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Mix this into a mass with syrup of buckthorri, venly and ineffectual manner; that is by means and give it to the horse at night. In the morn- of large syringes. The best apparatus is a pewing it will be necessary to administer either the ter pipe, about fourteen inches long, and an inch following purging drink or ball, as may be pre- in bore; they may be purchased at Mr. Long's, ferred : Take Barbadoes aloes, according to the veterinary instrument maker, Holborn, London. age and strength of the horse, from three to six To this pipe a large pig's or bullock's bladder drachms, worm seed in powder half an ounce, should be firmly tied. An opening clyster is powdered gentian half an ounce, powdered made by mixing a handful or two of salt with carraway seeds one ounce. Mix these, and four or five quarts of warm water: to this a little administer it in a pint of strong decoction hog's lard or sweet oil should be added. Linof wormwood. This drink must be repeated in seed tea, or thin gruel, with a little treacle or su. four or five days time, but the mercurial ball gar, makes a good emollient clyster. And an must be omitted after the first exhibition. anodyne or opiate clyster is made by dissolving

13. Icterus. Jaundice. As the horse has no from one to three or four drams of crude opium gall bladder, but a simple duct, by which the in three or four pints of warm water. This last bile is passed from the liver to the intestinal kind of clyster is employed in locked jaw, especanal, the diseases of the biliary system are not cially when it is found impossible to give medifrequent. Jaundice seldom or ever arises as a cine by the mouth. In this case nourishment disease in itself, but very often as syn:plomatic must be given also in clysters. Nourishing clysof other complaints. The symptoms are a yel- ters are made of broth, milk, rich gruel, and lowish tinge on the inner surface of the eye-lids, sugar. It was observed by Gibson that when eye-balls, nostrils, and mouth, costiveness, dry nourishing clysters are given in locked jaw, they and hard dung, with debility, loss of appetite, are sucked upwards by the bowels, and absorbed thirst, and high-colored urine. The object to into the blood. He sustained a horse a considerattain, in the cure of jaundice, is to promote a able time in this way. good secretion of bile and urine: for this pur- 3. Fomentations. Fomentations are commonly pose, calomel and aloes, in the following propor- made by boiling wormwood, chamomile flowers, tions, must be given every other day :- Take of bay leaves, rue, and elder flowers or leaves in calomel one drachm, of aloes two drachms. Beat water. Hemlock and poppy heads are used for up into a ball, with a litile mucilage of gum anodyne fomentations. Warm water, probably, arabic. When this operates, it need not be re- answers as good a purpose as any thing. In peated; but, if it do not, a dose of salts and painful swellings, where there is great tension of gruel must be administered to assist its opera- the skin, a little sallad oil may be a useful addition. On the succeeding day give the follow- tion as a relaxant, or some fresh bog's lard. ing:-Take of squill pill a drachm, of nitre half Fomentations should not be used so hot as to a drachm, of calomel a scruple. Make into give pain, but should be continued for a consia ball with a little soap. Continue the al- derable time, and frequently repeated; on this ternate uses of the above medicines, assisted ind sed their efficacy greatly depends; and on by mashes, warm ale, &c., until the dung be- this account the emollient poultice is always precomes of a healthy appearance, and the yellow- ferable when the situation of the inflamed part is ness abates, which will be in a few days, unless such as will admit of its being applied for a other diseases are connected with jaundice. Let poultice, when properly made and applied, may the horse be walked about twice a day, and co- be considered as a continual fomentation. vered in the stable during the cure.

4. Poulticing. The cheapest poultice, and

perhaps as good a one as any, is made by pourPART II.

ing boiling water on a quarter of a peck of bran,

so as to make a very thin mash; some linseed CHIRURGICAL OPERATIONS.

powder is then to be stirred into it, and a little 1. Bleeding. The great vein of the neck is hog's lard. When linseed powder cannot be decidedly the best to bleed from in all cases re- had, some oatmeal or flour may be substituted quiring general blood-letting. The operation, for it. Boiled turnips make a good poultice, although simple, is frequently done in a most and may be improved by the addition of a little clumsy manner, and serious injuries often fol- linseed powder. Poultices are generally too low the improper use of the fleam. We prefer small, and confined, and too dry. They should a lancet in most cases; but, if the fleam be used, be considered as a means of keeping water, mulet the operator gently rise the vein, by pressing cilage, and oil constantly in contact with the inhis finger softly upon it, and, at the part imme- flamed part; it will then be evident that if they diately above where the ressel divides into two are not constantly moist in every part they cannot branches, open it by a well-directed stroke. answer this purpose. Opening the temporal artery, in affections of the 5. Blistering. Before a blister is applied, the head and eyes, is an operation of great import- hair must be cut off from the part as closely as ance, and often relieves when other bleedings possible: this inay be much more easily and effail. Bleeding in the toe, as it is called, is topi- fectually done by means of shears than scissars. cal, and therefore is of great use in affections of The blistering ointment is then to be well rubbed the foot; and so, perhaps, bleeding from the veins into the part with the hand; and, after this has of the thigh may be found beneficial, as a topical been continued about ten minutes, some of the remedy.

ointment may be smeared on the part. In blister2. Clystering. This useful and innocent mode ing the legs, the tender part of the heel, under the of exhibiting medicine is too much neglected, fetlock joint, is to be avoided, and it may be and when employed is frequently done in a slo- better to rub a little hog's lard on it in order to defend it from any of the blisters that may acci- if the operation be deferred until the horse be full dentally run down from the leg. When the legs grown, a docking knife is to be used. The hair are blistered, all the litter should be removed from is to be cut closely off the part of the tail to be the stall, and the horse's head should be carefully cut, and the instrument's edge so placed as to secured to prevent his rubbing the blistered parts come over the hollow between any of the rings with his nose.

or bones of the tail-a simple motion completes 6. Firing. The instrument to be used for this the operation. Some sear the tail with a hot operation is called the firing-iron; it should have iron after the operation; but if a strong twine be an edge as thin as a blunt adze. Before the iron tied on the part above the incision, and before is used, the hair should be cut off from the part the operation, there will be nothing to warrant to be operated upon as closely as possible. The searing. instrument should never penetrate the skin, but 10. Nicking. As this operation is seldom merely the outward surface of it, or cuticle, leav- performed, we shall not occupy any space in de ing a brown mark, which, if properly done, will scribing a modus operandi of fanciful cruelty. exude a fluid soon after the operation. If the 11. Castration. The best time to castrate is back sinew or fetlock joint is to be operated when the animal is about one year old. The upon, the uppermost leg is to be secured and horse is to be thrown down upon the left side, kept straight by webbing fastened from the knee and the right hind leg drawn to the shoulder by to the hind leg above the hock, and another means of a strong piece of web passed round it piece of the same material passed round the in a noose. The testicle is then to be grasped pastern, and securely held by an assistant. The by the operator in his left hand, and pressed under leg should be secured similarly. In ope- gently, so as to render the skin upon it tense. rating on the hind leg, it will of course be the An incision should then be made through the under one, and it should be taken out of the outer skin, and about three inches in length. hobble; it should be drawn out by an assistant, Having done this, the knife is to be gently used and held by a piece of webbing. In firing the till the vaginal sac is cut through, which will be back sinew, or pastern, of the hind leg, the leg known by the issuing of water from it. One of must be drawn towards the fore leg, or shoulder, the blades of a pair of scissors is then to be introby two pieces, one passed round the pastern, duced, and the vaginal sac cut up as far as the and the other round the hock, both fastened to external incision. The testicle will now protrude a collar placed round about the horse's neck. In and contract, but in a little time the cord will sprains it may be secured in a similar manner. relax, when it is to be placed in the clams, leavWhen the operation is over, the parts fired should ing the testicles and upper portion, called the be rubbed with blistering ointment; the horse epididymis, outside them. The clams are to be may be then put into a loose box, with a cradle made tight, so as to prevent the possibility of the on his neck, and may be turned out to grass in a slipping up of the cord after it is cut. This fortnight, if the disorder do not appear to warrant being done, the cord is to be cut with a nearly a different treatment.

red-hot firing iron. This is all the searing that 7. Rowelling. Rowels are a kind of drain, will be necessary, and the clams are then to be and as good as setons. They are produced by taken, when the other testicle is to be operated an incision in the skin when it is loose, and about upon in the same manner. No dressing is nean inch long. The incision done, an instrument, cessary, and but little if any bleeding will follow. called a cornet, which is the tip of a horn, is to Too much searing often causes bleeding, the very be introduced, or else the finger, and the skin thing it is meant to prevent. It is quite enough separated from the flesh for an inch round. A to cut off the testicles with a hot iron without round piece of leather, with a hole in the middle, further searing. When the operation is finished, the is to be introduced into the opening, first having horse should be turned into a box, and in about ten been covered with tow and smeared with simple days he will be well, and may be worked withointment-basilicon or boy's lard. The opening out danger. The swelling which occurs after is is then to be stopped up or plugged with tow, of no consequence, it will go away; however, if and left there until matter forms, which wlll be it be considerable, physic should be given. in four or five days. The rowel is then to be 12. Cropping, an operation seldom perremoved, cleaned, and replaced; which is to be formed. done every day after, as long as it is necessary 1 3. Nerve operation. The horse having been to keep the wound open for a discharge.

secured upon his side, an incision, about three 8. Setons. A seton is put in by passing an inches above the most prominent part of the fetinstrument, called a seton needle, through the lock joint, that is the most prominent part when skin, armed with lamp-cotton, or tape, or threads. viewed sideways, and just within the back sinew. The object is to promote a discharge of matter The incision is to be made quite through the from any particular place, and keep up an irrita- skin to the cellular substance, and the instrument tion there. A seton is easier done, and altogether should be sharp, so that the first stroke of it may a more useful operation than the rowel. The be sufficient to make the incision, and thus be lamp cotton, or tape, is to be drawn a little out the less painful to the animal as well as more every day, so as to let the new part of it be in creditable to the operator; however, care must contact with the wound.

be taken not to carry the incision down to 9. Docking. Docking, when done early; that the cellular substance, which will appear on is, when the colt is a mere sucker, may be per- opening the skin. This must then careformed with any common knife, and tied up fully be dissected away, and the nerve will apwith a commou string, to prevent bleeding; but, pear, and immediately behind it a vein of a bluish color. A crooked needle, armed with a sole, should be so pared down as to be at the small ligature, or twine, is now to be carefully distance of a quarter of an inch or more from the passed under the nerve from within outward, corresponding part of the shoe. In preparing and the operator must not touch the vein with the foot for the shoe, the loose parts only of the the point, lest it be wounded, and so embarrass sole may be removed with the drawing knife; him with the blood which must consequently the ragged parts of the frog should be cut away, flow. To avoid this the needle should be a little as they may serve to harbour dirt or gravel. If blunt at the point. When this is done, the needle the toe of the frog is very hard and more prois to be removed from the twine, and, the nerve minent than the other parts, it should be pared having been gently drawn out by the ligature, down moderately. The heel of the shoe should the cellular substance underneath it is to be cau- have a perfectly flat and level bearing upon the tiously dissected away, taking care not to wound junction of the bar and crust, which should be in the slightest degree the nerve itself. A curved rasped to a flat surface for receiving it. The bistoury is now to be passed under the nerve, as shoe should never extend beyond this part. The high up as can be admitted, and at one steady, whole bottom of the foot, indeed, should be clean, and well-directed cut, it is to be divided. rasped so as to be perfectly flat and level all The bistoury must be as sharp as possible, and around, so that, when the horse stands on a plane the cut to be drawn, and not by pressing the surface, every part of the crust should bear on blade directly upwards, as the least laceration of that surface. The shoe should be made level the nerve is dangerous, as well as unnecessarily also on both surfaces, by the same criterion, and painful to the animal. The operation itself, of then it must of necessity be fitted to the foot. dividing the nerve, gives excessive and sudden When this is the case, there will not be that mopain, which causes the horse to struggle vio- tion in the shoe in travelling by which so many lently; this must be guarded against; but when shining surfaces are often worn in it, and by the division is complete the pain is over. The which the nails are loosened, and if they are inferior portion of the nerve, or that which re. made of indifferent iron, or badly made, often mains next the hoof, is to be drawn out by for- broken. ceps, and cut out to the extent of from half an 2. Stabling. Loftiness is very desirable in a inch to an inch. The skin should then be closed, stable. It should never be less than twelve feet and one stitch applied, which concludes the ope- high, and the best method of ventilation is by ration. No dressing or bandage is necessary, means of a chimney or square opening in the and the wound will heal in about three weeks. ceiling, communicating with the open air, or it It will be advisable to turn the horse out to may be made in the form of a dome or cupola, grass a little before the wound is healed, and he which would be more ornamental. The chimshould be kept there for about a fortnight, or ney need not be open at the top so as to admit three weeks, or perhaps more.

the rain, but should be roofed, and have lateral 14. Bronchotomy. 'In cases where suffocation openings by means of weather-boards, as they is likely to ensue from the windpipe, or trachea, are termed. As to the admission of air into the being obstructed, this operation becomes neces- stable, the usual means provided for that pursary. It is done by first making a longitudinal pose are quite sufficient; that is, by windows. incision through the skin, so as to lay the trachea The best floor for a stable, by far, is hard brick; bare : when with sharp scissors cut out a little and, next to that, limestone not less than one square portion of the cartilage, so that the ani- foot square. mal can breathe through the opening, until the 3. Feeding. In the usual way of feeding and cause of suffocation is removed. The aperture treating horses, no attention is paid to the state is to be kept open by a pipe, or large cut at both of the stomach when they are put to work, but ends. This operation has been performed for frequently they are put into a chaise, or coach, or the relief of roaring, but the desired success has ridden off at a quick rate with their stomachs never followed it.

loaded with food; the consequence of this has 15. Esophagotomy. This operation is useful in often been gripes, inflammation of the bowels, cases where a large ball, or an apple, or accu- and even sudden death. The hay, as well as the mulation of bran, &c., may occasion choking, corn, should, if possible, be divided into four It is done by laying bare the @sophagus, at portions, and each portion, both of oats and hay, the left side, immediately over the tumor; then should be wetted with water: this will facilitate cutting it, and removing the obstruction. Care mastication and swallowing, and likewise digesmust be taken to keep clear of the arteries in the tion; a horse thus fed will so quickly digest that incision.

he will always be fit for his labor. The largest PART III.

portion, both of oats and hay, should be given

at night; and the next in quantity to this, early CURVÆ HABENDI.-OFFICES TENDING TO. in the morning ; the other two portions in the

WARDS THE HEALTH AND PRESERVATION OF THE forenoon and the afternoon, or about twelve and ANIMAL.

four. But this must of course depend upon the 1. Shoeing. When a foot deviates from the kind of work a horse is employed in, and must sound form, the shoe must be formed accordingly. be regulated accordingly. Horses that have been If the sole is in any degree flat and thin, the wide accustomed to an unlimited allowance of hay hollow shoe is absolutely necessary. If the will often eat their litter when put upon a proheels are tender, and have corns, the bar shoe is per diet, but this must be prevented by a muzzle. the best that can be applied, and the tender heel 4. Exercise. The horse was evidently deincluding part of the quarter, crust as well as sigued for exercise, and for the use of map. His

vast muscular power, and the impenetrable de- horse breaker, was thought to be a title worthy of fence attached to his feet, were certainly not kings and heroes, and so unaccountable was the given for his own use only. If kept in a stable appearance of the first men who were seen on without exercise, his muscular power declines, horseback in the isles of the Gentiles, or the his digestive organs become diseased, and so do posterity of Javan, that some imagined the the organs of respiration. The hoofs grow, and body of the horse and his rider to be mutually there is no wear; for the little that may be worn incorporated. But in such admiration was this off, merely by the pressure of his own weight art sometimes beld, that the elder poets and when standing still, is prevented by the shoes. bards seem inclined to ascribe its discovery to a The toe being thus elongated, the back sinews superhuman agency; and with these sentiments are often strained; the foot becomes hot and in- Æschylus introduces Promethus boasting that flamed, its horny covering contracts; the frogs among useful inventions he had taught mortals become rotten, and incapable of performing the to render horses obedient to the yoke, and to be office for which they were designed ; in short, come a sort of vicarious successors to man in the whole body becomes diseased. Exercise his labors, as well as an ornament to the splenthen, it is evident, is essential to his health, and dor of riches. even his existence; and every part of his structure and economy appear to denonstrate that

κάζευξα πρώτος εν ζυγοίσι κνωδαλα he was intended for the service of man. His

ζευγλαισι δουλευοντα, σευμασιν θ' όπως powers, however, are limited, and so should his

θνητοίς μεγιστων διαδοχοι μοχθηματων exertions be: but it is a fact, which must be re

γενoινθ', υφ άρματηγαγον φιληνιους gretted by all considerate persons, that the im

ίππους, αγαλλια της υπερπλόυτον χλιδής: moderate work in which he is often employed, 6. Soiling, feeding a horse with cut herbage. so far from being salutary, or proportionate to his Anatomical structure of the foot. The hoof is strength, as undoubtedly it was designed by his a secretion from the living part of the foot, not Creator that it should be, is injurious, and even wholly from the coronet, but from the living sur destructive in a very considerable degree. And face which it covers, named by Mr. Coleman what greatly aggravates the mischief is, the early the laminated substance of the foot; and, by and premature age at which he is commonly others, the elastic processes or membranes of the employed.

foot. As the quantity of horn necessary for the 5. Training. When a horse is brought in for defence of the sensible foot is considerable, a training he should be fed with hay and oats, and large quantity of blood is distributed to it for if greedy of water or hay, or if he appears in the purpose, and is supplied by two large arteclined to eat his litter, he should be limited in ries which pass down on each side of the pashay and water, and be muzzled the last thing at tern; these give off considerable branches to the night. For the first week he should have walk- frog, cartilages, and coronary ring; but the ing and gentle trotting exercise for an hour or trunk of the artery enters in at the posterior and two every morning. The stable should be kept inferior part of the coffin bone, and divides into clean and cool. The second week his exercise eight branches within the bone, which pass out may be increased a little, and so may his oats. at the circumference, or angle of the toe, and Should be appear, however, rather dull, the give off innumerable branches about the inferior membrane of his eyes rather red or yellow on part of the laminated substance, especially about lifting the eye lid, and the dung hard in small the toe. The lateral cartilages are two elastic knobs and shining or slimy, it will be advisable bodies attached to the coffin bone, at its upper to bleed moderately and give a mild dose of part, and proceeding backward, like expanded physic, for which he should be prepared by giv- wings, terminate at the extremity of the heel; ing two or three bran mashes a day, for two they assist in expanding the heels and quarters. days. The fourth week he may be worked mode- The navicular, or nut bone, is placed behind the rately, and, if wanted for hunting, he should be coffin bone, and is attached to it as well as to put into a canter or hand-gallop once a day; and the small pastern bone, and affords a synovial or after this it will be necessary to increase his slippery surface for the flexor tendon to move pace twice or three times a week, so as to make upon. This part with the coffin bone forms the him sweat freely ; taking care that he is walked coffin joint. for some time afterward, that he may become The small pastern articulates with the coffin rather cool before he returns to the stahle, when bone and the nut bone below, and with the he must be well dressed, fed, and watered, have great pastern above: these are all the bones coma good bed placed under him, and be left to his prehended in a description of the foot. The cofrepose. When a horse has been brought up fin bone, however, is the only one which deserves from rich pasture he is generally loaded with fai, particular notice, and that on account of the and reqnires a great deal of walking exercise peculiarity of its structure. It is completely and careful feeding. He may be trotted gently, cellular throughout, and has more blood within however, after the second week, but will not be it than any one bone in the body, though not far for a quicker pace for a month at least. During from being the smallest of the whole. The great this time he should have two or three doses of flexor tendon is inserted into the bottom of the mild physic, and when first taken up such horses coffin bone, and the extensor tendon on its front generally require to be bled.

and upper part. Thus the sensible foot is comThe art of training this high mettled creature, posed of the pastern, the navicula, and the coffin and rendering him subservient to the use of man, bone; the lateral cartilages, the sensible frog was once in such repute that it rodajas, or and sole, and the laminated substance; at the

upper part of which there is a kind of cartilaginous ougly. Offensive to the sight; deformed; loathring which has been named by Mr. Coleman the some; hateful : the noun substantive corresponds. coronary ligament, and by Mr. Bracey Clark the All that else seemed fair and fresh in sight, coronary frog band. This coronary ring, instead Was turned now to dreadful ugliness. Spenser. of terminating at the heels, is continued into the O, I have passed a miserable night, frog, and from this connexion and its situation So full of ugly sights of ghastly dreams. Shakspeare, over the lateral cartilages, it must be subject to Was this the cottage, and the safe abode the same motion which these parts have. "When Thou told'st me of? What grim aspects are these, the frog then is exposed to that pressure for which These ugly-headed monsters ?

Milton. it was evidently designed, it expands and con

She takes her topicks from the advantages of old age tracts, and in so doing communicates a similar and ugunes:

Dryden. motion to the cartilages, the coronary ring, and the

. and the VIACHA, a settlement of Peru, in the province heels and quarters of the hoof.

of Paeages. VEVAY. a post township of the United States, VIADANA, a small town of Austrian Italy, and capital of Switzerland county, Indiana, on the twenty miles S. S. W. of Mantua. Ohio, eight miles above the mouth of the Kentucky,

VIADRUS, an ancient name of the Oder. See and distant from Cincinnati, Louisville, and Lex- Suevus. ington, about forty-five miles. Just below this VI'AL, n. s. & v. a. Gr. Qualn. A small bottle place are the celebrated Swiss vineyards, where the to enclose in a vial. culture of the vine has been introduced with good

Take thou this vial, being then in bed, success. The settlement, called New Switzerland,

Switzerland And this distilled liquor drink thou off. Shakspeare. was commenced in 1805, by some emigrants from

Another lamp burnt in an old marble sepulchre bePays de Vaud. The country at the back of Vevay

longing to some of the antient Romans inclosed in a O veray glass vial.

Wilkins. is hilly, but fertile.

This she with precious vialled liquors heals ; VEX, v. a. & v. n. Lat. vero. To plague; For which the shepherds, at the festivals, VEXA'TION, n. s. (torment; harass: to fret; Carol her goodness loud in rustick lays. Milton. VEXA'Tious, adj. be uneasy : vexation is the Chemical waters, that are each transparent, when

Vexa TIOUSLY, adv.) act of troubling, or state of separate, ferment into a thick troubled liquor, when being vexed : the adjective and adverb correspond, mixed in the same vial.

Addison. When she pressed him daily, so that his soul was VIAL DUCLAIRBOIS (Honore Sebastien), late direcvered unto death, he told her all his heart.

tor of the school of naval engineers, and chief of the Judges xvi. 16.

maritime artillery at Brest, was a native of Paris, Do you think The king will suffer but the little finger

and, after having been a lieutenant in the navy, in Of this man to be vered? Shakspeare. Henry VIII.

1754 entered the army, and served till 1777, when Your children were veration to your youth ;

he resumed his former profession. The talents But mine sball be a comfort to your age. Shakspeare.

which he displayed in the construction of vessels Albeit, the party grieved thereby may have some procured him in 1793 the post of engineer conreason to complain of an untrue charge, yet may he not structor-in-chief. He had some other appointments well call it an unjust vexation.

"Bacon. previously to that of director of the school of enUlysses gave good care, and fed

gineers at Brest, which he held from 1801 till 1810, And drunke his wine, and vert and ravished

when his great age and infirm health obliged him His food for mere vexation.

.. Chapman. to retire from the service. He died in 1816, aged He leads a veralious life, who in his noblest actions eighty-three. He published Essai Géométrique et is so gored with scruples, that he dares not make a step without the authority of another.

ke a step Pratique sur l'Architecture Navale, Brest, 1776,

Digby. 2. tom. 8vo. : Traité Elémentaire de la ConstrucPassions too violent, instead of heightening our pleasures, afford us nothing but vexation and pain. Temple.

i tion des Vaisseaux, Paris, 1787–1805, 2 vols. 4to.;

tion Still may the dog the wandering troops constrain

and a translation of an English work on ShipOf airy ghosts, and ver the guilty train! Dryden. Building. He was also a principal contributor to

Consider him maintaining his usurped title by con- the Encyclopédie Méthodique. tinual vexatious wars against the kings of Judah.

VIANA, a town of Portugal, province of Entre

South Douro e Minho, on the north side of the river Vesatious thought still found my flying mind, Lima, not far from its mouth, contains 8000 inhaNor bound by limits, nor to place confined;

bitants, whose chief employments are navigation, Haunted my nights, and terrified my days. Prior.

fishing, and the sale of wine. They carry on also Ranged on the banks, beneath our equal oars,

some trade in corn, oil, and fruit. Forty-two White curl the waves, and the vered ocean roars. Pope.

miles north of Oporto. VEXILLARII, in antiquity, signals. See VI'AND. n. s.' Fr. viande : Ital. vianda. Food: SIGNAL.

meat dressed. VEXILLUM, in botany. The upper petal of a

The belly only like a gulf remained, pea bloom, or butter-fly shaped flower, which is

I'th' midst of the body idle and unactive, generally larger than any of the others.

Still cupboarding the viand.

Shakspeare. VEZŽANA, a small town of the Austrian states

These are not fruits forbidden; no interdict in the south of Tyrol, near Trent.

Defends the touching of these viands pure; UFFCULME, or UFFCOLUMB, a market-town in Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil. Bampton hundred, on the river Columb, Devon

Milton. shire, three miles north-east of Collumpton, and 160 From some sorts of food less pleasant to the taste, from London. Market on Monday and Wednes- persons in health, and in no necessity of using such day. Fairs, Wednesday before Good Friday, July viands, had better to abstain.

Ray. 6th, and August 12th.

VIATICUM, in Roman antiquity, an appellation UGʻLY, adj. 1 Sax. oga, terror, fear; Goth. given to all officers of any of the magistrates, as UGʻLINESS, n. s. 1 uggia. Originally written lictors, accensi, scribes, criers. Vol. XXII.-PART 2.

2 D

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