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Though from an humble ftock, undoubtedly

Was fafhion'd to much honour. From his cradle,
He was a fcholar, and a ripe and good one :

Exceeding wife, fair spoken, and perfuading :
Lofty and four, to them that lov'd him not;

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But, to thofe men that fought him, fweet as fummer. 15 Invite me to a banquet; whofe bright faces

Caft thousand beams upon me, like the fun?
They promis'd me eternal happiness;
And brought me garlands, Griffith, which I feel
I am not worthy yet to wear: I fhall,


Grif. I am moft joyful, madam, such good Poffefs your fancy.

And though he were unfatisfy'd in getting,
(Which was a fin) yet in bestowing, madam,
He was moft princely: Ever witness for him
Thofe twins of learning, that he rais'd in you,
Ipfwich, and Oxford! one of which fell with him, 20 Affuredly.
Unwilling to out-live the good he did it ;
The other, though unfinish'd, yet fo famous,
So excellent in art, and still so rifing,
That Christendom shall ever speak his virtue.
His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him;
For then, and not 'till then, he felt himself,
And found the bleffednefs of being little:
And, to add greater honours to his age


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Grif. She is afleep: Good wench, let's fit down quiet,


Kath. Bid the mufick leave,
They are harsh and heavy to me.

Pat. Do you note,

[Mufick ccafes.

How much her grace is alter'd on the fudden?
How long her face is drawn? How pale fhe looks,
And of an earthy cold? Mark her eyes.

Grif. She is going, wench; pray, pray.
Pat. Heaven comfort her!
Enter a Meffenger.

Mes. An't like your grace,—

Kath. You are a fawcy fellow:

Deferve we no more reverence?

Grif. You are to blame,

Knowing, fhe will not lofe her wonted greatness,
To ufe fo rude behaviour: go to, kneel.

Mef. I humbly do entreat your highness' pardon;
My hafte made me unmannerly: There is ftaying
40 A gentleman, fent from the king, to fee you.
Kath. Admit him entrance, Griffith: But this
Let me ne'er fee again.

[Exeunt Griffith, and Mejenger. Re-enter Griffith, with Capucius.

45 If my fight fail not,

For fear we wake her:-Softly, gentle Patience.
The vifin. Enter, folemnly tripping one after an
ether, fix perfonages, clad in white robes, wear-
ing on their beads garlands of bays, and golden
wizards on their faces; branches of bays, or
palm, in their bands. They first congee unto ber, 50
then dance; and, at certain changes, the first tw
bold a spare garland over her head; at swhich,
the other four make reverend curtfies; then the
true, that held the garland, deliver the fame to
the aber next two, who cbferve the fame order in 55
their changes, and holding the garland over ber
bead: which done, they deliver the fame garland
to the laft two, rubo likewise observe the fame order:

You should be lord ambaffador from the emperor
My royal nephew, and your name Capucius.
Cap. Madam, the fame, your fervant.

Kath. O my lord,

The times, and titles, now are alter'd ftrangely
With me, fince first you knew me. But, I pray
What is your pleasure with me?

Cap. Noble lady,


Firft, mine own fervice to your grace; the next,
The king's request that I would vifit you;
Who grieves much for your weakness, and by me
Sends you his princely commendations,
And heartily entreats you take good comfort.

1 A criminal connection with women was anciently call'd the vice of the body. So, in Holinfbed, P. 1258,"he labour'd by all means to cleare mistreffe Sanders of committing evill of her bodie with him." 2 Dr. Percy remarks, that "this reflection bears a great refemblance to a paffage in Sir Thomas More's Hiftory of Richard III. where, fpeaking of the ungrateful turns which Jane Shore experienced from thofe whom the had ferved in her profperity; More adds, "Men ufe, if they have an eval turne, to write it in marble, and whofe doth us a good turne, we write it in dufte.”

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Kath. In which I have commended to his goodThe model of our chafte loves, his young daughter: The dews of heaven fall thick in bleffings on her! Befeeching him, to give her virtuous breeding; (She is young, and of a noble modest nature; I hope, the will deferve well) and a little

To love her for her mother's fake, that lov'd him, Heaven knows how dearly. My next poor petition

Is, that his noble grace would have some pity
Upon my wretched women, that so long
Have follow'd both my fortunes faithfully:
Of which there is not one, I dare avow,
(And now I should not lye) but will deferve,
For virtue, and true beauty of the foul,

For honesty, and decent carriage,

A right good husband; let him be a noble :
And, fure, thofe men are happy that shall have 'em.
The laft is, for my men;-they are the pooreft,
5 But poverty could never draw 'em from me ;-
That they may have their wages duly paid 'em,
And fomething over to remember me by :
If heaven had pleas'd to have given me longer life,
And able means, we had not parted thus. [lord,

10 Thefe are the whole contents:-And, good my
By that you love the deareft in this world,
As you with christian peace to fouls departed,
Stand thefe poor people's friend, and urge the king
To do me this last right.


Cap. By heaven, I will;

Or let me lofe the fashion of a man!

Kath. I thank you, honeft lord.

In all humility unto his highnefs: Say, his long trouble now is paffing

[me Remember

20 Out of this world: tell him, in death I bleft him, For fo I will.-Mine eyes grow dim.-Farewel, My lord.-Griffith, farewel.—Nay, Patience, You must not leave me yet. I must to bed ;Call in more women.When I am dead, good 25 wench,


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• Primero and primavifta, two games at cards, that is, firft, and firft feen: because he that can fhew fuch an order of cards first,.wins the game. 2 i. e. of mine own opinion in religion.


And, let me tell you, it will ne'er be well,-
"Twill not, Sir Thomas Lovel, take 't of me,—
'Till Cranmer, Cromwell, her two hands, and she,
Sleep in their graves.

[well,- 5

Lov. 'Now, fir, you speak of two
The most remark'd i' the kingdom. As for Crom-
Befide that of the jewel-houfe, he's made mafter
O' the rolls, and the king's fecretary; further, fir,
Stands in the gap and trade of more preferments,
With which the time will load him: The arch-10

Is the king's hand, and tongue; And who dare
One fyllable against him?

Gard. Yes, yes, Sir Thomas,

There are that dare; and I myself have ventur'd
To ípeak my mind of him: and, indeed, this day,
Sir, (I may tell it you) I think, I have
Incens'd the lords o' the council, that he is
(For fo I know he is, they know he is)
A most arch beretick, a peftilence

That does infect the land: with which they mov'd,
Have broken 2 with the king; who hath so far
Given ear to our complaint, (of his great grace
And princely care; forefceing thofe fell mischiefs

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15 What!


[Exeunt Lovel, and Denny. Cran. I am fearful:-Wherefore frowns he thus? 'Tis his afpect of terror. All's not well. [know King. How now, my lord? You do defire to Wherefore I fent for you.

Cran. It is my duty,

To attend your highness' pleasure.

King. Pray you, arise,

My good and gracious lord of Canterbury.
Come, you and I must walk a turn together;

your hand.

Ah, my good lord, I grieve at what I speak,
And am right forry to repeat what follows:

Our reafons laid before him) he hath commanded, 25I have news to tell you: Come, come, give me
To-morrow morning to the council-board [mas,
He be convented 3. He's a rank weed, Sir Tho-
And we must root him out. From your affairs
I hinder you too long: good night, Sir Thomas.
Lev. Many good nights, my lord; I reft your 30
fervant. [Exeunt Gardiner and Page.
As Lovel is going out, enter the King, and the Duke
of Suffolk.

King. Charles, I will play no more to-night;
My mind's not on't, you are too hard for me.
Suf. Sir, I did never win of you before.
King. But little, Charles;

Nor shall not, when my fancy's on my play.-
Now, Lovel, from the queen what is the news?
Lov. I could not perfonally deliver to her
What you commanded me, but by her woman
I fent your message; who return'd her thanks
In the greatest humbleness, and defired your high-
Moft heartily to pray for her.

King. What fay'st thou? ha!


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I have, and most unwillingly, of late
Heard many grievous, I do fay, my lord,
Grievous complaints of you; which, being con-

Have mov'd us and our council, that you fhall
This morning come before us; where, I know,
35 You cannot with fuch freedom purge yourself,
But that, 'till further trial, in those charges
Which will require your answer, you must take
Your patience to you, and be well contented
To make your house our Tower: You a brother
of us 4,


It fits we thus proceed, or else no witness
Would come against you.

Cran. I humbly thank your highness;

And am right glad to catch this good occafion
45 Most thoroughly to be winnow'd, where my chaff
And corn fhall fly afunder: for, I know,
There's none ftandsunder morecalumnioustongues,
Than I myself, poor man.

King. Stand up, good Canterbury;

50 Thy truth, and thy integrity, is rooted

In us, thy friend: Give me thy hand, ftand up;
Pr'ythee, let's walk. Now, by my holy dame,
What manner of man are you? My lord, I look'd
You would have given me your petition, that
551 fhould have ta'en fome pains to bring together
Yourself and your accufers; and to have heard you
Without indurance, further.

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2 i. e. they have broken filence, and told their 4 i. e. you being one of the council.

i.e. the practifed method, the general course. minds to the king. 3 i. e. fummon'd, contien'd.


Being of thofe virtues vacant. I fear nothing What can be faid against me.

King. Know you not


How your state ftands i' the world, with the whole Your enemies are many, and not fmall; their practices

Muft bear the fame proportion: and not ever
The juftice and the truth o' the question carries
The due o' the verdict with it: At what eafe
Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt
To fwear against you? such things have been done.
You are potently oppos'd; and with a malice
Of as great fize. Ween' you of better luck,
I mean, in perjur'd witness, than your Master,
Whofe minister you are, whiles here he liv'd
Upon this naughty earth? Go to, go to;
You take a precipice for no leap of danger,
And woo your own deftruction.

Cran. God, and your majesty,

Protect mine innocence, or I fall into

The trap is laid for me!

King. Be of good cheer;

They shall no more prevail, than we give way to.
Keep comfort to you; and this morning fee
You do appear before them: if they fhall chance,
In charging you with matters, to commit you,
The best perfuafions to the contrary
Fail not to use, and with what vehemency
The occafion shall inftruct you: if entreaties
Will render you no remedy, this ring
Deliver them, and your appeal to us
There make before them.-Look, the good
man weeps!

He's honeft, on mine honour. God's bleft mother!
I fwear, he is true-hearted; and a foul
None better in my kingdom. Get you gone,
And do as I have bid you. He has strangled
His language in his tears.
[Exit Cranmer.

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Enter an Old Lady.
Gen. [within.] Come back; what mean you? 40
Lady. I'll not come back; the tidings that

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Before the Council Chamber.


Cranmer, Servants, Door-keeper, &c. attending. Cran. I hope, I am not too late; and yet the gentleman,

That was fent to me from the council, pray'd me To make great hafte. All faft? what means this?-Hoa!

Who waits there?-Sure, you know me?

D. Keep. Yes, my lord;

But yet I cannot help you.

Cran. Why?

D. Keep. Your grace must wait, 'till you be called for.

Cran. So.

Enter Doctor Butts.

Butts. This is a piece of malice. I am glad,

I came this way fo happily: The king'

Shall understand it prefently.

Cran. [Afide.] 'Tis Butts,

[Exit Butts.

The king's phyfician; As he past along,
How earnestly he caft his eyes upon me!
Pray heaven he found not my disgrace! For certain,
This is of purpose lay'd, by fome that hate me,
(God turn their hearts! I never fought their malice)
To quench mine honour; they would shame to
make me

Wait elfe at door; a fellow counsellor,
Among boys, grooms, and lackeys. But their plea-
Must be fulfill'd, and I attend with patience.

Enter the King, and Butts, at a window above.
Butts. I'll fhew your grace the ftrangeft fight,-
King. What's that, Butts?

Butts. I think, your highness faw this many a day. King. Body o' me, where is it?

Butts. There, my lord:

The high promotion of his grace of Canterbury; Who holds his ftate at door, 'mongst pursuivants, Pages, and foot-boys.

King. Ha! 'Tis he, indeed:

Is this the honour they do one another?

'Tis well, there's one above 'em yet. I had thought, They had parted so much honesty among 'em, (At least, good manners) as not thus to fuffer

A man of his place, and fo near our favour,

To dance attendance on their lordships' pleasures,

And at the door too, like a poft with packets.
By holy Mary, Butts, there's knavery:
Let 'em alone, and draw the curtain close:
We thail hear more anon.-

Enter the Lord Chancellor, places himself at the upper end of the table on the left band; a feat being left void above bim, as for the Archbishop of Canterbury. Duke of Suffolk, Duke of Norfolk, Surrey, Lord Chamberlain, and Gardiner, feat them

To ween is to think, to imagine. Obfolete.


felves in order on each fide, Cromwell at the lower end, as Secretary.

1 Chan. Speak to the business, mafter Secretary: Why are we met in council?

Crom. Please your honours,

The chief caufe concerns his grace of Canterbury.
Gard. Has he had knowledge of it?

Crom. Yes.

Nor. Who waits there?

D. Keep. Without, my noble lords?
Gard. Yes.

D. Keep. My lord archbishop;

And has done half an hour, to know your pleasures.
Chan. Let him come in.

D. Keep. Your grace may enter now.

[Cranmer approaches the council table.

Chan. My good lord archbishop, I am very forry
To fit here at this present, and behold
That chair ftand empty: But we all are men,
In our own natures frail; and capable




And, by that virtue, no man dare accufe you.
Gard. My lord, because we have business of more
We will be fhort with you. "Tis his highness'
And our confent, for better trial of you,
From hence you be committed to the Tower;
Where, being but a private man again,

You fhall know many dare accuse you boldly,
More than, I fear, you are provided for. [thank you,
Cran. Ah, my good lord of Winchester, I
You are always my good friend; if your will pafs,
I thall both find your lordship judge and juror,
You are fo merciful: I fee your end,
'Tis my undoing: Love, and meekness, lord,
15 Become a churchman better than ambition;
Win ftraying fouls with modesty again,
Caft none away. That I fhall clear myself,
Lay all the weight ye can upon my patience,
I make as little doubt, as you do confcience
20 In doing daily wrongs. I could fay more,
But reverence to your calling makes me modeft.
Gard. My lord, my lord, you are a fectary,
That's the plain truth; your painted glofs3discovers,
To men that understand you, words and weakness.
Crom. My lord of Winchester, you are a little,
By your good favour, too sharp; men so noble,
However faulty, yet should find respect

Of our flesh, few are angels 2: out of which frailty,
And want of wisdom, you, that best should teach us,
Have misdemean'd yourself, and not a little,
Toward the king first, then his laws, in filing[lains',
The whole realm, by your teaching, and your chap-25
(For fo we are inform'd) with new opinions,
Divers, and dangerous; which are herefies,
And, not reform'd, may prove pernicious.

Gard. Which reformation must be sudden too,
My noble lords: for thofe, that tame wild horfes,
Pace 'em not in their hands to make 'em gentle;
But stop their mouths with stubborn bits, and fpur
'Till they obey the manage. If we fuffer ['em,
(Out of our eafiness, and childish pity
Toone man's honour) this contagious fickness,
Farewel all phyfic: And what follows then?
Commotions, uproars, with a general taint

Of the whole state: as, of late days, our neighbours,
The upper Germany, can dearly witness.


For what they have been: 'tis a cruelty,
To load a falling man.

Gard. Good master Secretary,

I cry your honour mercy; you may, worst
Of all this table, say so.

Crom. Why, my lord?

Gard. Do not I know you for a favourer
35 Of this new fect? ye are not found
Crom. Not found?

Yet freshly pitied in our memories.


Cran. My good lords, hitherto, in all the progrefs

Both of my life and office, I have labour'd,
And with no little study, that my teaching,
And the ftrong courfe of my authority,
Might go one way, and fafely; and the end
Was ever, to do well: nor is there living
(I speak it with a fingle heart, my lords)
A man, that more detefts, more ftirs against,
Both in his private conscience, and his place,
Defacers of a public peace, than I do.

Pray heaven, the king may never find a heart
With lefs allegiance in it! Men, that make
Envy, and crooked malice, nourishment,
Dare bite the best. I do beseech your lordships,
That, in this cafe of juftice, my accufers,
Be what they will, may ftand forth face to face,
And freely urge against me.

Saf. Nay, my lord,

That cannot be; you are a counsellor,

Gard. Not found, I say.

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Crem. 'Would you were half fo honest!
Men's prayers then would feek you, not their fears.
Gard. I fhall remember this bold language.
Crom. Do:

Remember your bold life too.

Cham. This is too much;

Forbear, for shame, my lords.


Gard. I have done.

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'This lord chancellor, though a character, has hitherto had no place in the Dramatis Perfone. In the last scene of the fourth act, we heard that Sir Thomas More was appointed lord chancellor : but it is not he, whom the poet here introduces. Wolfey, by command, delivered up the feals on the 18th of November, 1529; on the 25th of the same month, they were delivered to Sir Thomas More, who furrender'd them on the 16th of May, 1532. Now the conclufion of this fcene taking notice of queen Elizabeth's birth (which brings it down to the year 1534), Sir Thomas Audlie must neceffarily be our poet's chancellor; who fucceeded Sir Thomas More, and held the feals many years. 2 Meaning, perhaps, Few are perfect, while they remain in their mortal capacity. 3. e, your fair outside.

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