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this Work will lead to a similar delineation of the contents of other museums and menageries.

“One word relative to the vignettes. With a very few exceptions, they display great taste, and are in good keeping (we had almost said sympathy) with the subjects to which they are appended. Let none of our readers omit a second look at that which adorns page thirty-four.”- Weekly Review.

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" W bat a magnificent gallery of portraits is bere! We have seen some twenty exbibitions at Somerset House, we have been at Mr. Lodge's collection of English Worthies, we have visited various private family collections; but we have seen nothing like this. Nowhere such variety of feature, so much animated speaking expression, sucb natural, appropriate, and characteristic costume. Let us begin with the first. The Bengal Lion! What depth and solemnity there is in these features! What a fine, yet what a melancholy, expression in those eyes! The poor fellow has had his losses, and yet what an upbroken spirit is expressed in that nose, worth all the fine chiselled classical noses in the world for strength, and majesty, and intellect; and then the chin so withdrawn and concentrated, and the tresses that fall in such glorious profusion over his countenance, and neck, and shoulders,—and the firm advancing foot!--but we shall never have done, and we must pass on to the next beautiful group, The Lioness and her Cubs. The faces of the children so much indulged, and yet, apparently, so well educated, particularly the wily expression of the little rogue who has climbed on his mother's back, and is looking with a half jealous, and yet by no means malicious, look upon the happy fellow whom she is fondling, and whose face expresses the most exquisite enjoyment mixed with the usual anxious look of forethought which, in cubhood and in lionhood, is characteristic of his tribe ; lastly, the lioness herself, the very ideal of maternal solicitude and love, make up a most delicious picture. The Cape Lion- What a perfectly new style of beauty this is ! None of that calm contemplative look which characterised bis Bengal brother; he has not reaped

• The harvest of a quiet eye

That sleeps and broods on its own heart.' No, his is a true African countenance-strong to love and to hate-capable of the most exalted virtues, or of the most awful crimes; capable, in short, of doing every thing, except what should involve a sacrifice of bis dignity; and of enduring every thing except quiescence and inaction. Let us go into the next room. The Tiger The expression of the upper part of the face strongly reminds us of a deceased statesman, though the likeness, we think, is somewhat flattering to him. There is nothing expressive of bad feeling so far; were it not for the sudden contraction of the moath, we should not have suspected that the person represented might not be a very proper person for our wives and children to associate with. The JaguarWe must positively stop; for there are, at least, fifty more of these admirable TIE TOWER WENIGERIE... CRITICAL REMARKS. pictures which we must notice. We will only therefore add, at present, that we bave not seen such magnificent wood cuts, as those contained in this volume, for many a long day; and that altogether it is one of the most delightful books which has fallen under our notice; and we earnestly recommend our readers to give it a place in their libraries."' Athenæum.

“ This is an elegant and interesting Work, and an excellent present for young persons at this season of afectionate bounty. It contains delineations, descriptions, and anecdotes, of all the animals which were in the Menagerie of the Tower in the last summer. The drawings are by Mr. William Harvey, who, as the Introduction justly observes, in seizing faithful and characteristic portraits of animals in restless and almost incessant motion, has succeeded in overcoming dilliculties which can be appreciated only by those who have attempted similar delineations. The engravings, wlich are on wood, have been executed by Messrs. Branston and Wright, and do them the highest credit; conveying the distinctive characters of the various animals, &c. with admirable fidelity and spirit. We were especially struck with the representations of the Lioness and her Cubs, the Jaguar, the Chetah, the Striped Jivana, tbe Grizzly Bear, the Zebra, the Great Sea Eagle, the Secretary Bird, de The literary department of this pleasing volume has been superintended by E. T. Bennett, Esq. a member of the Zoological Society, who has arranged the whole of the materials, which have been collected from various authentic sources."-Lit. Gaz.

“ The wood engravings which illustrate this Work are equal, if not superior, to any thing which has appeared since the invention of the art; and they show how extensively, and with what advantage, that description of illustration may be employed in natural history. Much of the effect of a wood en raviny depends the paper on wbich the impression is taken, and on the care and skill of the printer. In the present work every possible care seems to have been taken in these respects; and, in consequence, one of the most elegant octavo volumes has been produced which ever issued from the British press. The literary matter is also bighly entertaining and instructive. The history of sixty wild animals, including some birds and serpents, is given ; and in the introduction is ably and elegantly traced the origin and progress of menageries.

“ The whole of the drawings of these animals are from the pencil of that eminent artist, to whom this Magazine is so much indebted, Mr. William Harvey, 'who, in seizing faithful and characteristic portraits of animals in restless and almost incessant motion, bas succeeded in overcoming dilliculties which can only be appreciated by those who have attempted similar delineations. The literary department has been superintended by E. T. Bennett, Esq. F.L.S., a scientific naturalist, and an active inember of the Zoological Society, assisted by various eminent zoologists.

"The engravings, we have already said, are equal to any thing that has ever been done ; and we hope their appearance, as well as those in our own and similar works, will lead publishers to adopt this mode of illustration much more generally than they have bitherto done,”- Magazine of Natural History.

""The Tower Menagerie.' A Work under this title has just been published, which rellects infinite credit on all engaged in its production. It comprises the Natural History of the Animals contained in the Tower of London, with Anecdotes of their Character and History ; illustrated by portraits of each, taken from life by William Harvey, and engraved on wood by Branston and Wright. Of its kind, we never saw a more perfect book; for it is judiciously editeil, elegantly printed, and beautifully embellished. Much curious and interesting information has been supplied to the Editor (E. T. Bennett, Esq.) by Messrs. Baily and Vigors. Mr. Harvey has not only drawn the portraits of the animals with peculiar spirit, but he has also furnished a number of little illustrative compositions, some humorous, others classical, all animated and appropriate : and the whole have been cut in wood. by Messrs. Branston and Wright, in a style which ca highly commended. Nothing has been neglected-no labour spared. The surfaces have been discriminated in a manner quite surprising--whether rough or smooth, hairy, feathery, or downy, plain, spotted, speckled, or mailed, all is as it appears in nature; and the more we look the more we are amazed that such vigorous and accurate representations of life can be produced from mere pieces of wood.”— The Eraminer.

joint; but probably the other joints are equally cles of respiration, and of the shoulder, are so liable to this affection. It is sometimes accom- affected as to render them quite unsafe for the panied with a morbidly irritable state of the saddle. It is to be regretted that such horses stomach and bowels, and, if a strong or even a are frequently used in stage-coaches and postcommon purgative is given in such a case, there chaises, and urged to exertions far beyond their will be danger of its producing inflammation of powers. Horses laboring under this disorder these parts. The same irritable state of the bave generally been possessed of great spirit and stomach and bowels is sometimes observable also power, and will, if fed high, and urged by the in chills, as they are termed, and when the hind whip, appear to go on with spirit for a short leg is suddenly attacked with inflammation and time, but after standing they suffer great pain, swelling, after violent shivering and fever. In all and terminate their short career by a miserable such cases, though physic is often necessary, that death. The animal should not be exposed to is, when the bowels are in a costive state, yet it cold, and should be covered with a rug in the is likely to do great harm unless in a moderate stable. He should be kept regular by aloetic dose, and guarded with cordials or opium. The and antimonial balls, and often have a warm following ball may be given on such occasions : mash, with nitre. Perhaps the mustard seed it must be observed, however, that copious might be given with advantage ; and blister on bleeding is the essential remedy, and must pre- the chest, which we think better than rowels. cede every other. Purgative with opium, or 8. Acute founder, or chill. This disorder is cordial cathartic :- Barbadoes aloes four to five brought on by excessive exertion, and a consedrachms, ginger one drachm, hard soap three quent exhaustion of nervous power, and not drachms; syrup enough to form the ball. The merely by a chill or suddenly cooling the animal, affected parts may be fomented and rubbed with as it is supposed to be. This excessive exertion some stimulating liniment or embrocation. of the muscular system brings on a peculiar

6. Rheumatic affection in the hock-joint, accom- state of inflammation in the whole body; so that panied by an irritable state of the stomach. In not only the muscles of the loins and hind parts, this, and every other case in which the constitu- but every other muscle, and even the heart and tion is any way affected, the affection ought first capillary arteries, participate in the affection. The to be removed by an attention to the general kidneys often partake of the affection, the horse health of the animal, and we may fairly expect voiding high-colored urine, sometimes mixed that, as soon as the constitutional debility is with blood : this happens only in bad cases, and healed, the local disease will disappear; and we then the kidneys are often inflamed; and the take this opportunity strenuously to recommend pulse is quick, and accelerated by the slightest the observation now made to such of our rea- exercise. The inner surface of the eye-lids are ders as may have the care of this noble creature always very red. The horse should be immeconfided to their charge; for the primary proce- diately bled until he becomes faint ; the bowels dure of first considering whether the topical should be emptied with clysters, and the stable malady was not occasioned by the disordered should be made as cool as possible. functions of the system, has been many years established with respect to the human constitution,

Genus IV.-INTEGUMENTS. and has been one essential means of securing to Species 1. Surfeit. This word, derived from surgery its modern name.

super over and above or excess, and fio to be 7. Chest founder, or flying lameness. Some made, applies to the notion which was entermodern practitioners have disputed the existence tained that the malady arose out of a superaof this disease, and the ancients attributed the bundance of humors produced by over feeding. lameness arising from it to some disorder in the There are different causes which produce surfoot; there is, however, little doubt but it is feits, but they mostly arise from bad food. When rheumatism. There is an affection of the muscles the coat of a horse is of a dirty color, and stares, of respiration, some of which support the body, he is said to labor under a surfeit. The skin is and advance the fore legs. There is also an covered with scurf and scabs; these return, alaffection of the diaphragm ; from which, as well though rubbed off. Sometimes the surfeit apas the increase of the disease, after considerable pears on the skin of the horse in small lumps, exercise, with every appearance of the lungs like peas or beans; this is often occasioned by partaking of the attack, obtained for it the name his drinking much cold water when unusually of bastard peripneumony. In this disorder the heated. This kind of surfeit will be cured efmuscles of the shoulder and chest are of a dimi- fectually by a gentle purge and bleeding. In nished size, with a contracted motion of the fore some cases the scabs appear covering the whole legs, and weakness of all the supporting muscles. of the body and limbs; at times moist, and at The feet will almost always be found affected in others dry. The irritation is generally so great, horses laboring under chest-founder, from their as to cause the horse to chafe himself, producpartaking in the rheumatic affection; but often ing rawness in many parts, and degenerating disease of the foot is mistaken for chest-founder: into mange. In the first instance, it will be rehowever, examining the foot will often decide, quisite to give him a dose or two of mercurial and if no apparent cause of lameness appears physic. Should his condition be good, and then, and yet the horse suddenly becomes stiff able to bear it, he may subsequently take the and lame after heats, swimming, &c., we may con- following balls, which will produce a gentle clude it is rheumatism. All that it is necessary purging and perspiration on the skin, and lead to say on it is, that horses so affected are fit only to beneficial results :for very moderate work in barness; for the mus- Take crocus of antimony, four of sulphur

Vol XXII.-.PART 2.

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