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occasion to use fifty talents, hath sent to your lord- thing, my lord, and which I hear from common thip to furnish him ; nothing doubting your pre- rumours, now lord Timon's happy hours are done lent affiftance therein.

and past, and his estate shrinks from him. Lucul. La, la, la, la,—nothing doubting, says he ? Luc. Fye, no, do not believe it; he cannot want alas, good lord! a noble gentleman 'tis, if he 5 for money. would not keep so good a house. Many a time 2. Stran. But believe you this, my lord, that, and often I ha' din'd with him, and told him on't ;) not long ago, one of his men was with the lord and come again to fupper to him, of purpose to Lucullus, to borrow so many talents; nay, urg'd have him spend less: and yet he would embrace extremely for 't, and shew'd what necessity beno counsel, take no warning by my coming. Every 10 long'd to 't, and yet was deny'd. man has his fault, and honesty is his; I ha' told Luc. How? him on't, but I could never get him from't.

2 Stran. I tell you, deny'd, my lord. Re-enter Servant, wi! b wine.

Luc. What a strange case was that? now, be. Serv. Please your lordship, here is the wine. |fore the gods, I am alham’d on't. Deny'd that

Lucul. Flaminius, I have noted thee always wise. 15 honourable man? there was very little honour Here's to thee.

thew'd in 't. For my own part, I must needs Flam. Your lordship speaks your pleasure. confess, I have receiv'd some small kindnesses from

Lucul. I have observ'd thee always for a to- him, as money, plate, jewels, and such like trifles, wardly prompt spirit—give thee thy due-and nothing comparing to his; yet, had he mistook one that knows what belongs to reason; and canft|20 him, and sent to me, I should ne'er have deny'd use the time well, if the time use thee well : good his occasion so many talents. parts in thee.-Get you gone, firrah. [To the Ser

Enter Servilius. want, wbo goes out.]—Draw nearer, honest Flami- Ser. See, by good hap, yonder's my lord; I have nius. Thy lord's a bountiful gentleman : but thou sweat to see his honour.--My honour'd lord art wise; and thou know'st well enough, although 25

[T. Lucius. thou com'ít to me, that this is no time to lend Luc. Servilius! you are kindly met, sir. Fare money; especially upon bare friendship, without thee well :-Commend me to thy honourablefecurity. Here's three solidares' for thee; good virtuous lord, my very exquisite friend. boy, wink at me, and say, thou saw'st me not. Serv. May it please your honour, my lord hatia Fare thee well.


sentFlam. Is 't possible, the world should so much Lut. Ha! what hath he sent? I am so much differ;

endear'd to that lord; he's ever sending; How And we alive, that liv'd2 ? Fly, damned baseness, thall I thank him, think'st thou? And what has To him that worships thee.

he fent now? [Throwing the money away.135' Ser. He has only sent his present occasion now, Lucul. Ha! Now I see, thou art a fool, and fit my lord; requesting your lordship to supply his for thy master.

[Exit Lucullus.

inftant use with so many talents. Flam. May these add to the number that may Luc. I know, his lordship is but merry with me; scald thee!

He cannot want fifty-five hundred talents. Let molten coin be thy damnation,


Seru, But in the mean time he wants less, my Thou disease of a friend, and not himself!

Has friendship such a faint and milky heart, If his occasion were not virtuous 3,
It turns 3 in less than two nights ? O you gods, I should not urge it half so faithfully 4.
I feel my master's passion! This Nave,

Luc. Dost thou speak seriously, Servilius ?
Unto his honour, has my lord's meat in hiin: 451 Ser. Upon my soul, 'tis true, sir.
Why should it thrive, and turn to nutriment, Luc. What a wicked beast was I, to disfurnith
When he is turn'd to poison?

myself against such a good time, when I might O, may diseases only work upon 't! [nature have fewn myself honourable? how unluckily it And, when he's fick to death, let not that part of happen'd, that I should purchase the day before for Which my lord paid for, be of any power 150 a little part, and undo a great deal of honours? To expel fickness, but prolong his hour! [Exit. Servilius, now before the gods, I am not able to

do't; the more beast, I say: I was sending to SCE N E H.

Jure lord Timon myself, these gentlemen can witA publick Street.

ness, but I would not, for the wealth of Athens,

1551 had done it now. Commend me bountifully to Enter Lucius, with three Strangers.

This good lordship; and, I hope, his honour will Luc. Who, the lord Timon? he is my very good conceive the fairest of me, because I have no power friend, and an honourable gentleman.

to be kind :-And tell him this from me, I count 1 Stran. We know him for no less, though we it one of my greatest affictions, say, that I cannot are but strangers to him. But I can tell you one 6o pleasure such an honourable Gentleman. Good Mr. Steevens believes this coin to be from the mint of the poet. 2 i.e. and we who were alive

As much as to say, in fo fport a time. 3 Alluding to the turning or acescence of 3 i, e. If he did not want it for a good use. 4 Faithfully, for fervently.

5 The meaning is, By purchasing what brought me but little honour, I have loit the more honourable opportunity of supplying the wants of my friend.


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then, alive now. milk.


Servilius, will you befriend me so far, as to use Sem. How! have they deny'd him? my own words to him?

Has Ventidius and Lucullus deny'd him? Ser. Yes, fir, I shall.

And does he send to me? Three? hum ! Luc. I'll look you out a good turn, Servilius, It shews but little love or judgement in him.

[Exit Servilius. 5 Must I be his last refuge ? His friends, like phyTrue, as you said, Timon is shrunk, indeed;


(me? And he, that's once deny’d, will hardly speed.

Thrive, give him over 4; Must I take the cure upon

[Exit. He has much disgrac'd me in't; I am angry at him, 1 Stran. Do you observe this, Hostilius? That might have known my place : I see no sense 2 Stran. Ay, too well.

for 't, Stran. Why, this is the world's sport; But his occasions might have woo'd me first; And just of the same piece is every flatterer's soul. For, in my conscience, I was the first man Who can call him his friend,

That e'er receiv'd gift from him: That dips in the same dish ? for, in my knowing, And does he think so backwardly of me now, Timon has been this lord's father,

15 That I'll requite it last? No: And kept his credit with his purse!

So it may prove an argument of laughter Supported his estate; nay, Timon's money

To the rest, and I 'mongst lords be thought a fool. Has paid his men their wages : He ne'er drinks,

I had rather than the worth of thrice the fum, But Timon's filver treads upon his lip;

He had sent to me first, but for my mind's fake; And yet, (0, see the monstrousness of man, 201 had such a courage 5 to do him good. But now When he looks out in an ungrateful shape !)

return, He does deny him, in respect of his,

And with their faint reply this answer join; What charitable men afford to beggars',

Who bates mine honour, shall not know my coin. 3 Stran. Religion groans at it.

[Exir. 1 Stran. For mine own part,


Serv. Excellent! Your lordship's a goodly vil. I never tasted Timon in my life,

lain. The devil knew not what he did, when he Nor came any of his bounties over me,

made man politick; he cross'd himself by't : and To mark me for his friend; yet, I protest, I cannot think, but, in the end, the villanies of For his right noble mind, illustrious virtue, man will set him clear 6. How fairly this lord And honourable carriage,

30 ftrives to appear foul? takes virtuous copies ? to be Had his nece1 made use of me,

wicked; like thoíe, that, under hot ardent zeal, I would have put my wealth into donation, would set whole realms on fire. And the best half should have return'd to him?, Of such a nature is his politic love. So much I love his heart : But, I perceive, This was my lord's best hope; now all are fled, Men must learn now with pity to dispense; 35 Save only the gods : Now his friends are dead, For policy fits above conscience. [Exeunt. Doors that were ne'er acquainted with their wards S CE N E III.

Many a bounteous year, must be employ'd

Now to guard sure their master.
Sempronius's Houfe.

And this is all a liberal course allows;
Enter Sempronius, with a Servant of Timon's. 40 Who cannot keep his wealth, must keep his house'.
Sem. Must he needs trouble me in 't ? Hum!

[Exis. 'Bove all others ?

He might have try'd lord Lucius, or Lucullus;

Timon's Hall.
And now Ventidius is wealthy too,
Whom he redeem'd from prison : All these 45

Enter Varra, Titus, Hortensius, Lucius, and otba Owe their eftates unto him.

Servants of Timon's Creditors, who wait for bis Serv. My lord,

(tal; for coming out. They have all been touch'd 3, and found base me- Var. Well met; good morrow, Titus, and HorThey have all deny'd him !

tensius. 'i. e. In respect of bis fortune, what Lucius denies to Timon is, in proportion to what Lucius poffeffes, less than the usual alms given by good men to beggars. 2 That is, I would have treated my wealth as a present originally received from him, and on this occasion have return'd him the half of that whole for which I supposed myself to be indebted to his bounty.

3 j. e. tried, alluding to the touchstone. 4 That is, “ His friends, like physicians, thrive by his bounty and fees, and either relinquish, and forsake bim, or give his case up as desperate." To give over has no reference to the irremediable condition of a patient, but simply means to leave, to forsake, to quit. Si. e. I had such an ardour, such an eager desire. • Set bim clear does not mean, acquit him before heaven ; but it signifies, puzzle him, outdo him at his own weapons. And the meaning of the passage is, ' ]f the devil made men politic, he has thwarted his own interest, because the superior cunning of man will at last puzzle him, or be above the reach of his temptations.” 7 This is a reflection on the puricans of that time. These people were then set upon a project of new modelling the ecclefiaftical and civil government according to fcripture rules and examples; which makes him say, that under zeal for the word of God, they would set wbue realms on fire. So Sempronius pretended to that warm affection and generous jealousy of friendship, that is affronted, if any other be applied to before it. 8 l. 6. keep within doors for fear of duns,


Tit. The like to you, kind Varro.

Var. By your leave, fir Hor. Lucius ?

Flav. What do you ask of me, my friend? What, do we meet together?

Tit. We wait for certain money here, fir. Luc. Ay, and, I think,

Flav. Ay, if money were as certain as your One business does command us all; for mine 5

waiting, Is money.

'Twere sure enough. Tit. So is theirs, and ours.

Why then preferr'd you not your sums and bills, Enter Pbilotus.

When your false masters eat of my lord's meat? Luc. And fir Philotus too !

Then they would fmile and fawn upon his debts, Pbi. Good day at once.

10 And take down the interest in their gluttonous Luc. Welcome, good brother. What do you

maws; think the hour?

You do yourselves but wrong, to stir me up; Pbi. Labouring for nine.

Let me pass quietly : Luc. So much?

Believe't, my lord and I have made an end; Pbi. Is not my lord seen yet?

151 have no more to reckon, he to spend. Luc. Not yet.

[reven. Luc. Ay, but this answer will not serve. Pbi. I wonder on't ; he was wont to shine at Flav. If 'twill not serve, 'tis not so base as you : Luc. Ay, but the days are waxed shorter with For you serve knaves.

[Exit. him :

Var. How! what does his cashier'd worship You must confider, that a prodigal's course

mutter? Is like the sun's '; but not, like his, recoverable. Tit. No matter what ; he's poor, [broader I fear,

And that's revenge enough. Who can speak 'Tis deepest winter in lord Timon's purse ; Than he that has no house to put his head in? That is, one may reach deep enough, and yet Such may rail 'gainst great buildings. Find little.


Enter Servilius. Pbi. I am of your fear for that.

Tir. O, here's Servilius; now we shall know Tit. I'll Mew you how to observe a strange event, Some answer. Your lord sends now for money.

Serv. If I might beseech you, gentlemen, Her. Most true, he does.

To repair some other hour, I should Tit. And he wears jewels now of Timon's gift,|30|Derive much from it: for take it on my soul, For which I wait for money.

My lord leans wond'rously to discontent : Hor. It is against my heart.

His comfortable temper has forsook him; Luc. Mark, how strange it shows,

He is much out of health, and keeps his chamber. Timon in this should pay more than he owes : Luc. Many do keep their chambers, are not fick ; And e'en as if your lord thould wear rich jewels, 35 And, if he be so far beyond his health, And send for money for 'em.

(witness : Methinks, he should the sooner pay his debts, Hor. I am weary of this charge?, the gods can And make a clear way to the gods. I know, my lord hath spent of Timon's wealth, Ser. Good gods! And now ingratitude makes it worse than stealth. Tit. We cannot take this for answer, fir. Var. Yes, mine's three thousand crowns : What's 40 Flam. [Within.] Servilius, help!--my lord !

your's ? Luc. Five thousand mine.

[the sum,

Enter Timon, in a rage. Var. 'Tis much deep: and it should seem by Tim. What, are my doors oppos'd against my Your master's confidence was above mine ;

passage ? Ille, surely, his had equallid 3.

45 Have I been ever free, and must my house Enter Flaminius.

Be my retentive enemy, my jail? Tie. One of lord Timon's men.

The place, which I have feasted, does it now, Luc. Flaminius ! fir, a word : Pray, is my lord Like all mankind, shew me an iron heart? Ready to come forth?

Luc. Put in now, Titus.
Flim. No, indeed, he is not. (much. 50 Tit. My lord, here is my bill.
Tit. We attend his lordship; pray, signify ro Luc. Here's mine.
Flam. I need not tell him that; he knows you Var. And mine, my lord.

[Exit Flaminius. Capb. And ours, my lord.
Enter Flavius in a cloak, muffi.d.

Phi. All our bills. Luc. Ha! is not that his steward muffled fo? 55 Tim. Knock me down with 'em 4, cleaye to the He goes away in a cloud: call him, call him. girdle. Tu. Do you hear, fir?

Luc. Alas, my lord, 'i. c. like him in blaze and splendour.

? 1. e, of this commiffion. 3 His may refer to mine; as if he had said : Your master's confidence was above my master's; else surely bis, i. e. the fum demanded from my master (for that is the last antecedent) had been equal to the sum demanded from

4 Timon quibbles. They present their written bills; he catches at the word, and alludes to the bills, or battle-axes, which the ancient soldiery carried, and were ftill used by the watch in


my lord!

are too diligent.


Shakspeare's cims.

you !


Tim. Cut my heart in sums.

And with such sober and unnoted ? paffion Tit. Mine, fifty talents.

He did behave 3 his anger ere 'twas spent, Tim. Tell out my blood.

As if he had but prov'd an argument. Luc. Five thousand crowns, my lord.

i Sen. You undergo too strict a paradox“, Tim. Five thousand drops pays that.

5 Striving to make an ugly deed look fair : What yours ?--and yours?

Your words have took such pains, as if they labour'd I Var. My lord,

To bring man-llaughter into form, and set quar2 Var. My lord,

relling Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods fall upon Upon the head of valour; which, indeed,

[Exit. 10 Is valour misbegot, and came into the world Hor. 'Faith, I perceive, our masters may throw When fects and factions were newly born: their caps at their money; these debts may be well He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer called desperate ones, for a madman owes 'em. The worst that man can breathe ; and make his


[lelly; Re-enter Timon, and Flavius.

15 His outsides; to wear them like his raiment, careTim. They have e'en put my breath from me, And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, the faves :

To bring it into danger. Creditors ! -devils.

If wrongs be evils, and enforce us kill, Flav. My dear lord,

What folly 'tis to hazard life for ill? Tim. What if it should be fo?

Alc. My lord, Flav. My lord,

I Sen. You cannot make gross fins look clear; Tim. I'll have it so :-My steward!

To revenge is no valour, but to bear. Flav. Here, my lord.

Alc. My lords, then, under favour, pardon me, Tim. So fitly? Go, bid all my friends again, If I speak like a captain.Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius, all; 25 Why do fond men expose themselves to battle, I'll once more feast the rascals.

And not endure all threats ? sleep upon it, Flav. O my lord,

And let the foes quietly cut their throats,
You only speak from your distracted soul; Without repugnancy? If there be
There is not so much left, to furnith out

Such valour in the bearing, what make we A moderate table.

30 Abroad s? why then, women are more valiant, Tim. Be it not in thy care: go,

That stay at home, if bearing carry it; I charge thee, invite them all : let in the tide The ass, more captain than the lion; and the fellow, Of knaves once more ; my cock and I'll provide. Loaden with irons, wiser than the judge,


If wisdom be in suffering. O my lords,

35 As you are great, be pitifully good :

Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood?
The Serate-bouse.

To kill, I grant, is fin's extremeft gusto;
Serators, and Alcibiades.

But, in defence, by mercy ?, 'tis most jutt. i Sen. My lord, you have my voice to't ; the To be in anger, is impiety; fault's bloody;

49 But who is man, that is not angry? "Tis necessary, he should die :

Weigh but the crime with this. Nothing emboldens fin so much as mercy.

2 Sen. You breathe in vain. 2 Sen. Most true; the law thall bruise 'em.

Alc. In vain? his service done Alc. Honour, health, and compassion to the At Lacedæmon, and Byzantium, 1 Sen. Now, captain ?

[senate ! 45 Were a sufficient briber for his life. Alc. I am an humble suitor to your virtues;

i Sen. What's that?

[service, For pity is the virtue of the law,

Alc. Why, I say, my lords, he has done far And none but tyrants use it cruelly.

And Nain in fight many of your enemies : It pleases time and fortune, to lie heavy

How full of valour did he bear himself Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood,

50 In the last conflict, and made plenteous wounds? Hath stept into the law, which is part depth 2 Sen. He has made too much plenty with’em; he To those that, without heed, do plunge into it. Is a sworn rioter: he has a fin

(foner: He is a man, setting his fate afide,

That often drowns him, and takes his valour priOf comely virtues :

If there were no foes, that were enough Nor did he soil the fact with cowardice;

55 To overcome him : in that beastly fury (An honour in him, which buys out his fault) He has been known to commit outrages, But with a noble fury, and fair spirit,

And cherish factions: 'Tis inferr'd to us, Seeing his reputation touch'd to death,

His days are foul, and his drink dangerous. He did oppose his foe :

I Sen. He dies.

Si. e. What

ri.e. putting this action of his, which was pre-determined by fate, out of the question. noted paffion means, perhaps, an uncommon command of his passion, such a one as has not hitherto been observed. 3 i.e. manage his anger.

4 You undertake a paradox too bard. have we to do in the field ?

Guf, for aggravation, according to Warburton. Mr. Steevens thinks that guft here means rashness, and that the allusion may be to a sudden gust of wind.

7 The meaning is, I call mercy berse:f to witness, that defensive violence is just.


Ak. Hard fate! he might have died in war. 2 Sen. It Mould not be, by the perfuafion of his My lords, if not for any parts in him,

new feasting (Though his right arm might purchase his own time, i Sen. I should think so: He hath sent me an And be in debt to none) yet, more to move you,

earnest inviting, which many my near occasions Take my deserts to his, and join 'em both: 5 did urge me to put off; but he hath conjur'd me And, for I know, your reverend ages love beyond them, and I must needs appear. Security, I'll pawn my victories, all

2 Sen. In like manner was I in debt to my imMy honours to you, upon his good returns. portunate business, but he would not hear my exIf by this crime he owes the law his life,

cuse. I am sorry, when he sent to borrow of me, Why, let the war receive 't in valiant gore; 10 that my provision was out. For law is strict, and war is nothing more.

i Sen. I am sick of that grief too, as I underSen. We are for law, he dies; urge it no more,

stand how all things go. On height of our displeasure : Friend, or brother, 2 Sen. Every man here's so. What would he He forfeits his own blood, that spills another. have borrow'd of you?

Alc. Must it be so? it must not be. My lords, 15 i Sen. A thousand pieces. I do beseech you, know me.

2 Sen. A thousand pieces ! 2 Sen. How?

I Sen. What of you? Alc. Call me to your remembrances.

3 Seri. He sent to me, sir,—Here he comes. 3 Sen. What?

Enter Timon, and Attendants. Aic. I cannot think, but your age has forgot me,20 Tim. With all my beart, gentlemen both : It could not else be, I should prove so base',

And how fare you? To sue, and be deny'd such common grace :

1 Sen. Ever at the best, hearing well of your My wounds ake at you.

lordship. i Sen. Do you dare our anger?

2 Sen. The swallow follows not summer more 'Tis in few words, but spacious in effect; 125 willingly, than we your lordship. We banish thee for ever.

Tim. (Afide.) Nor more willingly leaves winter; Alc. Banish me?

such summer-birds are men.-Gentlemen, our dinBanish your dotage ; banish usury,

ner will not recompence this long stay: feast your That makes the senate ugly.

[thee, fears with the musick awhile; if they will fare so i Sen. If, after two days' shine, Athens contain 30 harshly as on the trumpet's sound: we shall to 't Attend our weightier judgment.

presently. And not to swell our spirit”,

i Sen. I hope, it remains not unkindly with your He Thall be executed presently.

[Exeunt Senate.

lordship, that I return'd you an empty messenger. Alc. Now the gods keep you old enough; that Tim. O, fir, let it not trouble you. you may live

35 2 Sen. My noble lord, Only in bone, that none may look on you!

Tim. Ah, my good friend! what cheer? I am worse than mad: I have kept back their foes,

[The banquet brought in. While they have told their money, and let out

2 Sen. My most honourable lord, I am e'en Their coin upon large interest; I myself,

fick of shame, that, when your lordship this other Rich only in large hurts.-All those, for this ? 40 day sent to me, I was so unfortunate a beggar. Is this the balsam, that the usuring fenate

Tim. Think not on't, fir. Pours into captains' wounds ? Ha! banishment? 2 Sen. If you had sent but two hours before, It comes not ill; I hate not to be banith'd :

Tim. Let it not cumber your better remembrance. It is a 'cause worthy my spleen and fury,

-Come, bring in all together. That I may strike at Athens. I'll cheer up 45

2 Sen. All cover'd dishes! My discontented troops, and lay for hearts 3. i Sen. Royal cheer, I warrant you. 'Tis honour, with most lands to be at odds;

3 Sen. Doubt not that, if money, and the season Soldiers as little thould brook wrongs, as gods.

can yield it.

I Sen. How do you? What's the news?


3 Sen. Alcibiades is banisn'd: Hear you of it?

Borb. Alcibiades banish'd !
Timon's House.

3 Sen. 'Tis so, be sure of it.
Enter divers Senators, at several doors.

i Sen. How ? how ? 1 Sen. The good time of day to you, sir.

2 Sen. I pray you, upon what ? 2 Sen. I also with it to you. I think, this ho- 55 Tim. My worthy friends, will you draw near? nourable lord did but try us this other day.

3 Sen. I'll tell you more anon. Here's a noble 1 Sen. Upon that were my thoughts tiring 4, feast toward. when we encounter'd: I hope, it is not so low 2 Sen. This is the old man still. with him, as he made it seem in the trial of his 3 Sen. Will 't hold? will 't hold?

2 Sen. It does : but time will

and so

several friends.


"Base, for dishonoured. 2 Not to favell our Spirit, may mean, not to put ourselves into any tumour of page, take our definitive resolution. 3 j. e. the affections of the people. A A hawk is said to tire, when he amuies herself with pecking a pheasant's wing, or any thing that puts her in mind of prey. To tire upon a thing, is therefore to be idly employed upon it


3 Sen.

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