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blind. This film grows in winter, and is cast Triumphant Umbriel, on a sconce's height, the beginning of summer. It is not often that a Clapped his glad wings, and sat to view the fight. mackerel exceeds two pounds in weight, yet ihere have been instances of some that weighed

Put candles into sconces. upwards of five. The nose is taper and sharp

Swift's Directions to the Butler. pointed; the eyes large; the jaws of an equalS CONE, or Scoon, an ancient town of Scotlength; the teeth small, but numerous. The land, in Perthshire, remarkable for being the form of this fish is very elegant. The body is a place where the kings were anciently crowned. little compressed on the sides : towards the tail Here was once an abbey of great antiquity, which it grows very slender, and a little angular. It is was burnt by the reformers at Dundee. Kenneth a most beautiful fish when alive; nothing can II. upon his conquest of the Picts in the ninth equal the brilliancy of its color, which death im- century, having made Scone his principal resipairs, but does not wholly obliterate.

dence, delivered his laws, called the Macalpine 2. S. thunnus, the tunny. These fish are laws, from a tumulus named the Mote Hill of caught in nets, and amazing quantities are taken; Scone. The old palace was begun by the earl of for they come in vast shoals, keeping along the Gowrie; but was completed by Sir David Murshores. They frequent our coasts, but not in ray of Gospatric, the favorite of king James VI., shoals, like the tunnies of the Mediterranean. to whom that monarch had granted it; and the They are not uncommon in the lochs on the new possessor, in gratitude to his benefactor, put west coast of Scotland; where they come in up the king's arms in several parts of the house. pursuit of herrings; and often during night It is built around two courts. The dining room strike into the nets, and do considerable damage. is large and handsome; and has an ancient and When the fishermen draw them up in the morn- magnificent chimney piece, and the king's arms, ing, the tunny rises at the same time towards the with this motto :surface, ready to catch the fish that drop out. Nobis hæc invicta miserunt centum sex proavi. On perceiving it, a strong hook, baited with a herring and fastened to a rope, is instantly flung Beneath are the Murray arms. In a small bedout, which the tunny seldom fails to take. As chamber is a medly scripture piece in needlesoon as hooked it loses all spirit; and after a work, with a border of animals, pretty well done, very little resistance submits to its fate. It is the work of queen Mary during her confinement dragged to the shore and cut up, either to be in Loch Leven Castle. The gallery is about 155 sold fresh to people who carry it to the country feet long, the top arched, divided into compartmarkets, or preserved salted in large casks. The ments filled with paintings in water colors. Till pieces, when fresh, look exactly like raw beef; the destruction of the abbey, the kings of Scotbut when boiled turn pale, and have something land were crowned here, sitting in the famous of the flavor of salmon. One mentioned by Mr. marble chair which Edward I. transported to Pennant weighed 460lbs. The fish was seven Westminster Abbey, to the great mortification of feet ten inches long : the greatest circumference the Scots, who looked upon it as a kind of pallafive feet seven; the least near the tail one foot dium. Charles II., before the battle of Worsix. The body was round and thick, and grew cester, was crowned in the chapel. The old suddenly very slender towards the tail, and near pretender resided for some time at Scone in 1715; that part was angular. The irides were of a and his son paid it a visit in 1745. Such was the plain green; the teeth very minute. The tail palace of Scone, till about the year 1803, that was in form of a crescent; and two feet seven part of it was taken down and rebuilt in a more inches between tip and tip. The skin on the modern style by the earl of Mansfield. The back was smooth, very thick, and black. On modern house, including a very small portion of the belly the scales were visible. The color of the ancient palace, forms one of the most magnithe sides and belly was silvery, tinged with cæru- ficent houses in Scotland. The church erected lean and pale purple: near the tail marbled with in 1784 was taken down, and a new one built in gray. On the coast of Scotland they are called 1804 upon the same plan, decorated with an anmackrelsture; mackrel, from being of that genus; cient family seat of the Stormont family, the and sture, from the Danish stor, great. . ancestors of the earl of Mansfield, of very curious

SCOMM, n. s. From Lat. scomma. A buf- workmanship. Scone consists of two streets, foon. A word well out of use.

one of them very wide, and lies forty-one miles The scomms, or buffoons of quality are wolvish in north of Edinburgh, and two from Perth. conversation.

L'Estrange. SCOOP, n. s. & v.a. Fr. escope ; Swedish SCONCE, n. s. Teut. schantz; Goth: skyu, vessel with a long handle used to throw out

scop; Belg. schoepe. A kind of large ladle ; a to cover. A fort; bulwark; wall protection; a liquor; a surgical instrument: to use a scoop; candlestick for a wall.

to make hollow or like a scoop. Such fellows are perfect in the great commanders' names, and they will learn you by rote where ser

As by the brook he stood, vices were done ; at such and such a sconce, at such

He scooped the water from the crystal flood.

* a breach.

Id. Æneid. Shakspeare. Henry V. Why does he suffer this rude knave now to knock They turn upside down hops on malt-kilns, when him about the sconce with a dirty shovel, and will almost dry, with a scoop. Mortimer's Husbandry. not tell him of this action of battery? Id. Hamlet. It much conduces how to scare Golden sconces hang upon the walls,

The little race of birds, that hop To light the costly suppers and the balls.

From spray to spray, scooping the costliest fruit, Dryden's Luc. Insatiate, undisturbed.

Philips. Vol. XIX.- PART 2.

A spectator would think this circula: mound had Had the whole scope of the author been answerbeen actually scooped out of that hollow space. able to his title, he would have only undertaken

Spectator. to prove what every man is convinced of; but the Her fore-feet are broad, that she may scoop away drift of the pamphlet is to stir up our compassion much earth at a time. Addison towards the rebels.

Addison. Those carbuncles the Indians will scoop, so as to These theorems being admitted into opticks, there hold above a pint.

Ariuthnot on Coins. would be scope enough of handling thai science voEndeavour with thy scoop, or fingers, to force the

luminously, after a new manner; not only by teachstone outwards.

Sharp's Surgery.

ing those things which tend to the perfection of vi. The genius of the place

sion, but also by determining mathematically all Or helps the ambitious hill the heaven to scale,

kinds of phenomena of colours which could be proOr scoops in circling the thcatre's vale. Pope.

duced by refraction.

Newlon's Opticks. Melted Alpine snows

SCOPOLIA, in botany, a genus of the ocThe mountain cisterns fill, those ample stores

tandria order, and gynandria class of plants ; of water scooped among the hollow rocks.

natural order eleventh, sarmentaceæ : cau diThomson,

phyllous: CoR. quadrifid : the antheræ coalesce SCOPARIA, in botany, a genus of the mono- in two columns, one placed above the other. Of gynia order, and tetrandria class of plants, na- this there is only one species, viz. S. composita. tural order fortieth, personatæ : cal quadripar

SCORBUʻTICAL, adj.) Fr. scorbutique ; tite : cor. the same, and rotaceous : CAPs. uni


Lat. scorbutus. Dislocular, bivalved, and polyspermous.

SCORBUẤTICALLY, adv. eased with scurvy: SCOPAS, a celebrated Grecian architect and

the adverb corresponding. sculptor, a native of Ephesus, according to Lempriere. He flourished about A. A. C. 430. He Violent purging hurts scorbutic constitutions ; built the famous Mausoleum for Q. Artemisia, lenitive substances relieve.

Arbuthnot. which was esteemed one of the seven wonders of . A person about forty, of a full and scorbutical the world. See ARTEMISIA. But his chief work

body, having broke her skin, endeavoured the curing

of it; but, observing the ulcer sanious, I proposed was a statue of Venus, which he carried to


Wiseman. Rome, where it was esteemed superior even to

A woman of forty, scorbutically and hydropically that of Praxiteles.

affected, having a sordid ulcer, put herself into my SCOPE, n. s. Lat. scopus. Aim; intention; hand.

Id. drift : room; space; liberty.

SCORCE, n. s. Used by Spenser for disThe scope of all their pleading against man's au

course, or power of reason: in imitation perhaps

• of the Italians. thority is to overthrow such laws and constitutions

Lively vigour rested in his mind, in the church, as depending thereupon, if they should therefore be taken away, would leave neither face

And recompensed him with a better scorce ; nor memory of church to continue long in the world.

Weak body well is changed for mind's redoubled

Faerie Queene.
Now was time

SCORCH, v. A. & v. n. Saxon scorened; To aim their counsels to the fairest scope.

Belg. schrocken, burnt. To burn superficially:

Hubbard's Tole. be dried up or thus burnt.
Your scope is as mine own,
So to enforce or qualify the laws,

Power was given to scorch men with fire.

Revelations xvi. 8,
As to your soul seems good.

Fire scorcheth in frosty weather.
Shakspeare. Measure for Measure.

Bacon's Natural History.
His coming hither hath no further scope

The same that left thee by the cooling stream, Than for his lineal royalties, and to beg

Safe from sun's heat, but scorched with beauty's beam. Infranchisement immediate on his kneee.

Id. Richard II.

The swarthy Africans complain
Ah, cut my lace asunder,

To see the chariot of the sun
That my pent heart may have some scope to beat, So nigh their scorching country run. Roscommor.
Or else I swoon with this dread killing news. You look with such contempt on pain,

Shakspeare. That languishing you conquer more ;
Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope, So lightnings which in storms appear
'Twould be my tyranny to strike and gall them
For what I bid them do.

Scorch more than when the skies are clear. Waller.

I rave,
As surfeit is the father of much fast,

And, like a giddy bird in dead of night,
So every scope, by the immoderate use,

Fly round the fire that scorches me to death.
Turns to restraint.

Dryden. We should impute the war to the scope at which The love was made in Autumn, and the hunting it aimeth.

Raleigh. followed properly when the heats of that scorching The scopes of land granted to the first adventurers country were declining.

Id. were too large, and the liberties and royalties were Scatter a little mungy straw or fers amongst your too great for subjects.

Davies on Ireland. seedlings, to prevent the roots from scorching, and He, in what he counsels, and in what excels, to receive the moisture that falls. Mistrustful, grounds his courage on despair

Mortimer's Husbandry. And utter dissolution, as the scope

The same beams that shine, scorch too. South. Of all his aim.

Milton's Paradise Lost. He, from whom the nations should receive An heroick poet is not tied to a bare representa- Justice and freedom, lives himself a slave; tion of what is true, but that he might let himself Tortured by cruel change of wild desires, loose to visionary objects, which may give him a Lashed by mad rage, and scorched by brutal fires. freer scope for imagination. Dryden.




SCORDISCÆ, or SCORDISCI, an ancient The scoria, or vitrified part, which most metals, people of Pannonia and Thrace, infamous for when heated or melted, do continually protrude to their barbarity during the reigns of the Roman the surface, and which, by covering the metals in emperors. They not only sacrificed their pri- form of a thin glassy skin, causes these colours, is

Newton's Opticks. soners to their gods, but drank their blood.--Liv. much denser than water. Flor. Strabo.

SCORIA, among metallurgists, is the dross of SCORDIUM, or water germander, in botany, metals in fusion; or the glass often produced is a species of teucrium.

by melting metals and ores: when cold it is SCORE, n. s. & v. a. Isl. skora ; Goth. skor, brittle, and not dissoluble in water. a mark or notch. A notch, or long incision ; a SCORIFICATION, the art of reducing line drawn ; account kept; reason; sake: to body either entirely, or in part, into scoriæ. - It mark or set down in account.

is used by metallurgists, in order that any metal, Hast thou appointed where the sun should rise, imprisoned in a solid body, may, on account of And with her purple light adorn the skies?

its weight, descend and separate itself from it, Scored out the bounded sun's obliquer ways,

and finally, if that be required by itself either That lie on all might spread his equal rays ?

wholly or in part, converted into scoriæ. It is

often proper to make this scorification in a vessel Our forefathers had no other books but the score

that may absorb the scoriæ, and retain only the and the tally : thou hast caused printing to be used. metallic part of the

metallic part of the mass. See Cupel and Shakspeare. Henry VI. ASSAYING. He's worth no more:

SCORN, v.a., V. n., &) French escorner ; They say he parted well, and paid his score.

Id. Macbeth.

SCORN'ER, n. s. [n. s. (Span. escannir ; Ital. That thou dost love her, strikes some scores away

Scorn'ful, adj. scornare. To desFrom the great compt.

• SCORN'FULLY, adv. pise ; slight ; revile; Id. All's Well That Ends Well. to scoff; disdain; neglect : the noun substantive, He had been prentice to a brewer,

adjective, and adverb, corresponding. But left the trade; as many more

My friends scorn me; but mine eye poureth out Have lately done on the same score. Hudibras. tears unto God.

Job xvi. 20. Universal deluges have swept all away except two Our soul is filled with the scorning of those that or three persons who begun the world again upon a are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud. new score. Tillotson.

Psalm cxxiii. 4. Your follies and debauches change

Surely he scorneth the scorner, but he giveth grace With such a whirl, the poets of your age

unto the lowly.

Proverbs. Are tired, and cannot score 'em on the stage ; . He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh them to Unless each vice in short-hand they indite,

scorn ; the Lord shall have them in derision. Even as notcht prentices whole sermons write.

Psalms. Common Prayer.

Dryden. If he do fully prove himself the honest shepherd You act your kindness on Cydaria's score. Id. Menalcas his brother and heir, I know no reason

A lion that had got a politick fit of sickness, why you should think scorn of him. Sidney. wrote the fox word how glad he should be of his They are very active; vigilant in their enterprises, company, upon the score of ancient friendship. present in perils, and great scorners of death. L'Estrange.

Spenser on Ireland. Does not the air feed the flame? And does not He said mine eyes were black, and my hair black ; the flame warm and enlighten the air? Does not the And, now I am remembered, scorned at me. earth quit scores with all the elements, in the fruits

Shakspeare. that issue from it?


We were better parch in Afric's sun If your terms are moderate, we'll never break off Than in the pride and salt scorn of his eyes. Id. upon that score.

Collier on Pride. He used us scornfully; he should have showed us Kings in Greece were disposed by their people His marks of merit, wounds received for's country, upon the score of their arbitrary proceedings.

. Id. Swifi. Diogenes was asked in scorn, What was the Madam, I know when

matter that philosophers haunted rich men, and not Instead of five you scored me ten.


rich men philosophers ? He answered, because the one SCORE, n. s. Sax. rcon. Twenty ; because knew what they wanted, the others did not. Bacon. twenty, being a round number, was distinguished I've seen the morning's lovely ray on tallies by a long score.

Hover o'er the new-born day How many score of miles may we well ride

With rosy wings so richly bright,

As if he scorned to think of night. Crashaw. "Twixt hour and hour? Shakspeare. Cymbeline.

This my long sufferance, and my day of grace, The fewer still you name, you wound the more ; They who neglect and scorn shall never taste; Bond is but one, but Harpax is a score. Pope.

But hard he hardened, blind be blinded, more.

Bu For some scores of lines there is a perfect absence

Milton. of that spirit of poesy.


Is it not a most horrid ingratitude thus to make a o bid him never tie them mair

scorn of him that made us ?

Tillotson. Wi' wicked strings o' hemp or hair! But ca' them out to park or hill,

Every sullen frown and bitter scorn

But fanned the fuel that too fast did burn. An' let them wander at their will ;

Dryden. So may his flock increase, an' grow

The enamoured deity To scores of lambs, an' packs o' woo'! Burns.

The scornful damsels shuns. SCOʻRIA, n. s. Lat. scoria. Dross; recre The scorner should consider, upon the sight of a ment.

cripple, that it was only the distinguishing mercy of By the fire they emit many drosoy and scorious heaven that kept him from being one too. parts. Brorene.


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For Numidia's grown a scorn among the nations, placed in the fore part of the head; these eyes A breach of publick vows.

Addison's Cato. are so small that they are scarcely perceivable ; They, in the scorner's or the judge's seat,

and it is probable the animal has but little ocDare to condemn the virtue which they hate. Prior.

casion for seeing. The mouth is furnished with With him I o'er the hills had run,

two jaws; the undermost is divided into two, Scorn ful of winter's frost and summer's sun. Id. and the parts notched into each other, with which

The sacred rights of the Christian church are it breaks its food, and thrusts it into its mouth; scornfully trampled on in print, under an hypocritical these the scorpion can at pleasure pull back into pretence of maintaining them. Atterbury's Sermons. its mouth, so that no part of them can he seen.

Fame, that delights around the world to stray, On each side of the head are two arms, each Scorns not to take our Argos in the way. Pope. composed of four joints; the last of which is

SCORPENA, in ichthyology, a genus of large, with strong muscles, and formed in the fishes, of the order thoracici The head is large manner of a lobster's claw. Below the breast and sharp; the eyes are near each other; there are eight legs, each divided into six joints; the are teeth in the jaws, palate, and fauces; and two hindmost of which are each provided with there are seven rays in the membrane of the gill. two crooked claws, and here and there covered The species are three; viz.

with hair. The belly is divided into seven little 1. $. horrida, 2. S. porcus, and 3. S. scrofa. rings; from the lowest of which is continued a The largest of these is the S. scrofa, of which tail composed of six joints, which are bristly, the following are the distinguishing characters :- and formed like little globes, the last being armed Lower lip having two cirri; head large; eyes with a crooked sting. This is that fatal instruenormous, pupil black, iris yellow or reddish, ment which renders this insect so formidable; it with four brown rays, above which are three is long, pointed, hard, and hollow; it is pierced cirri; mouth large; cheeks and lower jaw cir- near the base by two small holes, through which, rous; jaws equal; the tongue and palate armed when the animal stings, it ejects a drop of poiwith sharp, recurved teeth ; aperture of the gills son, which is white and caustic. The reservoir large, the cover with two large and many smaller in which this poison is formed and kept is a spines; back brown; fins bluish, the rays va- small bladder near the tail. If this bladder be ried, yellow, and brown, and mostly forked, greatly pressed the venom will be seen issuing This fish inhabits the Atlantic, Mediterranean, out through the two holes above mentioned; so and Northern Seas; it grows from three to four that it appears, that when the animal stings, the yards long, and is a most voracious fish, preying bladder is pressed, and the venom issues through not only on other fishes, but also on sea-birds; the two apertures into the wound. Galen obbody whitish-tawny, spotted with brown, and serves that a person who had not witnessed the covered with large scales; the flesh is eaten in fact would not suppose that so small an injury Italy. This fish is called by the people of Cornas the sting of a scorpion, or the bite of a poi. wall father-lasher.

sonous spider, could produce the violent effects SCORPÆNA is also the name of another fish which they do in the whole body. He says caught in many parts of the Mediterranean. It the aculeus or sting of a scorpion ends in the seldom grows to more than a pound weight. Its minutest point; and has no perforation through body is long, but not flatted, and is moderately which any poison can pass into the wound. thick. Its head is extremely large, and is armed Yet, he says, we must suppose the venom to with prickles, and it grows gradually less from be some spiritual substance or moisture, in thence to the tail. The prickles about the head which a great power is concentrated in a small are accounted venomous, and the fishermen compass. Before I had an opportunity,' says usually cut them off as soon as the fish is caught. Dr. Moseley, 'of examining this subject, my Its tail is rounded at the end. The belly and respect for the opinion of Galen made me doubt belly-fins are reddish.

the accuracy of Leuwenhoek, Redi, Mead, and SCORPIO, in entomology, a genus of insects others, who assert that there is an aperture near belonging to the order of aptera. It has eight the cuspis of a scorpion's sting; and that through feet, besides two frontal claws; the eyes are this aperture a liquid poison is injected when a eight in number, three on each side of the thorax, wound is inflicted. Repeated experiments, with and two on the back. It has two claw-shaped the best glasses, have never enabled me to dispalpi, a long jointed tail, with a pointed weapon cover any foramen or opening whatever.' There at the extremity; it has likewise two combs are few animals more formidable, or more truly situated between the breast and abdomen. See mischievous, than the scorpion. As it takes reENTOMOLOGY. There are several species, all fuge in a small place, and is generally found natives of warm climates. Of all the classes of sheltering in houses, it must frequently sting noxious insects, the scorpion is the most terrible, those among whom it resides. In some of the whose size among the insects is enormous, and towns of Italy, and in France, in the ci-devant its sting often fatal. In several parts of the province of Languedoc, it is a terrible enemy; continent of Europe it is but too well known, but its malignity in Europe is trifling, when though it seldow grows above four inches long; compared to what the natives of Africa and the but in the warm tropical climates it is seen a east are known to experience. In Batavia, foot in length, and in every respect as large as a where they grow twelve inches long, there is no lobster, which it somewhat resembles in shape. removing any piece of furniture without the The scorpion's head seems, as it were, jointed to utmost danger of being stung by them. Bosman the breast, in the middle of which are seen two assures us that along the Gold Coast they are eyes: and a little more forward two eyes more, often found larger than a lobster; and that their sting is inevitably fatal. In Europe, however, against the sides of the glass vessel that contained they are by no means so large, so venomous, or them. They will attempt to sting a stick when so numerous. The general size of this animal put near them, and attack a mouse or a frog, does not exceed two or three inches. Mauper- while those animals are far from offering any intuis, who made several experiments on the scor- jury. Maupertuis put three scorpions and a pion of Languedoc, found it by no means so mouse into the same vessel together, and they invariably dangerous as had till then been repre- soon stung the little animal in different places. sented. He provoked one of them to sting a The mouse, thus assaulted, stood for some time dog in three places of the belly, where the ani- upon the defensive, and at last killed them all, mal was without hair. In about an hour after one after another. He tried this experiment, in the poor animal appeared greatly swollen, and order to see whether the mouse, after it had became very sick; he then cast up whatever he killed, would eat the scorpions; but the little had in his bowels, and for about three hours con- quadruped seemed satisfied with the victory, and tinued vomiting a whitish liquid. The belly even survived the severity of the wounds it had was always greatly swollen when the animal be- received. Wolkemar tried the courage of the gan to vomit; but this operation always seemed scorpion against the tarantula, and enclosed to abate the swelling, which alternately swelled, several of both kinds in glass vessels for that and was thus emptied for three hours successively. purpose. The spider at first used all its efforts The poor animal after this fell into convulsions, to entangle the scorpion in its web, which it imbit the ground, dragged himself along upon his mediately began spinning; but the scorpion fore feet, and at last died, five hours after being rescued itself from the danger, by stinging its bitten. He was not partially swollen round the adversary to death; it soon after cut off, with its place which was bitten, as is usual after the claws, all the legs of the spider, and then sucked sting of a wasp or a bee; but his whole body all the internal parts at its leisure. The fierce was inflated, and there only appeared a red spot spirit of this animal is equally dangerous to its on the places where he had been stung. Some own species, for scorpions are the cruellest enedays after, however, the same experiment was mies to each other. Maupertuis put about 100 tried upon another dog, and even with more of them together in the same glass; and they aggravated cruelty, yet the dog seemed in no scarcely came into contact before they began to way affected by the wounds; but, howling a lit exert all their rage in mutual destruction; there tle when he received them, continued alert and was nothing to be seen but one universal carwell after them; and soon after was set at liberty nage, without any distinction of age or sex ; so without showing the smallest symptoms of pain that in a few days there remained only fourteen, So far was this poor creature from being terrified which had killed and devoured all the rest. at the experiment, that he left his own master's He next enclosed a female scorpion, big with house to come to that of the philosopher, where young, in a glass vessel, and she was seen to he had received more plentiful entertainment. devour them as fast as they were excluded; there The same experiment was tried by fresh scorpions was but one only of the number that escaped the upon seven other dogs, and upon three hens; general destruction, by taking refuge on the back but no deadly symptom ensued. Hence it of its parent; and this soon after revenged the appears, that many cirsumstances, which are cause of its brethren, by killing the old one in utterly unknown, must contribute to give efficacy its turn. Such is the terrible and unrelenting to the scorpion's venom. In the trials made by nature of this insect. It is even asserted that, Maupertuis he employed scorpions of both sexes, when driven to an extremity, the scorpion will newly caught and seemingly vigorous and active. destroy itself. The following experiment was These experiments may serve to show that many ineflectually tried by Maupertuis :- But,' says of the boasted antidotes which are given for the Mr. Goldsmith, “I am so well assured of it by cure of the scorpion's sting, owe their success many eye-witnesses, who have seen it both in rather to accident than their own efficacy. They Italy and America, that I have no doubt remain only happened to cure when their sting was no ing of its veracity. A scorpion newly caught is way dangerous; but in cases of actual malignity placed in the midst of a circle of burning charthey might probably be utterly unserviceable.' coal, and thus an egress prevented on every side ; The scorpion of the tropical climates, being much the scorpion, as I am assured, runs for about a larger than the former, is probably much more minute round the circle, in hopes of escaping ; but venomous. Helbigius, however, who resided finding that impossible, it stings itself on the for many years in the east, assures us that he back of the head, and in this manner the unwas often stung by the scorpion, and never re- daunted suicide instantly expires.' This, howceived any material injury from the wound; a ever, wants further confirmation. The male and painful tumor generally ensued, but he always female of this insect are very easily distinguishcured it by rubbing the part with a piece of iron able; the male being smaller and less hairy. The or stone, as he had seen the Indians practise be- female brings forth her young alive, and perfect fore him, until the flesh became insensible. in their kind. Redi, having bought a quantity Seba, Moore, and Bosman, however, give a very of scorpions, selected their females, which by different account of the scorpion's malignity; their size and roughness, were easily distinguishand assert that, unless, speedily relieved, the able from the rest, and putting them in separate wound becomes fatal. No animal in the creation glass vessels, he kept them for some days without seems endued with such an irascible nature; food. In about five days one of them brought they have often been seen, when taken and put forth about thirty-eight young ones, well shaped, into a place of security, to exert all their rage and of a milk white color, which changed every

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