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5. Translate at sight:

Aurora interea miseris mortalibus almam
extulerat lucem, referens opera atque labores.
Iam pater Aeneas, iam curvo in litore Tarchon
constituere pyras: huc corpora quisque suorum
more tulere patrum; subiectisque ignibus atris
conditur in tenebras altum caligine caelum.
Ter circum accensos, cincti fulgentibus armis,
decurrere rogos; ter maestum funeris ignem
lustravere in equis, ululatusque ore dedere.
Spargitur et tellus lacrimis, sparguntur et arma.
It caelo clamorque virum clangorque tubarum.

229. (The early history of Latium.)

1 aborigines. evitable.

Aen., XI, 182. (Wellesley.)

Tum rex Euandrus, Romanae conditor arcis,
'Haec nemora indigenae1 fauni nymphaeque tenebant
gensque virum truncis et duro robore nata,
quis neque mos neque cultus erat, nec iungere tauros
aut componere opes norant aut parcere parto,
sed rami atque asper victu venatus2 alebat.
Primus ab aetherio venit Saturnus Olympo,
arma Iovis fugiens et regnis exul ademptis.
Is genus indocile3 ac dispersum montibus altis
composuit legesque dedit Latiumque vocari
maluit, his quoniam latuisset tutus in oris.
Aurea quae perhibent illo sub rege fuere
saecula. Sic placida populos in pace regebat,
deterior donec paulatim ac decolor1 aetas
et belli rabies et amor successit habendi.
Tum manus Ausonia et gentes venere Sicanae,
saepius et nomen posuit Saturnia tellus;
tum reges asperque immani corpore Thybris,
a quo post Itali fluvium cognomine Thybrim
diximus (amisit verum vetus Albula nomen).
Me pulsum patria pelagique extrema sequentem
Fortuna omnipotens et ineluctabile Fatum
his posuere locis matrisque egere tremenda
Carmentis nymphae monita et deus auctor Apollo.'
Aen., VIII, 312.
doceo. de + color.

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2 hunting. 3

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Who was Saturnus (7)? What and where was Olympus (7)?

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compare

Tell in what case each of the following words is, and why that case is used: robore (3), parto (5). Point out a poetic construction in the third sentence of the quotation, lines 9-11, and write the equivalent prose form.

Write out lines 22 and 23, divide them into feet, and mark the quantities of the syllables and the chief caesuras.

(Princeton, Comprehensive.)

230. 1.

'Praeterea, si qua est Heleno prudentia, vati
Si qua fides, animum si veris implet Apollo,
Unum illud tibi, nate dea, proque omnibus unum
Praedicam, et repetens iterumque iterumque monebo:
Iunonis magnae primum prece numen adora;
Iunoni cane vota libens, dominamque potentem
Supplicibus supera donia: sic denique victor
Trinacria finis Italos mittere relicta.

Aen., III, 433.

(a) Construction of vati, veris, dea, mittere.
(b) Principal parts of implet, monebo, relicta.

(c) Scan lines 1 and 4 marking the accent (ictus) and quantities in each foot and the caesura in each line.

2. Ut primum alatis tetigit magalia plantis,

Aenean fundantem arces ac tecta novantem
Conspicit; atque illi stellatus iaspide fulva
Ensis erat, Tyrioque ardebat murice laena
Demissa ex umeris, dives quae munera Dido
Fecerat, et tenui telas discreverat auro.
Continuo invadit: 'Tu nunc Karthaginis altae
Fundamenta locas, pulchramque uxorius urbem
Exstruis, heu regni rerumque oblite tuarum?

(a) Give the nominative of arces, iaspide, murice. (b) Derivation of alatis, uxorius.

(c) Explain briefly the following names: Sychaeus, Minos.

Aen., IV, 259.

Helenus, Trinacria,

3. Talis prima Dares caput altum in proelia tollit,
Ostenditque umeros latos, alternaque iactat
Brachia protendens, et verberat ictibus auras.
Quaeritur huic alius; nec quisquam ex agmine tanto
Audet adire virum manibusque inducere caestus.
Ergo alacris, cunctosque putans excedere palma,
Aeneae stetit ante pedes, nec plura moratus
Tum laeva taurum cornu tenet, atque ita fatur:
'Nate dea, si nemo audet se credere pugnae,
Quae finis standi? Quo me decet usque teneri?
Ducere dona iube.' Cuncti simul ore fremebant
Dardanidae, reddique viro promissa iubebant.

Aen., V, 375.

(a) Construction of huic, adire, manibus, excedere, standi.

(b) Derivation of agmine.

(c) Principal parts of tollit, excedere, standi.

(d) Give the genitive plural of ictibus, agmine; the accusative singular of plura, nemo.

(Penn.)

231. (Dido writes to Aeneas.)

1. Nec quia te nostra sperem prece posse moveri,

Adloquor (adverso movimus ista deo),

Sed merita et famam corpusque animumque pudicum,

Cum male perdiderim, perdere verba levest.
Certus es ire tamen miseramque relinquere Didon,
Atque idem venti vela fidemque ferent?
Certus es, Aenea, cum foedere solvere naves

Quaeque ubi sint nescis, Itala regna sequi?
Nec nova Carthago, nec te crescentia tangunt
Moenia nec sceptro tradita summa tuo?
Facta fugis, facienda petis: quaerenda per orbem
Altera, quaesitast altera terra tibi.
Ut terram invenias, quis eam tibi tradet habendam?
Quis sua non notis arva tenenda dabit?
Alter amor tibi restat? habendast altera Dido?

=

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Quamque iterum fallas, altera danda fides? Quando erit, ut condas instar Carthaginis urbem Et videas populos altus ab arce tuos? Omnia ut eveniant, nec te tua vota morentur, Unde tibi, quae te sic amet, uxor erit? line 4, levest leve est. Compare lines 12, 15. Line 5, certus determined. Line 13, ut = even if. Compare line 19. Write a scheme showing in detail the scansion of lines 3, 7, 9, 13, and 19.

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(b) His actis propere exsequitur praecepta Sibyllae.
Spelunca alta fuit vastoque immanis hiatu,
Scrupea, tuta lacu nigro nemorumque tenebris,
Quam super haud ullae poterant impune volantes
Tendere iter pennis: talis sese halitus atris
Faucibus effundens supera ad convexa ferebat.
Quattuor hic primum nigrantis terga iuvencos
Constituit frontique invergit vina sacerdos,
Et summas carpens media inter cornua saetas
Ignibus imponit sacris, libamina prima,

Voce vocans Hecaten, Caeloque Ereboque potentem.

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2. Translate one of the following selections:

(a) Nox erat, et placidum carpebant fessa soporem
Corpora per terras, silvaeque et saeva quierant
Aequora, cum medio volvuntur sidera lapsu,
Cum tacet omnis ager, pecudes pictaeque volucres,
Quaeque lacus late liquidos, quaeque aspera dumis
Rura tenent, somno positae sub nocte silenti.
At non infelix animi Phoenissa, nec umquam
Solvitur in somnos, oculisve aut pectore noctem
Accipit: ingeminant curae, rursusque resurgens
Saevit amor, magnoque irarum fluctuat aestu.
Sic adeo insistit, secumque ita corde volutat:
"En, quid ago? rursusne procos inrisa priores
Experiar, Nomadumque petam conubia supplex?"?
Aen., IV, 522–534.

Aen., VI, 236-247.

3. Write on three of the following topics:

(a) Name three figures of speech illustrated in the above selections.

(b) Point out three places in which the Latin in the above selections differs from ordinary prose.

(c) Cite, in Latin, not more than five lines from Vergil.

(d) Write half a page on some long passage or some episode in the Aeneid that you like.

4. Write on three of the following topics:

(a) Give a brief account of Aeneas' travels before he reached Carthage (one-half page).

(b) In a single sentence for each book, state the content of the first six books of the Aeneid.

(c) Compare the Aeneid with some other epic (one-half page). (d) Who are the following: Aeolus, Anchises, Hecate, Iris, Pygmalion? (California)

232. 1. Tum foribus divae, media testudine templi
saepta armis solioque alte subnixa resedit.
Iura dabat legesque viris operumque laborem
partibus aequabat iustis aut sorte trahebat,
cum subito Aeneas concursu accedere magno
Anthea Sergestumque videt fortemque Cloanthum
Teucrorumque alios, ater quos aequore turbo
dispulerat pentiusque alias avexerat oras.
Obstipuit simul ipse, simul percussus Achates
laetitiaque metuque; avidi coniungere dextras
ardebant, sed res animos incognita turbat.
Dissimulant et nube cava speculantur amicti,
quae fortuna viris, classem quo litore linquant,
quid veniant, cunctis nam lecti navibus ibant
orantes veniam et templum clamore petebant.

505

2. I, soror, atque hostem supplex adfare superbum.
Non ego cum Danais Troianam exscindere gentem
Aulide iuravi classemve ad Pergama misi
nec patris Anchisae cinerem Manisve revelli;
cur mea dicta negat duras demittere in auris?
Quo ruit? extremum hoc miserae det munus amanti;
exspectet facilemque fugam ventosque ferentis.
Non iam coniugium antiquum, quod prodidit, oro
nec pulchro ut Latio careat regnumque relinquat
tempus inane peto, requiem spatiumque furori.
dum mea me victam doceat fortuna dolere.

510

515

Aen., I. What was the reason why the turbo (511) had been sent forth? By what means was the event brought about and what were its Iesults? What was the situation of Aeneas at this time and what had he done just before this? Summarize the subsequent events of this book. To whom does divae (505) refer and what were her particular relations to Carthage? Supply the subject of resedit (506). Explain the syntax of orantes (519).

Copy and scan verses 509 and 519.

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430

435

Aen., IV. Who is speaking in this passage, and what is the situation? What is Vergil's excuse for the conduct of Aeneas?

Extremam hanc oro veniam (miserere sororis),
quam mihi cum dederit, cumulatam morte remittam.

To whom does soror (424) refer? Comment on the use of hostem (424). Locate Aulide (426) and explain the reference.

Where did Anchises die? Locate the district referred to by Latio (432). Exactly what does the speaker mean by the last verse?

3. (Peasants refuse permission to Latona to quench her thirst from their lake and are changed by her to frogs.)

Quem non blanda deae potuissent verba movere?
Hi tamen orantem perstant prohibere, minasque,
ni procul abscedat, conviciaque insuper addunt.
Nec satis est; ipsos etiam pedibusque manuque
turbavere lacus, imoque e gurgite mollem
huc illuc limum saltu movere maligno.
Distulit ira sitim. Neque enim iam filia Coei
supplicat indignis nec dicere sustinet ultra
verba minora dea, tollensque ad sidera palmas,
"Aeternum stagno," dixit, "vivatis in isto!"
Eveniunt optata deae. Iuvat esse sub undis
et modo tota cava submergere membra palude,
nunc proferre caput, summo modo gurgite nare,
saepe super ripam stagni consistere, saepe
in gelidos resilire lacus. Et nunc quoque turpis
litibus exercent linguas, pulsoque pudore,
quamvis sint sub aqua, sub aqua maledicere temptant.
Vox quoque iam rauca est, inflataque colla tumescunt,
ipsaque dilatant patulos convicia rictus.
Terga caput tangunt; colla intercepta videntur;
spina viret; venter, pars maxima corporis, albet;
limosoque novae saliunt in gurgite ranae.

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233. 1. Hostis habet muros; ruit alto a culmine Troia.
Sat patriae Priamoque datum: si Pergama dextra
defendi possent, etiam hac defensa fuissent.
Sacra suosque tibi commendat Troia Penates:
hos cape fatorum comites, his moenia quaere
magna, pererrato statues quae denique ponto.

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OVID: Met., VI, 360-381.

Non ulla laborum,
o virgo, nova mi facies inopinave surgit;
omnia praecepi atque animo mecum ante peregi.

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Notes: perstant (2), "continue"; minora (9), "unworthy of"; Iuvat (11), sc. eos; dilatant patulos rictus (19), "distend their wideopen jaws"; albet (21), intransitive verb from albus.

(Williams.)

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Aeneid, II, 290–295.

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