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Tell them there I have gold; look, so I have. to me, thou might'st have hit upon it here : The Apem. Here is no use for gold.

commonwealth of Athens is become a forest of Tim. The best, and truest :

beasts, For here it neeps, and does no hired harm.

Tin. How has the ass broke the wall, that thou Apem. Where ly'st o' nights, Timon? 5 art out of the city ? Tim. Under that's above me.

Apem. Yonder comes a poet, and a painter : Where feed'ft thou o' days, Apemantus ?

The plague of company light upon thee! I will Apen. Where my stomach finds meat; or, ra- fear to catch it, and give way: When I know ther, where I eat it.

not what else to do, I'll see thee again. Tim. 'Would poison were obedient, and knew 10 Tim. When there is nothing living but thee, my mind!

thou shalt be welcome. I had rather be a beggar's Apem. Where wouldst thou send it?

dog, than Apemantus. Tim. To sauce thy dishes.

Apem, Thou art the cap 3 of all the fools alive. Apem. The middle of humanity thou never Tim. 'Would thou wert clean enough to spit upon. knewest, but the extremity of both ends : When 15 A plague on thee! thou wast in thy gilt, and thy perfume, they mock'd Apem. Thou art too bad to curse. thee for too much curiosity'; in thy rags thou Tim. All villains, that do stand by thee, are pure. knowest none, but art despis'd for the contrary. Apem. There is no leprosy, but what thou speak'ft. There's a medlar for thee, eat it.

Tim. If I name thee.Tim. On what I hate, I feed not.

20 I'll beat thee,—but I should infect my hands. Apem. Dost hate a medlar ?

Apem. I would my tongue could rot them off! Timn. Ay, though it look like thee.

Tim. Away, thou issue of a mangy dog! Apen. An thou hadit hated medlars sooner, Choler does kill me, that thou art alive; thou should it have lov'd thyself better now. What I swoon to see thee. man didst thou ever know unthrift, that was be-125 Apcm. 'Would thou wouldit burst! lov'd after his means?

Tim. Away. Tim. Who, without those means thou talk'n Thou tedious rogue! I am sorry, I Mall lose of, didit thou ever know belov'd ?

A stone by thee. Apem. Myself.

Apım. Beast! Tim. I understand thee; thou had's some means 30 Tim. Slave ! to keep a dog.

Apem. Toad! Apem. What things in the world canst thou Tim. Rogue, rogue, rogue ! nearest compare to thy flatterers ?

[ Apimantus retreats backward, as going. Tim. Women nearest; but men, men are the I am sick of this talle world; and will love nought things themselves. What wouidst thou do with 35 But even the meer necessities upon it. the world, Apemantus, if it lay in thy power ? Then, Timon, presently prepare thy grave;

Apem. Give it the beasts, to be rid of the men. Lie where the light foain of the sea may beat

Tim. Wouldnt thou have thyself fall in the con- Thy grave-Itone daily : make thine epitaph, fusion of men, and remain a beast with the beasts? That death in me at others' lives may laugh. Apım. Ay, Timon.

1400 thou sweet king-killer, and dear divorce Tim. A beantly ambition, which the gods grant

(Looking on the gold. thee to attain to! If thou wert the lion, the fox 'Twixt natural son and fire! thou bright defiler would beguile thee: if thou wert the lamb, the Of Hymen's purelt bed! thou valiant Mars ! fox would eat thee: if thou wert the fox, the Thou ever young, fresh, lov’d, and delicate wooer, lion would suspect thee, when, peradventure, thou 45 Whose bluih doth thaw the confecrated snow wert accus'd by the ass: if thou wert the ass, thy That lies on Dian's lap! thou visible god, dulness would torment thee ; and still thou liv'da That folder'it clofe impoflibilities, but as a breakfast to the wolf: if thou wert the And mak'st them kifs ! that speak'st with every wolf , thy greediness would afflict thee, and oli thou

tongue, should hazard thy life for thy dinner: wert thonl50To every purpose ! O thou touch 4 of hearts ! the unicorn, pride and wrath would confound thee, Think, thy Nave man rebels; and by thy virtue and make thine own felf the conquest of thy fury: Set them into confounding odds, that beasts wert thou a bear, thou wouldt be kill'd by the May have the world in empire ! horfe : wert thou a horse, thou would be seiz'd Apem. 'Would 'twere fo;by the leopard; wert thou a leopard, thou wert 55 But not ’till I am dead !-- I'll say, thou hast gold : german to the lion, and the spots of thy kindred Thou wilt be throng'd to shortly. were jurors on thy life: all thy safety were re- Tim. Throng'd to ? motion ? ; and thy defence, absence. What beatt Арст. Ау. . couldst thou be, that were not subject to a beast? Tim. Thy back, I proythee. and what a beart art thou already, and seeft not thy 60 Apem. Live, and love thy misery! lors in transformation?

Tiin. Long live so, and so die !--I am quit. Afem. If thou couldīt please me with speaking!

[Exit Apemantuse "1. e. far too much finical delicacy. ; ;2.1, c. removal fro.n place to place. 3 i. e. the tip, the principal. 4 Torch for touchftone. 364


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More things like men ?--Eat, Timon, and abhor That you are thieves profeft; that you work not

In holiet shapes : for there is boundless theft
Enter Thieves.

In limited a professions. Rascal thieves, 1 Tbief. Where should he have this gold? It is Here's gold: Go fuck the subtle blood o' the grape, some poor fragment, some nender ort of his re- 5'Til the high fever seeth your blood to froth, mainder: The meer want of gold, and the falling- And so 'scape hanging : trust not the physician; from of his friends, drove him into this melan- His antidotes are poison, and he flays choly.

More than you rob: take wealth and lives together; 2 Tbi:f. It is nois’d, he hath a mass of treasure. Do villainy, do, since you profess to do 't,

3 Trief. Let us make the assay upon him; if he 10 Like workmen: I'll example you with thievery. care not for’t, he will supply us easily; If he co- The sun's a thief, and with his great attraction vetously reserve it, how Thall's get it?

Robs the vast sea: the moon's an arrant thief, 2 Thief. True; for he bears it not about him, And her pale fire ne snatches from the sun; 'tis hid.

The sea's a thief, whose liquid surge resolves i Tbief. Is not this he?

15 The moon into falt tears 3 ; the earth's a thief, All. Where?

That feeds and breeds by a composture stolen 2 Tbief. 'Tis his description.

From general excrement: each thing's a thief; 3 Thief. He; I know him.

The laws, your curb and whip, in their rough power All. Save thee, Timon.

Have uncheck'd theft. Love not yourselves; away; Tim. Now, thieves.

20 Rohone another. There's more gold : Cut throats; All. Soldiers, not thieves.

All that you meet are thieves: To Athens, 80, Tim. Both too; and women's fons.

Break open shops; nothing can you steal, All. We are not thicves, but men that much do But thieves do lose it : Steal not less, for this want.

[meat. I give you; and gold confound you howsoever ! Tim. Your greatest want is, you want much of 25 Amen.

[Exit. Why should you want? Behold, the earth hath roots; 3 Tbief. He has almost charm'd me from my Within this mile break forth an hundred springs : profession, by persuading me to it. The oaks bear mast, the briars scarlet hips;

1 Thief. 'Tis in the malice of mankind, that he The bountcous huswife, nature, on each bush thus advises us; not to have us thrive in our Lays her full mess before you. Want? why want? 30 mystery.

1 Tbief. We cannot live on grass, on berries, water, 2 Thief. I'll believe him as an enemy, and give As beasts, and birds, and fishes.

over my trade. Tim. Nor on the beasts themselves, the birds, 1 Tbief. Let us first see peace in Athens : and fishes;

There is no time so miserable, but a inan may be You must eat men. Yet thanks I must you con',135 true.


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Desperate want made !
Tbc Woods, and Timon's Cave.

What viler thing upon the earth, than friends,
Enter Flavius.

45 Who can bring noblest minds to bafest ends! Figu. YOU gods!

How rarely * does it meet with this time's guise, Is yon defpis’d and ruinous man my When man was with'd 5 to love his enemies : lord ?

Grant, I may ever love, and rather woo Full of decay and failing? O monument

Those that would mischief me, than those that do! And wonder of good deeds evilly below'd! 50 He has caught me in his eye: I will present What an alteration of honour has

\My honeft grief unto him; and, as my lord,

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? To con ihanks is a very common expression among our old dramatic writers. 2 Limited, for legal. 3 Mr. Tollett comments on this passage thus : “ The moon is the governess of the floods, ' but cannot be resolved by the surges of the sea.' This seems incontestible, and therefore an alteration of the text appears to be necessary. I propose to read :--whese liquid surge resolves the main into falt tears ;--;. e. re. solves the main land or the continent into sea. In Bacon, and also in Shakspeare's King Lear, aIII. sc. I, main occurs in this signification. Earth melting to sea is not an uncommon idea in our poets. “ Melt earth to sea, sea flow to air.” I might add, that in Chaucer, mone, which is very near to the traces of the old reading, seems to mean the globe of the earth, or a map of it, from the French, scrade, the world; but I think main is the true reading here, and might easily be mistaken for moon by a hafty transcriber, or a careless printer, who might have in their thoughts the morn, which is mentioned in a preceding line." 4 Rardly, for fitly; not for seldom. 5 We should read cuill'd. 6 The sense is, “Let me rather woo or carefs those that would mischief, that profess to mean me mifebief, than those that really do mie mischief under false professions of kindness.".


Still serve him with my life.-My dearest master! To requite me, by making rich yourself.
Timon comes firward from bis cave.

Tim. Look thee, 'tis so !- Thou singly honest man, Tim. Away! what art thou ?

Here, take :—the gods out of my misery
Flav. Have you forgot me, sir? [men; Have sent thee treasure. Go, live rich, and happy:

Tim. Why doft ask that? I have forgot all 5 But thus condition’d: Thou shalt build from 3 men;
Then, if thou grant'st thou art a man, I have Hate all, curse all: thew charity to none;
Forgot thee.

But let the familh'd flesh slide from the bone, · Flav. An honcst poor servant of yours.

Ere thou relieve the beggar : give to dogs Tim. Then I know thee not :

What thou deny'st to men; let prisons swallow 'em, I ne'er had honest man about me, I; all 10 Debts wither 'em to nothing : Be men like blasted I kept were ' knaves, to serve in meat to villains.

woods, Flav. The gods are witness,

And may diseases lick up their false bloods ! Ne'er did poor steward wear a truer grief

And so, farewel, and thrive. For his undone lord, than mine eyes for you.

Flav. O, let me stay, and comfort you, my master. Tim. What, doft thou weep? -Come nearer ;--15

Tim. If thou hat'st curses, then I love thee,

Stay not; but fly, whilst thou art blest and free: Because thou art a woman, and disclaim'ft

Ne'er see thou man, and let me ne'er see thee. Flinty mankind; whose eyes do never give,

[Exeunt severallz. But thorough luft, and laughter. Pity's sleeping:


II. Strange times, that weep with laughing, not with 20

The fame. weeping!

Enter Poet and Painter. Flav. I beg of you to know me, good my lord, To accept my grief, and, whilst this poor wealth Pain. As I took note of the place, it cannot be lasts,

far where he abides. To entertain me as your steward still.

25 Foct. What's to be thought of him? Does the Tim. Had I a steward

rumour hold for true, that he is so full of gold ? So true, so just, and now so comfortable ?

Pain. Certain : Alcibiades reports it; Phrynia It almost turns my dangerous nature wild 2. and Tymandra had gold of him: he likewise en-Let me behold thy face.-Surely, this man rich'd poor ftraggling soldiers with great quanWas born of woman.

30 tity: 'Tis said, he gave his steward a mighty sum. Forgive my general and exceptless rashness,

Poet. Then this breaking of his has been but a Perpetual-Sober gods! I do proclaim

try for his friends? One honest man,—mistake me not-But one; Pain. Nothing else : you mall see him a palm No more, I pray,—and he is a steward. in Athens again, and flourish with the highest. How fain would I have hated all mankind, 35 Therefore, 'tis not amiss, we tender our loves to And thou redeem'ft thyself: But all, save thee, him, in this suppos’d distress of his : it will shew I fell with curses.

honestly in us; and is very likely to load our Methinks, thou art more honest now, than wise ; purposes with what they travel for, if it be a just For, by oppressing and betraying me,

and true report that goes of his having. Thou might'st have sooner got another service: 49 Poet. What have you now to present unto him? For many so arrive at second masters,

Pain. Nothing at this time but my visitation : Upon their first lord's neck. But tell me true, only I will promise him an excellent piece. (For I must ever doubt, though ne'er so sure) Poet. I must serve him so too; tell him of an Is not thy kindness subtle, covetous, [gifts, intent that's coming toward him. If not a usuring kindness; and as rich men deal 45. Pain. Good as the best. Promising is the very Expecting in return twenty for one ? [breat air o' the time; it opens the eyes of expectation :

Flav. No, my most worthy master, in whose performance is ever the duller for his act; and, Doubt and suspect, alas, are plac'd too late : but in the plainer and simpler kind of people, the You should have fear'd false times, when you did deed of saying is quite out of use 4. To promise feaft:

50 is most courtly and fashionable: performance is a Suspect Atill comes where an estate is least. kind of will, or testament, which argues a great That which I few, heaven knows, is merely love, fickness in his judgment that makes it. Duty and zeal to your unmatched mind,

Re-enter Timon from bis cave, unseen. Care of your food and living: and, believe it, Tim. Excellent workman! Thou canst not paint My most honour'd lord,

55 a man so bad as thyself. For any benefit that points to me,

Poet. I am thinking, what I shall say I have Either in hope, or present, I'd exchange it provided for him : It must be a perfonatings of For this one wish, That you had power

and wealth Thimself: a satire against the softness of prosperity ; Krave is here used in the compound sense of a servant and a rascal. 2 To turn wild is to diftrast. An appearance fo unexpected, says Timon, almost turns my Savageness to distraction. from human habitations.

4 The sense is, “ The doing of that which we have said we would do, the accomplishment and performance of our promise, is, except among the lower classes of mankind, quite

Personating for representing simply; for the subject of this projected satire was Ti


3 i. e. away

out of use."
mon's case, not his perfor.


with a discovery of the infinite Aatteries, that fol- Why, thy verse swells with stuff so fine and smoothi, low youth and opulency.

That thou art even natural in thine art.Tim. Must thou needs stand for a villain in thine) But, for all this, my honeft-natur'd friends, own work? Wilt thou whip thine own faults in I must needs say, you have a little fault : other men? Do so, I have gold for thee.

5 Marry, 'tis not monstrous in you; neither with I, Poet. Nay, let's seek him :

You take much pains to mend.
Then do we fin againft our own estate,

Botb. Beseech your honour
When we may profit meet, and come too late. To make it known to us.
Pain. True;

Tim. You'll take it ill.
When the day serves, before black-corner'd night', 10 Borb. Most thankfully, my lord.
Find what thou want'st by free and offer'd light. Tim. Will you, indeed?

[gold, Both. Doubt it not, worthy lord. Tim. I'll meet you at the turn. What a god's Tim. There's ne'er a one of you but trusts aknave, That he is worshipp'd in a baser temple,

That mightily deceives you. Than where swine feed !

151 Berb. Do we, my lord ? 'Tis thou that rigg'it the bark, and plow'st the Tim. Ay, and you hear him cog, see him diffemble, foam ;

Know his gross patchery, love him, feed him, Settleft admired reverence in a Nave:

Keep in your borom : yet remain afsur'd,
To thee be worship! and thy faints for aye That he's a made-up villain 3.
Be crown'd with plagues, that thee alone obey! 20 Pain. I know none luch, my lord.
Fit I meet them.

Poet. Nor I.

[gold, Poet. Hail! worthy Timon.

Tim. Look you, I love you well; I'll give you Pain. Our late noble maiter.

Rid me these villains from your companies Tim. Have I once liv'd to fee two honelt men ? Hang them, or stab them, drown them in a draught 4, Poet. Sir,

25 Confound them by some course, and come to me, Having often of your open bounty tasted,

l'!l give you gold enough. Hearing you were retir'd, your friends fallin off,

Boh. Name them, my lord, let's know them. Whose thankicfs natures--O abhorred spirits! Tin. You that way, and you this. But two in Not all the whips of heaven are large enough

company 5,What! to you!

30 Each man apart,--all single, and alone, Whore star-like nobleness gave life and influence Yet an arch-villain keeps him company.-To their whole being! I am rapt, and cannot cover If, where thou art, two villains shall not be, The monstrous bulk of this ingratitude

[Torbe Painter With any size of words.

Come not near him.--If thou would it not refide Tim. Let it go naked, men may fee 't the better : 35

[To tbe Peet. You, that aru honcft, by being what you are, But where one villain is, then him abandon.Make the best seen, and known.

Hence! pack! there's goid, ye came for gold, ye Pain. He, and myself,

Naves : Have travell'd in the great shower of your gifts, You have work for me, there is payment: Hence! And sweetly felt it.

140 You are an alchymist, make gold of that:Tim Ay, you are honest men.

Out, rascal dogs! Pain. We are hither come to offer you our service.

[Exit, beating and driving tbem eui. Tim. Most honeft men! Why, how shall 1 requite you?

SCENE III, Can you eat roots, and drink cold water? no.

145 Borb. What we can do, we'll do, to do you ser

Enter Flavius, and tqvo Senators. vice.

[I have gold; Flav. It is in vain that you would speak with Tim. You are honest mon : You have heard that

Iain sure, you have: speak truth: you are honeft For he is set to only to himself,

50 That nothing, but himself, which looks like man, Pain. So it is said, my noble lord: but therefore is friendly with him. Came not my friend, nor I.

{terfeit i Sen. Bring us to his cave : Tim. Good honeft men :--Thou draw'ít a coun- It is our part, and promise to the Athenians, Best in all Athens: thou art, indeed, the best; To speak with Timon. Thou counterfeit'st inost lively.

551 2 $69. At all times alike Pain. So, so, my lord.

Men are not still the same: 'Twas time, and griefs, Tim. Even fo, sir, as I lay :-And, for thy fiction, That fram'd him thus : time, with his fairer hand,

To the Poet. JOffering the fortunes of his former days,


ii. c. night which is as obscure as a dark corner. 2 A por:rait was called a counterfeit in our author's time. 3 i. e. a hypocrite. 4 That is, it ibe jakes.

5 This passage is obscure. Dr. Johnson thinks the meaning is this : But 1999 is company, that is, Stand apart, ler only two be tegetber; for even whicn each ftands fingle there are two, he himself and a villain. But in the North, fignifies, wil bour.



The former man may make him: Bring us to him, And take our goodly aged men by the beards, And chance it as it may.

Giving our holy virgins to the stain Flav. Here is his cave..

Of contumelious, beastly, mad-brain'd war; Peace and content be here ! Lord Timon! Timon! Then let him know, and tell him, Timon speaks it, Look out, and speak to friends: The Athenians, 5 In pity of our aged, and our youth, By two of their most reverend senate, greet thee: I cannot chuse but tell him, that---I care not, Speak to them, noble Timon.

And let him take't at worst; for their knives care Enter Timon.

not, Tim. Thou sun, that comfort'st, burn! Speak, While you have throats to answer : for myself, and be hang'd!

10 There's not a whittle 4 in the unruly camp, For each true word, a blister, and each false But I do prize it at my love, before Be as a cauterizing to the root o' the tongue, The reverend'st throat in Athens. So I leave you Consuming it with speaking!

To the protection of the prosperous gods, 1 Sen. Worthy Timon

[mon. As thieves to keepers. Tim. Of none but such as you, and you of Ti-15) Flav. Stay not, all's in vain. 2 Sen. The senators of Athens greet thee, Ti- Tim. Why, I was writing of my epitaph,

[the plague, It will be seen to-morrow; My long sickness Tim. I thank them; and would send them back Of health, and living, now begins to mend, Could I but catch it for them.

And nothing brings me all things. Go, live still; I Sen. O, forget

20 Be Alcibiades your plague, you his, What we are sorry for ourselves in thee.

And last so long enough! The senators, with one consent of love,

1 Sen. We speak in vain. Intreat thee back to Athens; who have thought Tim. But yet I love my country; and am not On special dignities, which vacant lie

One that rejoices in the common wreck, For thy best use and wearing.

25 As common bruit doth put it. 2 Sen. They confess,

i Sen. That's well spoke. Toward thee, forgetfulness too general, grofs : Tim. Commend me to my loving countrymen,--And now the publick body,--which doth seldom I Sin. These words become your lips as they Play the recanter,-feeling in itself

pass through them.

[ers | A lack of Timon's aid, hath sense withal 30 2 Sin. And enter in our ears, like great triumph

Of its own fall', restraining aid to Timon; In their applauding gates.
And sends forth us, to make their forrowed ren- Tim. Commend me to them;
der ?,

And tell them, that, to ease them of their griess,
Together with a recompence more fruitful Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, loffes,
Than their offence can weigh down by the dram; 35 Their pangs of love, with other incident throes
Ay, even such heaps and sums of love and wealth, That nature's fragil vessel doth sustain
As shall to thee blot out what wrongs were theirs, in life's uncertain voyage, I will some kindness
And write in thee the figures of their love,

do them :--Ever to read them thine.

I'll teach them to prevent wild Alcibiades' wrath. Tim. You witch me in it;

2 Sen. I like this well, he will return again. Surprize me to the very brink of tears :

Tim. I have a tree, which grows here in my Lend me a fool's heart, and a woman's eyes,

close, And I'll beweep these comforts, worthy senators. That mine own use invites me to cut down,

i Sen. Therefore, so please thee to return with And Mortly must I fell it : Tell my friends, And of our Athens (thine, and ours) to take [us, 45 Tell Athens, in the sequence of degree 5, The captainship, thou shalt be met with thanks, From high to low throughout, that whoso please Allow'd 3 with absolute power, and thy good name To stop aMiction, let him take his haste, Live with authority :- so soon shall we drive back Come hither, ere my tree hath felt the axe, Of Alcibiades the approaches wild;

And hang himself :---I pray you, do my greeting. Who, like a boar too savage, doth root up 50 Flav. Trouble him no further, thus you still His country's peace.

shall find him. 2 Sen. And makes his threat'ning sword

Tim. Come not to me again: but say to Athens, Against the walls of Athens.

Timon hath made his everlasting mansion 1 Sen. Therefore, Timon,

Upon the beached verge of the falt flood, Tim. Well, fir, I will; therefore I will, fir; 55 Which once a day with his embofled froth 6 Thus,

The turbulent surge shall cover; thither come, If Alcibiades kill my countrymen,

And let my grave-stone be your oracle.--Let Alcibiades know this of Timon, [Athens, Lips, let lour words go by, and language end : That---Timon cares not.But if he fack fair What is amifs, plague and infection mend !

The Athenians bad sense, that is, felt the danger of their crun fall, by the arms of Alcibiades. ? Rerder is confufion.

3. Allwed is licensid, privileged, uncontrolled. 4 A wbittle is still in the midland counties the common name for a pocket clalp knife, such as children use. Si. e. from highest to lowest. 6 We have before observed, that when a deer was run hard, and foamed at the mouth, he was said to be embofs'd.



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