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fact to be decided on a subsequent trial; namely, A WARREN is a franchise, or place privileged whether the person apprehended thereupon be by prescription or grant from the king, for the guilty or not guilty. When a warrant is received keeping of beasts and fowls at the warren; which by the officer, he is bound to execute it, so far as are hares and coneys, partridges, pheasants, and some the jurisdiction of the magistrate and himself ex- add quails, woodcocks, water-fowl, &c. These being tends. A warrant from any of the justices of the feræ naturæ, every one had a natural right to kill as court of king's bench extends over all the king- he could : but upon the introduction of the forest dom, and is tested or dated England; but a war- laws at the Norman conquest, these animals being rant of a justice of the peace in one county, must looked upon as royal game, and the sole property of be backed, that is, signed by a justice of another our savage monarchs, this franchise of free-warren county, before it can be executed there. And a was invented to protect them, by giving the grantee warrant for apprehending an English or a Scottish a sole and exclusive power of killing such game, offender may be indorsed in the other kingdom, so far as his warren extended, on condition of his and the offender carried back to that part of the preventing other persons. A man therefore that united kingdom in which the offence was com- has the franchise of warren is in reality no more mitted

than a royal gamekeeper: but no man, not even a WARRANT OP ATTORNEY, in English law, an lord of a manor, could by common law justify authority and power given by a client to his attor- sporting on another's soil, or even on his own, ney to appear and plead for him; or to suffer judg- unless he had the liberty of free-warren. This ment to pass against him by confessing the action, franchise is almost fallen into disregard since the by nil dicit, non sum informatus, &c. And although new statutes for preserving the game; the name a warrant of attorney given by a man in custody to being now chiefly preserved in grounds that are confess a judgment, no attorney being present, is set apart for breeding hares and rabbits. There void as to the entry of a judgment, yet it may be a are many instances of keen sportsmen in ancient good warrant to appear and file common bail. A times, who have sold their estates, and reserved the warrant of attorney which warrants the action is of free-warren, or right of killing game, to themcourse put in by the attorneys for the plaintiff and selves: by which means it comes to pass that a defendant; so that it differs from a letter of attor- man and his heirs have sometimes free-warren over ney, which passes ordinarily under the hand and another's ground. A warren may lie open; and seal of him that makes it, and is made before wit- there is no necessity of enclosing it as there is of a nesses, &c. Though a warrant of attorney to suffer park. If any person offend in a free-warren, he a common recovery by the tenant is acknowledged is punishable by the common law. And by stat. before such persons as a commission for the doing 21 Edw. III., if any one enter wrongfully into any thereof directs. West's Symb. par. 2.

warren, and chase, take, or kill, any coneys without A warrant of attorney is not avoided against an the consent of the owner, he shall forfeit treble innocent party, even by an entire omission to com- damages, and suffer three months imprisonment, ply with the general rule. 14 East's Rep. 576. &c. By 22 and 23 Car. II., c. 25, when coneys Nor, consequently, by omitting to state in the de- are on the soil of the party, he hath a property in feasance a collateral security for the same debt. then by reason of the possession, and action lies Sanson v. Goode, Term Rep. K. B. Easter, 59 Geo. for killing them; but, if they run out of the warren III. 568. But the omission to indorse the de- and eat up a neighbour's corn, the owner of the feasance is cause of censure on the attorney who land may kill them, and no action will lie. proposes it.

WARREN (Sir Peter), admiral, was descended WARRA'Y, v.a. From war; or from old Fr. from an ancient family in Ireland. He served in guerroyer. To make war upon. Johnson says, the navy several years with great reputation ; but *A word very elegant and expressive, though ob- the transaction which placed his great abilities in solete.'

their full light was the taking of Louisburg in 1745, This continual, cruel, civil war,

when he was commodore of the British squadron. The which myself against myself do make,

The French, exasperated at this loss, were conWhilst my weak powers of passions warraid are, stantly on the watch to retake it; and in 1747 fitted No skill can stint, nor reason can aslake. Spenser. out a large fleet for that purpose, and, at the same Six years were run since first in martial guise

time, another squadron to prosecute their success The Christian lords warraid the eastern land. Fairfax. in the East Indies. These squadrons sailed at the

WARREE, or SAWUNT Warree, an extensive same time; but the views of the French were rendistrict of Hindostan, province of Bejapoor and dered abortive by the gallant Anson and sir Peter district of the Concan. It is situated between the Warren who had been created rear-admiral, and sea and the western Ghaut mountains, being about who fell in with the French, defeated the whole forty miles in length by twenty-five in breadth. fleet, and took the greatest part of the men of war. The country is rocky and unproductive; on which This was the last service sir Peter rendered to his account the inhabitants were formerly much ad- country as a commander in the British fleet, a dicted to piracy; and in old maps this tract is de- peace being concluded in 1748. He was then signated the Pirate Coast.

chosen one of the representatives in parliament WARREN, n. s. From ware. Belg. waerande ; for Westminster; and, in the midst of his populaGoth. and Swed. warn ; Fr. guerenne. A kind of rity, he paid a visit to Ireland, his native country, park or preserve for rabbits.

where he died of an inflammatory fever in 1752; I found him here. as melancholy as a lodge in and an elegant monument of marble was erected to warren.

Shakspeare. Much Ado about Nothing. his memory in Westminster Abbey. The coney convenes a whole warren, tells her story, WARREN (Charles), F.S.A., an eminent

WARREN (Charles), F. S. A., an eminent enand advises upon revenge.

L'Estrange: graver who first succeeded in engraving on steel. Men should set shares in their warrens, to catch pole. Dying suddenly of apoplexy, the gold medal awardcats and foxes.

Dryden's Spanish Fryar. ed him by the Society of Arts was presented by his royal highness the duke of Sussex to his brother, Desire of praise first broke the patriot's rest, in trust for his daughter. He died in the prime of And made a bulwark of the warriour's breast. Young. life April 21st, 1823.

WARSAW, a large city of Europe, the capital WARREN (sir J. Borlase), bart. G. C. B., admiral, of Poland, situated on the left bank of the Visiula. was descended from the ancient family of the Bor- The course of that river is from south to north ; its lases in Cornwall. From Winchester school he at depth here is less than that of the Thames at Lonan early age entered the naval service, but soon don, but its width somewhat greater. Warsaw is after availed himself of a temporary opportunity, an open town covering a great extent of ground, and entered himself of Emanuel College, Cam- the length of the town and suburbs being between bridge. On the breaking out of the French war he three and four miles, its breadth between two and was appointed to the Flora frigate, and received three, including large spaces occupied by gardens. the command of a squadron for the purpose of an- The population is said, before it lost (in 1795) its noying the coast of France. In 1794 he obtained character of capital of the whole of Poland, to have for his services the riband of the order of the Bath, exceeded 90,000. In the subsequent years of trouand the year following acted as commodore of the ble the population fell to 70,000; but since 1815, division which landed a body of emigrants in Quic when the peace of the country was consolidated, beron Bay. Having removed into the Canada and Warsaw again rendered the resort of a legislaseventy-four, he joined the Brest fleet under lord tive body, the population has been on the increase, Bridport, and being detached with a squadron The city, originally little better than an accumucame up on the 10th of October, 1798, off the lation of cottages, received considerable improvecoast of Ireland, with the Hoche, a French man-of-ments from its Saxon sovereigns. Still it is an war, and three frigates laden with troops. After a irregular place, exhibiting a singular contrast of smart engagement he succeeded in capturing the ostentation and poverty. whole squadron, and received the thanks of parlia- The town is divided into the Old and New, exment. Soon after he hoisted his flag as rear-ad- clusive of four suburbs, of which one, Praga, lies miral, whence he arrived in due course at the rank on the right bank of the Vistula. The old town of admiral of the white. On the conclusion of consists of one main street, with some smaller streets peace he went out as ambassador extraordinary to joining it on either side. It is miserably built, with Russia, a situation which the dispute with that the exception of a few public edifices. The New power respecting the island of Malta rendered of Town is less badly built, and extends along the considerable delicacy, and he appears to have con- banks of the Vistula, in a winding form, to the exducted himself with great prudence. He sat in tent of nearly three miles, including a number four parliaments, being returned in those of 1774 of gardens. It contains several churches, public and 1780 for the borough of Great Marlow, and in buildings, and barracks. The largest edifice is the those of 1796 and 1802 for that of Nottingham. palace of the viceroy. Its extensive garden forms He died February 27th, 1822, in the apartments of the only public walk of the place. The castle of sir R. Keats at Greenwich Hospital.

Warsaw is a large quadrangle, with halls where the WARRINGTON, a market-town and parish in two houses of parliament (the diet and senate) hold West Derby hundred, Lancashire, eleven miles their sittings. from Northwich, on the banks of the Mersey, which Praga is memorable for the assaults made on it separates it from Cheshire, eighteen miles east of in the autumn of 1794 by the Russian army under Liverpool, and 173 from London. Its manufac- Suwarrow; assaults too nearly resembling those tures are sailcloth, canvas, fustian, pins, glass, &c. on Ismail. Praga was on that occasion almost toThe church contains many ancient and handsome tally destroyed, and was long ere it rose from its monuments, and has a neat chapel of ease, conse- ruins. Now, however, it is rebuilding on a neat crated in 1760, and another chapel of ease in the and even elegant plan. Of the castles or mansions suburb, near the bridge. In the town are also a in the vicinity of Warsaw one of the most remarkRoman Catholic chapel, and several meeting-houses able is that which was once the residence of Sofor Dissenters; a well-endowed free-school, and bieski, and which is still remarked for its beautiful two good charity-schools, for educating and cloth- gardens. Two miles to the west of the town is the ing children of both sexes. It also has an academy village and field of Wola, the scene, in former ages, for the education of youth, particularly for trade of the assemblage of the national diet. and merchandise. Over the Mersey is a handsome Of the public establishments of Warsaw the stone bridge, near which anciently stood a priory principal are the offices of government, which, of Augustines. The river, by the aid of the tide, since 1815, have re-assumed a regal form. Towill admit small vessels to float up to the quays wards the end of 1816 there was established a near the town. Besides its manufactures of huck- university, consisting, like those of Germany, of abacks and coarse cloths, Warrington has long been classes in theology, law, philosophy, and several of noted for the excellence of its malt. It is not in the sciences, including political economy. Here corporated, but is governed by the justices of the are also schools for surgery and drawing, a lyceum peace, assisted by four constables. Here is a bank. or high school, a college for the sons of the CaMarket on Wednesday, noted for fish, provisions, tholic nobility, and a military academy. To these and all kinds of cattle, not inferior to the Leices- are to be added a society for the sciences generally, tershire breed.

and another for natural history and agriculture ; WARʻRIOR, n. s. From war. A soldier; a also a public library, and a collection of coins and military man.

medals. Warsaw has lost, in the wars of the last I came from Corinth,

and present century, several of its ornaments, in Brought to this town by that most famous warriour,

particular the public library which belonged to the Duke Menaphon. Shakspeare. Comedy of Errours. state, and was greatly injured in its conveyance, in I sing the warriour, and his mighty deeds.

1795, to St. Petersburgh. A collection of paintLauderdale. ings, formed by king Stanislaus, was also removed, The Vistula, here near the middle of its course, of 1721 or beginning of 1722. He was the eldest is navigable to a great extent upwards as well as son of the above, and born in Oxford. For many downwards. At some seasons, however, great in- years he was successively under and upper master convenience has been experienced from the extent of Winchester College, but resigned the last of of its inundations, and the shifting of sandbanks. these offices when he found the infirmities of age The middle of summer is the most favorable sea- coming upon him; and was succeeded by Dr. son; and during the interval that the channel is Goddard. He was likewise prebendary of the full, without overflow, it is computed that nearly cathedral church of Winchester and rector of Wick100 boats or barges, laden with the produce of the ham in Hampshire, where he died, aged seventycountry, namely, corn, spirits, and wine, are daily eight. His publications are few but valuable. A sent down its stream. It abounds in fish. Woollen small collection of poems, without a name, was the stuffs, soap, tobacco, gold and silver wire, are first of them, and contained the Ode to Fancy, made here; also carriages, harness, and, to a small which has been so much and so deservedly adextent, carpeting. Here are likewise several whole- mired. They were all afterwards printed in Bodssale mercantile houses, whose business is the im- ley's collection. He was also a considerable conport of articles for the supply of the interior, and tributor to the Adventurer, published by Dr. the export of Polish produce. Since 1817 two Hawkesworth ; and all the papers which contain great annual fairs have been established here, on criticisms on Shakspeare were written by him and the plan of those of Frankfort and Leipsic. They his brother Thomas. His last work, which he unare held in May and November, each during three dertook for the booksellers at a very advanced age, weeks. Warsaw is said to contain only six book- was an edition of Pope's works. sellers.

WARTON (Thomas), the brother of the preceding, It was in 1566 that the diet was transferred was born in 1728. He received the first part of hither from Cracow. In the war with the Swedes, his education at Winchester; and at the age of sixin the iniddle of the seventeenth century, Warsaw teen was entered a commoner of Trinity College, was occupied by the invaders, who made it (in Oxford, under Mr. Geering. He began his poetical 1655) the depot of the spoils collected in their career early. In 1745 he published five pastoral progress through the country. When Charles XII. eclogues, in which are beautifully described the advanced, at a subsequent date (1703), to Warsaw, miseries of war to which the shepherds of Germany it surrendered without opposition. The chief part were exposed. In 1749 appeared the Triumph of of last century passed without alarm; but in 1793 Isis. In 1751 he succeeded to a fellowship of his the Russian garrison that occupied it were expelled college. In 1753 appeared his observations on by the Poles, on receiving intelligence of the suc- the Fairy Queen of Spenser, in 8vo., a work which cess of Kosciusko near Cracow. That leader, when he corrected, enlarged, and republished, in 2 vols., obliged next year to change the scene of contest, crown 8vo., in 1762. In 1756 Mr. Warton was retreated on Warsaw, and defended it with success. elected professor of poetry, which office he held against the Prussians during the summer of 1794, for the usual term of ten years. His lectures were obliging them eventually to raise the siege. A remarkable for elegance of diction and justness of different fate awaited it on the arrival of Suwarrow. observation. One of them, on the subject of pasPraga being taken by assault, and delivered to pil. toral poetry, was afterwards prefixed to his edition lage, the capital submitted without opposition. On of Theocritus. In 1758 he assisted Dr. Johnson the final partition of Poland, in 1795, this part of in the subscription to his edition of Shakspeare, the country fell to the share of Prussia, and War- and furnished him with some valuable notes. From saw had no other rank than that of capital of a the Clarendon press, in 1766, be published Anthoprovince until the end of 1806, when the over- logiæ Græcæ, a Constantino Cephalâ conditæ, throw of the power of Prussia led to the formation, libri tres, 2 vols., 12mo. In 1770 he published, by Buonaparte, of the duchy of Warsaw. Of this from the academical press, his edition of Theocristate it continued the capital until the evacuation tus, in 2 vols., 8vo. In 1771 he was elected a of Poland by the French in January, 1813. Since fellow of the Antiquarian Society, and was pre1815 it has, in a manner, retained its character of sented by the earl of Lichfield to the living of Kida capital, being the residence of a viceroy of the dington in Oxfordshire, which he held till his death. emperor of Russia; also the place of meeting of He also in this year published an improved account the Polish parliament. 320 miles east of Berlin, of the Life of Sir Thomas Pope, founder of Trinity and 240 S. S. E. of Dantzic.

College, Oxford. The plan for a history of English WART, n.s. Sax. peart; Belg. werte; Goth. and poetry was laid by Pope, enlarged by Gray; but Swed. warta. A corneous excrescence on the to bring an original plan nearly to a completion flesh.

was reserved for the perseverance of Warton. In If thou prate of mountains, let them throw

1774 appeared his first volume; in 1778 the second Millions of acres on us, till our ground,

and third, which brings the narrative down to the Singeing his pate against the burning sun,

reign of Elizabeth in 1581. In 1777 he collected Make Ossa like a wart.

Shakspeare. Hamlet. his poems into an 8vo. volume, containing miscelLike vile stones lying in saffroned tin,

laneous pieces, odes, and sonnets. In vindication Or warts, or weals, it hangs upon her skin. Donne. of the opinion he had given in his second volume of

WART SUCCory, in botany. See LAPSANA. the History of Poetry, relative to the ingenious at

WARTON (Thomas), B.D., was fellow of Mag- tempt of Chatterton to impose upon the public, he dalen College, Oxford, and professor of poetry produced, in 1782, An Enquiry into the Authenfrom 1718 to 1728. He was appointed vicar of ticity of the Poems attributed to Rowley. In 1785 Basingstoke in Hampshire and Cobham in Surrey. he was appointed poet laureat, on the death of He published some tracts, but was excelled in Whitehead, and elected Camden professor of anfame by his sons.

cient history on the resignation of Dr. Scott. His last WARTON (Joseph), D.D., was born in the ená publication, except his official odes, consisted of

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Milton's smaller poems. A 4to. edition appeared now lighted with gas. It sends two members to in 1790, with corrections and additions. Until he parliament, who are chosen by the inhabitants payreached his sixty-second year he continued to enjoying scot and lot. Warwick was nearly destroyed vigorous and uninterrupted health, but at that age by fire in 1694, but, by the assistance of parliahe died in 1790.

ment and the generosity of the public, it was soon WARWICK, the county-town of Warwickshire, after rebuilt in the handsome manner in which it in Knightlow hundred, on the banks of the Avon, now appears. There is a mill on the river Avon, near the centre of the county, ninety-one miles north- one mile and a half from the town, for spinning west of London. In the vicinity of the market. cotton yarn; and here are extensive manufactories place are houses so large and well built as satisfac- for combing and spinning long wool, and other torily to prove the commercial respectability of the branches of the hosiery trade. The commercial place. The town-hall is a handsome building of prosperity of the town has been much increased by free-stone, supported by pillars, and the county- the canal. hall is a spacious and ornamental structure. The At Guy Cliff House is recorded to have stood market-house is a substantial stone building; the an hermitage, to which the renowned Guy, earl of county gaol is also an extensive and well-designed Warwick, retired after the many valorous exploits modern fabric, and the Bridewell is well adapted recorded of him in this part of the country. In the to its purposes. The different sects of Dissenters suburbs was a chantry erected to his memory by have places of worship in this town. Formerly it Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, in the reign of had six parish churches, but has now only two. St. Henry VI., with a statue to his memory. This Mary's is a noble Gothic structure; before the Re Guy is supposed to have flourished in the reign of formation it was collegiate, but at the dissolution Athelstan, and besides the many victories over draHenry VIII. gave it to the inhabitants as a place gons, wild boars, &c., is said to have decided the of worship. In the choir are several handsome brass fate of the kingdom, in single combat, with an monuments of the ancient earls of Warwick buried enormous giant that stood the champion of the there, and one of the earl of Essex, the unfortunate Danes, at Mem Hill, near the walls of Winchester, favorite of queen Elizabeth. In the entrance of where king Athelstan was besieged. Many curiothe middle aisle is a handsome marble font; on sities are still shown in the castle as belonging to the south side is a beautiful chapel dedicated to the hero. Here are annual horse-races, well atthe Virgin Mary. The church of St. Nicholas has tended. Market on Saturday. a lofty spire, the tower of which contains eight WARWICKSHIRE. This county at the time bells. In former times there were many religious of the Roman invasion was occupied by two dishouses in this town, but they were rather hospitals tinct tribes, whom the invaders denominated the than convents, and but poorly endowed. Here are Cornavii and the Wiccii, or Wigantes, or, accord. three charity-schools, an hospital for twelve de- ing to Tacitus, the Jugantes. During the Hepcayed gentlemen, one also for eight poor women, tarchy, Warwickshire was part of the kingdom of and two others for decayed tradesmen. Over the Mercia, and the Saxons gave it the name of We Avon is an elegant stone bridge of one arch, erected ringscyre, which signifies a station of soldiers, at the expense of the earl of Warwick.

Warwickshire is an inland county, situated near On the northern bank of the river stands the the centre of the kingdom, in a north-west direction castle, on the solid rock, 100 feet higher than the from London. It is bounded on the north-east by level of the Avon, but on the north side it is even Leicestershire; on the south-east by Northamptonwith the town, and has a charming prospect from shire and Oxfordshire; on the south and west by the terrace. Across the river, communicating with Gloucestershire; on the west by Worcestershire; the castle, there was a stone bridge of twelve arches, and on the north and west by Staffordshire; and, and, by a stone-work dam, the water forms a cas- according to Cary's map, lies between lat. 51° 57' cade under the castle walls. It is supposed to 30% and 52° 42' N., and between long. 1° 7' 30" have been originally built by Ethelfleda, queen of and 1° 56' 40" W. from the observatory at GreenMercia, in the tenth century. William the Con- wich. The greatest length of the county is fiftyqueror, considering the castle to be of great im- one miles and a quarter, from near Honey-bill in portance, enlarged it, and put it into complete the north to Rollewright-stones in the south : and repair, giving it to the custody of Henry de New- the greatest breadth from the eastern extremity of the bury, on whom he bestowed the earldom of War- county, about half a mile above the Northamptonwick. During the barons' wars it was nearly de- road, to the western extremity at Headley-cross, is molished by Gifford, governor of Kenilworth Castle, thirty six miles. The county contains, by Cary's map, but it was soon afterwards rebuilt. In the reign of 597,477} acres, at the calculation of eighty chains Richard II. Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, erected statute measure to a mile; and is justly considered a tower at the north-east corner, the walls of which to be one of the most fertile and valuable counties were ten feet thick. By James I. this castle was in the kingdom. Although the city and county of granted to sir Fulk Greville, who expended £20,000 Coventry is a distinct district from Warwickshire, in its reparation. In the reign of Charles II. yet, lying within the county of Warwick, it is proRobert, earl of Brooke, embellished the whole per to include them in this sketch. The city and building, and particularly fitted up the state apart- county of Coventry lies in a north-east direction ments. It is at present one of the noblest castles from Warwick, and is distant from it about ten remaining in England : the apartments are ele- miles and a quarter. It is bounded on every side gantly furnished, and adorned with many original by Warwickshire. The greatest length, from Bedpaintings. At one end is a lofty tower with a worth to a point near Baggington, in a north-east beautiful small chapel.

and south-west direction, is seven miles and a half; The town is incorporated under a mayor, recorder, and the greatest breadth, from Nettle-hill to Brownstwelve aldermen, and twenty-four common-council- bill-green, in the direction of Karesley-green, in men. In 1811 it was handsomely paved, and is about an east and west direction, is seven miles

and a quarter. The district contains in all about bold Revel, Newoham Padox, Wilby, Wibtoft 18,161 acres. The county of Warwick is included Withy brooke, Stretton Baskerville, Brinklow, in the midland circuit. It is divided into the four Combe, Old Lodge, Willenhall, Tinford, Bagginghundreds of Barlichway, Hemlingford, Kington, ton Hall, Baggington, Brook Bridge, Stoneleigh and Knightlow; the city and county of Coventry Park, Worsley Bridge, Finham Green, Canley, may be said to constitute a fifth hundred. It con- Fletchamsted Hall, Allesley Park, Alion Hall, tains one city, thirteen market-towns, 200 entire Upper Green, West Wood, Kenilworth, Pedfen, parishes, and nine demi-parishes.

Kenilworth Chase, Honily, Kenilworth Castle and The climate of this county is generally esteemed Town, and Leek Wooton, to Warwick, the soil is mild and healthy. The inhabitants seem to be mostly a red clay loam sand upon free-stone and stout and robust, and, excepting in cases where lime-stone, and is in several places on good sharp the nature of their employment is injurious to health, gravelly bottom. From Harbury Heath to Bishop's live to an advanced age. The most general winds Itchington, Old Itchington, Holmes House, Ladare from the south-west, and are usually accompa- brooke, Southam, Long Itchington, Stockton, nied with rain ; but not unfrequently the effects Townlow, Leamington Hastings, extending easterly of an easterly variation are felt to the middle of to the Oxford Canal, and across the Leame River to May; and it scarcely need be remarked that vege- Draycote and Bourton, the soil is a strong clay tation must, in consequence, suffer severely. War- loam on lime-stone rock. From Bourton to wickshire, upon the whole, however, is not to be Thurleston, Dunchurch, Cock Robin, Hill-Morton, considered as subject to any particular excess of Rugby, and Bilton, the soil is light sandy land, in damp or frost. The soil extending from Rolle- several places mixed with sharp gravel, well wright-stones, on the borders of Oxfordshire, to adapted for the turnip husbandry. From Rugby to Long Compton, Barton-on-the-heath, Fourshire Newbold-on-Avon, extending to Church-over and Stone, Woolford, Whichford, Weston, Cherington, Bensford Bridge, the soil is a rich clay loam on Burmington, Brails-hill, and Barcheston, is mostly lime-stone and marl. From Bensford Bridge, exa strong clay loam on lime-stone. Thence to tending along the borders of the county to HighBarrow-hill, New St. Dennis, Idlicote, Whalcott, cross, Leicester Grange, and Stretton Bockeville, is Halford, Pillerton-priors, Upper Eatington, Piller- a good strong clay soil. The city and county of ton-Hersey, Butler's-Marston, Foss-Bridge, Com- Coventry, mostly bounded by the Knightlow hunbrook, Frix-Hall, and Compton Verney, is stronger dred, is supposed to contain 18,162 acres. All clay on limestone rock; and so continues to near around the town, for a considerable distance, is a Walton House, and Warwick, and down to the very rich and deep sandy loam on marl and freeeast side of the Avon, by Barford, all the way to stone rock, most of which is in grass. The same Charlcott and Wellesbourn-Hastings. From Wal- kind of soil extends in a northerly, direction by ton to Kington, with little exception, the soil is a Karesley Green, Hall Hill and Newland Hall; in a very strong cold clay and poor. Descending the northerly direction by Stoke, Wyhen, Little Heath, hill to Kington, a vale of land appears to begin at Oxbury and Exhall Green, the soil is more interthe Brails-hill, and stretches along by Ox Hill, mixed with clay, and in several parishes strong Herd Hill, Kington, Owlington, Froghall, Warm- land. From Corley to Fillongley and Bedworth, ington, and Shotteswell, to Gaydon and Knight- is a red sand and clay loam, in several places very cote, by Southam, Stockton, Leamington-Hastings, poor. From Griff to Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Mount across the Leame River, to near Draycote. The soil Pleasant, Nuneaton, Nuneaton Fields, Weddington about Kington is a strong clay loam, and continues Hall, Caldecote, Witherley, Atherstone, Whitingthis quality to within a mile of Radway, where it ton, Green House, Waverton, Bramcote, Austray, alters to a rich clay loam, and so remains through and Newton-in-the-Thistles, to Honeyshill, SeckingMr. Millar's Park at Radway, to nearly the bottom ton, Shutlington, Amington Hall, Amington, Polsof the tower that is built at Ratley: there the soil worth, Wilnecote, Wigford, Baddesley, Ensor, and changes to a brown and light clay loam on lime Baxterley, is a strong clay loam on marl. At stone rock, which runs along this height to the bor- Merevale the soil alters to a white-colored sandy ders of Oxfordshire, for nearly a mile in breadth. clay on bastard iron-stone, extending in a southOn descending the height near Warmington, the easterly direction by Oldbury Hall, where the soil soil alters to a very rich clay loam, the surface all becomes very poor and barren. About Hunts in rich old grass, extending across to North End. Hall, Birchley Heath, Ridge Lane, and Baxterley Thence the soil changes to a blue clay on a dark blue Heath, there are many different kinds of soil, but lime-stone, which continues to a mile beyond Gay- all very poor. On descending from the high ridge don, where the soil again changes to a light-colored by Old Hall, Baxterley Hall, Baxterley, and Kingsclay on a light-colored lime-stone rock, until a near bury, the soil alters very much from a sandy loam approach to Harwoods House, where it changes to to a red clay and marl, and to a moorish white and a red clay loam. Within a short distance, in the yellow clay on clay and marl. On crossing the Colesdirection towards Warwick, you reach a sandy red hill River the soil alters to a light dry sharp gravel, loam, which extends to about four miles north of for about a mile, when it changes to a poor barren Coventry. The Knightlow hundred, supposed to white sandy moorish soil; lies low and wet, and contain 173,714 acres, extends from Guy's Cliff, in so continues north and south along the Birmingan easterly direction, to the borders of Northamp- ham Canal for a considerable way, and about two tonshire, and in a north-easterly direction to the miles in breadth. From the west side of Bodyborders of Leicestershire. A great proportion of moor to Middleton, Hunts Green, Ash End, Canthis district is in tillage. From the borders of this well Gate, Sutton, Moorhall, Sutton Coldfield, and hundred next Warwick to Leamington, Radford, Berwood Common, the soil varies much, and is in Whitnesh, Tachbrook-Mallory, to the Fossway, general very poor and moorish. On crossing the Offchurch, Hunningham Hill, Wappenbury, Rig. Tame, opposite Castle Bromwich, the poor barren ton, Woolston, Church Lawford, Essen Hill, New- moorish Tight soil gives way to a good red clay

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