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nitre, Venice soap, Barbadoes aloes, of each in very obstinate. An emollient poultice should fine powder, four ounces; precipitated sulphur be first applied, and continued for a few days, of antimony one ounce. Let them be mixed, or until the inflammation has completely subadd a sufficient quantity of honey or treacle, and sided. The crack or ulcer, as well as all the liquorice powder, and make them into a mass fit hollow part of the pastern or heel, should be for balls.' The weight of each ball should be covered with the following paste, which is to one ounce and a half.
remain two or three days, and then to be washed 2. Hide-bound. When a horse's hide or skin off and repeated. When the crack is perfectly sticks to his ribs, as it were, and cannot be drawn healed or dried up by this astringent paste, a out or moved, as in the healthy state, he is said little sallad oil or fresh hog's lard is often neto be hide-bound. It indicates great weakness cessary to supple the part. In obstinate cases and poverty, and sometimes a diseased state of it is necessary to keep the horse perfectly at the mesenteric vessels, and consumption. It is rest until the crack is healed, and sometimes to generally occasioned by ill usage, and bad or apply the following ointment, spread on a pledget insufficient food, and can only be removed by of tow, and confined by a bandage :- Take of proper feeding and good treatment. A good litharge plaster two ounces, best sallad oil one piece of grass is the best remedy, especially in ounce. Melt slowly; and when removed the early part of summer.
from the fire, continue stirring until it is cold. 3. Mange. This is a well known disease, Three of these dressings will generally cure highly contagious. It however as frequently the disorder. During this treatment the horse arises from debility as from contagion. The must not be taken out for exercise, but be turned horse first begins to rub and scratch ; the hair, loose into a cool box or out-house, where he then, at various parts, falls off, leaving bare may move himself about gently. As he takes patches; and, if the disease be suffered to con- no exercise during this time, he should be fed tinue, the animal pines away amazingly. The with bran mashes, and have only very little hay, cure of mange is simple: common sulphur as his bowels would otherwise be loaded with ointment rubbed well in, all over the animal, excrement, and much mischief might thereby once a day, will cure it in a week. The following be done. Though the disease is entirely local, remedies are also effectual :
it may not be amiss to give half an ounce of Lotion.-Take of tobacco and white helle- nitre once or twice a day in his mash. Horses bore, three nunces; and boil in two quarts of that are constantly kept trimmed out in the water to three pints; then add an equal portion heels often lose the hair from the part by of lime water. Wash the horse all over with the constant friction of the dirt of the roads ; this every day.
and, besides the deformity this occasions, they Ointment.--Arsenic one drachm, sulphur eight are still more liable to those painful cracks. I ounces, lard a pound, train oil sufficient to im- have lately, Mr. White observes, found the folprove its consistence. In curing the mange, the lowing treatment successful :-If the cracks are horse should have a purging ball first, and then very painful, poultice for one day and night, in a day or two a dose of nitre and cream of then wash them three times a day with the foltartar. His food should be green if it can be lowing lotion, for one or two days, after this obtained, or, if not, turnips, carrots, or speared apply the 'astringent ointment, which generally corn.
heals them in a short time. Lotion. --Super4. Mallenders. This is a scurfy eruption at acetate of lead and sulphate of zinc, of each two the back part of the knee, or bending of the drachms, water eight ounces. Mix. joint. The affection, if allowed to remain, de- 7. Crown scab, of the same nature as the malgenerates into a disagreeable discharge. By lender, and may be cured by the same means : washing the parts with soap and water, and dry- it generally leaves a blemish consisting in the ing them with a soft cloth or sponge, and then loss of hair. anointing with the following ointment once a 8. Rat-tails, an affection of the same kind day, the disease will be removed :- Take of mer- essentially as the preceding, but under a difcurial ointment an ounce, sulphate of zinc a ferent formality, the eruption appearing in lines scruple. Mix.
or wheals, which from their shape have received 5. Sallenders. This is the same disease as the fanciful denomination of rat-tails. mallenders, only that it affects the inside of the 9. Treads. Waggon horses, especially in hock joint. Its treatment is precisely the mangy stables, have often an itching about the same.
heels, which causes them to injure themselves, 6. Cracks in the heels. These are frequently sometimes severely, in endeavouring to rub or occurring, especially in saddle horses, even when scratch the part with their own feet. It is thus properly treated, except in one particular, and that they tread on the coronet or heel, and somethat an important one, for it is occasioned en- times cause quittor. The injury, however, is tirely by the foolish practice of trimming out seldom so severe as this, and may be soon cured the heels. This renders them liable to injuries by poulticing for a few days, and dressing the in travelling on gravelly or muddy roads, or part afterwards with the tar ointment. It is indeed in any kind of road, as loose stones can always better to lay up the horse, and poultice not be avoided. In this way small bruises take him, than to put him immediately to work, as is place in the bend of the pastern, the skin is in- commonly done, because the disease appears flamed, and an ulcer or crack follows. These trifling: they are almost always obliged to do cracks are very painful, and often cause lame- it at last, and then a much longer time is reness: from improper treatment they often prove quired for the cure. Treads have been noticed
in this place because crown scab and rat tails This will be found to correct the discharge in a are a mangy kind of complaint, and often occa- few days. The discharge, however, ought not sion the accident. Horses that have this itching to be too suddenly dried up when the complaint of the heels and legs, if carefully examined, has gone to such lengths, but rowels or setons will sometimes be found to have lice in the skin. should be applied in the thighs, and allowed to The legs should be well rubbed with mange discharge several days first. Then the following ointment, and some sulphur or alterative powder astringents may be applied to dry up the dismay be given them inwardly.
charge :- Take equal parts of verdigrise, white, io. Grease, so termed from the similitude vitriol, alum, and sugar of lead, half an ounce. which the discharge bears to that animal secretion Dissolve them in half a pint of water, or of oil called by the same name. This very frequent of vitriol half an ounce, water half a pint. Mix. disease is a discharge from the skin of the part Or of corrosive sublimate two drachms, dissolved immediately above the hoof, sometimes attended in a little spirit of wine, and added to half a with cracks and swellings extending higher up. pint of water. When the discharge is stopped, It is caused by weakness of the parts, occa- and the disease apparently removed, let the horse sioned by long standing in a stable, or by cold be turned to grass, or into a straw-yard; and, in from repeated washing of the legs without rub- a week or two, fire the parts, so as to cause the bing them dry, or from moisture constantly under skin to contract, and so establish a permanent the feet. Grease may be sometimes owing to pressure on the parts. constitutional debility, particularly in young 11. Broken knees. These like the preceding horses, brought on suddenly by changes in their are contused wounds, but generally of a more diet, &c., and the want of exercise. The hind serious nature, not only on account of the blelegs are oftener attacked than the fore; per- mish, but likewise from the violence with which haps, because they are usually not so well they are inflicted. Whenever there is a flap of rubbed and dried; and, perhaps, from the skin it should be immediately cut off. A poulstretch which is kept upon them ip stalls which tice is the best remedy for the first three or four slant downwards. Although a horse may be days, or a week, and, when the inflammation has fat, and apparently in good condition, still the been thus subdued, the white astringent paste disease may be caused by this very fulness, pro- should be applied as prescribed at the end of ducing a partial debility in the feet. Grease this article. "When the wound is completely may be either a simple discharge, or be con- skinned over, a little hoof or tar ointment may nected with cracks and swelled legs. The treat- be applied daily to promote the growth of hair; ment, therefore, must be adapted to the different the ointment may be softened, if thought necesdegrees of the complaint. In the first instance, sary, by a little oil of olives, or colored red or when the complaint is mild, the feet should black by means of bole or lamp black. be bathed in warm water, and, having been 12. Sand crack. This complaint is most gedried, the following astringent lotion should be neral among horses whose hoofs are of a dry applied, by tying a rag wetted with it on the and fragile substance, on which account the parts, and repeating the application twice a day, horn at the upper part of the inner quarter is with gentle exercise, and green food if possible, liable to break and crack. These sand cracks mashes, opening medicines, and nitre :-Take in most cases affect the sensible portions of the of sulphate of zinc two drachms, decoction of foot. The crack or cleft should, in the first inoak bark a pint. Mix. If cracks begin to show stance, be opened with a drawing knife, and all themselves, with an ichorous discharge of a thin the hollow portions of the horn, as far as they and greenish nature, we must not use the above extend under the crust, should be thoroughly lotion, but first poultice the parts with warm cut out; also every portion of horn detached linseed poultice or mashed turnips, bathing the from the sensible parts must be cut off. Some parts occasionally with warm water. These ap tow steeped in a solution of blue vitriol should plications are to be continued for eight or ten then be applied, and the hollow parts afterwards days, until a healthy discharge comes on, when with tar ointment. When the foot appears lame the above astringent may be safely applied. and inflamed, it must be poulticed for about
If, however, the cracks become large, and seven or eight days; after this it would be well swelling of the legs follow, the above poulticing to send the animal to grass for a month, when a and fomenting plan must be mainly assisted by small portion of new hoof will be seen growing constitutional means, such as occasional diu- above the sand crack. The whole of the crack retic balls and alterative medicines; and the should be laid over with tar ointment, and the following may be used after the astringent lotion part where the crack appears should be reduced is tried :-Take of verdigrise half an ounce, pre- as much as possible by the use of the rasp. pared calamine stone one ounce, chalk powdered By attention to these instructions, sand cracks two drachms, tar a quarter of a pound. Mix. are not unfrequently cured, without much trouAnoint the parts daily with this. Confirmed ble. When the animal is taken out from grass, grease, notwithstanding all our efforts, will often the soles must be pared thin, the foot stuffed follow; and this is when the cracks become with tar ointment, and a wide easy shoe put on. ulcers and discharge a foul and peculiarly stink- In some time after, when the horse improves, a ing Auid; horny or thick nobs will also form, smaller shoe can be substituted in its stead. If called by the farriers grapes. Then we must, the feet be unusually hot, apply wet cloths conin addition to warm fomentations, use the fer- stantly to them until the heat be removed. The menting poultice, which is flour moistened and frog should be kept well pared or rasped, and leavened into a state of fermentation by yeast. overlaid with tar ointment, which should also
be applied to the coronet and the heels of the of the diseased horn. When all inflammatory frog, if dry or cracked. In very bad cases of symptoms have subsided, the sensible portions sand crack, the cautery, or burning iron, is some should be dressed with a solution of caustic or times used successfully; a blister on the coronet blue vitriol, and finish with the tar ointment. above the sand crack has also produced beneficial Howerer, this may be considered the only effecresults.
tual remedy in desperate stages of the com13. Gravelling. This complaint is caused by plaint, a little timely care on its first appearance the introduction of gravel or dirt at the heel, bé. would prevent the fatal results which must inetween the crust and sole, whereby suppuration vitably ensue to the animal when it is long negensues either above or beneath the sole, and not lected. In those advanced stages of the disunfrequently breaks out on the coronet. The order, notwithstanding the remedies proposed, heel must be pared away, and every portion of the sensible portions of the foot will ever be in horn detached from the sensible parts must a tender state; therefore, the protection of the be cut off. The dirt or gravel must be bar-shoe, as already directed, is absolutely necompletely removed by the application of tents cessary, and should be constantly used. The of tow dipped in warm water. Should the animal will find great relief in being allowed to parts appear inflamed, poultices must be laid expatiate in meadow without shoes, provided on. When the inflammation ceases, tents of the tender heel be first pared down as has been tow or lint, steeped in a solution of blue vitriol, already inculcated. should be introduced, and afterwards the cure 15. Bruises of the sole. The sole may be may be completed by Friar's balsam and tar bruised either from its being naturally flat and ointment. Until the sole and heel are firmly thin, or from being made so by the smith, and joined together, a bar-shoe must be kept on the this he does from a desire of doing what he beinjured foot.
lieves to be right; that is, to make the bottom 14. Corns. In nine cases out of ten, this af of the foot concave when there is not sufficient flicting and frequently dangerous complaint is horn to admit of its being made so, without solely attributable to the gross neglect or igno- making it so thin as to be incapable of resisting rance of the smith in shoeing horses carelessly the blows to which it must of necessity be exor improperly. All sporting gentlemen and posed. It may also happen from a careless use dealers in horses should, therefore, be particular of the drawing knife, that is, by cutting away as to the capacity of the farrier before they sub- too much at once; in doing which they somemit their horses for his shoeing operation. Corns times wound the sole, or leave a small part so are produced from the heel of the shoe, either thinly covered that not only the sensible sole, by pressing immediately on the sole, which may but even the coffin bone, become bruised, which be too slight to bear it, or by pressing the heel cannot fail to happen when a foot has been thus of the case or crust (as it is termed) internally. pared. When this happens matter will form The sensible sole and thin coats become bruised, under the horny sole, and when this has been and the blood passes into the pores of the horn, let out, and all the hollow horn removed, the which may be perceptible (when the shoe is horse will appear relieved; but sometimes the taken off and the sole is scraped) from its livid pain will continue, from there being matter appearance. This bruised portion, as well as deeper than this; that is, between the sensible that around it, cannot possibly bear the impres. sole and the coffin bone; this being let out, and sion of a shoe from the soreness and inflam- all the surrounding horn thinned away, the foot mation attending the wound; therefore, a suffi- should be wrapped up in a bran poultice: the cient quantity of the sole, crust, and bar must following day the poultice will perhaps be unbe pared off, so that, when the bar-shoe is put on, necessary, and it may then be found that a small it shall be at least three-quarters of an inch sepa- part of the coffin bone is bare, which may be rate from the surface. The shoe should be taken distinctly felt when it is probed. This bare part off occasionally, and the parts pared off, accord- of the bone should be scraped with a suitable ing as their growth increases. In most cases of instrument, and afterwards dressed with the tincthis kind, it will be necessary to reduce the hard ture of myrrh : this will in the course of a short substance on the heel by well rasping it, other- time effect a cure. Before the horse is put to wise the frog is perpetually exposed to the severe work the sole should be hardened; and this pressure of the bar-shoe. If the feet feel unda- may be done by keeping it stopped with tar turally hot, wet cloths or poultices should be ointment. Tarointment, tar and hog's lard applied constantly, until the heat is removed. equal parts; to be melted together, and when Some ignorant horse-doctors cut out the corn removed from the fire to be kept stirring until it only, so that the bar and crust are left to form a is cold. juncture with the heel of the shoe; but even if 16. Over-reaching, over-lashing, or over-stepthe shoe were made so as to bear off the quarter ping. These in old books of farriery were it would avail little, for, in the course of exer- termed according to their situation in the heel, cise, the horse's weight must press upon the or above the fetlock joint, the higher and the shoe, and consequently injure the affected part. nether attaint; from the French atteint. These Inattention to a proper mode of treatment, in accidents sometimes happen from the toe of the the first instance, is the cause of so many fine hind foot being too long, and not squared off as animals being left upon three legs during the I have advised. It may also occur from bad whole period of their lives. The only remedy, riding, in pulling up a horse badly, and making in this extreme stage of corns, is the application him gallop false, as it is termed. Whenever the of emollient poultices, and a complete excision wound is such as to leave a flap of skin, whe. ther it be upwards, downwards, or sideways, it four ounces, white vitriol half an ounce, alun in should be immediately cut off as close as pos- powder two ounces; mix them, and add gradusible; a re-union of the parts can never happen, ally sulphuric acid three drachmis. It is necesand by leaving the flap, and attempting to effect sary to describe a third kind of thrush, which the re-union of the parts, there would be thick- is, in point of fact, nothing less than the comening and a greater blemish, and its removal mencement of canker; it is not so common as would be found necessary at last. This may those already treated on. This species of thrush be considered as a contused. wound, and to all may be always removed by carefully cutting such wounds I think a poultice the best remedy. away from the frog all the horn that is detached This probably will be doubted by surgeons; but from the sensible frog, and afterwards applying in horse surgery it will be found the best prac- Egyptiacum with a few drops of oil of vitriol. tice. When the inflammation has been com- The part affected should be kept clean with a pletely subdued, by this poultice, the astringent sponge and warm water; and, when the ulcers paste may be applied, and nothing more done are healed, the regeneration of horn must be asfor two days, when it is to be soaked and wash- sisted by applying the hoof ointment used in ed off, and a similar dressing laid on. Three narrow heels. or four of these dressings will generally effect a 18. Canker. This obstinate and often incucure. Astringent paste, finely powdered alum rable disease first makes its appearance in the and pipe-clay, in equal proportions; water frog, spreading thence to the surrounding parts, enough to give it the consistence of cream. and at times affecting the coffin bone. In the When the wound is perfectly healed, a little sal- first place it is necessary to pare the foot down, lad oil or hog's lard may be necessary to soften carefully removing every particle of horn which the cicatrix.
may conceal any part affected. This must be 17. Thrush. In this disease the frog is ulcer- repeated each time the foot is examined, which ated, causing a discharge of fætid matter from should be daily. All the putrified flesh must the cleft or division. It is not always productive be removed with the knife, taking care not to go of lameness, particularly where the hind feet deeper than the decayed part, otherwise the are affected, which is always the result of neg. coffin bone will be in danger of injury. When ligence, in allowing the horse to stand in his this is properly done, let the shoe be fixed with dung. The horny frog becomes soft and rotten, two or three nails only on each side ; and, if it and the acrid matter penetrating through it in- it is necessary to stop the bleeding, lay over the flames the sensible frog, and, instead of horn be- incised part a handful of salt, and secure it with ing secreted for its defence, a fætid and acrimo- pledgets of tow. This application must be renious matter is discharged. Contraction in the moved the following day, and the hoof examined, heels will sometimes produce thrushes in the to ascertain whether or not it presses upon any fore feet, but it is more generally the conse- tender part; if so, pare it thin, or, if thought quence of want of elasticity and increased necessary, remove it. Take corrosive sublimate thickness of the hoof. The treatment of thrush two scruples, muriatic acid two drachms, Friar's must depend on the cause by which it is pro- balsam, compound tincture of myrrh, of each duced. That in the hind feet will be cured by two ounces. . Mix them, and put into a bottle. proper washing and removing the filth, which Let this tincture be applied over the whole of occasions it; when however it has gone so far as the diseased part, after which, take pledgets of to produce ulceration of the sensible frog, it tow and dip in the following mixture, applying must then be dressed with a solution of blue them all over the affected parts : Take white vitriol or oxymel of verdigrise, after cleansing vitriol, blue vitriol in powder, of each two the frog .thoroughly with tow. One dressing drachms, alum in powder half an ounce, Egypwill be sufficient to effect a cure. The tar oint- tiacum four ounces, sulphuric acid twenty drops. ment ordered in narrow heels should be applied Mix well. Spread pledgets of tow with this hot, to promote the regeneration of horn. Thrush mixture, as before staied, and fill up the vacancy in the fore feet must be treated differently. The over them with other pledgets spread with the cause must be first removed, which is an in- tar mixture ordered in thrish : this is the best creased quantity of blood thrown into the frog, method of effecting a cure. The foot must be from the compression which the sensible foot dressed every day, and should any fungus make undergoes from the contraction of the heels. In its appearance, it will be easily removed by this case, the animal suffers pain from his in- touching it with lunar caustic, or sprinkling over effectual efforts to expand the inelastic and in- it a little powdered verdigrise. The cure is renflexible heel; this causes him to lift the frog, dered more difficult in these cases where the and go chiefly on the toe. Thus it is that stumb- horse loses his hoof, which sometimes occurs, ling and falling are so common in this disease. and always occasions great inconvenience in By attempting to stop this kind of thrush with dressing. If the hoof is in such a state as to those preparations commonly used, the lame- prevent the shoe being fastened to it, the dressness is often increased. All that is necessary ings must be secured by a boot made for the here is to rasp the quarters and heels of the hoof, purpose. The quantity of cloths or rags which attenuate the soles, and cover the frog with tar are generally applied often produce such heat ointment; the foot should then be wrapped in in the foot as to increase the injury, every prean emollient poultice. Slight cases will be ef- caution must therefore be taken to prevent the fectually relieved by this treatment. Should hoof separating from the foot, and the following however the thrush remain, after these 'applica- astringent lotion should be applied once or twice tions, apply the following mixture :- Take tar a day :- Take sugar of lead, white vitriol, of each half an ounce, alum five drachms, vinegar nine Farcy has been, by the old farriers, thought to ounces, water four ounces. Mix, and put into a be a disease of the veins; but it is now fully bot:le. This lotion must be applied to the foot proved to be a disease of the absorbent or lymand instep as high as the feilock joint, previous phatic vessels; and farcy buds, as they are callto its being dressed, and some of it may be ed, are the enlarged glands of that system in poured round the fetlock joint, or at the edge which the virus is acting, and are what, in the of the cloths so as to be allowed to find its way human system, are called buboes: like them, down at any other part of the day. By pur- they are difficult to heal when once ulcerated. suing this plan the hoof will often be preserved The ulceration of these farcy buds are termed from entire separation. It is necessary to give farcy pipes, in the language of farriery. There two or three of the following balls :- Take calo- are two kinds of farcy, one which commences mel one drachin, ginger two drachins, red nitrate in the surface of the body, and is termed the of quicksilver finely powdered one scruple, cas- button, or bred farcy; the other commences in tile soap two drachms, add a sufficient quantity the hind legs, and sometimes in the fore. The of syrup to make a ball. One of these balls swellings called farcy buds are not so apt to be should be given every third night, and worked found near or over the joints, but between them, off the following morning with a common purg- and they may be distinguished from those tuing ball; by this treatment the blood will be mors called surfeit, by not being so diffused, or cooled and improved, and the disease checked. so broad and flat, and by not being on the outIn about three weeks after he has taken the last side of the limb, or on the body, where surfeit ball, it will be necessary to give him two or three tumors appear most commonly. Farcy buds are mild alterative balls every second night. By knotty, and when on the legs are to be found pursuing this plan of treatment with attention, a inside. Farcied limbs become swelled; but cure may be effected in the most serious cases. they differ from the swelling of mere debility in
19. Pomiced feet are the consequence of in- this, namely, that exercise and rubbing will reflammation. It is a thickening internally, which move the latter, but in farcy it cannot be redisplaces the coffin bone so as to make it bear moved, and there are knotty tumors to be felt, on the sole. A pomiced foot is flat or convex and an evident enlargement of what might be on the sole, and fallen in on the front of the thought the veins, but what, in reality, are the hoof. We can only palliate the disease. absorbent vessels. The tumors of farcy, if al.
20. Groggy feet, indebted for this very fan- lowed to go on, break and degenerate into foul ciful denomination to the ruling motion, which ulcers, the matter of which is contagious. Bad weakness of the joint imparts to the segments cases of grease will become farcy, if neglected. of the limb below. This is a diseased softening Lameness sometimes attacks one leg, and then of the joint and ligaments. Blistering and en suddenly changes to the other. For the cure of tire rest only are useful here.
this disease diluted sulphuric acid, as recom21. Sitfasts. These appear like dark colored mended by Mr. Rydge, who also recommends scabs on the back, but are really dead hard skin, Mr. Blane's prescription. Six ounces of the and cannot be removed until they have been expressed juice of goose-grass, six ounces of the poulticed a few days. Then they may be sepa- decoction of hemp seed, and six ounces of the rated by means of a pair of pliers; but it re- essence of spruce quires some force to remove them, and generally 2. Glanders. The transition is ready from a few strokes with the knife. When this has a highly inflamed state to ulcerating condition, been done the cure may be completed with the whence we can account for the mutation of the astringent paste, applied once in two days, and farcy into glanders. The general symptoms of the scab removed previously to each application. glanders are, a discharge, mostly from the left A little sallad oil may be necessary to soften the nostril, seldom from the right, and sometimes cicatrix after the wound is healed.
from both. This running, at first, is inconsider
able, and in substance resembles the white of Genus V.--ABSORBENT SYSTEM.
an egg. The membrane within the nostril is Species 1. Farcy, or Farcin, terminates, if not unusually red; the swelling of the glands or prevented in glanders, and may be either consti- kernels under the jaw, and between the parts tutional or local. This disease is, contrary to of the lower jaw, is almost invariably observthe opinion of some, extremely contagious; and able on the same side as the infected nostril. when caught in this way is generally commu- In other respects, the animal exhibits every apnicated to the horse by the rubbing of some pearance of soundness, as regard its appetite, parts of his body against the manger where a condition, spirits, &c. The urine is generally glandered horse has stood, or, perhaps, being crude and transparent. Glanders are not unfretouched with a currycomb that had glanderous quently accompanied by a cutaneous disease, of matter upon it, or from the diseased horse biting a scorbutic character, called farcin or farcy. or scratching another or himself; in short, by Glanders may be divided into two stages; any means that brings the matter of a glandered namely, the acute, or rapid violent stage, and the horse in contact with a sound one. It is well chronic, or slow mild stage. The acute glanknown that a single drop of that poisonous ders are frequently acco:npanied by acute farcy; matter is sufficient to produce both farcy and in that case, large painful tumors in various glanders : however, farcy is much more fre- parts, ulcers about the face, neck, or lips apquently caused by bad living and hard work pear; also inflammation and ulceration of the than by contagion: and, if it proceed in its fore or hind legs, testicles, and sheath. In short, course, it terminates by glanders and death. when the disease has arrived at this frightful