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3 Ser. I do conceive.

Your reeking villainy. Live loath'd, and long, Tim. Each man to his sool, with that spur as he Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites, would to the lip of his mistress : your diet shall be Courteous destroyers, affable wolves, meek bears, in all places alike. Make not a city feast of it, to You fools of fortune, trencher-friends, time's fies, let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the firft 5 Cap and knee Naves, vapours, and minute-jacks 4! place : Sit, fit. The gods require our thanks. Of man, and beast, the infinite malady s.

You great benefactors, sprinkle our suciety with Crust you quite o'er !-What, dost thou go? thankfulness. For your own gifts, make yourselves Soft, take thy physic first,—thou too,—and thou: prais'd: but reserve fill to give, lift ycur deities be

[Tbrcws the dishes at ibern. despis’d. Lend to each man enough, ibat one need not 10 Stay, I will lend thee money, borrow none.lend to another : for, were your godheads to berror What, all in motion? Henceforth be no feast, of men, men would ferfake ibe gods. Make the meat Whereat a villain's not a welcome guest. be beloved, more tban tbe man that gives it. Let min Burn house; sink Athens; henceforth hated be allembly of twenty be witbcut a score of villains : Of Timon, man, and all humanity! [Ext. If ibere fit twelve women at the table, let a duzim of 15

Re-enter the Senators. shem be as they are.--The rest of your fees', O gods, i Sen. How now, my lords?

[fury the finators of Atbens, togetber with the common lag 2 Sen. Know you the quality of lord Timon's of piople-wbat is amiss in tbem, you gods, make surt- 3 Ser. Pim! did you see my cap? able for destruction. For tbese my present friends, -as 4. Sen. I have lost my gown. obey are io me nothing, so in rotbing bless them, and to 20 I Sen. He's but a mad lord, and nought but hunothing are they welcome,

mour sways him. He gave me a jewel the other Uncover dogs, and lap.

day, and now he has beat it out of my hat :-Did [The dishes uncovered are full of warm water. Jyou see my jewel ? Some freak. What does his lordship mean?

2 Sen. Did you see my cap ? Some cober. I know not.

1251' 3 Sen. Here 'tis. Tim. May you a better feast never behold,

4 Sen. Here lies my gown. You knot of mouth-friends! smoke and luke- i Sen. Let's make no stay.

2 Sen. Lord Timon's mad. Is your perfection. This is Timon's last;

3 Sen. I feel 't upon my bones. Who stuck and spangled you with flatteries,


4 Son. One day he gives us diamonds, next day Washes it off, and sprinkles in your faces

stones. [Tbrewing water in their faces.


warm water

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With it beat out his brains! piety, and fear, Witbout the walls of Athens.

Religion to the gods, peace, justice, truth,

Domestick awe, night-rest, and neighbourhood, Enter Timon.

Instruction, manners, mysteries, and trades, ET me look back upon thee, O thou wall, 45 Degrees, observances, customs, and laws,

Decline to your confounding contraries, earth,

And yet confufion live! Plagues, incident to men, And fence not Athens! Matrons, turn incontinent; Your potent and infectious fevers heap Obedience fail in children! Naves, and fools, On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica, Pluck the grave wrinkled senare from the bench, 50 Cripple our senators, that their limbs may halt And minister in their steads! to general filths As lamely as their manners ! lust and liberty Convert o' the instant, green virginity!

Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth; Do't in your parents' eyes! bankrupts, hold fast: That 'gainst the stream of virtue they may strive, Rather than render back, out with your knives, And drown themselves in riot! itches, blains, And cut your trusters' throats ! bound servants, 55 Sow all the Athenian bosoms; and their crop steal ;

Be general leprosy! breath infect breath; Large-handed robbers your grave masters are, That their fociety, as their friendship, may And pill by law ! maid, to thy matter's bed; Be meerly poison ! Nothing I'll bear from thee, Thy mistress is o' the brothel ! son of fixteen, But nakedness, thou detestable town! Pluck the lin'd crutch from thy old limping fire, 160 Take thou that too, with multiplying banns !

i Dr. Warburton thinks we mould read foes. 2 i. e, the highest of your exc;llence. 3 i. e. flies of a season. 4 A minnie-jack is what was called formerly a Jack of ebé ciock-buuje; an image whose office was the same as one of those at St. Dunstan's church in Fleet-sireet. See note', p. 658. Since every kind of direnle incident to mag and beast.




Timon will to the woods; where he shall find To have his pomp, and all what state compounds,
The unkindeft beaft more kinder than mankind. But only painted, like his varnish'd friends ?
The gods confound (hear me, you good gods all) Poor honest lord, brought low by his own heart;
The Athenians both within and out that wall! Undone by goodness! Strange, unusual blood?,
And grant, as Timon grows, his hate may grow 5 When man's worst fin is, he does too much good!
To the whole race of mankind, high, and low ! Who then dares to be half so kind again?

[Exit. For bounty, that makes gods, does full mar men.

My dearent lord, bleft, to be moit accurs'd, S CE NE II.

Rich, only to be wretched ;--thy great fortunes Timon's House.

10 Are made thy chief afflictions. Alas, kind lord!

He's Aung in rage from this ungrateful feat Enter Flavius, with two or three Servants.

Of monstrous friends: nor has he with him to 1 Scru. Hear you, master steward, where is Supply his life, or that which can command it. our master?

I'll follow, and enquire him out:
Are we undone ? cast off? nothing remaining? 15I'll ever serve his mind with my best will;
Flav. Alack, my fellows, what should I say Whilft I have gold, I'll be his steward still.
to you?

[Exit Let me be recorded by the righteous gods, I am as poor as you.

SCENE lil, i Serv. Such a house broke!

Tbc Woodi.
So noble a master fallen! All gone! and not

Enter Timon.
One friend, to take his fortune by the arm,
And go along with him!

Tim. O blefled breeding sun, draw from the 2 Sero. As we do turn our backs

earth From our companion, thrown into his grave; 251

Rotten humidity; below thy fifter's orb 3 So his familiars from his buried fortunes

Infect the air! Twinn'd brothers of one womb, Slink all away; leave their false vows with him, Whole procreation, residence, and birth, Like empty purses pick'di and his poor self, Scarce is dividant, touch them with several forA dedicated beggar to the air, With his disease of all-funn'd poverty,

30 The greater scorns the leser: Not nature, (tune, Walks, like contempo; alone. More of our To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great forfellows.

But by contempt of nature 4.

Raise me this beggar, and denude that lord;
Enter orber Soitants.

The fenator shall bear contempt hereditary,
Flav. All broken implements of a ruin'd house. 35 The beggar native honour.

3 Serv. Yet do our hearts wear Timon's livery, It is the pastor lards the brother's fides, That see I by our faces; we are fellows still, The want that makes him leaves. Who dares, Serving alike in sorrow : Leak'd is our bark;

who dares, And we, poor mates, stand on the dying deck, In purity of manhood stand upright, Hearing the surges threat: we must all part 40 And say, “ This man's a flatterer ? if one be, Into this sea of air.

So are they all; for every grize o of fortune Flav. Good fellows all,

Is smooth’d by that below : the learned pate The latest of my wealth l'ul Mare amongst you. Ducks to the golden sool : All is oblique; Wherever we Mall meet, for Timon's fake, There's nothing level in our cursed natures, Let's yet be fellows; let's shake our heads, and 45 But direct villainy. Therefore, be abhorrod fay,

All feasts, societies, and throngs of men! As 'twere a knell unto our master's fortunes, His semblable, yea, himself, Timon disdains : • We have seen better days. Let each take some ;) Destruction fang? mankind ! -Earth, yield me [Giving ibem money.


[Digging ibe earika Nay, put out all your hands. Not one word more : 50 Who seeks for better of thee, sauce his palato Thus part we rich in forrow, parting poor. With thy most operant poison! What is here?

(Exeunt Servarts. Gold? yellow, glittering, precious guld? No, 0, the fierce' wretchedness that glory brings us !

gods, Who would not wish to be from wealth exempt, I am no idle votarift 8: Roots, you clear heavens 9! Since riches point to misery and contempt? 55 Thus much of this, will anake black, white; foul, Who'd be so mock'd with glory? or to live

(valiant. But in a dream of friendihip?

|Wrong, right; bare, noble; old, young; coward, ' Fierce is here used for bafty, precipitate. ~ Strange, unusual ll.od may mean, strange unusual dispofition. 3 That is, the moon's, this sublunary world. 4 Dr. Johnson explains this passage thus : " Brorber, wben bis fortune is enlarg.d, will ferro brother; for this is the general depravily of human nature, which, beszeged as it is by misiry, admonished as it is of want and imperfection, when elevated by fortune, will desfile beings of nature like its own.5 That is, It is the pastour Ibat greases or fiatters the rieb brother, and will grease him on till wart make bim leave. 6 Grize for step or degree.

7. i. e. fcize, gripe. 8 i.e. no insincere or inconstant fupplicant. Gold will not serve me instead of rocts. 9 This may mean either ye skudless skies, or yo deities eximpe from guilso 3 G a


fair ;


Ha, you gods! why this? What this, you gods ? Tim. None, but to
Why this

Maintain my opinion.
Will lug your priests and servants from your sides; Alc. What is it, Timon ?

[if Pluck stout men's pillows from below their heads! : Tim. Promise me friendship, but perform none: This yellow Nave

5 Thou wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for Will knit and break religions ; bless the accurs'd; Thou art a man! if thou dost perform, confound Make the hoar leprosy ador'd; place thieves,

thee, And give them title, knee, and approbation,

For thou art a man ! With senators on the bench; this is it

Alc. I have heard in some fort of thy miseries. That makes the wappen'd? widow wed again; Tim. Thou saw'st them, when I had prosperity. She, whom the spital-house and ulcerous fores Alc. I see them now; then was a blessed time. Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of To the April day again 3. Come, damned earth,


[world Thou common whore of mankind, that put'st odds Tyman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the Among the rout of nations, I will make thee 15 Voic'd lo regardfully? Do thy right nature 4.-[March afar off. ]-Ha! Tim. Art thou Tymandra? a drum ? -Thou'rt quick 5,

Tyman. Yes. But yet I'll bury thee : Thou'lt go, strong thief, Tim. Be a whore ftill! they love thee not, tha When gouty keepers of thee cannot stand :

use thee; Nay, stay thou out for earnest. [Keeping some gold. 20 Give them diseases, leaving with thee their luft.

Make use of thy falt hours : season the Naves Enter Alcibiades, with drum and fife, in warlike man

For tubs, and baths; bring down rose-checked ner, and P brynia and Iymandra.

youth Aic. What art thou there? speak. [heart, To the tub-fart", and the diet.

Tim. A beast, as thou art. The canker gnaw thy 25 Tyman. Hang thee, monster ! For Mewing me again the eyes of man !

Alc. Pardon him, sweet Tymandra; for his wits Alc. What is thy name? Is man so hateful to Are drown'd and loft in his calamities. thee,

I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, That art thyself a man?

The want whereof doch daily make revolt Tim. I am misantbropos, and hate mankind. 30 In my penurious band : I have heard, and griev'd, For thy part, I do with thou wert a dog,

How cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth, That I might love thee something.

Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, Alc. I know thee well; ·

But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them, But in thy fortunes am unlearn’d and strange. Tim. I pry'thee, beat thy drum, and get thee Tim. I know thee too ; and more, than that 1 35

gone. know thee,

Alc. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. I not desire to know. Follow thy drum :

Tim. How doft thou pity him, whom thou dost With man's blood paint the ground, gules, gules:

trouble? Religious canons, civil laws are cruel;

I had rather be alone.
Then' what Tould war be? This fell whore of 40 Alc. Why, fare thee well:

Here is some gold for thee.
Hath in her more destruction than thy sword, Tim. Keep it, I cannot eat it.
For all her cherubin look.

Alc. When I have laid proud Athens on a heap Pbry. Thy lips rot off!

Tim. Warrist thou 'gainst Athens ? Timi I will not kiss thee; then the rot returns 45

Alc. Ay, Timon, and have cause. To thine own lips again.

Tim. The gods confound them all in thy conAlc. How came the noble Timon to this change?

quest; and Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to Thee after, when thou hast conquerid ! give;

Aic. Why me, Timon? But then renew I could not, like the moon;

50 Tim. That, by killing of villains, thou wast born There were no funs to borrow of.

To conquer my country. Alc. Noble Timon,

Put up thy gold; Go on--here's gold,—go on; What friendthip may I do thee?

|Be as a planetary plague, when Jove

' i.e. men who have strength yet remaining to struggle with their distemper. This alludes to an old custom of drawing away the pillow from under the heads of men in their last agonies, to make their departure the eafier.

2 Waped or wappen’daccording to Warburton, signifies both forrowful and terrified, either for the loss of a good husband, or by the treatment of a bad. But gold, he says, can overcome both her affection and her fears, 3 That is, to the wedding day, called by the poet, satirically, April day, or fool's day. The April day, however, does not relate to the widev, but to the other diseased female, who is represented as the cutcaft of an hospital

. She it is whom gold embalms and Spices to the April day again: i. e. goid restores her to all the freshness and sweetness of youth.

4 Lic in the earth where nature laid thee. $ Thou hast life and motion in thee. 6 This alludes to the method of cure for venereal complaints (explained in note 4, p. 90), the unition for which was sometimes continued for thirty-seven days, and during this time there was necessarily an extraordinary abfrimence required. Hence the term of the tub-fajt. The dis was likewise a customary term for the region Men prescribed in these cases.


you all!

Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison Phr. and Tym. Well, more gold;- What then?
In the fick air: Let not thy sword skip one : Believe't, that we'll do any thing for gold.
Pity not honour'd age for his white beard,

Tim. Consumptions fow
He is an usurer : Strike me the counterfeit matron, In hollow bones of man; frike their sharp Thins,
It is her habit only that is honest,

5 And marr men's spurring. Crack the lawyer's Herself's a bawd: Let not the virgin's cheek

voice, Make soft thy trenchant sword; for those milk- That he may never more false title plead, paps,

Nor found his quillets ? Thrilly : hoar the famen, That through the window-bars bore at men's eyes, That scolds against the quality of fieth, Are not within the leaf of pity writ,

10 And not believes himself: down with the nose, Set them down horrible traitors: Spare not the babe, Down with it flat; take the bridge quite away Whose dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their Of him, that his particular to foresee ', mercy;

Smells from the general weal: make curl'd-pate Think it a bastard, whom the oracle

ruffians bald ;
Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat Mall cut 2, 15 And let the unscarr'd braggarts of the war
And mince it sans remorse: Swear against objects }; Derive some pain from you: Plague all ;
Put armour on thine ears, and on thine eyes ; That your activity may defeat and quell
Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, nor

The source of all erection. There's more gold :babes,

Do you damn others, and let this damn you, Nor fight of priests in holy vestments bleeding,

20 And ditches

grave Shall pierce a jot. There's gold to pay thy foldiers : Pbr. and Tym. More counsel, with more money, Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent,

bounteous Timon. Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. Tim. More whore, more mischief first; I have Al. Hast thou gold yet? I'll take the gold thou

given you earnest. giv'st me,

Alc. Strike up the drum towards Athens. Not all thy counsel.

Farewel, Timon; Tim. Doft thou, or dost thou not, heaven's If I thrive well, I'll visit thee again. curse upon thee!

Tim. If I hope well, I'll never see thee more. Pbr. and Tym. Give us some gold, good Timon : Alc. I never did thee harm. Hast thou more ?

(trade, 30 Tim. Yes, thou spok'st welt of me. Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her Alc. Call'st thou that harm? And to make whores, a bawd 4. Hold up, you Nuts, Tim. Men daily find it. Your aprons mountant: You are not oathable, Get thee away, and take thy beagles with thee. Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear, Alc. We but offend him.-Strike, Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, 35

[Drum bears. Exeunt Alcibiades, The immortal gods that hear you spare your

Phrynia, and Tymandra. oaths,

Tim. [Digging.] That nature, being sick of man's I'll trust to your conditions 5: Be whores ftill ;

unkindness, And he whole pious breath seeks to convert you,

Should yet be hungry!. -Common mother, thou Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; 40 Whose womb unmeasurable, and infinite breast'!, Let your close fire predominate his smoke, Teems, and feeds all; whole self-fame mettie, And be no turn-coats: Yet may your pains o, six Whereof thy proud child, arrogant man, is puft, months,

(roofs Engenders the black toad, and adder blue, Be quite contrary : And thatch your poor thin The gilded newt, and eyelets venom'd worm ??, With burdens of the dead :-some that were 45 With all the abhorred births below crisp "3 heaven hangid,

[ftill; Whereon Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine; No matter :-wear them, betray with them: whore Yield him, who all thy human fons doth hate, Paint 'till a horse may mire upon your face, From forth thy plenteous bosom, one poor rout! A pox of wrinkles !

JEnfear thy fertile and conceptious womb,


'i.e. draw forth.

2 An allusion to the tale of Oedipus. 3 Perhaps objekts is here used provincially for abjeéts. 4 That is, enough to make a wbcre leave whoring, and a band leave making whores. Si. e. I will trust to your inclinations. Dr. Warburton comments on this passage thus: “ This is obscure, partly from the ambiguity of the word pains, and partly from the generality of the expresfion. The meaning is this: He had said before, Follow constantly your trade of debauchery; that is (says he) for fix months in the year. Let the other fix be employed in quite contrary pains and labour, namely, in the severe discipline nccessary for the repair of those disorders that your debaucheries occafion, in order to fit you anew to the trade; and thus let the whole year be spent in these different occupations. On this account he goes on, and says, Make falje bair, &c. Mr. Steevens however conceives the meaning to be only this : " Yet for half tbe year at least

, may you suffer fruib punishment as is inflisted on barlots in boules of correction.

Quillets are subtilties. i. e. give the flamen the boary leprofy.

9 To foresee his particular, is to provide for bis private advantage, for which be leaves the rigbe ļcene of public grod. In hunting, when hares have cross'd one another, it is common for some of the hounds to smell from the general weal, and foresee their own particular. Shakspeare, who seems to have been a skilful sportsman, and has alluded often to falconry, perhaps alludes here to hunting, is to entomb. " Wbose infinite breast means whose boundless furfuce. 12 The serpent, which we, from the smallness of his eyes, call the blind wurm. 13 i. e, curled, bent, hollow.

1 G 3




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Let it no more bring out ingrateful man!

Tim. What! a knave too ? Go great with tygers, dragons, wolves, and bears; Azem. If thou didst put this four cold habit on Teem with new monsters, whom thy upward face To castigate thy pride, 'twere well : but thou Hath to the marbled manfion all abo e

Dost it enforcedly; thou dit courtier be again, Never presented !-0, a root,-Dear thanks!


Wert thou not beggar. Willing misery Dry up thy marrows, vines, and plough-torn leas; Out-lives incertain pomp, is crown'd before: Whereof ingrateful man, with liquorice draughts, The one is filling till, never complete ; And morseis unctuous, greases his pure mind, The other, at high wish : Beft ftate, contentless, That from it all confideration slips !

Hath a distracted and most wretched being, En:er Apemantus.

Worse than the worst, contenta. More man? Plague! plague !

Thou should'nt desire to die, being miserable. Apim. I was directed hither: Men report, Tim. Not by his breath 3, that is more miserable. Thou dost affect my manners, and doft use them. Thou art a Nave, whom fortune's tender arm

Tix. 'Tis then, because thou dost not keep a dog With favour never claspid; but bred a dog 4. Whom I would imitate: Consumption catch thee! Hadit thou, like us, from our first swaths pro

15 Apem. This is in thee a nature but affected;

ceeded A poor unmanly melancholy, sprung

The sweet degrees that this brief world affords From change of fortune. Why this spado ? this place ? To such as may the passive drugs of it This fave-like habit? and these looks of care? Freely command, thou wouldst have plung'd thyself Thy flatterers yet wear folk, drink wine, lie soft; 20 In general riot; melted down thy youth Hug their diseas'd perfumes, and have forgot In ditferent beds of luft; and never learn'd That ever Timon was. Shame nor these woods, The icy precepts of respect , but follow'd By putting on the cunning of a carper'.

The sugar'd game before thee. But myself, Be thou a fiatterer now, and seek to thrive Who had the world as my confectionary; By that which has undone thee: hinge thy knee, 25 The mouths, the tongues, the eyes,and hearts of men And let his very breath, whom thou'lt obferve, At duty, more than I could frame employment, Blow off thy cap; praise his moft vicious strain, (That numberless upon me stuck, as leaves And call it excellent : Thou waft told thus; Do on the oak, have with one winter's brush Thou gav'st thine ears,like tapiters,that bidwelcome Fell 11 om their boughs, and left me open, bare To knaves, and all approachers: 'Tis most just, 30 For every storm that blows) I to bear this, That thou turn rascal ; hadit thou wealth again, That never knew but better, is some burden : Rascals should have it. Do not affume my likeness. Thy nature did commence in sufferance, time

Tim. Were I like thee, I'd throw away myself. Hath made thee hard in 't. Why should't thou Apım. Thou hast cast away thyself, being like

hate men : thyself;

35 They never flatter'd thee: What hast thou given! A madman so long, now a fool; What, think'st If thou wilt curse,--thy father, that poor rag, That the bicak air, thy boisterous chamberlain, Must be thy subject; who, in spight, put ftuff Will put thy shirt on warm? Will these moist trees, To lome she beggar, and compounded thee

That have out-liv'd the eagle, page tly heels, Poor rogue hereditary. Hence! be gone!
And skipwhen thou point it out? will the cold brook 40 If thou hadít not been born the worst of men,
Candied with ice, caudle thy morning taste Thou hadft been a knave, and fatterer.
To cure thy o'er-night's surfeit? Call the creatures, Apem. Art thou proud yet?
Whose naked natures live in all the spight

Tim. Ay, that I am not thee.
Of wreakful heaven; whose bare unhoused trunks, Apem. I, that I was no prodigal.
To the conflicting elements expos'd,


Tim. I, that I am one now : Answer meer nature,---bid them flatter thee; Were all the wealth I have, shut up in thee, O! thou shalt find

I'd give thee leave to hang it. Get thee gone.. Tim. A fool of thee: Depart.

That the whole life of Athens were in this! Agem. I love thee betier now than e'er I did. Thus would I eat it. Tim. I hate thee worse.

Apem. Here ; I will mend thy feast. -ip.m. Why?

[Offering bim femething Iin. Thou fiatter's misery.

Tim. First mend my company, take away thyfelf

. Apem. I flatter not; but say, thou art a caititi. Apem. So I shall mend my own, by the lack of Tin. Why dont thou seek me out?

thine. Apen. To vex thee.

55 Tim. 'Tis not well mended so, it is but botchd; Tim. Always a villain's office, or a {col's. if not, I would it were. Doit please thyself in 't?

Apen. Wiat wouldst thou have to Athens ? Apım. Ay.

Tim. Thee thither in a whirlwind. If thou wilt, The curring of a carfer means the insidious art of a critic. 2 That is, Bent states contenders have a wretched being, a being worse than that of the worst states that are content. probably meant bis ferience. 4 Alluding to the word Cynic, of which sect Apemantus was. infancy. Swath is the dress of a new-born child. Respeët, according to Mr. Steevens, means the what 90! lot, bloodi. qu'e. dirat on the regard oi Athens, that Itrongest reftraint on licentiousness: the i y precipit, i. e.

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