Father Mathew, Temperance, and Irish Identity
Father Theobald Mathew's temperance crusade was the single most extraordinary social movement in pre-famine Ireland, enlisting millions of Irish men and women. Ranking among the more unique and under-examined mass mobilizations of men and women in modern European history, this book, through new and exhaustive research, provides startling insights into Irish culture, society, and politics of the 1830's and 1840's while giving a detailed picture of the rise and fall of the movement. Despite its beginnings as a marginalized local organization, the leaders of the Cork Total Abstinence Society were determined to launch a national crusade to convert the entire Irish population to the "doctrine of total abstinence". To achieve this, Father Mathew and the temperance advocates crafted a distinctly Irish crusade, laden with pietistic and patriotic fervour. Camp-meetings, enthusiasm and the gospel of self-improvement were the hallmarks of the movement. Temperance urged a reformation in drinking habits as the best way to regenerate the Irish nation. Remarkably, in the wake of a series of these mass meetings all across Ireland, a forceful ethic emerged and prevailed. Temperance became, for a time, dominant in Irish public life. However, Daniel O'Connell's relentless political opportunism and the cautious opposition of an anxious Catholic Church resulted in the collapse of the crusade and the ultimate demise of the movement. This fate, the author argues, was all too predictable because the campaign was not rooted in existing religious or political power structures and thus ended a most extraordinary response to an evident social need for leadership and identity in nineteenth-century Ireland. Illustrating the power of the press and public opinion in pre-famine culture, the movement, has claim to a significant place in our understanding of pre-and post-Famine Ireland. It also reveals a great deal about class, sectarian and regional divisions and established "a new benchmark for the potential of mass movements in Ireland." Ultimately, Father Mathew's success as the "Apostle of Temperance", made a singular and unique contribution to the construction of a collective identity and nationalism in pre-famine Ireland.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Movement Explodes
A Moral Revolution Achieved
The Ideology of Temperance
7 other sections not shown
administer the pledge advocates alcohol Apostle of Temperance appear April Archbishop August Augustine behaviour Capuchin Clare clergy Cork city Cork Total crowd crusade CTAS CTAS's Cullen Daniel O'Connell December degradation diocese drinking drunkenness Dublin early enthusiasm example fact Father Mathew Footprints of Father Galway Ibid insisted Ireland Ireland Sober Irish Temperance Movement January John Francis Maguire July June Kerrigan Kerry Kilkenny later letter Limerick MacHale Malcolm March Mathew to Kirby Mathew's visit Maynooth mission moral noted November O'Connell's October organisation parish priest particularly Patrick's Day patriotic political popular pre-Famine Press Protestants reformation regeneration religious Repeal Meeting Repeal movement rhetoric Saint Patrick's Day September 1840 Slattery social success superstition take the pledge tea party teetotalism teetotallers Temperance bands Temperance cause Temperance crusade Temperance meetings Temperance movement Temperance societies Temperance's Theobald Mathew Tipperary took the pledge Total Abstinence Society transformation Waterford Chronicle Wexford whiskey
All Book Search results »
Byrne's Dictionary of Irish Local History: From Earliest Times to C. 1900
No preview available - 2004