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mand against withstanders; force, authority, and particulars; it takes in so many different parts; resistance, being the essential parts thereof.'-Ra- there are so many reflections necessary to be inade, leigh. Hostility; arms; the profession of arms : to so many circumstances and cases to be brought tomake war: 10 make war upon : warfare is the state gether; that it is only by a continual application, of war; military service: to lead to military life: grounded upon the love of his duty, and an incliwarlike, hostile; like war: war-worn, worn with war. nation to his profession, that any man can attain it.

He teacheth my hands to war. 2 Sam. xxii. To march an army in every sort of country,

This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, that whether open, woody, or mountainous; to know thou by them mightest war a good warfare.

how to form a cainp in all those countries, with

i Timothy i. 18. which the general must be thoroughly acquainted She using so strange, and yet so well succeeding a in order to do it with security; to make a proper temper, made her people by peace warlike. Sidney. disposition for a battle, whether with a view to ihe

And them long time before great Nimrod was, posture of the enemy, or to the situation of the The first the world with sword and fire warred. Spens.

country; to foresee events which depend in a man. Their gesture sad, Invest in lank lean cheeks and warworn coats,

ner upon chance; to be capable of making a good Presented them unto the gazing moon

etreat on proper occasions; to direct the forages So many horrid ghosts.


without fatiguing or exposing the troops; to send out Why should I war without the walls of Troy,

detachments with precaution; to conduct the conThat find snch cruel battle here within ?

Id. voys in safety; to know how to canton an army ; Old Siward with ten thousand warlike men,

to establish magazines in places both safe and All ready at appoint, was setting forth.

Id. within reach of the army, so that it shall never be On you noblest English.

in want of subsistence-these are the great ends of Whose blood is fetcht from fathers of war proof. Id.

the military science. It is commonly thought sufWhen a warlike state grows soft and effeminate, they ficient for a military man to know how to obey : may be sure of a war.


and it is also supposed that the success of a day He limited his forces to proceed in aid of the Britons,

ons, cannot be dubious, if a general joins the confidence but in no wise to war upon the French.

Id. That was the only amulet; in that credulous warfar

of the soldiers to personal courage, a cool head, ing age, to escape dangers in battles. Camden.

and the knowledge of the country. It is true that, To them the same was rendered, to the end,

in cases of perplexity, many generals have in a To war the Scot, and borders to defend. Daniel. great measure owed to their own capacity, and the On the' embattled ranks the waves return,

confidence their soldiers have reposed in them, the And overwhelm the war.


advantages they have gained over the enemy; and The great archangel from his warlike toil

confidence will always be reposed by the soldiers Surceased.

Id. in that general in whom they perceive coolness His next design

united with courage. Was all the Theban race in arms to join,

At the battle of Cannæ, when Gisco seemed to And war on Theseus. To the island of Delos, by being reckoned a sacred

in., be much astonished at the superiority of the

enemy's number, Hannibal answered him coolly, place, nations warring with one another resorted with their goods, and traded as in a neutral country.

• There is, Gisco, a thing still more surprising, of Arbuthnot.

which you take no notice.' Gisco asking him what O imprudent Gauls,

it was, “ It is,' replied Hannibal, . that in all that Relying on false hopes, thus to incense

great crowd, there is not one man whose name is The warlike English.

Philips. Gisco.' Plutarch observes, that this coolness of The Scripture has directed us to refer these miscar. Hannibal greatly animated the Carthaginians, who riages in our Christian warfare to the power of three could not imagine that their general would joke enemies.

Rogers. at so important a time, without being certain of War is a great evil; but it is often inevitable, overcoming his enemies. Although bravery and and often necessary. If he who first reduced courage are the most essential qualifications of a to rules the art of destroying his fellow creatures subordinate officer, yet he should not be deficient had no end in view but io gratify the passions of in those which are required in a general, and princes, he was a monster, whom it would have which have been already mentioned ; obedience been a duty to have smothered at his birth : but if to the orders delivered to him is no longer a virhis intention was the defence of persecuted virtue, tue than whilst he comprehends and knows the or the punishment of successful wickedness, to intention of them. War, says a celebrated author, curb ambition, or to oppose the unjust claims of is a business which, like all others, must be learned ; superior power, mankind ought to erect altars to it supposes some qualities to be born with us, his memory. War, in the last case, is the most ne- and demands others which are to be acquired: cessary and useful of all the sciences : the various but, since all these qualities must have the original kinds of knowledge which ought to furnish the source in genius, a man who proposes war for his mind of a soldier are not without great difficulty profession, should never engage in it without to be attained. Of most other sciences the princi- having consulted his natural bent, or without knowples are fixed, or at least they may be ascertained ing the particular turn and power of his mind. by the assistance of experience; there needs Ability, whether in a general or an officer, is the nothing but diligence to learn them, or a particular effect of his genius, quickened by a natural liking turn of mind to practise them. Philosophy, ma- to his business. A quick eye, which is of great thematics, architecture, and many others, are all importance to a soldier, is natural to some, and in founded upon invariable combinations and conclu- them it is the effect of genius; others acquire it sions. Every man, even of a narrow understand. by study or experience; he who knows how to ing, may remember rules, apply them properly, command himself, and has courage enough to and sometimes draw just consequences from them: keep himself cool on the most urgent occasions, but the science of war branches out into so many has the readiest and quickest eye. A quick, hotheaded man, however brave, sees nothing; or if termines success; with the latter the action is not he does, it is confusedly, and generally too late. so rapid, but the event is less doubtful. No man It is this quick eve which enables a general to is born a general, although he brings into the world judge of an advantageous post, of a manoeuvre to with him the seeds of those virtues which make a be made, and of a good disposition for the troops, great man : Cæsar, Spinola, Turenne, the greai whether with respect to that of the enemy, or to Condé, and some others, showed, even in their the situation and nature of the country. The quick earliest years, such qualities as ranked them above eye is no other than that penetrating genius which other men; they carried within them the principles lets nothing escape it. A general who knows how of those great virtues which they drew forti to to unite this quality with perpetual coolness never action by profound study, and which they brought is in want of expedients; he will see how these to perfection by practice : those who came after events, which to any other would be the presage them, with perhaps fewer natural talents, have by of his own defeat, may end in the overthrow of his study rendered themselves worthy of being comenemies. The choice of the general officers depends pared to them. ('æsar and all conquerors had this upon this genius, which discovers everything; advantage, that they were able to make their own they ought to be the right hand of the general, and opportunities, and always acted by their own choice. as capable of commanding the army as himself. A man may be a good general without being a Whatever good dispositions a general may make, Marlborough or a Turenne : such geniuses are they must prove ineflectual if not seconded by the scarcely seen once in an age; but the more they general officers under bus command; he cannot be are raised above the rest of mankind, the more they every where, neither can he foresee all exigencies ought to excite emulation. It is by endeavouring that may arise. He is obliged to give only general to surpass the intellects of the second rate: it is by orders; it is therefore the business of those who striving to equal the most sublime, that the imitacommand under him to know how to take the ad- tion of them is to be attained. This passion in a vantage of a wrong movement of the enemy; to soldier is neither pride nor presumption; it is take upon them to attack, or sustain the troops virtue : and it is by this only that he can hope to which are engaged ; and, as circumstances vary, be serviceable to the state, and add to the glory of to make them advance towards the enemy, either his king and country. Blow much soever the honor to keep him back or to attack him. But the quali- of commanding arinies may be sought after, it deties already mentioned would be useless, if order grades him who is not worthy of it; this rank, so and discipline were not severely observed: the much desired, borders on the two extremes of most numerous and best composed army would glory and ignominy. A military man who labors soon become little else than a body of rangers, who, to make himself capable of commanding is not to being only united by the hope of booty, would be blamed; his ambition is noble: by studying separate as soon as that motive ceased ; and, trust- the art of commanding he learns that of obeying ing each to his own head, or indulging his own and of executing. But it is astonishing in the humor, would be cut in pieces party by party : so highest degree to see soldiers thinking only of prethat if the general does not keep up subordination ferment, and neglecting the study of their business. (the soul and strength of discipline), his army will It is perhaps less surprising to see others, without be nothing more than a troop of Tartars acting having been tried, proposing to themselves to commore from the hope of plunder than the desire of mand in chief; because such attempts suppose in glory. What art and what genius are there not re- the projector an absurd temerity, founded ou a quisite to maintain this subordination? Too much profound ignorance of the talents he ought to have, severity disgusts the soldier, and renders him mu- and the virtues which he has not. Such boldness tinous; too much indulgence sinks bim into indo is the character of a man whose mind is too narrow lence, and makes him neglect his duty ; licentious- to perceive his danger. We should rather approve ness causes that subordination to seem burdensome, the timidity that suffers itself to be dejected by which should never in any degree be given up: he terror, since it shows at least that he knows to wliat loses that respect, and often that confidence, which hazards he is exposed ; both one and the other are he should have with regard to his officer: and in- blameable: modesty is the only proper quality of dulgence ofien makes a well disciplined body be- a soldier; it gives splendor to virtue, it argues diicome a set of sluggards, who march against their fidence of himself, and desire of arriving at perfecwill, and who, on the most pressing emergencies, tion. The title of general would be less tempting think only on their own safety. Besides these if proper attention was paid to the qualities it requalities, which are essential to a general, and quires, and the duties it imposes; it would then which all who would attain that rank ought of appear a very honorable but painful burden. The course to have, there are still many others necessary most firm and intrepid genius might be discouraged to make a great man. A general who would merit merely by thinking that on the conduct of a general the title of a hero, ought to unite in himself all depends the fate of the state, the glory of his civil, military, and political excellence. It is by prince's arms, his own reputation, and the lives of This that he will make war with success : nothing his soldiers. But yet the reward that follows such will escape him; he will know without difficulty the irksome labors ought to animate men to undertake genius of every country, and of the nations which them. Obstacles, however numerous they may be, compose the enemy's army, the abilities of the are not insurmountable, since so many great men generals who command, and the nature of the have got the better of them : difficulties should stir iroops under them; he knows that he may venture up a soldier's emulation, but should never terrify a motion with some troops that he would not dare him; he should endeavour 10 copy such greai orito attempt with others that are equally brave. One ginals, though he should not be able to equal then. viation is vehement, fiery, and formidable on the From these observations on the difficulty of acquiring first onset; another is not so hasty, but of more a sufficient degree of skill in this important science. perseverance : with the former, a single instant de- our readers, we suppose, will agree with us, that it War


I with France


War with

Spain, 1588.

Peace with

ditto, 1118.

would be to little purpose, and tend nothing either

Peace with s France, April 2d, 1559. to the instruction or edification, either of our mili

with Scotland, 1560. tary or learned readers, were we to presume to lay down a system of rules for military operations to Peace De followed by a general. The circumstances of War with Scotland, 1570. ame, place, and opportunity of advantage, that occur in one campaign, are so various and often Peace with Spain, August 18th, 1604. opposite to those that occur in any other, that

War with Spain, 1624. measures very proper in one case might occasion

France, 1627. the capture or destruction of a whole army in an Peace with Spain and France, April 14th, 1629. other.' We will not, therefore, attempt to lay down

War civil, 1642. any rules upon the subject, as the most courageous war with the Dutch, 1651. and best experienced generals must always act Peace with the Dutch, April 5th, 1654. according to the contingent circumstances that War with Spain, 1655. occur in the countries through which they lead their Peace with Spain, September 10th, 1660. armies.

War with We are unable, by want of space, to attempt

France, January 26th, 1666.

" Denmark, October 19th, 1666. to treat in this place of the art of war-an Peace with the French, Danes, and Dutch, Auarticle to that effect, to be of any service, should gust 24th, 1667. rather occupy a volume than a few pages. But we Peace with Spain, February 13th, 1668. present a connected view of the periods and dura War with the Algerines, September 6th, 1669. tions of the most remarkable wars in which this Peace with ditto, November 19th, 1671. country has been engaged since the war with Scot War with the Dutch, March 1672. land, 1068.

Peace with ditto, February 28th, 1674.
Scotland, 1113.

War with France, May 7th, 1689.
Peace with France, 1113.

Peace, general, of Rhyswick, September 20th, War with France, 1116.


War with France, May 4th, 1702.
Scotland, 1139.

Peace of Utrecht, March 13th, 1713.
War with France, 1161.

War with Spain, December 1718. Peace with ditto, 1186.

Peace with ditto, 1721. War again with France, with success, 1194.

(Spain, 1739. Peace with ditto, 1195.

War with

France, March 31st, 1744. (renewed, 1215-ended, 1216.

France, 1756. with France, 1224-ended, 1234.

(Spain, January 4th, 1762. Civil war < 1262-ended, 1267.

Peace with France and Spain, February 10th, with France, 1294.

1763. with Scotland, 1296.

War with the Caribbs of St. Vincent in 1773. Peace with France, 1299.

(civil, in America, commenced July 14th, with Scotland, 1323.

1774. again with Scotland, 1327.

War<with France, February 6th, 1778. war ended, 1328.

with Spain, April 17th, 1780. again with Scotland, 1333.

(with Holland, 1780. (with France, 1339.

(France, Peace with France, May 8th, 1360.

eace with ( with France, 1368.

Holland, (

d. September 30, 1783. War civil, 1400.

(America, (with Scotland, 1400.

War with France by the English, Prussians, Peace with France, May 31st, 1420.

Austrians, and other German powers, in 1793. (with France, 1422.

Peace between Prussia and the French RepubWar civil, between York and Lancaster. lic, 1795. ( 1452.

Peace between Spain and the French Republic, Peace with France, October, 1471.


Peace between the French and the Sardinians in 4 with France, October 6th, 1492.

1796. Da with ditto, November 3d, 1492.

Peace between the French and the Austrians in { with Scotland, 1502.

1797. was with France, February 4th, 1512.

War between the British and Tippoo Saib, in ar with Scotland, 1513.

India, in 1797. Peace with France, August 7th, 1514.

War with the French republic by the Austrians, W eh dilto, 1522.

Russians, Neapolitans, &c., 1798.

War with the Turks, and the invasion of Egypt,

in 1798. Scotland, 1542.

Peace between the French and the Russians in War with Scotland directly after.

1799. Peace with France and Scotland, June 7th, 1546. Peace between the French and Austrians in 1800. War with Scotland, 1547.

Preliminaries of peace commenced between the " France, 1549.

French and the Ottoman empire in consequence Peace with both, March 6th, 1550.

of the reduction of Egypt by the British forces in (civil, 1553.

1801. War with France, June 7th, 1557.

Preliminaries of peace between France and Great ( with Scotland, 1557.

Britain, &c., 1801.

War S civil, 1486.

War with

Scotland, 1522.

Peace with

France, 1527.

Peace between France and England, 1802. native place, and was for a very short time under War with France, 1803; terminated in June 1815. the care of that learned and respectable relation. WARADEIN, GREAT, or Nagy Varad, a forti- In April that year he was put out clerk to Mr. Kirke, ied town of Hungary, on the Koresch, the see of a an eminent attorney of Great Markham in Notting. Catholic archbishop, and a Greek bishop. The en- hamsinire; and continued with that gentleman till virons being marshy, the air is thick and forty. 1719. He then returned to his family at Newark. The cathedral, after lying many years in ruins, was He had always expressed a strong inclination to rebuilt in 1778, on an elegant plan, and the arch- take orders ; and on the 22d of December 1723 bishop's palace is a beautiful edifice. Here are he was ordained deacon, and priest March 1st, several Catholic convents and schools. The popu- 17:27. In 17:28 he was presented by Sir Robert lation of the town are employed partly in manufac- Sutton to the rectory of Brand Broughton; where tures and trade. At a little distance is New Wa- he wrote all the great works which will carry his rasdin, properly a suburb of the place we are fame down to posterity. In 1736 he published describing; and in the neighbourhood are four The Alliance between Church and State ; or the warm mineral springs. In the Turkish wars in Necessity and Equity of an Established Religion Ilungary this was an important military post, which and a Test Law ; demonstrated from the Essence was several times taken. Population 7000. Thirty- and End of Civil Society, upon the Fundamental five miles S.S. E. of Debreczin, and 132 east by Principles of the Law of Nature and Nations. south of Pest.

In 1739 he published the first volume of The DiMARASDIN, a county of the Austrian states, vine Legation of Moses demonstrated on the Prinin Croatia, having Styria and Illyria on the west, ciples of a Religious Deist, from the Omission of and the county of Agram on the east. Its area is the Doctrine of a Future State of Rewards and about 720 square miles ; its population, about Punishments in the Jewish Dispensation. In 1737 134,000, partly Catholics and partly of the Greek an intermitting fever had nearly proved fatal to Church. The river Drave forms the northern bim, but it was relieved by a plentiful use of the boundary

bark. Mr. Warburton's merit had now attracted WARASDEX, THE GENERALATE OF, a district of ihe notice of the heir apparent, in whose service Croatia, adjoining to Sclavonia, and separated from we find him in 1738, when he published Faith Hungary only by the Drave. More extensive, but working by Charity to Christian Edification, a serless populous, than the county of the same name, mon. His next work was A l'indication of Mr. this district contains 1440 square miles, with only Pope's Essay on Man, by the author of the Divine 108,000 inhabitants. The capital is a town of this Legation. Towards the end of 1739 Mr. Warname. Thirty-eight miles N. N. E. of Agram, and burton published a new and improved edition of 132 south of Vienna.

the first volume of the Divine Legation; and in WARBECK (Peter, or Perkin), a pretender to May, 1741, appeared the second part, which comthe crown of England under Henry VII. See pleted the argument, though not the entire plan of ENGLAND.

the work. In summer 1741 Mr. Pope and Mr. WARBLE, v.1. & v. n.) Old Teut. werben, Warburton, in a country ramble, took' Oxford in WARBLER, 11. 5.

of barb. Latin vibrillo, their way. The university was naturally pleased from vibro. To quaver any sound; cause to quaver: at the arrival of two such strangers, and seemed to be quavered; to sing: a warbler is a singer; one desirous of enrolling their names among their grathat warbles.

duates. The degree of D. D. was intended for A plaining song plain singing voice requires, the divine, and that of LL. D. for the poet: but For uurblmg notes from inward cheering tlow, Sidney. intrigue and envy defeated this scheme, to the

There birds resort, and in their kind thy praise eternal disgrace of the university. After this Mr. Among the branches chant in warbling lays. N'otton. Pope introduced and warmly recommended Mr. Forintains, and ye that warble as ye flow

Warburton to most of his friends, and among Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. Milton.

others to Mr. Murray, afterwards earl of VansShe can thaw the numbing spell,

field, and Ralph Allen, esq., of Prior Park. In If she be right invoked with warbled song. Such strains ne'er warble in the linnet's throat. Gay.

consequence of this he was at Bath in 1742; where Hark! on every bough,

he printed a sermon preached at the abbey church In lulling strains, the feathered warblers woo. Tickell. on the 24th of October, for the benefit of Mr. AlWhilst warbling to the varied strain advance

len's favorite charity, the General Hospital or InTwo sprightly youths to form the bounding dance. firmary. In this year also he printed a Disserta

Pope. tion on the origin of books of chivalry, at the end WARBURTON (William), bishop of Glouces- of Javis's Preface to a translation of Don Quixote. ter, who has been justly styled vir magnus, acer, In 1742 Mr. Warburton published A Critical and memorabilis, was descended from an ancient and Philosophical Commentary on Mr. Pope's Essay considerable family in Cheshire. Ilis grandfather on Man. In which is contained a l'indication of distinguished himself in the civil wars of the seven- the said Essay from the misrepresentation of M. de teenth century, in the royal party. He had three Resnal, the French Translator, and of M. de Crousons; the second of whom, George, being bred to saz, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics in the law, practised as an attorney at Newark in that the Academy of Lausanne, the Commentator. At county. "William, the subject of this memoir, and this period, when Mr. Warburton had the entire the second son of Mr. George Warburton, was confidence of Mr. Pope, he advised him to com born at Newark, December 24th, 1698. He was plete the Dunciad, and add to it a fourth book. first put to school there under a Mr. Twells, but This was accordingly executed in 1742, and pubhad the chief part of his education at Okeham in lished early in 1743, with notes by our author; Rutlandshire, where he continued till the begin- who, in consequence of it, received his share of ning of 1714, when, bis cousin being made head the abuse which Mr. Cibber liberally bestowed on maste: of the school at Newark, he returned to his both Mr. Pope and his annotator. In the end of

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the same year he published complete editions of the Thanksgiving appointed to be observed the the Essay on Man, and The Essay of Criticism; 9th of October, for the Suppression of the late and, from the specimen which he there exhibited unnatural Rebellion. In 1747 appeared his ediof his abilities, it may be presumed Mr. Pope de- tion of Shakspeare, and his Preface to Clarissa ; termined to commit the publication of those works and in the same year he published 1. A Letter which he should leave to Mr. Warburton's care. from an Author to a member of Parliament conAt Mr. Pope's desire, he about this time revised cerning Literary Property. 2. Preface to Mrs. and corrected the Essay on Homer, as it now stands Cockburn's Remarks upon the Principles and in the last edition of that translation. The publi- Reasonings of Dr. Rutherford's Essay on the Nacation of The Dunciad was the last service which ture and Obligations of Virtue, &c. 3. Preface our author rendered Mr. Pope in his life time. to a Critical Inquiry into the Opinions and PracAfter a lingering and tedious illness, the event of tice of the ancient Philosophers, concerning the which had been long foreseen, this great poet died Nature of a Future State, and the method of teachon the 30th of May 1744; and by his will, dated ing by double Doctrine (by Mr. Towne), 1747, the 12th of December, bequeathed to Mr. War- second edition. In 1748 a third edition of The burton one half of his library, and the property Alliance, corrected and enlarged. About this time of all such of his works already printed as he had the publication of Dr. Middleton's Enquiry connot otherwise disposed of or alienated. In 1744 cerning the miraculous Powers of the Christian Mr. Warburton turned his attention to the several Church, gave rise to a controversy, which was attacks which had been made on the Divine Lega- managed with great warmth and asperity on both tion, and defended himself in a manner which, if sides, and not much to the credit of either party. it did not prove him to be possessed of much hu- On this occasion Mr. Warburton published an exmility or diffidence, at least demonstrated that he cellent performance, written with a high degree of knew how to wield the weapons of controversy candor and temper. The title of it was Julian; with the hand of a master. His first defence pow or a Discourse concerning the Earthquake and appeared under the title of Remarks on several fiery eruption which defeated that emperor's atOccasional Reflections, in Answer to the Rev. Dr. tenipt to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem, 1750. Middleton, Dr. Pococke, the Master of the Char. A second edition of this discourse, with Additions, ter House, Dr. Richard Grey, and others; serving appeared in 1751, in which year he gave the public to explain and justify divers Passages in the Divine his edition of Mr. Pope's Works, with Noies, ir. Legation, objected to by those learned writers. 9 vols. 8vo.; and in the same year printed An To which is added A General Review of the Ar- Answer to a Letter to Dr. Middleton, inserted in gument of the Divine Legation, as far as it is yet a Pamphlet entitled, the Argument of the Divine advanced; wherein is considered the Relation the Legation fairly stated, &c.; and An Account of several Parts bear to each other and the whole: the Prophecies of Arise Evans, the Welsh Prophet with an Appendix in answer to a late Pamphlet in the last Century, annexed to the first volume of entitled, An Examination of Mr. W— 's second Dr. Jortin's Remarks on Ecclesiastical History, Proposition. This was followed next year by Re- In 1752 he published the first volume of his sermarks on several Occasional Reflections, in An- mons, preached at Lincoln's Inn, entitled The swer to the Rev. Doctors Stebbing and Sykes; Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion, ocserving to explain and justify the Two Disserta- casionally opened and explained; and this, in 1754, tions in the Divine Legation, concerning the com- was followed by a second. His next work was A mand to Abraham to offer up his Son, and the View of Lord Bolingbroke's Philosophy. In SepNature of the Jewish Theocracy, objected to by tember 1754 he was appointed one of his majesty's these learned writers. Part II. and last. Both chaplains, and in the next year was presented to these answers are couched in those high terms of a prebend in the cathedral of Durham About confident superiority which marked peculiarly al- this time the degree of D. D. was conferred on most every performance that fell from his pen dur. him by Dr. Herring, archbishop of Canterbury. ing the remainder of his life. On the 5th of Sep- A new impression of The Divine Legation being tember, 1745, he married Miss Tucker, who sur. now called for, he printed a fourth edition of the vived him, and married Mr. Stafford Smith, of first part of it, with a dedication to the earl of Prior Park. At that important crisis our autnor Hardwicke. The same year appeared A Sermon preached and published three seasonable sermons: preached before Charles Duke of Marlborough, 1. A Faithful Portrait of Popery, by which it is President, and the Governors of the Hospital for seen to be the reverse of Christianity, as it is the che Small-pox and for Innoculation, at the Parish Destruction of Morality, Piety, and Civil Liberty. church of St. Andrew, Holborn, April 24th, 1755. Preached at St. James's, Westminster, October And in 1756 Natural and Civil Events the Instru1745. 2. A Sermon occasioned by the present un- ments of God's Moral Government; a Serinon on natural Rebellion, preached in Mr. Allen's Chapel, the Fast-day, at Lincoln's Inn Chapel. In 1757 at Prior Park, near Bath, &c., November 1745. Dr. Warburton meeting with Mr. Hume's tract 3. The Nature of National Offences truly stated. entitled, The Natural History of Religion, filled Preached on the General Fast-day, December 18th, the margin of the book, and some interleaved slips 1745—6. On account of the last of these ser- of paper, with many severe and shrewd remarks mons, he was again involved in a controversy with on the infidelity and naturalism of the author. his former antagonist Dr. Stebbing, which occa- These he put into the hands of his friend Dr. Hurd, sioned An Apologetical Dedication to the Rev. who, making a few alterations of the style, added Dr. Henry Stebbing, in Answer to his Censure and a short introduction and conclusion, and published Misrepresentations of the Sermon preached on the them in a pamphlet entitled, Remarks on Mr. General Fast, &c. In 1746 he was called by the David Hume's Natural History of Religion, by a Society of Lincoln's Inn to be their preacher. In Gentleman of Cambridge, in a Letter to the Rev. November he published A Sermon preached on Dr. Warburton. Towards the end of 1757 Dr.

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