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3 Sen. I do conceive.
Tim. Each man to his flool, with that fpur as he would to the lip of his miftrefs: your diet fhall be in all places alike. Make not a city feaft of it, to let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the first place: Sit, fit. The gods require our thanks.
Your reeking villainy. Live loath'd, and long,
You great benefactors, Sprinkle our fociety with thankfulness. For your own gifts, make yourselves prais'd: but referve fill to give, left your deities be defpis'd. Lend to each man enough, that one need not 10 Stay, I will lend thee money, borrow none.-
lend to another: for, were your godheads to borrow
Uncover dogs, and lap.
What, all in motion? Henceforth be no feast,
1 Sen. How now, my lords?
2 Sen. Know you the quality of lord Timon's 3 Sen. Pifh! did you fee my cap?
4 Sen. I have lost my gown.
1 Sen. He's but a mad lord, and nought but humour fways him. He gave me a jewel the other day, and now he has beat it out of my hat :-Did you fee my jewel?
2 Sen. Did you fee my cap?
With it beat out his brains! piety, and fear,
And yet confufion live! Plagues, incident to men,
On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica,
Pluck the grave wrinkled fenate from the bench, 50 Cripple our fenators, that their limbs may halt
And minifter in their fteads! to general filths
Large-handed robbers your grave masters are,
As lamely as their manners! luft and liberty
Dr. Warburton thinks we fhould read foes. 2 i. e. the highest of your excellence. 3 i. e. flies of a feafon. 4 A minute-jack is what was called formerly a Jack of the clock-boufe; an image whofe office was the fame as one of thofe at St. Dunstan's church in Fleet-fireet. See note 1, p. 658. 5i.c. every kind of difeafe incident to man and beaft.
Enter Flavius, with two or three Servants.
1 Serv. Hear you, master steward, where is our master?
Are we undone? caft off? nothing remaining?
Let me be recorded by the righteous gods,
1 Serv. Such a house broke!
So noble a master fallen! All gone! and not
2 Serv. As we do turn our backs
With his difeafe of all-fhunn'd poverty,
Enter other Servants.
To have his pomp, and all what state compounds,
15 I'll ever ferve his mind with my best will;
Tim. O bleffed breeding fun, draw from the
25 Rotten humidity; below thy fifter's orb 3
30 The greater fcorns the leffer: Not nature, [tune,
Flav. All broken implements of a ruin'd houfe. 35
Flav. Good fellows all,
The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst you.
Raife me this beggar, and denude that lord;
It is the paftor lards the brother's fides,
The want that makes him leave 5. Who dares, who dares,
In purity of manhood stand upright,
40 And fay, This man's a flatterer?' if one be,
Let's yet be fellows; let's fhake our heads, and 45 But direct villainy. Therefore, be abhorr'd
As 'twere a knell unto our master's fortunes,
'We have seen better days.'
Let each take fome;
Nay, put out all your hands.
O, the fierce wretchednefs that glory brings us!
1 Fierce is here used for bafty, precipitate. 2 Strange, unusual Ulood may mean, strange unusual difpofi3 That is, the moon's, this fublunary world. 4 Dr. Johnson explains this paffage thus: Brother, when bis fortune is enlarged, will fearn brother; for this is the general depravity of human nature, which, befieged as it is by mifery, admonished as it is of want and imperfection, when elevated by fortune, will defife beings of nature like its own.” 5 That is, It is the paftour that greafes or flatters the rich brother, and will greafe him on till want make him leave. 6 Grize for step or degree. i.e. no infincere or inconftant fupplicant. Gold will not ferve me instead of roots. This may mean either ye cloudless skies, or ye deities exempt from guilt. 3 G 2
7 i. e.
Ha, you gods! why this? What this, you gods? Why this
Will lug your priefts and fervants from your fides;
Will knit and break religions; blefs the accurs'd;
Alc. I have heard in fome fort of thy miferies. Tim. Thou faw'ft them, when I had profperity. Alc. I fee them now; then was a blessed time. Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of harlots. [world Tyman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the 15 Voic'd fo regardfully?
But yet I'll bury thee: Thou'lt go, strong thief,
Alc. What art thou there? speak.
Alc. What is thy name? Is man fo hateful to
That art thyself a man?
Tim. I am mifanthropos, and hate mankind. For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog, That I might love thee fomething.
Alc. I know thee well;
Tim. Art thou Tymandra?
Tim. Be a whore ftill! they love thee not, tha
Give them diseases, leaving with thee their luft.
To the tub-faft", and the diet.
Tyman. Hang thee, monster!
Alc. Pardon him, sweet Tymandra; for his wits Are drown'd and loft in his calamities.
I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, The want whereof doth daily make revolt 30 In my penurious band: I have heard, and griev'd, How curfed Athens, mindlefs of thy worth, Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, But for thy fword and fortune, trod upon them,Tim. I pry'thee, beat thy drum, and get thee
But in thy fortunes am unlearn'd and strange.
I not defire to know. Follow thy drum:
Then what should war be? This fell whore of 40
Alc. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. Tim. How doft thou pity him, whom thou dost trouble?
I had rather be alone.
Alc. Why, fare thee well:
Here is fome gold for thee.
Tim. Keep it, I cannot eat it.
Alc. When I have laid proud Athens on a heap,
Tim. Warr'ft thou 'gainst Athens ?
Alc. Ay, Timon, and have caufe.
Tim. The gods confound them all in thy conqueft; and
Thee after, when thou haft conquer'd!
Alc. Why me, Timon?
Tim. That, by killing of villains, thou waft born To conquer my country.
Put up thy gold; Go on,-here's gold,—go on; Be as a planetary plague, when Jove
i.e. men who have strength yet remaining to struggle with their diftemper. This alludes to an old cuftom of drawing away the pillow from under the heads of men in their laft agonies, to make their departure the easier. 2 Waped or wappen'd, according to Warburton, fignifies both forrowful and terrified, either for the lofs of a good husband, or by the treatment of a bad. But gold, he says, can Overcome both her affection and her fears. 3 That is, to the wedding day, called by the poet, fatirically, April day, or fool's day. The April day, however, does not relate to the widow, but to the other difeafed female, who is reprefented as the outcast of an hofpital. She it is whom gold embalms and Spices to the April day again: i. e. gold restores her to all the freshness and fweetness of youth. 4 Lie in
the earth where nature laid thee.
5 Thou haft life and motion in thee.
This alludes to the
method of cure for venereal complaints (explained in note 4, p. 90), the unction for which was fometimes continued for thirty-feven days, and during this time there was neceffarily an extraordinary ab ftinence required. Hence the term of the tub-faft. The dice was likewife a customary term for the regi men prefcribed in thefe cafes.
Will o'er fome high-vic'd city hang his poison
Herfelf's a bawd: Let not the virgin's cheek
That through the window-bars bore at men's eyes,
Set them down horrible traitors: Spare not the babe,
Think it a bastard, whom the oracle
Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat fhall cut 2,
Nor fight of priests in holy veftments bleeding,
Not all thy counsel.
Pbr. and Tym. Give us fome gold, good Timon:
Phr. and Tym. Well, more gold;-What then? Believe't, that we'll do any thing for gold.
Tim. Confumptions fow
In hollow bones of man; ftrike their fharp fhins, And marr men's fpurring. Crack the lawyer's voice,
That he may never more falfe title plead,
Nor found his quillets 7 fhrilly: hoar the flamen,
10 And not believes himfelf: down with the nofe,
15 And let the unfcarr'd braggarts of the war
Tim. Enough to make a whore forfwear her
I'll truft to your conditions 5: Be whores ftill;
Phr. and Tym. More counsel, with more money, bounteous Timon.
Tim. More whore, more mifchief first; I have
Alc. Strike up the drum towards Athens.
If I thrive well, I'll vifit thee again.
Tim. If I hope well, I'll never see thee more.
Tim. Yes, thou spok'ft well of me.
Alc. Call'st thou that harm?
Tim. Men daily find it.
Get thee away, and take thy beagles with thee.
[Drum beats. Exeunt Alcibiades,
Tim. [Digging.] That nature, being fick of man's
Should yet be hungry!- -Common mother, thou
Be quite contrary: And thatch your poor thin
No matter:-wear them, betray with them: whore
i. e. draw forth. 2 An allufion to the tale of Oedipus. 3 Perhaps objects is here used provincially for abjects. 4 That is, enough to make a whore leave whoring, and a barvd leave making whores. i. e. I will truft to your inclinations. 6 Dr. Warburton comments on this paffage thus: "This is obfcure, partly from the ambiguity of the word pains, and partly from the generality of the expreffion. The meaning is this: He had faid before, Follow conftantly your trade of debauchery; that is (fays he) for fix months in the year. Let the other fix be employed in quite contrary pains and labour, namely, in the fevere difcipline ncceffary for the repair of those disorders that your debaucheries occafion, in order to fit you anew to the trade; and thus let the whole year be spent in these different occupations. On this account he goes on, and says, Make falfe bair, &c. Mr. Steevens however conceives the meaning to be only this: "Yet for half the year at leaft, may you fuffer fuch punishment as is inflicted on barlots in boufes of correction.” 7 Quillers are fubtilties. i. e. give the flamen the boary leprofy. 9 To forefee his particular, is to provide for his private advantage, for which he leaves the right fcent of public good. In hunting, when hares have crofs'd one another, it is common for fome of the hounds to fell from the general weal, and foresee their own particular. Shakspeare, who feems to have been a skilful sportsman, and has alluded often to falconry, perhaps alludes here to hunting. 10 To grave is to entomb. 11 Whofe infinite breaft means whose boundless furface. 12 The ferpent, which we, from the smallness of his eyes, call the blind worm. 18 i. e, curled, bent, hollow.
Let it no more bring out ingrateful man!
More man? Plague! plague!
Apem. I was directed hither: Men report,
A madman fo long, now a fool; What, think'ft
Tim. What a knave too?
Apem. If thou didst put this four cold habit on
Tim. Not by his breath 3, that is more miferable.
The fweet degrees that this brief world affords
In different beds of luft; and never learn'd
35 They never flatter'd thee: What hast thou given!
And skipwhen thou point it out? will the cold brook 40 If thou hadft not been born the worst of men,
Candied with ice, caudle thy morning tafte
To cure thy o'er-night's furfeit? Call the creatures,
Of wreakful heaven; whofe bare unhoufed trunks,
Answer meer nature,bid them flatter thee;
Tim. A fool of thee: Depart.
Apem. I love thee better now than e'er I did.
Thou hadst been a knave, and flatterer.
Apem. Art thou proud yet?
Tim. Ay, that I am not thee.
Apem. I, that I was no prodigal.
Tim. I, that I am one now:
Were all the wealth I have, fhut up in thee,
[Eating a ret.
Apem. Here; I will mend thy feast.
[Offering him femething. Tim. First mend my company, take away thyfell. Apem. So I fhall mend my own, by the lack of
Tim. 'Tis not well mended fo, it is but botch'd;
Apem. What wouldst thou have to Athens?
1 The cunning of a carper means the infidious art of a critic. 2 That is, Best states contentless have
a wretched being, a being worfe than that of the worst ftates that are content.
3 By bis breath is infancy. Swath is the drefs of a new-born child. • Respect, according to Mr. Steevens, means the qu'en dira`t on? the regard of Athens, that strongeft reftraint on licentioufnefs: the iy prepra, is es
that cool hot blood.