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accipite haec meritumque malis advertite numen
et nostras audite preces. Si tangere portus
infandum caput ac terris adnare necesse est
et sic fata Iovis poscunt, hic terminus haeret:
at bello audacis populi vexatus et armis,
finibus extorris, complexu avolsus Iuli
auxilium imploret videatque indigna suorum
funera; nec, cum se sub leges pacis iniquae
tradiderit, regno aut optata luce fruatur,

615

sed cadat ante diem mediaque inhumatus harena.

620

haec precor, hanc vocem extremam cum sanguine fundo.

Comment on Hecate (line 609), Iuli (line 616).

Mention three facts in the later story which may be taken as fulfillment of parts of this curse. To what part of the story of Aeneas do lines 612-614 refer?

167.

(Holyoke.)

630

635

Haec ait, et partes animum versabat in omnes, Invisam quaerens quam primum abrumpere lucem. Tum breviter Barcem nutricem adfata Sychaei, Namque suam patria antiqua cinis ater habebat "Annam cara mihi nutrix huc siste sororem. Dic corpus properet fluviali spargere lympha, Et pecudes secum et monstrata piacula ducat. Sic veniat; tuque ipsa pia tege tempora vitta. Sacra Iovi Stygio, quae rite incepta paravi, Perficere est animus, finemque imponere curis, Dardaniique rogum capitis permittere flammae." Distinguish between ait (630) and other verbs of saying. Explain the formation of versabat (630). Explain the case of patria (633). With what is mihi (634) to be construed? Explain construction of properet (635). What is Dido's intention in this speech and what does Barce understand? Scan line 637 marking the caesurae.

640

(Board, Cornell.)

168. "Dulces exuviae, dum fata deusque sinebat,
accipite hanc animam, meque his exsolvite curis.
Vixi, et quem dederat cursum fortuna peregi,
et nunc magna mei sub terras ibit imago.
Urbem praeclaram statui, mea moenia vidi;
ulta virum poenas inimico a fratre recepi;
felix, heu nimium felix, si litora tantum

655

numquam Dardaniae tetigissent nostra carinae."

Dixit, et os impressa toro, "Moriemur inultae,

sed moriamur," ait. "Sic, sic iuvat ire sub umbras.
Hauriat hunc oculis ignem crudelis ab alto
Dardanus, et nostrae secum ferat omina mortis."

660

(a) Tell more fully the story touched upon in verses 655 and 656. Why is Aeneas called Dardanus (662)?

(b) What would regularly be used instead of mei (654)?

(Board.)

Who speaks these verses? What led the speaker to utter them? Do we read of this speaker in any later book of the Aeneid? If so,

what do we read of this speaker and where do we read it? Comment on the literal sense of exuviae (651), on the sense of magna mei. imago (654), on the incidents referred to in 655-656, and on Sic, sic (660). Explain the mood and the tense of tetigissent (658), and the mood of hauriat (661). Give the parts of ulta (656), tetigissent (658). What does tantum mean in 657? How does it get this sense? (Columbia.)

GENERAL QUESTIONS ON AENEID, BOOK IV

169. 1. Identify the following and tell what influence each had in advancing the course of events: Anna, Iarbas, Mercury, Fama, Barce, Iris.

2. What was Juno's plot and how was it thwarted?

3. What passage is supposed to form the basis for the traditional hatred which existed between the Romans and the Carthaginians? 4. What use is made of "magic arts" in this book?

5. Trace Dido's love affair throughout this book, showing the successive steps to the climax, and then to her death.

6. Contrast Aeneas's attitude toward Dido as given in Books I and IV. Can his leaving Dido be justified, and if so, how?

170.

AENEIDOS LIBER V.

Tum pius Aeneas: "Equidem sic poscere ventos
iamdudum et frustra cerno te tendere contra.
Flecte viam velis. An sit mihi gratior ulla,
quove magis fessas optem demittere navis,
quam quae Dardanium tellus mihi servat Acesten
et patris Anchisae gremio complectitur ossa?"
Haec ubi dicta, petunt portus, et vela secundi
intendunt Zephyri; fertur cita gurgite classis,
et tandem laeti notae advertuntur harenae.

30

(a) To whom was Aeneas speaking, and under what circumstances? (b) In what various senses is the adjective pius (26) applicable to Aeneas?

(c) Rewrite verse 29 as the words would stand in prose.

(d) To what tellus does Aeneas refer in verse 30?

(e) What part does Acestes play in the story?

(f) Why did Vergil write portus (32) in the plural, rather than in the singular?

(g) How is the fact stated in verse 31 connected with the general subject of Book V?

171.

(Board.)

Tum pater Aeneas: "Vestra," inquit, "munera vobis
Certa manent, pueri, et palmam movet ordine nemo;
Me liceat casus misereri insontis amici."

350

Sic fatus tergum Gaetuli immane leonis

Dat Salio, villis onerosum atque unguibus aureis.

Hic Nisus: "Si tanta," inquit, "sunt praemia victis
Et te lapsorum miseret, quae munera Niso
Digna dabis, primam merui qui laude coronam

355

Ni me, quae Salium, Fortuna inimica tulisset?"
Et simul his dictis faciem ostentabat et udo

Turpia membra fimo.

Is casus (350) in the genitive singular or the accusative plural? What determines your answer? Scan the fifth verse, and point out and describe the noteworthy peculiarity in it. Explain the derivation of onerosum (352), aureis (352). What constructions follow miseret (354)? What other impersonal verbs admit the same constructions? A certain edition of the Aeneid has 'Digno' for Digna (355); explain how you know that this must be a misprint. Explain the mood and tense of tulisset (356). What is the case of dictis (357)?

172.

Implenturque super puppes; semiusta madescunt
Robora; restinctus donec vapor omnis, et omnes,
Quattuor amissis, servatae a peste carinae.
At pater Aeneas, casu concussus acerbo,
Nunc huc ingentes nunc illuc pectore curas
Mutabat versans, Siculisne resideret arvis,
Oblitus fatorum, Italasne capesseret oras.
Tum senior Nautes, unum Tritonia Pallas
Quem docuit multaque insignem reddidit arte,

his Aenean solatus vocibus infit:

(Board.)

700

705

(a) What is the subject of the fifth book of the Aeneid? How came the ships of Aeneas to be set on fire? How was the fire extinguished? The ships which were not destroyed were insufficient to carry all the Trojans. What was the resulting arrangement? Who was Nautes? Why is Pallas called Tritonia? What part of speech is super?

(b) Divide the first three lines of the first passage into feet.

173.

'Nate dea, quo Fata trahunt retrahuntque, sequamur;
quidquid erit, superanda omnis fortuna ferendo est.
Est tibi Dardanius divinae stirpis Acestes;
hunc cape consiliis socium et coniunge volentem,
huic trade, amissis superant qui navibus et quos
pertaesum magni incepti rerumque tuarum est,
longaevosque senes ac fessas aequore matres

et, quidquid tecum invalidum metuensque pericli est,
delige et his habeant terris sine moenia fessi;
urbem appellabunt permisso nomine Acestam.'

(a) Show the connection of this passage with the story.

(Board.)

710

715

(b) Explain the mood of sequamur (709), habeant (717); the case of: dea (709), ferendo (710), tibi (711), stirpis (711), incepti (714), terris (717). (Williams.)

174.

Iamque dies epulata novem gens omnis, et aris
Factus honos; placidi straverunt aequora venti,
Creber et adspirans rursus vocat Auster in altum.

Exoritur procurva ingens per litora fletus,
Complexi inter se noctemque diemque morantur.
Ipsae iam matres, ipsi quibus aspera quondam
Visa maris facies et non tolerabile nomen,
Ire volunt omnemque fugae perferre laborem.
Quos bonus Aeneas dictis solatur amicis

Et consanguineo lacrimans commendat Acestae.

765

770

Where and under what circumstances did this leave-taking occur? Who was Acestes? Give the principal parts of straverunt (763). How do the words aequora (763), altum (764), and maris (768) differ in meaning? Scan the fourth verse, and tell under what conjugation the form exoritur is to be classified. What determines your answer? Explain the derivation of morantur (766). Give the active infinitives of perferre (769). (Board.)

175.

Tum Saturnius haec domitor maris edidit alti:
"Fas omne est, Cytherea, meis te fidere regnis,
unde genus ducis. Merui quoque; saepe furores
compressi et rabiem tantam caelique marisque.
Nec minor in terris (Xanthum Simoentaque testor)
Aeneae mihi cura tui. Cum Troia Achilles
exanimata sequens impingeret agmina muris,
milia multa daret leto gemerentque repleti
amnes nec reperire viam atque evolvere posset
in mare se Xanthus, Pelidae tunc ego forti
congressum Aenean nec dis nec viribus aequis
nube cava rapui, cuperem cum vertere ab imo
structa meis manibus periurae moenia Troiae."

(a) Under what circumstances were these words spoken?

(b) Who is meant by domitor maris (799), Cytherea (800)?

800

805

810

(c) Explain the allusion in Saturnius (799), unde genus ducis (801), Simoenta (803).

(d) Write the nominative case of Simoenta (803).

(e) Explain the derivation of Pelidae (808), giving the force of the suffix.

(f) Account for the syntax of Pelidae (808), dis (809).

GENERAL QUESTIONS ON AENEID, BOOK V

(Board.)

176. 1. Name the contests held at the funeral games, with one notable instance of interest in each event. What humorous occurrences are found in this book?

2. What is the first event in the book which has a direct bearing on the progress of the story? Give the main facts of this event. 3 Give the substance of the interview between Venus and Neptune; between Anchises and Aeneas.

4. Give a short account of the death of Palinurus.

177.

AENEIDOS LIBER VI.

'Phoebe, graves Troiae semper miserate labores, Dardana qui Paridis direxti tela manusque

corpus in Aeacidae, magnas obeuntia terras
tot maria intravi duce te penitusque repostas
Massylum gentes praetentaque Syrtibus arva;
iam tandem Italiae fugientes prendimus oras.
Hac Troiana tenus fuerit fortuna secuta.
Vos quoque Pergameae iam fas est parcere genti,

60

dique deaeque omnes, quibus obstitit Ilium et ingens

gloria Dardaniae. Tuque, o sanctissima vates,
praescia venturi, da (non indebita posco

65

regna meis fatis) Latio considere Teucros

errantesque deos agitataque numina Troiae.

Tum Phoebo et Triviae solido de marmore templum
instituam festosque dies de nomine Phoebi.'

70

Tell what you can of the persons mentioned in lines 56, 57 and 58. Write as many as you can of Vergil's names for Troy. Explain the case of hac (62), venturi (66), and fatis (67). Write the fuller forms of direxti (57) and prendimus (61). Explain the mood and tense of fuerit (62). What is the subject of est (63)? Mention one usage in line 64 which does not occur in ordinary Latin prose.

(Columbia.)

178. "Quin, ut te supplex peterem et tua limina adirem, idem orans mandata dabat. Gnatique patrisque, alma, precor, miserere (potes namque omnia, nec te nequiquam lucis Hecate praefecit Avernis).

115

Si potuit Manis arcessere coniugis Orpheus,
Threicia fretus cithara fidibusque canoris,
si fratrem Pollux alterna morte redemit

120

itque reditque viam totiens-quid Thesea magnum,
quid memorem Alciden?-et mi genus ab Iove summo."

(a) To whom were these words spoken, and under what circumstances?

(b) Tell in what case each of the following words is, and why this case is used: patris (116), mi (123).

(c) Relate briefly the story referred to in verses 119-120.

...

(d) Explain the allusion in fratrem . . . redemit (121), Alciden (123).

(e) How did Aeneas learn that he had permission to descend alive into the lower world?

(f) Of what was the speaker thinking when he said et . . summo (123)?

(g) In what way does Vergil use Book VI to glorify Rome?

179.

(Board, Regents.)

Principio pinguem taedis et robore secto
Ingentem struxere pyram, cui frondibus atris
Intexunt latera et feralis ante cupressos
Constituunt decorantque super fulgentibus armis.
Pars calidos latices et aëna undantia flammis
Expediunt corpusque lavant frigentis et ungunt.
Fit gemitus. Tum membra toro defleta reponunt
Purpureasque super vestes, velamina nota,

215

220

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