment doubtless con

firmed his enmity to the see of Rome; for he had WICK'EDNESS, n. s. ) and refers to Sax. picca,

di long before written against the pope's exactions an enchanter; pæccan, to oppress; pirian, to curse; pices, crooked, &c. These Skinner rejects for Lat.

and corruptions of religion. However his credit vitiutus. Mr. Thomson thinks it is a corruption of

in the university continued; for, having taken the Sax. ungod, un and god, and cites the Dan. ugud,

degree of D.D., he read public lectures with great

": applause; in which he frequently exposed the imbad. Given to vice; flagitious; morally bad; a baneful; accursed : the derivatives corresponding.

positions of the mendicant friars. About this time

he published a defence of his sovereign Edward The dwelling-place of the wicked shall come to nought.

7
Job.

III. against the pope, who had insisted on the hoThe wicked weed which there the fox did lay,

mage to which his predecessor king John had From underneath his head he took away. Spenser. agreed. This defence was the cause of Wicklift's

It is not good that children should know any wicked. introduction at court, and of his being sent one of ress ; old folks have discretion, and know the world. the ambassadors in 1374 to Bruges, where they

Shakspeare, met the pope's nuncios, to settle several ecclesiasAnd as the better spirit when she doth bear

tical matters relative to the pope's authority. In A scorn of death, doth shew she cannot die ;

the mean time Wickliff was presented by the king So when the wicked soul death's face doth fear,

to the rectory of Lutterworth in Leicestershire, and Even then she proves her own eternity. Davies.

in 1375 he obtained a prebend in the church of I would now send him where they all should see, Clear as the light, his heart shine ; where no man

Westbury in Gloucestershire. Wickliff continued Could be so wickedly or fondly stupid,

hitherto, without molestation, to oppose the papal But should cry out, he saw, touched, felt wickedness,

authority; but in 1377 a bull was sent over to the And grasped it.

Ben Jonson.

archbishop of Canterbury, and to Courtney, bishop He of their wicked ways shall them admonish.

of London, ordering them to secure this arch-beri

Millon. tic and lay him in irons; the pope also wrote to That thou mayest the better bring about

the king, requesting him to favor the bishops in rby wishes, thou art wickedly devout. Dryden. the prosecution; he also sent a bull to Oxford But, since thy veins paternal virtue fires,

commanding the university to give him up. Be Go and succeed? the rivals aims despise ;

fore these bulls reached England Edward III. was For never, never wicked man was wise. Pope. dead, and Wickliff, protected by John duke or

WICK'ER, adj. Dan. wigre, a twig; Swed. Lancaster, uncle to Richard II., favored by the vicka. Made of small sticks.

queen mother, and supported by the citizens of Each one a little wicker basket had,

London, eluded the persecution of pope Gregory Made of fine twigs entrailed curiously,

IX., who died in 1378. In 1379 this intrepid rein which they gathered flowers.

Spenser. former presented to parliament a severe paper

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