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Graves only be men's works; and death, their gain!

SCENE VI. Sun, hide thy beams! Timon hath done his reign.

Before ebe Walls of Athens,

[Exit Timon. 1 Sen. His discontents are unremoveably

Trumpets sound. Enter Alcibiades, with bis powers. Coupled to nature.


Alc. Sound to this coward and lascivious town 2 Sen. Our hope in him is dead : let us return,

Our terrible approach. And strain what other means is left unto us [Sound a parley. Tbe Senators appear upon the walls. In our dear ? peril.

'Till now you have gone on, and fillid the time 1 Sen. It requires swift foot.

[Excunt. With ali licentious measure, making your wills SCENE

10 The scope of justice; 'till now, myself, and such IV.

As Nept within the shadow of your power, The Walls of Arbens.

Have wander'd with our traverft arms , and Enter two other Senators, with a Meffinger.

breath'd 1 Sen. Thou hast painfully discovered; are his Our sufferance vainly: Now the time is fuih 3, As full as thy report?

[files 1 5 When crouching marrow 4, in the bearer strong, Mes. I have spoke the least :

Cries of itself, “ No more :' now breathless wrong Besides, his expedition promises

Shall fit and pant in your great chairs of ease; Present approach.

[Timon. And pursy insolence shall break his wind, 2 Sen. We stand much hazard, if they bring not With fear, and horrid fight. Méf. I met a courier, one mine ancient friend ;-20

i Sen. Noble and young, Who, though in general part we were oppos’d, When thy first griefs were but a meer conceit, Yet our old love made a particular force,

Ere thou hadít power, or we had cause to fear, And made us fpeak like friends :---this man was We sent to thee; to give thy rages balm, riding

To wipe out our ingratitudes with loves From Alcibiades to Timon's cave,

25 Above their 5 quantity. With letters of entreaty, which imported

2 Sen. So did we woo His fellowship i’ the cause against your city,

Transformed Timon to our city's love, In part for his fake moy'd.

By humble message, and by promis'd means ;

We were not all unkind, nor all deserve
Enter tbe orber Senators.

30 The common stroke of war. I Sen. Here come our brothers.

I Sen. These walls of ours
3 Sen. No talk of Timon, nothing of him expect. Were not erected by their hands, from whom
The enemies' drum is heard, and fearful scouring You have receiv'd your griefs : nor are they such,
Doth choak the air with duft: In, and prepare; That these great towers, trophies, and schools
Ours is the fall, I fear, our foes the snare. 35

Thould fall
[Exeunt. For private faults in them.

2 Sen. Nor are they living,

Who were the motives that you first went out; Changes to tbe Woods.

Shame, that they wanted cunning, in excefs Enter a Soldier, seeking Timon.

40 Hath broke their hearts 6. March, noble lord,

Into our city with thy banners spread : Sol. By all description, this should be the place. By decimation, and a tithed death, Who's here ? speak, ho !---No answer?---What

(If thy revenge: hunger for that food, is this?

Which nature loaths) take thou the destin’d tenth; Timon is dead, who hath out-stretch'd his span : 45 And by the hazard of the spotted die, Some beast read this; there does not live a man. Let die the spotted. Dead, sure; and this his grave. What's on this i Sen. All have not offended; tomb ?

For those that were, it is not square 7, to take, I cannot read; the character I'll take with wax ; On those that are, revenges : crimes, like lands, Our captain hath in every figure skill;

50 Are not inherited. Then, dear countryman, An ag'd interpreter, though young in days : Bring in thy ranks, but leave without thy rage: Before proud Athens he's set down by this, Spare thy Athenian cradle, and those kin, Whose fall the mark of his ambition is. [Exit. Which, in the bluster of thy wrath, must fall

1 Dr. Warburton observes, that dear, in the language of that time, fignified dread, and is so used by Shakspeare in numberless places. Mr. Steevens says, that dear may in this instance fignify immediate; and that it is an enforcing epithet with not always a distinct meaning. 2 Arms across. is fiuso when his feathers are grown, and he can leave the neft. Flush means mature.

4 The marTow was supposed to be the original of strength. The image is from a camel kneeling to take up his load, who rises immediately when he finds he has as much laid on as he can bear. rages. 6 The meaning is, “ Shame in excess (i. e. extremity of shame) that they wanted cunning (i. e. that they were not wise enough not to banish you) hath broke their hearts." regular, not equitable.


3 A bird

5 Tbeir refers to

7 i. e. not



bate :

With those that have offended: like a Mepherd,

Enter a Soldier.
Approach the fold, and cull the infected forth, Sol. My noble general, Timon is dead;
But kill not altogether.

Entomb'd upon the very hem o' the sea : 2 Sen. What thou wilt,

And, on his grave-stone, this insculpture; which Thou rather shalt enforce it with thy smile, s With wax I brought away, whose soft impression Than hew to't with thy sword.

Interpreteth for my poor ignorance. i Sen. Set but thy foot

(Alcibiades reads the epitaph.] Against our rampir'd gates, and they shall ope; Here lies a wretched corse, of wretched soul bereft: So thou wilt send thy gentle heart before, Seek not my name: A plague consume you wicked cdia To say, thou'lt enter friendly.

tiffs left! 2 Sen. Throw thy glove,

Here lie I Timon ; wboy alive, all living men did Or any token of thine honour else, That thou wilt use the wars as thy redress, Pass by, and curse iby fill; but pass, and stay not And not as our confufion, all thy powers

bere tby gait. Shall make their harbour in our town, 'till we 15 These well express in thee thy latter spirits : Have feal'd thy full desire.

Though thou abhor'dft in us our human griefs, Alc. Then there's my glove;

Scorn'dst our brain's flow?, and those our drop Descend, and open your uncharged ports':

lets which Those enemies of Timon's, and mine own, From niggard nature fall, yet rich conceit Whom you yourselves thall set out for reproof, 20 Taught thee to make vast Neptune weep for aye Fall, and no more: and, to atone your fears On thy low grave.-On :-Faults forgiven.Dead With my more noble meaning, not a man Is noble Timon; of whose memory Shall pass his quarter, or offend the stream Hereafter more.-Bring me into your city, Of regular justice in your city's bounds,

And I will use the olive with my sword: But shall be remedy'd by your publick laws 25 Make war breed peace ; make peace stint war; Ar heaviest answer.

make each Borb. 'Tis most nobly spoken.

Prescribe to other, as each other's leach 3.Alc. Descend, and keep your words.

\Let our drums strike.

[Exeunt. 'i e. unguarded gates.

2 Our brain's flow is our tears. 3 i, e. physician.


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SATURNINUS, Son to sbe late Emperor of Rome, and SEMPRONIUS.
afterwards declared Emperor bimself.

BASSIANUS, Brother to Saturninus, in love with CHIRON, Sons to Tamora.

TITUS ANDRONICUS, & noble Roman, General Aaron, a Moor, belov'd by Tamora.
against the Gorbs.

Captain, from Tirus's Camp. MARCUS ANDRONICUS, Tribune of the People, and Æmilius, a Milenger. Brutber to Titus.

Gurbs, and Romans. MARCUS,


Sons to Titus Andronicus, LUCIUS,

Tamora, Queen of ibe Gorbs, and afterwards mar. MUTIUS,

ried to Saturninus. Young LUCIUS, a Buy, Son to Lucius.

LAVINIA, Daughter 19 Titus Andronicus. Publius, Son to Marcus the Tribune, ard Nepbew Nurse, with a Black-a-mcor Child.

19 Titus Andronicus.

Senators, Judges, Officers, Soldiers, and orber Attendants,

SCE NE, Rome; and the Country near it.

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JIf ever Baffianus, Cæsar's son,
Before tbe Capitol in Rome.

Were gracious in the eyes of royal Rome,

Keep then this passage to the Capitol; Ester tbe Tribunes ard Senators alcfl, as in the Senate. And suffer not dishonour to approach Tben enter Saturninus and bis followers, at one door;

5 The imperial feat, to virtue consecrate, and Baffianus and bis followers at the other; with

To justice, continence, and nobility ; drum and coluurs.

But let desert in pure election shine ; S N NOBI OBLE patricians, patrons of my right, And, Romans, fight for freedom in your choice. Defend the justice of my cause with Enter Marcus Andronicus aloft, with the Crotur. arms;

Mar. Princes, that strive by factions, and by And, countrymen, my loving followers,

friends, Plead my successive title with your swords : Ambitiously for rule and empery! I am his first-born son, that was the last

Know, that the people of Rome, for whom we That ware the imperial diadem of Rome :

stand, Then let my father's honours live in me, 15 A special party, have, by common voice, Nor wrong mine age with this indignity.

In election for the Roman empery, Bas. Romans,-friends, followers, favourers of Chosen Andronicus, surnamed Pius my right,

For many good and great deserts to Rome ; Mr. Theobald says, This is one of those plays which he always thought, with the better judges, ought not to be acknowledged in the list of Shakspear's genuine pieces. Dr. Johnson observes, That all the editors and critics agree with Mr. Theobald in supposing this play spurious, and that he sees " no reason for differing from them ; for the colour of the file is wholly different from that of the other plays, and there is an attempt at regular verfification, and artificial closes, not always inelegant

, et feldom pleasing. The barbarity of the spectacles, and the general mafsacre, which are here exhibited, can scarcely be conceived tolerable to any audience; yet we are told by Jonson, that they were got only borne, but praised,” Mr. Farmer and Mr, Stesyens are ailo of the came opinion with Dr,

A nobler

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A nobler man, a braver warrior,

| Lo, as the bark, that hath discharg'd her fraught, Liyes not this day within the city walls :

Returns with precious lading to the bay, He by the senate is accited home,

From whence at first the weigh'd her anchorage, From weary wars against the barbarous Goths; Cometh Andronicus, bound with laurel boughs, That, with his sons, a terror to our foes, s To re-salute his country with his tears ; Hath yok'd a nation strong, train’d up in arms. Tears of true joy for his return to Rome Ten years are spent, since first he undertook Thou great defender of this Capitol', This cause of Rome, and chastired with arms Stand gracious to the rites that we intend ! Our enemies' pride: Five times he hath return'd Romans, of five and twenty valiant sons, Bleeding to Rome, bearing his valiant sons 10 Half of the number that king Priam had, In coffins from the field;

Behold the poor remains, alive, and dead! And now at last, laden with honour's spoils, These, that survive, let Rome reward with love; Returns the good Andronicus to Rome,

These, that I bring unto their latest home, Renowned Titus, flourishing in arms.

With burial among their ancestors : [sword. Let us intreat,-- By honour of his name, 115 Here Goths have given me leave to sheath my Whom, worthily, you would have now succeed, Titus, unkind, and careless of thine own, And in the Capitol and senate's right,

Why suffer'st thou thy sons, unbury'd yet, Whom you pretend to honour and adore,

To hover on the dreadful Thore of Styx? That you withdraw you, and abate your strength; Make way to lay them by their brethren. Dismiss your followers, and, as suitors Mould,

[They open ibe tombe Plead your deserts in peace and humbleness. There greet in filence, as the dead were wont, Sat. How fair the tribune speaks to calm my And Neep in peace, Nain in your country's wars! thoughts !

O sacred receptacle of my joys, Baf. Marcus Andronicus, so I do affy

Sweet cell of virtue and nobility, In thy uprightness and integrity,

251 How many fons of mine haft thou in store, And so I love and honour thee, and thine, That thou wilt never render to me more? Thy noble brother Titus, and his sons,

Luc. Give us the proudest prisoner of the Goths, And her, to whom our thoughts are humbled all That we may hew his limbs, and, on a pile, Gracious Lavinia, Rome's rich ornament,

Ad manes fratrum sacrifice his flesh,
That I will here dismiss my loving friends; 30 Before this earthly prison of their bones;
And to my fortunes, and the people's favour, That so the Madows be not unappeasid,
Commit my cause in ballance to be weigh’d. Nor we disturbid with prodigies on earth?.

[Exeunt Soldiers. Tit. I give him you; the noblest that survives, Sat. Friends, that have been thus forward in The eldest son of this distressed queen. [querol, my right,

35 Tam. Stay, Roman brethren,-Gracious conI thank you all, and here dismiss you all ;

Victorious Titus, rue the tears I med, And to the love and favour of my country A mother's tears in passion for her son : Commit myself, my person, and the cause; And, if thy fons were ever dear to thee, Rome, be as just and gracious unto me,

O, think my son to be as dear to me. As I am confident and kind to thee.

40 Sufficeth not, that we are brought to Rome, Open the gates, and let me in.

To beautify thy triumphs, and return, Bas. Tribunes! and me, a poor competitor. Captive to thee, and to thy Roman yoke? [They go up into the Senate-boufi. But must my sons be Naughter'd in the streets,

For valiant doings in their country's cause! S CE N E II.

45 O! if to fight for king and common weal Enter a Captain.

Were piety in thine, it is in these;

Andronicus, ftain not thy tomb with blood; Capt. Romans, make way; The good Andro

Wilt thou draw near the nature of the gods? Patron of virtue, Rome's beit champion, [nicus, Successful in the battles that he fights,

Draw near them then in being merciful: With honour and with fortune is return'd,

50 Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge; From where he circumscribed with his sword,

Thrice-noble Titus, spare my firft-born son.

Tit. Patient ? yourself, madam, and pardon me. And brought to yoke, the enemies of Rome.

These are their brethren, whom you Goths behold Sound drums ard trumpets, and then enter Mutius Alive, and dead; and for their brethren Nain,

and Marcus; after tbem, two men bearing a 55 Religiously they ask a sacrifice: ceffin covered with black; then Quintus and Lucius. To this your son is mark'd: and die he must, After them, Titus Audronicus; and then Tamora,

To appease their groaning thadows that are gone. the queen of the Gorbs, Alarbus, Cbiron, and De

Luc. Away with him! and make a fire straight; metrius, with Aaron tbe Msor, prisoners; Soldiers, And with our swords, upon a pile of wood, and orber attendants. They set durun the coffin, 60 Let's hew his limbs, 'till they be clean consum d. and Tirus si-aks.

[Exeunt Mutius, Marcus, Quintus, and Tit.Hail! Rome,victorious in thy mourningweeds.

Lucius, wirb Alartus. Jupiter, to whom the Capitol was sacred. 2 It was supposed by the ancients, that the ghosts of unburied people appeared to their friends and relations, to solicit the rites of funeral. is used by other dramatic writers.


3 This verb

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