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stage, all hopes of cure are gone, and it would that is, when the pulse is hard and quick, the be an act of humanity to destroy the suffering flanks heave, the legs cold, the cough painful, and animal at once, and rid him of his torture. It the nostrils red ; if the throat be sore, stimulate would also be the wisest plan, in order to pre- it, but do not blister; apply constantly a nosevent farther contagion among other horses. bag, with a warm mash in it, frequently changed; Chronic glanders are of an opposite character, rub the swellings with an ointment, made of and, in the early stages, so mild in their pro- equal parts of suet and turpentine; do this gress, that the health, condition, or appetite of twice a day, and keep on a warm poultice; if the horse is not at all affected. If the animal necessary, shave the hair off the kernels. When be well kept, and moderately worked, he may the swellings burst internally, nature must effect continue a useful servant to his owner many the cure: the horse must have light food, and years. The symptoms of chronic glanders, in mild exercise. When there is a proper point to their advanced stages, are ulcers inside the nos- the abscess, open it with a lancet, and press out trils, which if too high up to be visible, may be the matter gently; then keep the wound open known to exist from the suppurated running that with a piece of lint, covered with lard, and condrops from the nose ; sometimes it exudes in tinue the poultice for a day or two. such quantities, and is of so sticky and thick a 2. Vives. The parotid or great salirary gland, substance, that it adheres to the orifice of the situated close under the ear, becomes inflamed nostrils and upper lip, so as frequently to impede and swollen, and, if the vein should have refree nasal respiration, and cause the animal to ceived glanderous poison, the inflammation may snuffle and snore. Sometimes the matter has a reach the heart, when the rapid destruction of the sanguineous appearance, and if the animal be horse must be the consequence. If the excreover-worked, in this advanced stage of the dis- tory passage or duct of the parotid gland be only order, he will often bleed profusely from the affected, there is no danger; it is merely necesnose. If in the mild or early stage of chronic sary to let the matter flow off from the orifice, and glanders blood flow from the nose, or the matter not prevent its current; the secreting powers of have a foul smell, it is a sure signal of the se- the gland, and the gland itself, will be at last ancond stage coming on; consequently, the run- nihilated without any injurious effects to the ning flows more copiously, and becomes more animal. offensive; the glands under the jaw increase in size and hardness, and adhere close to the jaw
Genus VII.-SANGUIFEROUS System. bone. Matter appears also in the inner corners Blood spavin. This disease consists in an enof the eyes. The horse falls off in condition, largement of the saphena vein, which passes has a constant inclination to stool, coughs vio- over the bog spavin, and often accompanies that lently, and in a short time death closes the suf- disease. The remedy employed by farriers is to ferings of the poor animal.
make an incision in the skin, and pass some 3. Lampas. La Fosse was the first person thread, by means of a crooked needle, under the who pointed out the absurdity of cauterising vein below the dilated part. In one case, after this swelling, since it accompanies the cutting of the vein had been securely tied, and the wound the grinding teeth, and merely points out to us in the skin stitched up, the horse was turned to that something ought to be done to humor a grass; sometimes with a strengthening plaster stomach rendered delicate by sympathising with or charge placed all over the joint. the mouth. 4. Bags or washes.
Genus VIII.-INTERNAL MEMBRANES.
Hernia. When we can push back the gut it Genus VI.-CONGLOMERATE GLANDS. is called reducible hernia ; but, when we cannot, Species 1. Strangles is a disease affecting the it is called irreducible; and, if the gut becomes kernels and other glands of the neck. General obstructed, it is called strangulated. It is only fever, swelling of glands, under and within the in the last that we can be of any real use; and lower jaw, cough, drought, and loss of appetite; that is, to prevent immediate death, by reducing sometimes there is very little general fever, and the gut into the abdomen; for nothing can rethe glands swell, suppurate, and burst, without move the common affection of reducible hernia much notice ; generally, however, the disease is but pressure, and this cannot be permanently mistaken for the distemper. It is distinguished applied with horses. Our services can only be from this by the swellings, which are hot, more required in strangulated hernia. To reduce this, tender, and larger, than in the distemper. A the horse must be thrown down with hobbles similar case, in each treatment, is proper; but it and secured; the legs are then to be placed so as to is advantageous to bring the swellings to a head in relax the muscles of the belly, and then the arır strangles as soon as possible ; for this purpose gently introduced into the anus, when, by cauuse strong, hot, stimulating poultices. In the tious pressure, the gut may be brought back into distemper, we must use a liniment of hartshorn, the abdomen; however, this will not happen vinegar, and oil: if we are in doubt, therefore, often, and if it do not on the first trial, recourse we must use only warm fomentations; this re- must be had to a clyster of tobacco smoke moves tightness and irritability, without occa- and cold application to the tumor; but time sioping suppuration. Sometimes, in strangles, must not be wasted with such remedies, and the there is a discharge from the nose, before the operation must be resorted to in the following kernels come to a head—this is called the bastard manner : an opening is to be made cautiously strangles. When the fever is considerable, we into the external integuments, so as not to must not bleed, unless upon a great emergency; wound the gut itself, which would be fatal. The finger is then to be passed up the opening along parts so affected should be covered with fresh the spermatic cord, and so as to feel where the sheep-skins, the fleshy sides of the skin to be stricture or tightness is; and then a blunt pointed kept inside; they must be changed as frequently bistoury is to be steadily passed on the finger, as is requisite, in order to keep the parts in conso as to divide the stricture, which, when done, tinued perspiration. When the purgative has will allow the gut to pass back immediately. operated, a drench, composed of asafatida, When this is performed, close the wound, and camphor, and opium, about one drachm each, is apply such compress and bandage as will prevent given; and, at the same time, he serves the the return of the gut.
horse with a clyster of similar medicines, with
the addition of a decoction of rue. Should the Genus IX.-Nervous System.
horse not improve, but appear costive, Mr. W. Epilepsy.-The symptoms of this disorder are recommends the purgative and emollient clyster as follows:- The horse at first stops suddenly, to be repeated, and the opiate to be disconshakes his head, and looks frightened; he then tinued, until the purgative has fully operated. proceeds as before. The symptoms increase in proportion to the violence of the attack, and he
Order II. perhaps falls, suddenly becoming violently convulsed, during which convulsions he passes his
Genus I.-SANGUIFEROUS System. urine and dung involuntarily. After a few Species 1. Synochus, that kind of fever which minutes he recovers his senses, and appears as depends upon excess of blood, is generally prowell as before the fit. The cure consists in duced by taking up a horse from grass, and putpurging the animal every second day gently by ting him suddenly into a warm stable upon oats calomel and aloes, and then turning out to grass and hay; or by feeding a borse high and giving for a couple of months or more, bleeding him him little or no exercise. Fever thus produced once a month.
is always to be cured by early and copious bleedSpasms. If a twitching or spasm take place, in ing, that is, by bleeding until faintness is proany of the muscles, it must be treated with gen- duced ; for which purpose it is generally necestle frictions with a brush, opening the bowels, sary to take off from one to two gallons, and and then administering opium liberally. The sometimes more. Medicine is of no use in this best form to give this powerful, and at present disorder, unless it is caused by an acrimonious only antispasmodic, in veterinary medicine is as state of the blood and humors, and then it will follows:- Take infusion of bark a quart, of be useful. tincture of opium half an ounce. Mix.
2. Phrenitis, mad staggers. The leading sympStringhalt. This is a spasmodic affection of toms of this disease are, unusual drowsiness, loss the hind leg or legs well known; there is little of appetite, and an inflamed appearance under inconvenience arising from it, and it is out of the eye-lids. As the disorder advances the animal the power of the veterinary art to remove it. becomes suddenly ferocious,endeavours to bite and Mr. Blane gives the best opinion as to its imme- destroy any other horse near, or any being who atdiate cause, which is, that some nervous twig empts to approach him. After those convulsive in its passage meets with continual irritation, efforts he sometimes lies down; and, when reprobably from mechanical obstruction over an cwered from exhaustion, rises up suddenly, and exostosis or ligamentous enlargement; or from resumes his furious operations. This desperate some pressure, as nipped between two tendons,' disease originates sometimes from worms in the &c. &c. When the affection is in both hind stomach, called botts; and, in other cases, from legs it is not so remarkable, as the animal ap- too much confinement in the stable, and high pears only to lift them a little higher and more feeding. The horse should be immediately sesuddenly than others.
cured in this violent stage of the disorder; the Tetanus or Locked Jaw. This melancholy two jugular veins should be opened, and, as in disease may originate from various causes, viz. : the case of inflammatory fever, the animal should bungling operations in gelding, nicking, or dock- be bled even to fainting; and, if convulsive ing, worms (called bots) in the entrails of the symptoms should again appear, the operation horse, over-working, wounds in the feet, &c. must be repeated. When the animal is thus The principal antidotes at present used in the rendered quiescent, he should be served with a removal of this disorder by veterinarians are few emollient clysters, and one or two purgative camphor and opium, which are injected into the doses. As soon as his strength is sufficiently restomach by clysters, if the medicine cannot be cruited, give him occasional bran mashes, and passed down by the mouth; the animal may green herbage in small proportions. In some also be supplied with nutritious clysters, until time after (if the weather be favorable) send him the jaws expand sufficiently to enable him to to grass on a light wholesome pasture. The reswallow his food. Wilkinson, who seems to medies to be relied upon most are repeated have effected many successful cures in locked bleedings and purging. jaw, proposes the following treatment: In the 3. Peripneumonia, rot, or rising of the lights. first place he recommends an emollient clyster Pleurisy, bronchitis, peripneumony, the rot, or and a purgative; unless the pulsation be very rising of the lights, is of frequent occurrence, quick, he does not approve of blood-letting and is one of the most destructive diseases which The jaws and every other part spasmodically the horse is subject to. As such, therefore, it affected should be thoroughly well 'rubbed with merits our peculiar attention. The lungs are of liquid ammonia, mustard, olive-oil, and oil of a delicate texture, and it is necessary for the turpentine, mixed up together. Then all the certain existence of the animal functions that the
lungs should perform their duties without being extensively over the chest, until it is well blis. impeded by disease. When inflammation has tered, will be found serviceable :- Take Egyptiattacked the lungs, we must immediately resort acum two ounces, vinegar two ounces, hartshorn to the most prompt and efficacious remedies. two ounces, turpentine one ounce, oil of origaAmong these, bleeding certainly is the most use- num one ounce, euphorbium two drachms, Spanful; and, on some occasions, the practitioner has ish flies two drachms. Put them in a bottle, and carried it to an extent almost incredible. The shake them well for use. first symptoms are invariably those of fever, com- 4. Pleuritis. Symptoms and mode of treatmon to all inflammatory complaints; then are ment precisely the same as those of the last. loss of appetite, cold shiverings, restlessness, de. 5. Catarrhus influenza. Distemper. This dispressed head, beating flanks, and ditficulty of ease is generally caused by sudden transitions breathing. This last symptom increases in extent, from heat to cold, where the animal, in a state of in proportion to the advance of the disease,, excessive perspiration, and overcome by great which may be known by the following symp- exertion, is immerged in cold water, or (as is too toms:-Very quick and difficult breathing, vio frequently the abused practice) drenched with lent working of the flanks, restlessness, expanded buckets full, by way of refreshing the horse. nostrils, for the admission of a greater quantity The general symptoms are severe cough or caof air, head depressed, and inclining to the part tarrh, excessive drowsiness, moisture from the affected, expressing pain and trouble. The horse eyes and nostrils, quick pulse and breathing, seldom attempts to lie down during this sick- quinsey in the throat, universal debility, &c. ness, but sometimes the animal falls suddenly The best remedy is immediate and free bleeding; and dies. His extremities are generally cold, then turn out the animal to a well enclosed and but the body is suffering under a strong fever, sheltered pasture, where, in due process of time, attended with a dry short cough, and a discharge with the assistance of wholesome grass, and good at the nostrils; the mouth is dry and parched, air, the disease will be effectually removed. If and the pulse which, at first, is generally strong the horse cannot conveniently be stirred from the and hard, but which is afterwards more oppressed, stable, he should be fed on light bran mashes, rises when you take blood. In some cases there and very small portions of the very best of hay; is more difficulty in breathing than in others : if grass could be obtained, it would be much this depends upon the extent of the disease; the better. The best medicine is nitrate of potass horse finds he breathes more at ease when stand- (nitre), to be given in three doses ; the first in the ing than when lying down. This difficulty of morning; the second at one o'clock in the afterbreathing arises from the lungs containing too noon, and the third at night, in the quantity of much blood, which lessens the size of the air half an ounce to each dose. Clysters should cells, and, beyond doubt, diminishes their num- also be served sufficiently frequent to keep the ber. From this cause, the horse, so often as he body in a free and cool state. The above regibreathes, cannot admit so much air into his lungs men and treatment should be continued until the as is sufficient to enable them to perform their animal be in a state of perfect convalescence ; functions: hence he breathes more frequently. then very small proportions of oats, well bruised The quantity of blood in the lungs is greater, and wetted, may at intervals be allowed him. and circulaies slower than when in health; 6. Gastritis. Stomach staggers. The stomach thereby, its free return from the head and neck is sometimes, when in a diseased state, affected is checked, and the eyes and membrane of the by acute inflammation, from receiving into it nose are frequently red and inflamed, while the poisonous or highly stimulating substances. veins of the neck project with over distension. However, this is not a case of very frequent ocThe next thing to be done is to cool the body, currence. Botts are supposed to produce someact upon the kidneys, and purge the bowels. times a species of chronic inflammation in the The following plan is an excellent one :—Take stomach. The principal indications of acute James's powder two drachms, prepared kali half stomachic inflammation are general heaviness, an ounce, nitre half an ounce, Castile soap two quick breathing and pulsation, legs and ears drachms, confection of roses half an ounce; beat chilly, &c. If an over quantity of arsenic, blue them into a ball. Give this ball immediately vitriol, or corrosive sublimate, be received in the after bleeding, and, while the inflammation con- stomach, the best antidotes against their poisontinues, repeat it two or three times a day. Six ous effects are liver of sulphur; a solution of hours after bleeding, give him the purging drink, soap, with an infusion of flax seed; a solution of recommended under the head of Fever, which gum arabic, or arrow-root boiled, is also recomsee. Let this be repeated every morning until mended. If acute inflammation ensue from the the bowels be freely opened. You may assist action of violent stimulants, such as an excessive the operation of the purging drink materially, dose of nitrate of potass, linseed infusion is conby using the following clyster :-Take thin water sidered the best anti-stimulant. The animal gruel four quarts, nitre one ounce, Glauber's should also be bled. If the stomach be inflamed salts four ounces, linseed oil half a pint. Dis- by botts, doses of olive or castor oil should be solve the salts in the gruel, and give it to the given, and clysters of oil and warm water be horse when lukewarm. Observe the general thrown up. As the disease abates his regimen of rules which I have laid down previous to the diet should be very temperate, nutritive mashes exhibition of a clyster. You may inject, as above, of bran, and a small portion of bruised oats ; also once a day until the medicines operate: you green herbage, as grass, &c., are the best dict. may also employ blistering to great advantage. 7. Peritonitis. This disorder proceeds from The use of the following, rubbed well in, and the quick removal of a horse into a close stable, be applied to the coronet and the heels of the of the diseased horn. When all inflammatory frog, if dry or cracked. In very bad cases of symptoms have subsided, the sensible portions sand crack, the cautery, or burning iron, is some should be dressed with a solution of caustic or times used successfully; a blister on the coronet blue vitriol, and finish with the tar ointment. above the sand crack has also produced beneficial Howerer, this may be considered the only effecresults.
tual remedy in desperate stages of the com13. Gravelling. This complaint is caused by plaint, a little timely care on its first appearance the introduction of gravel or dirt at the heel, be- would prevent the fatal results which must inetween the crust and sole, whereby suppuration vitably ensue to the animal when it is long negensues either above or beneath the sole, and not lected. In those advanced stages of the disunfrequently breaks out on the coronet. The order, notwithstanding the remedies proposed, heel must be pared away, and every portion of the sensible portions of the foot will ever be in horn detached from the sensible parts must a terder state; therefore, the protection of the be cut off. The dirt or gravel must be bar-shoe, as already directed, is absolutely necompletely removed by the application of tenis cessary, and should be constantly used. The of tow dipped in warm water. Should the animal will find great relief in being allowed to parts appear inflamed, poultices must be laid expatiate in meadow without shoes, provided on. When the inflammation ceases, tents of the tender heel be first pared down as has been tow or lint, steeped in a solution of blue vitriol, already inculcated. should be introduced, and afterwards the cure 15. Bruises of the sole. The sole may be may be completed by Friar's balsam and tar bruised either from its being naturally fat and oiniment. Until the sole and heel are firmly thin, or from being made so by the smith, and joined together, a bar-shoe must be kept on the this he does from a desire of doing what he beinjured foot.
lieves to be right; that is, to make the bottom 14. Corns. In nine cases out of ten, this af- of the foot concave when there is not sufficient flicting and frequently dangerous complaint is horn to admit of its being made so, without solely attributable to the gross neglect or igno- making it so thin as to be incapable of resisting rance of the smith in shoeing horses carelessly the blows to which it must of necessity be exor improperly. All sporting gentlemen and posed. It may also happen from a careless use dealers in horses should, therefore, be particular of the drawing knife, that is, by cutting away as to the capacity of the farrier before they subtoo much at once; in doing which they somemit their horses for his shoeing operation. Corns times wound the sole, or leave a small part so are produced from the heel of ihe shoe, either thinly covered that not only the sensible sole, by pressing immediately on the sole, which may but even the coffin bone, become bruised, which be too slight to bear it, or by pressing the heel cannot fail to happen when a foot has been thus of the case or crust (as it is termed) internally. pared. When this happens matter will form The sensible sole and thin coats become bruised, under the horny sole, and when this has been and the blood passes into the pores of the horn, let out, and all the hollow horn removed, the which may be perceptible (when the shoe is horse will appear relieved; but sometimes the taken off and the sole is scraped) from its livid pain will continue, from there being matter appearance. This bruised portion, as well as deeper than this; that is, between the sensible that around it, cannot possibly bear the impres- sole and the coffin bone; this being let out, and sion of a shoe from the soreness and inflam- all the surrounding horn thinned away, the foot mation attending the wound; therefore, a suffi- should be wrapped up in a bran poultice: the cient quantity of the sole, crust, and bar must following day ile poultice will perhaps be unbe pared off, so that, when the bar-shoe is put on, necessary, and it may then be found that a small it shall be at least three-quarters of an inch sepa- part of the coffin bone is bare, which may be rate from the surface. The shoe should be taken distinctly felt when it is probed. This bare part off occasionally, and the parts pared off, accord- of the bone should be scraped with a suitable ing as their growth increases. In most cases of instrument, and afterwards dressed with the tincthis kind, it will be necessary to reduce the hard ture of myrrh: this will in the course of a short substance on the heel by well rasping it, other- tine effect a cure. Before the horse is put to wise the frog is perpetually exposed to the severe work the sole should be hardened; and this pressure of the bar-shoe. If the feet feel unna may be done by keeping it stopped with tar turally hot, wet cloths or poultices should be ointment. Tar ointment, tar and hog's lard applied constantly, until the heat is removed. equal parts; to be melted together, and when Some ignorant horse-doctors cut out the corn removed from the fire to be kept stirring until it only, so that the bar and crust are left to form a is cold. juncture with the heel of the shoe; but even if 16. Over-reaching, over-lashing, or over-stepthe shoe were made so as to bear off the quarter ping. These in old books of farriery were it would avail little, for, in the course of exer- termed according to their situation in the heel, cise, the horse's weight must press upon the or above the fellock joint, the higher and the shoe, and consequently injure the affected part. nether attaint; from the French atteint. These Inattention to a proper mode of treatment, in accidents sometimes happen from the toe of the the first instance, is the cause of so many fine hind foot being too long, and not squared off as animals being left upon three legs during the I have advised. It may also occur from bad whole period of their lives. The only remedy, riding, in pulling up a horse badly, and making in this extreme stage of corns, is the application him gallop false, as it is termed. Whenever the of emollient poultices, and a complete excision wound is such as to leave a fan of skin, whe. ther it be upwards, downwards, or sideways, it four ounces, white vitriol half an ounce, aluni in should be immediately cut off as close as pos- powder two ounces; mix them, and add gradusible; a re-union of the parts can never happen, ally sulphuric acid three drachms. It is necesand by leaving the flap, and attempting to effect sary to describe a third kind of thrush, which the re-union of the parts, there would be thick- is, in point of fact, nothing less than the comening and a greater blemish, and its removal mencement of canker; it is not so common as would be found necessary at last. This may those already treated on. This species of thrush be considered as a contused, wound, and to all may be always removed by carefully cutting such wounds I think a poultice the best remedy. away from the frog all the horn that is detached This probably will be doubted by surgeons; but from the sensible frog, and afterwards applying in horse surgery it will be found the best prac- Egyptiacum with a few drops of oil of vitriol. tice. When the inflammation has been com- The part affected should be kept clean with a pletely subdued, by this poultice, the astringent sponge and warm water; and, when the ulcers paste may be applied, and nothing more done are healed, the regeneration of horn must be asfor two days, when it is to be soaked and wash- sisted by applying the hoof ointment used in ed off, and a similar dressing laid on. Three narrow heels. or four of these dressings will generally effect a 18. Canker. This obstinate and often incucure. Astringent paste, finely powdered alum rable disease first makes its appearance in the and pipe-clay, in equal proportions; water frog, spreading thence to the surrounding parts, enough to give it the consistence of cream. and at times affecting the coffin bone. In the When the wound is perfectly healed, a little sal. first place it is necessary to pare the foot down, Jad oil or hog's lard may be necessary to soften carefully removing every particle of horn which the cicatrix.
may conceal any part affected. This must be 17. Thrush. In this disease the frog is ulcer- repeated each time the foot is examined, which ated, causing a discharge of fætid matter from should be daily. All the putrified flesh must the cleft or division. It is not always productive be removed with the knife, taking care not to go of lameness, particularly where the hind feet deeper than the decayed part, otherwise the are affected, which is always the result of neg. coffin bone will be in danger of injury. When ligence, in allowing the horse to stand in his this is properly done, let the shoe be fixed with dung. The horny frog becomes soft and rotten, two or three nails only on each side; and, if it and the acrid matter penetrating through it in- it is necessary to stop the bleeding, lay over the fames the sensible frog, and, instead of horn be- incised part a handful of salt, and secure it with ing secreted for its defence, a fætid and acrimo- pledgets of tow. This application must be renious matter is discharged. Contraction in the moved the following day, and the hoof examined, heels will sometimes produce thrushes in the to ascertain whether or not it presses upon any fore feet, but it is more generally the conse tender part; if so, pare it thin, or, if thought quence of want of elasticity and increased necessary, remove it. Take corrosive sublimate thickness of the hoof. The treatment of thrush two scruples, muriatic acid two drachins, Friar's must depend on the cause by which it is pro- balsam, compound tincture of myrrh, of each duced. That in the hind feet will be cured by two ounces. 'Mix them, and put into a bottle. proper washing and removing the filth, which Let this tincture be applied over the whole of occasions it; when however it has gone so far as the diseased part, after which, take pledgets of to produce ulceration of the sensible frog, it tow and dip in the following mixture, applying must then be dressed with a solution of blue them all over the affected parts :Take white vitriol or oxymel of verdigrise, after cleansing vitriol, blue vitriol in powder, of each iwo the frog thoroughly with tow. One dressing drachms, alum in powder half an ounce, Egypwill be sufficient to effect a cure. The tar oint- tiacum four ounces, sulphuric acid twenty drops. ment ordered in narrow heels should be applied Mix well. Spread pledgets of tow with this hot, to promote the regeneration of horn. Thrush mixture, as before stated, and fill up the vacancy in the fore feet must be treated differently. The over them with other pledgets spread with the cause must be first removed, which is an in- tar mixture ordered in thrush : this is the best creased quantity of blood thrown into the frog, method of effecting a cure. The foot must be from the compression which the sensible foot dressed every day, and should any fungus make undergoes from the contraction of the heels. In its appearance, it will be easily removed by this case, the animal suffers pain from his in- touching it with lunar caustic, or sprinkling over effectual efforts to expand the inelastic and in- it a little powdered verdigrise. The cure is renflexible heel; this causes him to lift the frog, dered more difficult in these cases where the and go chiefly on the toe. Thus it is that stumb- horse loses his hoof, which sometimes occurs, ling and falling are so common in this disease. and always occasions great inconvenience in By attempting to stop this kind of thrush with dressing. If the hoof is in such a state as to those preparations commonly used, the lame- prevent the shoe being fastened to it, the dressness is often increased. All that is necessary ings must be secured by a boot made for the here is to rasp the quarters and heels of the hoof, purpose. The quantity of cloths or rags which attenuate the soles, and cover the frog with tar are generally applied often produce such heat ointment; the foot should then be wrapped in in the foot as to increase the injury, every prean emollient poultice. Slight cases will be ef- caution must therefore be taken to prevent the fectually relieved by this treatment. Should hoof separating from the foot, and the following however the thrush remain, after these 'applica- astringent lotion should be applied once or twice tions, apply the following mixture :-Take tar a day :- Take sugar of lead, white vitriol, of each