Medieval and Modern Times: An Introduction to the History of Western Europe from the Dissolution of the Roman Empire to the Opening of the Great War of 1914

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Ginn, 1916 - Europe - 777 pages
 

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Contents

Scenes from the Bayeux Tapestry in colors
116
CHAPTER PAGE 25 The Great Charter and the Beginnings of Parliament
125
Wales and Scotland
128
The Hundred Years War
132
Popes and Emperors 28 Origin of the Holy Roman Empire
144
The Church and its Property
146
Powers claimed by the Popes
152
Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV
153
The Hohenstaufen Emperors and the Popes
158
The Crusades
161
Origin of the Crusades
166
The First Crusade
170
The Religious Orders of the Hospitalers and Templars
174
The Second and Later Crusades
176
Chief Results of the Crusades
178
The Medieval Church at its Height 38 Organization and Powers of the Church
181
The Heretics and the Inquisition
187
The Franciscans and Dominicans
190
Church and State
195
Medieval Towns their Business and Buildings 42 The Towns and Guilds
203
Business in the Later Middle Ages
208
Gothic Architecture
215
Facade of the Cathedral at Rheims
220
The Italian Cities of the Renaissance
222
Early Geographical Discoveries
232
Books and Science in the Middle Ages 47 How the Modern Languages Originated
239
The Troubadours and Chivalry
244
Medieval Science
247
Medieval Universities and Studies
250
Beginnings of Modern Inventions
255
The Art of the Renaissance
264
Emperor Charles V and his Vast Realms 53 Emperor Maximilian and the Hapsburg Marriages
268
How Italy became the Battleground of the European Powers
274
Condition of Germany when Charles V became Emperor
280
The Rhine in colors
283
Erasmus
284
How Martin Luther revolted against the Papacy
288
The Diet at Worms 15201521
299
The Revolt against the Papacy begins in Germany
302
Division of Germany into Catholic and Protestant Countries
306
The Protestant Revolt in Switzerland and England 61 Zwingli and Calvin
311
How England fell away from the Papacy
314
England becomes Protestant
320
The Wars of Religion 64 The Council of Trent the Jesuits
325
Philip II and the Revolt of the Netherlands
331
The Huguenot Wars in France
337
England under Queen Elizabeth
345
The Thirty Years War
352
The Beginnings of our Scientific Age
358
Struggle in England between King and Par liament 70 James I and the Divine Right of Kings
365
How Charles I got along without Parliament
368
How Charles I lost his Head
373
England a Commonwealth
376
Peter the Great
404
CHAPTER PAGE
407
How England became Queen of the Ocean
424
General Conditions in the Eighteenth Century
442
Modern Science and the Spirit of Reform
461
The Eve of the French Revolution
473
The French Revolution
487
The Opening of the Estates General
496
53
525
EUROPE and Napoleon
526
Napoleon in Egypt
532
CHAPTER PAGE
535
Charge of the French Cavalry Friedland 1807 in colors
546
Europe after the Congress of Vienna
564
The Congress of Vienna 56
579
The Industrial Revolution
580
The Revolutions of 1848 and their Results
595
The Unification of Italy and Germany
608
The German Empire and the Third French
626
A Charge at the Battle of Sedan
636
Opening of the Opera Paris in colors
642
Great Britain and her Empire
643
CHAPTER PAGE 134 The Cabinet
648
General Reforms in England
650
Queen Victoria notified of her Accession in colors
652
The Irish Question
657
India
661
Canada and Australasia
665
South Africa
669
The Russian Empire in the Nineteenth Century 140 The Reigns of Alexander I 18011825 and Nicholas I 18251855
674
The Freeing of the Serfs and the Growth of the Spirit of Revolution
678
The Struggle for Liberty under Nicholas II
683
Turkey and the Eastern Question 143 The Emergence of Serbia and Greece
689
The Crimean War 18541856
691
Revolts in the Balkan Peninsula
693
The Congress of Berlin
694
Extinction of Turkey in Europe
695
Imperialism
703
Relations of Europe with China
710
Chinese Rice Fields on Hillsides
711
Japan becomes a World Power Intervention in China
712
Russia and Japan
716
Partition of Africa
720
The Disruption of the Spanish Empire
723
Origin of the War of 1914
727
The Hague Conferences Pacifism Socialism 73
730
National Rivalries
733
The NearEastern Question
737
The Outbreak of the War
742
BIBLIOGRAPHY
747
INDEX
765
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Page 368 - Majesty, that no man hereafter be compelled to make or yield any gift, loan, benevolence, tax, or such like charge, without common consent by act of Parliament...
Page 381 - Thy instruments, to depend more upon Thyself. Pardon such as desire to trample upon the dust of a poor worm, for they are Thy People too. And pardon the folly of this short Prayer: — Even for Jesus Christ's sake. And give us a good night, if it be Thy pleasure. Amen.
Page 382 - Parliament, composed of both houses, was assembled, which welcomed a messenger from the king and solemnly resolved that, " according to the ancient and fundamental laws of this kingdom, the government is, and ought to be, by king, lords, and commons.
Page 248 - And now, I dare say,' said Sir Bors, ' thou Sir Launcelot, there thou liest, that thou wert never matched of earthly knight's hands; and thou wert the courtliest knight that ever bare shield; and thou wert the truest friend to thy lover that ever bestrode horse; and thou wert the truest lover of a sinful man that ever loved woman; and thou wert the kindest man that ever...
Page 366 - that is no subject for the tongue of a lawyer, nor is it lawful to be disputed. It is atheism and blasphemy to dispute what God can do : good Christians content themselves with His will revealed in His word ; so it is presumption and high contempt in a subject to dispute what a king can do, or say that a king cannot do this or that ; but rest in that which is the king's will revealed in his law.
Page 467 - It is to him who masters our minds by the force of truth, not to those who enslave men by violence; it is to him who understands the universe, not to those who disfigure it, that we owe our reverence.
Page 317 - I from henceforth will accept, repute, and take the king's majesty to be the only supreme head in earth of the church of England...
Page 154 - ... sentence passed by him may be retracted by no one; and that he himself, alone of all, may retract it. That he himself may be judged by no one.
Page 381 - Lord, though I am a miserable and wretched creature, I am in Covenant with Thee through grace. And I may, I will, come to Thee, for Thy People. Thou hast made me, though very unworthy, a mean instrument to do them some good, and Thee service ; and many of them have set too high a value upon me, though others wish and would be glad of my death ; Lord, however Thou do.
Page 372 - Every clergyman who refused to conform to the prayer book, or opposed the placing of the communion table at the east end of the church, or declined to bow at the name of Jesus, was, if obstinate, to be brought before the king's special Court of High Commission to be tried and, if convicted, to be deprived of his position.

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