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Unopposed they either lose their force,

when war was again declared in 1803, and the deOr wind in volumes to their former course. Dryden. termination of Buonaparte to invade this island

I shall not now enlarge on the wrong judgments was announced, the inhabitants rose as one man ; whereby men mislead themselves. This would make a and ministers spoke of nearly 500,000 volunteers volume.


ke. being in arms. The most severe reader makes allowances for many "

VOLUPTUOUS, adj. rests and nodding-places in a voluminous writer. Spect.

Fr. voluptueur; Lat. I

VOLUPTUARY, R. s. The controversies are hotly managed by the divided

(voluptuosus. Given to schools, and voluminously every where handled. Gran.

VOLUPTUOUSLY, adv. (excess of pleasure; luxVOLUMNIA, the wife of Coriolanus.

VOLUPTUOUSNESS, n. s. ) urious: the adverb and

noun substantive corresponding : a voluptuary is a VOLUMNIUS, an Etrurian, who wrote tra

man devoted to pleasure and luxury. gedies.

VOLUMNIUS, a friend of M. Brutus, who was He them deceives ; deceived in his deceit ; with him when he killed himself, and wrote the Made drunk with drugs of dear voluptuous receipt. particulars : quoted by Plutarch.

Spenser. VOL'UNTARY, adj & n. s. Fr. volontaire ;

Had I a dozen sons, I had rather eleven died nobly VOL'UNTARILY, adv. Latin voluntarius.

for their country, than one voluptuously surfeit out of

action. Acting without compulsion; by choice, or willing;


Here, where still evening is not noon nor night; purposed ; done by design: a volunteer ; a piece Where no voluptuousness, yet all delight. Donne. of music played at will: the adverb corresponding.

You may be free, unless To be agents voluntarily in our own destruction, is Your other lord forbids, voluptuousness, Dryden. against God and nature.

Hooker. Does not the voluptuary understand, in all the liberGod did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary ties of a loose and a lewd conversation, that he runs the agent; intending before-hand, and decreeing with risk of body and soul ?

L'Estrange. himself, that which did outwardly proceed from him.

VOLUSIANUS, a Roman emperor, associated The lottery of my destiny

by his father Gallus, and murdered along with him. Bars me the right of voluntary chusing. Shakspeare. See Rome. All the unsettled humours of the land;

VOLUSIUS, a poet of Patavia, who wrote the Rash, inconsiderate, fiery voluntaries.

Id. Annals of Rome in verse. Aids came in partly upon missives, and partly volun. VOLUTA, in natural history, a genus of anitaries from all parts.

Bacon. mals belonging to the class and order of vermes Whistling winds like organs played,

testacea. There are 144 species. The animals are Until their voluntaries made

of the slug kind; the shell is unilocular and spiral; The wakened earth in odours rise, To be her morning sacrifice.


the aperture narrow and without a beak; the colu

mella plaited. Thoughts which voluntary move Harmonious numbers.


Milcom VOLUTE', n.s. Fr. volute. An architectural Voluntary forbearance denotes the forbearance of an member of a column. action, consequent to an order of the mind. Locke. It is said there is an Ionick pillar in the Santa Maria

By a coluntary before the first lesson, we are pre- Transtevere, where the marks of the compass are still pared for admission of those divine truths, which we to be seen on the volute ; and that Palladio learnt are shortly to receive.

Spectator. from thence the working of that difficult problem. VOLUNTARY, in music, a piece played by a mu

Addison. sician extempore, according to his fancy. This is VOM'ICA, n. s. Latin vomica. An encysted often used before he begins to set himself to play tumor on the lungs. any particular composition, to try the instrument, If the ulcer is not broke, it is commonly called a and to lead him into the key of the piece he in- comica, attended with the same symptoms as an empytends to perform.

ema : because the comica, communicating with the vesVOLUNTEER, 1. s. & v. n. Fr. volontaire. sels of the lungs, must necessarily void some of the A soldier, who enters into the service of his own putrid matter, and taiot the blood. Arbuthnot. accord: to go voluntarily for a soldier.

VOM'IT, v. n., v.a., & Latin vomo, vomito. To Leave off these wagers, for in conscience speaking,

Vomi'TION, n.s. [n. s. cast up the contents of the The city needs not your new tricks for breaking :

VOM'ITIVE, adj. And if you gallants lose, to all appearing,

stomach : throw up from You'll want an equipage for volunteering. Dryden.

the stomach; or with Congreve, and the author of the Relapse, being the violence: the matter thrown up; a medicine that principals in the dispute, I satisfy them; as for the causes vomiting: vomition is the act or power of volunteers, they will find themselves affected with the vomiting: vomitive and vomitory, causing vomits; misfortune of their friends.

Collier. emetic. VOLUNTEERS, persons who, either for the service The fish vomited out Jonah upon the dry land. of their prince, or out of the esteem they have for

Jonah i. their general, serve in the army without being en- He shall cast up the wealth by him devoured, listed, to gain honor and preferment, by exposing Like vomit from his yawning entrails poured. Sandys. themselves in the service. Such are the volunteers

As though some world unknown, who have been long known in the army: but the By pampered nature's store too prodigally fed, present age has witnessed whole regiments of vo. And surfeiting therewith, her surcrease vomited. lunteers arming themselves for a still more laud.

Drayton. able purpose. In 1794 large bodies of citizens in

Since regulus of stibium, or glass of antimony, will

communicate to water or wine a purging or vomitary the different cities and towns of Great Britain

1 operation, yet the body itself, after iterated infusions, formed themselves into regiments for the preserva- abates not virtue or weight. Browne's Vulgar Errouts. tion of internal peace, and the defence of their From this vitriolous quality, mercurius dulcis, and country from foreign attack. At the peace, in 1801, vitriol vomitive, occasion black'injections. Id. ibey mostly laid down their military habits; but, How many have saved their lives, by spewing up


their debauch! Whereas, if the stomach had wanted VORMAR (Isaac), a learned German, who was the faculty of vomition, they had inevitably died. employed as an imperial plenipotentiary in nego

Grew's Cosinology. ciating the peace of Westphalia. He wrote MeThis vomit may be repeated often, if it be found suc- moirs of Public Affairs, and died in 1662. cessful.


VORONEZ, a province and town of the inteVOMITING. That internal sensation which an- rior of European Russia, bounded on the east by nounces the necessity of vomiting is called nausea; the country of the Don Cossacks, and lying beit consists of a general uneasiness, with a feeling tween lat. 48° and 54° N. its area is 31,000 square of dizziness in the bead, or in the epigastric region : mules; but its population hardly amounts to the lower lip trembles, and the saliva flows in 300,000. abundance. 'Instantly, and involuntarily, convul- VOR'TEX, n. s. Lat. vorter. In the plural sive contractions of the abdominal muscles, and at lor'tical, adj. ( voruices. Any thing whired the same time of the diaphragm, succeed to this state; round : having a whirling motion. the first are not very intense, but those that follow

Conflicting passions, loud, impetuous, strong, are more so; they at last become such, that the

Wrapt in their voter, hurry him along;

11 matters contained in the stomach surmount the re- And luckily one striking feature caught, sistance of the cardia, and are thus darted, as it semblance stamps, though charged with many a fault. were, into the esophagus and mouth; the same

White's Poems. effect is produced many times in succession; it If many contiguous vortices of molten pitch were each ceases for a time, and begins again after some in- of them as large as those which some suppose to reterval. At the instant that the matters driven from volve about the sun and fixed stars, yet these, and all the stomach traverse the pharynx and the mouth, their parts, would by their tenacity and stiffness comthe glottis shuts, the velum of the palate rises, and

municate their motion to one another. Vexton. becomes horizcntal, as in deglutition ; nevertheless, li is not a magnetical power, nor the effect of a rotevery time that one vomits, a certain quantity of tical motion ; those common attempts towards the exliquid is introduced either into the larynx, or the plication of gravity

Bentley's Sermons. nasal canals.

VORTEX, in meteorology, a whirlwind, or sudden, Vomiting was long believed to depend upon the rapid, and violent motion of the air in gyres or rapid convulsive contraction of the stomach; but circles. Vortex is also used for an eddy or whirlit has been shown, by a series of experiments, that pool; or a body of water in certain seas or rivers, in the process, this viscus is nearly passive; and which run rapidly around, forming a sort of cavity that the true agents of vomiting are, on the one in the middle. hand, the diaphragm, and, on the other, the large Vortex, in the Cartesian philosophy, is a sysabdominal muscles. In the ordinary state, the dia- tem or collection of particles of matter moving the phragm and the muscles of the abdomen co-operate same way, and round the same axis. in vomiting; but each of them can, nevertheless, The VORTICES or Des CARTES are now justly produce it separately. Thus, an animal still vo- exploded ; but, being the fiction of a very superior mits, though the diaphragm has been rendered mind, they are still an object of curiosity, as being immoveable by cutting the diaphragmatic nerves; the foundation of a great philosophical romance. it vomits the same, though the whole abdominal According to him, the whole of infinite space was muscles have been taken away by the knife, with full of matter; for he said matter and extension the precaution of leaving the linea alba and the were the same, and consequently there could be no peritoneum untouched.

void. This immensity of matter he supposed to VOPISCUS (Flavius), a Roman historian who be divided into an infinite number of very small flourished about A. D. 303, and wrote the lives of cubes; all of which, being whirled about upon the emperors Aurelian, Tacitus, Florianns, Probus, their own centres, necessarily gave occasion to the Firmus, Carus, Carinus, &c. He is one of the six production of two different elements. The first historians whose works are evant, and printed consisted of those angular parts which, having been under the title of Historia Augusta Scriptores; necessarily rubbed off, and grinded yet smaller by but he excels the rest in elegance.

their mutual friction, constituted the most subtle VORACIOUS, adj.) Fr. vorace ; Lat, vorar. and moveable part of matter. The second con. l'opa'CIOUSLY, adv. (Greedy to eat; ravenous: sisted of those litte globules that were formed by Vora'CIOUSNESS, 1. s. ( the adverb and moun rubbing off the first. The interstices betwixt VORAC'ITY.

) substantives correspond. these globules of the second element were filled up ing

by the particles of the first. But in the infinite Creatures by their voracity pernicious, have com- coilisions, which must occur in an infinite space monly fewer young. Derhum's Plavsico-Theology. filled with matter, and all in motion, it must

So voracious is this humour grown, that it draws in necessarily happen that many of the globules of every thing to feed it. Government of the Tongue. the second element should be broken and grinded

VORARLBERG, a mountainous district of Aus- down into the first. Such Des Cartes supposed tria, bordering on Switzerland, the lake of Con- was the cause of the original formation and consestance, and Bavaria. It takes its name from a quent motions of the planetary system. When a great mountain called Arlberg, which separates it solid body is turned round its centre, those parts of from Tyrol, and forms one of the branches of the it which are nearest, and those which are remotest Alps. "The Vorarlberg consisted of a number of from the centre, complete their revolutions in one peity lordships, all ceded to Bavaria at the peace and the same time. But it is otherwise with the of Presburg in 1806, but resord after the fall of revolutions of a Aud: the parts of in which are Buonaparte. It now forms a circle of Tyrol, but nearest the centre complete their revolutions in a nas still its separate states. Its area is about 940 shorter time than those wbich are remoter. The square me ; 115 population 35,000. The chuf pladers, therefore, ill Hunting in that immense tide town Biesenz.

of Ather wich is contually setting in from west

to east round the body of the sun, complete their was also engaged in various literary controversies revolutions in a longer or a shorter time, according with Heyne, count Stolberg, Creuzer, and others of to their nearness or distance from him. It is surely his learned contemporaries. sufficient, however, to demolish this goodly fabric, VOSSIUS (John Gerard), one of the most barely to ask how an absolute infinity of matter learned and laborious writers of the seventeenth can be divided into cubes, or any thing else? how century, was of a considerable family in the Neththere can possibly be interstices in a perfect plenum? erlands; and was born in 1577, in the Palatinate, or how in such a plenum any portion of matter near Heidelberg, at a place where his father, John can be thrust froin its place.

Vossius, was minister. He became well skilled in VOSGES, a chain of mountains in the east of politic literature, history, and sacred and profane France, extending from north to south, in a line antiquities, and was made director of the college of nearly parallel to the course of the Rhine, from Dort. He was at length made professor of eloBale to Spires. This chain may be termed a con- quence and chronology at Leyden, whence he was tinuation of the Jura; for it begins nearly where called in 1633 to Amsterdam, to fill the chair of a the latter end, and is separated from them only professor of history. He died in 1649. He wrote by a valley. The length of the main chain is about many learned works, of which a complete edition 120 miles.

has been printed at Amsterdam, in nine vols. folio. Vosges, a department of the north-east of Vossius (Dionysius), a son of the above, born France, formed of a part of Lorraine, and adjoining at Dort in 1612. He was very learned in the orithe departments of the Meurthe and Upper Saone. ental history, and published a Latin translation of Its extent, equal to two of our average sized coun- Maimonides on Idolatry, with notes: and other ties, is about 2400 square miles; its population tracts. He died at Amsterdam, in 1633. somewhat above 334,000. The surface is rugged, Vossius (Isaac), a man of great parts and learn and here are the sources of several large rivers, as ing, brother to Dionysius, was born at Leyden in the Meuse, the Moselle, the Meurthe, and the 1618. He had no other tutor but his father, and Saone. The smaller streams and mountain tor- employed his whole life in studying: his merit rerents are numerous, as are the mineral waters, of commended him to a correspondence with queen which the best known are those of Plombieres. In Christina of Sweden; he made several journeys the mountains the soil is often stony: in the plains into Sweden by her order, and had the honor to chalky and sandy. The climate is cold ; the pro- teach her the Greek. In 1670 he came over to ducts oats, barley, rye, potatoes, flax, and hemp. England, where king Charles made him canon of In the more fertile tracts wheat, and, in situations Windsor. He appears indeed by his publications, of favorable exposure, vines; the summer heat which are neither so useful nor so numerous as bis being great. The mineral products are iron, lead, father's, to have been a most credulous man, while copper, and, in a few situations, silver, marble, he afforded many circumstances to bring his reand potters'-earth. This department is divided ligious faith in question. He died at Windsor into five arrondissements. Its capital is Epinal. castle in 1688. He was LL.D. The population, chiefly agriculturists, is far from Vossius (Gerard), a Romish divine, a relation of dense. The cheapness of provisions, and conse- the preceding, was born in 1609. He published quently of labor, has led to the introduction of the works of Gregorius Thaumaturgus; Ephrem linen and cotton cloth manufactures, the spinning Syrus, and some tracts of John Chrysostom, and of yarn, and the making of lace. These articles Theodoret, with Latin versions and potes. furnish, along with cattle, butter, cheese, glass, VOSTITZA, a district of the Morea, in Achaia, earthen-ware, and timber, the chief exports. extending along the coast of the gulf of Lepanto.

VOSS (John Henry), a German poet and critic, Its chief town of the same name, occupying the was born at Sommersdorf in 1751. Educated at site of the ancient Ægium, was lately a flourishing the school of Neu Brandenburg he attracted some sea-port containing 800 houses; but, on the 23d of notice by his poems, inserted in the Almanac of the August, 1817, it was destroyed, in a great measure, Muses, of Gottingen, in 1770, and procured the by an earthquake along with a number of the neighmeans of studying in the university at that place. bouring villages. Its port was tolerably good, and A literary society having been formed, called The served as a place to export cheese, raisins, and Friends of Gottingen, he became one of the mem- other products to Patras and the neighbouring isles. bers, among whom were count Stolberg, Holty, Twenty-five miles east of Patras, and forty northBurger, Klopstock, &c. In 1775 Voss engaged west of Corinth. in the publication of the Almanac of the Muscs, or VOʻTARY, n. s. & adj.) Lat. devotus. One Anthology (Blumenlese) of Gottingen, which he VoʻTARIST, n. s. devoted, as by a vow, conducted till 1800. In 1778 he was nominated VO'TARESS.

to any particular serrector of the college of Ottendorf, Hanover, vice : this both the first two noun substantives sigwhence he removed to occupy a similar office at nify; and votaress is the feminine : votary, as an Eutin in the duchy of Oldenburg. He remained adjective, means consequent on a vow. there twenty-three years; and, in 1805, the grand Like a sad votaress, beautiful in tears, duke of Baden invited him to Heidelberg, where Child of unfeigned contrition she appears. Whyle. he remained till his death, March 29th, 1826. Voss

I wish a more strict restraint translated the works of Homer, 1793; Virgil, 1799; Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of St. Clare. Horace, 1806; Hesiod and the pseudo-Orpheus,

Shakspeare. 1306; Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus, 1808; Tin Wherefore waste I time to counsel thee? bullus and Lygdamus, 1810; Aristophanes, 1821; Thou art a votary to fond desire.

Id. Aratus, 1824; and extracts from the Metamor- Superstition is now so well advanced, that men of phoses of Ovid, 1798. His original writings com- the first blood are as firm as butchers by occupation ; prise Letters on Mythology, Idylls, and other poems, and votary resolution is made equipollent to custom besides numerous papers in periodical works. He even in matter of blood.


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What force have pious vows? the queen of love

Who are the votaries
His sister sends, her rot'ress from above. Pope. That are coufellows with this virtuous king? Shakip

VOTE, n. s. & v.a.) Lat. votum. Suffrage; The gods are deaf to hot and peevish vous ;
Voʻter, n. s. s voice given and num-

riven and num. They are polluted offerings. bered : to choose or give by suffrage : he who

Whoever sees these irreligious men,

With burden of a sickness, weak and faint, votes.

But hears them talking of religion then, le that joins instruction with delight,

And rowing of their soul to every saint. Daries. Profit with pleasure, carries all the roles. Roscommon.

take that vow and that wish to be all

ne, you How many have no other ground for their tenets,

are mistaken; a wish is a far lower degree than a mnr. than the supposed honesty or learning of those of the

Hammond. same profession! as if truth were to be established by

Those, who wear the woodbine on their brow, the rote of the multitude.


. llere knights of love, who never broke their pow; Elections growing charg sable, the voters, that is, the

Firm to their plighted faith.

Dryden. bulk of the common people, have been universally seduced into bribery, perjury, drunkenness, malice, and Vow, in religion. The use of vows is found in slander.

Swifi. most religions. They make up a considerable part The final determination arises from the majority of of the Pagan worship, being made either in conopinions or outes in the assembly, because they ought sequence of some deliverance, under some pressing to be swayed by the superior weight of reason. Watts. necessity, or for the success of some enterprize.

VOTIVE, adj. Lat. totivus. Given by vow. Among the Jews, all vows were to be voluntary, Such in Isis's iemple you may tind.

and, made by persons wholly in their own power; On l'olive tablets to the life pourtrayed. Druden.

and if such person made a vow in any thing lawfui VOUCI, .., v. 11., & n. s.) Norman French and possible, he was obliged to fulfil it. If he ap. Vouchéer, n. 5.

(vouchur"; from Lat. pointed no particular time for accomplishing his VOUCHSAPL', 2.1. & 2.1 ( vocatio. To call vow, he was bound to do it instantly. lest bv de VOUCHSAFL'HENT, n. s. to witness; ob- he should prove less able, or be unwilling, to exeest; declare; warrant; to bear witness : warrant ; cute his promise. Among the Romanists, a person attestation : a voucher is one who gives testimony; is constituted a religious by taking three vows; thuit any kind of testimony: to vouchsafe is to grant by of poverty, chastity, and obedience. way of condescension : to deign; yield : the noun Vows, among the Romans, signified sacrifices, substantive corresponding.

offerings, presents, and prayers, made for the CæDo I not see Zelmane, who does not think a thought sars and emperors, particularly for their prosperity which is not first weighed by wisdom and virtne ? doth

and the continuance of their empire. These were not she vouchsafe to love me with like ardour ? Sidney.

made at first every five years, then every fifteen, Vouchsafe, divine perfection of a woman,

and afterwards every twenty, and were called quinOf these supposed crimes to give me leave By circumstance but to acquit myself. Shakspeare. quennalia, decennalia, and vincenaalia. You do not give the cheer ; the feast is sold

VOW'EL., 1. . Fr. voyelle; Lat. vocalis. A That is not often rouched, while 'tis making,

letter which can be uttered by itself. Tis given with welcome.

1a. l distinguish letters into rouels and consonants. Better to starve,

Holde. Than crave the hire which first we do deserve :

Virgil makes the two vowels meet without an elision. Why in this wolvish gown should I stand here,

Broome. To beg of Hob and Dick, that do appear,

VOX, in law, vocem non habere, a phrase used Their needless voucher ?

h. by Bracton and Fleta for an infamous person ; one What praise couldst thou bestow on a deserving who is not admitted to be a witness. woman indeed ? one that, in the authority of her


VOX H ua

VOX HUMANA, Lat., voix humaine, Fr., in muinerit, did justly put on the couch of very mnalice itself.

l. sic, a stop in the organ, thus named from its being But if the sense of touch seem such delight

an imitation of the human voice. It is a reed stop, Beyond all other, think the same vouchsafed

in unison with the open diapason, or a short metal To cattle and each beast.

Milton. pipe, of a wide globular form, at the top resembling The infinite superiority of God's nature places a vast a human mouth. This is a celebrated stop in the disparity betwixt his greatest communicated vouchsafe. famous organ at Haerlein. ments, and his boundless, and therefore to his creatures VOYAGE, 11. S., v. n., & v.a.) Fr. voyage. A incominunicable, perfections.

Boyle. Voy’ager, n. s.

À travel by sea ; The stamp is a mark, and a public coucher, chat a course; attempt ; the practice of travelling (obso. piece of such denomination is of such a weight, and lete): to voyage is to travel by sea : to pass over : of such a fineness, i, e. has so much silver in it.

a voyager, a traveller by sea.

Loche. All the great writers of that age stand up together

Guyon forward 'gan his couage make, as rouchers for one another's reputation. Spectator.

With his black palmer, that him guided still. Spenser. VOW, 14, S., V.1., & v.n.) Fr. Umu; Lat. L'o

If you make your voyage upon her, and prevail, I am no further your enemy.

Shakspeare. low'FELLOW, 1. $. Stum. A proinise

All nations have interknowledge of one another, by made to a divine power; or an act of devotion, by,

royage into foreign parts, or strangers that come w which some part of life, or of possessions, is con. them.

Васол. secrated to a particular purpose: to consecrate Disdain not in thy constant travelling in this way: to make solemn Vows or promises To do as other voyagers, and make of this kind: 2 vow fellow is one bound by the Some turns into less creeks, and wisely take same vow.

Fresh water at the Heliconian springs

Donnc. Pvw and pray unto the Lord. Psalm lxxvi.

I with pain
To Master Harvey, upon some special consideration, Voyaged the unreal, vast, unbounded deep
I have roued this niy labour.

Senger. Of horrible confusion. David often zourth unto God the sacrifice of praise This great man acted like an able pilot in a long and thanksgiving in the congregation. Ilohi, luci', contented to sit in the cabin when the winds

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were allayed, but ready to resume the helm when the Was there ever man had such luck ? when I kissed storm arose.

Prior. the jack, upon an upcast to be hit away! Shakspeare. UP, adv., interj., & prep. Sax. up; Belg, and Beasts with upcast eyes forsake their shade,

th. And gaze as if I were to be obeyed. Dan. op ; Goth. and Swed. upp. Aloft; on high;

Dryden. erect; climbing; exalted; in a state of being raised UPGA'THER, v. a. Up and gathor. To conor increase: 'up and down' is, disorderly; back- tract. ward and forward : taking with and to as prepo

Himself he close upgathered more and more

Himself sitions: as an interjection arise! rouse ! as a pre- Into bis den, that his deceitful train position, from a lower to a higher position.

By his there being might not be bewraid, As soon as the sun is up, set upon the ci

Ne any noise, ne any question made.

Srenser. Judges ix.

UPHAND', adj. Up and hand. Lifted by the Those that were up themselves kept others low,

hand. Those that were low themselves held o:hers hard,

The uphand sledge is used by underworkmen, when Ne suffered them to rise or greater grow. Spenser.

the work is not of the largest, yet requires help to Up grisly ghosts; and up, my rueful rime;

batter. They use it with both their hands before them, Matter of mirth now shalt thou have no more. Id. and seldom lift their hammer higher than their head.

Moron. From those two brethren, admire the wonderful changes of wordly things; now up, now down, as if

UPHILL', adj. Up and hill. Difficult; like the life of man were not of much more certainty than the labor of climbing a hill.

Knolles. What an uphill labour must it be to a learner, who The gentle archbishop of York is up

has those first rudiments to master at twenty years of With well-appointed powers. Shakspeare. Henry VI. age, which others are taught at ten. Clarissa.

In going up a hill, the knees will be most weary ; in UPHOARD', v. a. Up and hoard. To treagoing down, the thighs : for that, in lifting the feet, sure : store. when a man goeth up the hill, the weight of the body Heaps of huge words uphoarded hideously beareth most upon the knees, and, in going down, upon

With horrid sound though having little sense, the thighs.


They think to be chief praise of poetry. Spenser. Strait the rumour flew

If thou hast uphoarded in thy life Up to the city, which heard, up they drew

Extorted treasure in the womb of earth,
By daies first breake.

Speak of it.

Shakspeare. “But up, and enter now into full bliss. Milton. Thou hast fired me; my soul's up in arms,

UPHOLD', v. a.) Pret. upheld; part. pass. And mans each part about me.

Dryden. _ UPHOLD'EP., n. S. upholden. Up and hold. As a boar was whetting his teeth, up comes a fox to To lift on high; support; sustain; continue : the

L'Estrange. noun substantive corresponding : it is used also Upon his first rising, a general whisper ran among particularly for an undertaker. the country people, that Sir Roger was up. Addison. Divers, although peradventure not willing to be

mase. yoked with elderships, yet were contented to uphold upborn. Up and bear. To sustain aloft; support op!

opposition against bishops, not without greater hurt to

the course of their whole proceedings. Hooker. in elevation.

While life upholds this arm,
Vital powers 'gan wax both weak and wan,
For want of food and sleep; which two upbear,

This arms upholds the house of Lancaster. Shakspeare. Like weighty pillars, this frail life of man.

Many younger brothers have neither lands nor means

Spenser. to uphold themselves. Upborn with indefatigable wings.

Raleigh. Milton.

There is due from the judge to the advocate some UPBRAID', v. a. 1 Sax. upgebrædan, up- commendation where causes are fair pleaded; for that

UPBRAID'INGLY, adv.) gebredan. To charge upholds in the client the reputation of his counsel, and contemptuously with any thing disgraceful. It has beats down in him the conceit of his cause. Bacon. commonly with, sometimes of, before the thing im

He who reigns puted ; sometimes it has only an accusative of the

Monarch in heaven, till then, as one secure, ihing, as in Milton : the adverb corresponds.

Sat on his throne, upheld by old repute. Millon, If any lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth,

The company of upholders have a right upon the liberally, and upbraideth not.

James i. 5.
bodies of the subjects.

Arbuthnot. Vain man! how long wilt thou thy God upbraid ?

Suppose then Atlas ne'er so wise : And, like the roaring of a furious wind,

Yet, when the weight of kingdoms lies
Thus vent the vile distemper of thy mind ?

Too long upon his single shoulders,

Sink down he must, or find upholders. Swift.
There also was that mighty monarch laid,
Low under all, yet above all in pride;

UPHOL'STERER, n. s. A corruption of upThat name of native sire did foul upbraid,

holder. One who furnishes houses; or who fits up And would, as Ammon's son, be magnified. Spenser. apartments with beds and furniture. If you refuse your aid, yet do not

"If a corner of the hanging wants a single nail, send Upbraid us with our distress. Shakspeare. for the upholsterer.

Swift. I have too long born

Mere wax as yet, you fashion him with ease, Your blunt upbraidings, and your bitter scoffs. Id. Your barber, cook, upholsterer.

He that knowingly commits an ill, has the upbraid UP'LAND, n. s. & adi.Up and land. Higher ings of his own conscience.

Decay of Piety.

UPLAND'ish, adj. ground; higher in situUPBROUGHT, part. pass. of upbring. Educ ation; rude; uncultivated : uplandish has also the cated; nurtured.

latter signification. Divinely wrought,

Lion-like, uplandish, and mere wild, And of the brood of angels, heavenly born,

Slave to his pride ; and all his nerves being naturally And with the crew of blessed saints upbrought,

compiled Each of which did her with her gifts adorn. Spenser. Of eminent strength ; stalks out and preys upon a silly UPCAST', adj. & n. s. Participle from to cast


Chapman's Iliad. up. The verb to upcast is not in use. Thrown Those in Cornwall do no more by nature than others upwards; a term of' bowling; a throw.

elsewhere by choice, conceive themselves an estranged


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