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Bevis. O miserable age! Virtue is not regarded leven half-penny loaves sold for a penny: the threein handycrafts-men.

Jhoop'd pot shall have ten hoops; and I will make He. The nobility think Scorn to go in leather it felony to drink small beer : all the realm Mall aprons.

be in common, and in Cheapfide shall my palfry Bevis. Nay more, the king's council are no good 5 go to grass. And, when I am king (as king í workmen.

will be Hd. True; And yet it is said.-Labour in thy All. "God save your majesty! vocation : which is as much to say as,-let the Cade. I thank you, good people :--There mall magiftrates be labouring men; and therefore should be no money; all thall eat and drink on my score; we be magiftrates.

10 and I will apparel them all in one livery, that they Bevis. Thou haft hit it: for there's no better may agree like brothers, and worship me their lord. lign of a brave mind, than a hard hand.

Dick. The first thing we do, let's kill all the Hil. I see them! I see them! There's Best's lawyers. fon, the tanner of Wingham.

Cade. Nay, that I mean to do. Is not this a Bovis. He shall have the skins of our enemies, 15 lamentable thing, that of the skin of an innocent to make dog's leather of.

lamb Tould be made parchment? that parchHel. And Dick the butcher,

ment, being scribbled o'er, Mould undo a man? Bevis. Then is fin struck down like an ox, and Some fay, the bee stings : but I say, 'tis the bee's iniquity's throat cut like a calf.

wax; for I did but seal once to thing, and I was Hod. And Smith the weaver :

20 never my own man fince. How now? who's Bevis. Argo, their thread of life is spun.

there? Hel. Come, come, let's fall in with them.

Enter fome, bringing in the Clerk of Cbarbam. Drax. Enter Cade, Dick the butcher, Smitb rbe weaver, Smith. The clerk of Chatham: he can write and a fawyer, with infinite numbers.

and read, and cast accompt. Cade. We John Cade, fo term’d of our supposed 25 Cade. O monstrous ! father,

Smirb. We took him fetting of boys copies. Dick. Or rather, of stealing a cade of herrings '. Cade. Here's a villain !

[Afided Smith. H'as a book in his pocket, with red let. Cade. For our enemies shall fall2 before us, ters in't. inspired with the spirit of putting down kings and 30 Cade. Nay, then he is a conjurer. princes.-Command filence.

Dick. Nay, he can make obligations, and write Dick. Silence !

court-hand. Cade. My father was a Mortimer,

Cade. I am sorry for't : the man is a proper Dick. He was an honest man, and a good man, on mine honour; unless I find him guilty, he bricklayer.

(Afide. 35|hall not die.—Come hither, firrah, I must examine Cade. My mother a Plantagenet,

thee : What is thy name? Dick. I knew her well, she was a midwife. Afide. Clerk. Emanuel. Cade. My wife descended of the Lacies

Dick. They ufe to write it on the top of letDick. She was, indeed, a pedlar's daughter, and ters 4 ;-'Twill go hard with you. fold many laces.

(Afide. 40 Cade. Let me alone :-Dost thou use to write Smitb. But, now of late, not able to travel with thy name? or haft thou a mark to thyself, like an her furr'd pack 3, the washes bucks here at home. honest plain-dealing man?

Afde. Clerk. Sir, I thank God, I have been so well Cade. Therefore am I of an honourable houte. brought up, that I can write my name.

Dick. Ay, by my faith: the field is honourable ;45 All. He hath confess’d: away with him; he's and there was he born, under a hedge; for his fa- a villain, and a traitor. ther had never a house, but the cage. [Afde. Cade. Away with him, I say: hang him with Cade. Valiant I am.

his pen and inkhorn about his neck. Seitb. 'A must needs; for beggary is valiant.

[Exit one with :be Clerk. [Afide. 50

Enter Michael. Cade. I am able to endure much.

Dick. No question of that; for I have seen him Mich. Where's our general? whipp'd three market-days together. Afde. Cade. Here I am, thou particular fellow. Cade. I fear neither sword nor fire.

Micb. Fly, fly, fly! Sir Humphrey Stafford and Smitb. He need not fear the sword, for his coat 55 his brother are hard by, with the king's forces.

[Alided Cade. Stand, villain, stand, or I'll fell thee down: Dick. But, methinks, he should stand in fear of He shall be encounter'd with a man as good as fire, being so often burnt i' the hand for stealing himself: He is but a knight, is a'?

Afide. Micb. No. Cade. Be brave then; for your captain is brave. 60 Cade. To equal him, I will make myself a and vows reformation. There hall be, in England, Iknight presently; Rise up Sir John Mortimer.

'That is, a barrel of herrings. Perhaps the word keg, which is now used, is cade corrupted. 2 He alludes to his name Cade, from cado, Lat. 80 fall. 3 A wallet or knapsack of skin with the hair out. 4 i. e. of letters missive, and such like public acts. Q१

Now

is of proof.

of theep

ward.

10

20

Now have at him. Is there any more of them 1. Staf. Well, seeing gentle words will not prethat be knights?

Affail them with the army of the king. (vail, Micb. Ay, his brother.

Staf. Herald away: and, throughout every town, Cade. Then kneel down, Dick Butcher; Proclaim them traitors that are up with Cade; Rise up Sir Dick Butcher. Now sound up the drum. s That those, which fly before the battle ends, Enter Sir Humpbrgy Stafford, and bis Brorber, witbl May, even in their wives' and children's fight, drum and soldiers.

Be hang'd up for example at their doors : Seaf. Rebellious hinds, the filth and scum of Kent, And you, that be the king's friends, follow me. Mark'd for the gallows,-lay your weapons down,

[Exeunt ibe two Staffords, witb ibeir train. Home to your cottages, forsake this groom :

Cade. And you, that love the commons, folThe king is merciful, if you revolt.

low me. Y.Staf. But angry, wrathful, and inclin'd to blood, Now thew yourselves men, 'tis for liberty. If you go forward: therefore yield, or die. [not'; We will not leave one lord, one gentleman:

Cade. As for these filken-coated Naves, I pafs Spare none, but such as go in clouted thoon; It is to you, good people, that I speak,

15 For they are thrifty honest men, and such O'er whom, in time to come, I hope to reign; As would (but that they dare not) take our parts. For I am rightful heir unto the crown.

Dick. They are all in order, and march toward us. Staf. Villain, thy father was a plaisterer;

Cade. But then are we in order, when we are most And thou thyself, a shearman, Art thou not? out of order. Come, march forward. [Exeunt. Cade. And Adam was a gardener.

S CE N E

JII. 7. Staf. And what of that? Cude. Marry, this:-Edmund Mortimer, earl

Anorber part of the Field. The parties figbi, and of March,

[not?

both the Staffords are sain. Married the duke of Clarence' daughter; Did he

Re-enter Cade and the rest. Staf. Ay, fir.

125 Cade. Where's Dick, the butcher of Alhford ? Cade. By her he had two children at one birth. Dick. Here, fir. 7. Staff. That's false.

(true; Cadc. They fell before thee like sheep and oxen, Cade. Ay, there's the question; but, I say, 'tis and thou beliavidst thyself as if thou hadft been in The elder of them, being put to nurse,

Ithine own Naughter-house: therefore thus I will Was by a beggar-woman itol'n away;

30 reward thee,—The Lent shall be as long again as it And, ignora of his birth and parentage,

is; and thou shalt have a licence to kill for a hunBecame a bricklayer, when he came to age: dred lacking one. His fon am I; deny it, if you can.

Dick. I desire no more. Dick. Nay, 'tis too true; therefore he shall be king.) Cade. And, to speak truth, thou deserv'it no less.

Smitb. Sir, he made a chimney in my father's 35 This monument of the victory 2 will I bear; and house, and the bricks are alive at this day to testify the bodies Mall be dragged at my horse' heels, 'till it; therefore, deny it not.

I do come to London, where we will have the Staf. And will you credit this base drudge's words, mayor's sword borne before us. That speaks he knows not what?

Dick. If we mean to thrive and do good, break All. Ay, marry, will we; therefore get.you gone.40 open the goals, and let out the prisoners.

7. Staf. Jack Cade, the duke of York hath Cade. Fear not that, I warrant thee. Come, let's taught you this.

narch towards London.

[Exeunte Cade. He lies, for I invented it myself. [Afide.

SCENE IV. Go to, firrah, Tell the king from me, that--for his father's sake, Henry the fifth, in whose time boys 45)

Black-Heath. went to span-counter for French crowns--I am Enter King Henry with a supplication, and Qupom content he ihall reign; but I'll be protector over Margaret with Suffia's bead; the Duke of Bucka him.

ingb.am and the Lord Say. Dick. And, furthermore, we'll have the lord Q. Mar. Oft have I heard that grief softens Say's head, for selling the dukedom of Maine.

501

the mind, Cade. And good reason; for thereby is England And makes it fearful and degenerate; maim'd, and fain to go with a staff, but that my Think therefore on revenge, and cease to weep. puissance holds it up. Fellow kings, I tell you, But who can cease to weep, and look on this? that that lord Say hath gelded the common-wealth, Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast : and made it an eunuch: and more than that, he can 55 But where's the body that I should embrace? fpeak French, and therefore he is a traitor.

Buck. What answer makes your grace to the re. Stuf. Ogross and miserable ignorance !

bels' fupplication ? Cade. Nay, answer, if you can': The Frenchmen K. Henry'. I'll send some holy bishop to entreat: are our enemies: go to then, I ask but this: Can For God forbid, so many fimple souls he, that speaks with the tongue of an enemy, be a 60 should perilh by the sword! And I myself, good counsellor, or no ?

Rather than bloody war should cut them short, All. No, no; and therefore we'll have his head. Will parly with Jack Cade their general.

si, c. I pay them no regard.

2 Here Cadę must be supposed to take off Stafford's armour.

But London-fione.

20

595 But stay, I'll read it over once again. (facel i Cit. No, my lord, nor likely to be Nain; for

2. Mar. Ah, barbarous villains ! hath this lovely they have won the bridge, killing all those that Ruld, like a wandering planet, over me;

withstand them : The lord mayor craves aid of And could it not enforce them to relent,

your honour from the Tower, to defend the city That were unworthy to behold the same? s from the rebels.

[mand; K. Henry. Lord Say, Jack Cade hath sworn to Scales. Such aid as I can spare, you shall coin, have thy head.

But I am troubled here with them myself, Say. Ay, but I hope, your highness shall have his. The rebels have affay'd to win the Tower. K. Henry. How now, madam?

But get you into Smithfield, gather head, Lamenting still, and mourning Suffolk's death? 10 And thither will I send you Matthew Gough: I fear, my love, if that I had been dead, Fight for your king, your country, and your lives; Thou wouldest not have mourn'd so much for me. And so farewel, for I must hence again.

[Excunt. 2. Mar. No, my love, I should not mourn, but

S CE N E VI.
die for thee.
Enter a Mesenger.

151

Cannon-Street, K. Henry. How now! what news? why com' Enter Jack Cade and the reft. He frikes bis faf on

thou in such hafte? Mes . The rebels are in Southwark: Fly, my lord !

Cade. Now is Mortimer lord of this city. And Jack Cade proclaims himself lord Mortimer,

here, sitting upon London-stone, I charge and Descended from the duke of Clarence' house ;

command, that, of the city's cost, the pissing-conAnd calls your grace usurper, openly,

duit run nothing but claret wine the first year of And vows to crown himself in Westminster.

our reign. And now, henceforward, it shall be His army is a ragged multitude

treason for any that calls me other than-Lord Of hinds and peasants, rude and merciless:

Mortimer. Sir Humphrey Stafford and his brother's death 251

Enter a Soldier running. Hath given them heart and courage to proceed:

Sol. Jack Cade! Jack Cade! All scholars, lawyers, courtiers, gentlemen,

Cade. Knock him down there. [Tbey kill him. They call-false caterpillars, and intend their death.

Smith. If this fellow be wise, he'll never call K. Henry. O graceless men! they know not

you Jack Cade more; I think, he hath a very fair what they do. Buck. My gracious lord, retire to Kenelworth,

Dick. My lord, there's an army gather’d togeUntil a power be rais'd to put them down.

ther in Smithfield. 2. Mar. Ah! were the duke of Suffolk now alive,

Cade. Come then, let's go fight with them: Thele Kentish rebels should be soon appeas’d.

But, first, go and set London-bridge on fire; and, K. Henry. Lord Say, the traitor hateth thee, 35

If you can, burn down the Tower too. Come, Therefore away with us to Kenelworth.

[Exeunt, Say. So might your grace's person be in danger ; The fight of me is odious in their eyes :

S CE N E VII. And therefore in this city will I stay,

Smithfield. And live alone as secret as I may.

140

llarum. Enter Jack Cade wirb bis company. They Enter anotber Messenger.

fight with ibe King's forces, and Mattbew Gougb 2 Mef. Jack Cade hath gotten London-bridge;

is sain. The citizens fy him, and forsake their houses: The rascal people, thirsting after prty,

Cade. So, firs :-Now go some and pull down Join with the traitor; and they jointly swear, 45 the Savoy; others to the inns of court; down with To spoil the city, and your royal court.

them all. Buck. Then linger not, my lord; away, take horse. Dick. I have a suit unto your lordship. K. Henry. Come, Margaret; God, our hope, Cade. Be it a lordihip, thou shalt have it for will succour us.

Ithat word. Q. Mar. My hope is gone, now Suffolk is de- 59 Dick. Only, that the laws of England may come ceas'd.

(rebels. out of your mouth. K. Henry. Farewel, my lord: trust not to Kentish John. Mass, 'twill be fore law then; for he was Back. Trust no body, for fear you be betray'd. thrust in the mouth with a spear, and 'tis not Say. The trust I have is in mine innocence,

whole yet.

Alide. And therefore am I bold and refolute. (Excunt. 55 Smith. Nay, John, it will be stinking law ; for

his breath stinks with eating toasted cheese. (Alide. S CE N E V.

Cade. I have thought upon it, it thall be so. London.

Away, burn all the records of the realm ; my Enter Lord Scales, and others, on the walls of the mouth shall be the parliament of England.

Tower. Then enter two or three Citizens below. 160 Fobr. Then we are like to have biting Statutes, Scales. How now? is Jack Cade Nain? unless his teeth be pulld out.

(Ajide.

|3o|warning.

let's away.

' According to Holinfhed, Matthew Gough was “ a man of great wit and much experience in feats of chivalrie, the which in continuall warres had spent his time in service of the king and his father." Qaz

Cade,

common.

[field?

Cade. And henceforward all things shall be in Kents to maintain, the king, the realm, and you,

Large gifts have I bestow'd on learned clerks, Enter a Mifenger.

Because my book preferr'd me to the king : Melf. My lord, a prize, a prize! here's the lord And-seeing ignorance is the curse of God, Say, which fold the town in France; he that made 5 Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven,-us pay one-and-twenty fifteens, and one filling Unless you be pofless'd with devilish spirits, to the pound, the last subsidy.

You cannot but forbear to murder Enter George Bevis, with the lord Say. This tongue hath parly'd unto foreign kings Cade. Well, he thall be beheaded for it ten times. For your behoof, -Ah, thou say', thou serge, nay, thou buckram 10 Cade. Tut! when struck'st thou one blow in the lord! now art thou within point-blank of our ju- Say. Great men have reaching hands : oft have risdiction regal. What canst thou answer to my

I ftruck majesty, for giving up of Normandy unto monfieur Those that I never saw, and struck them dead. Bafimecu, the Dauphin of France ? Be it known George, O monstrous coward! what, to come unto thee by these presence, even the presence of 15

behind folks!

[your good. lord Mortimer, that I am the belom that mun Say. These cheeks are pale with watching for sweep the court clean of such filth as thou art. Cade. Give him a box o' the ear, and that will Thou hast most traitorously corrupted the youth of

make 'em red again. the realm, in erecting a grammar-school: and Say. Long fitting to determine poor men's causes whereas, before, our fore-fathers had no other 20 Hath made me full of sickness and diseases. books but the score and the tally, thou hast caused Cade. Ye shall have a hempen caudle then, and printing 2 to be us'd; and, contrary to the king, the help of a hatchet. his crown, and dignity, thou hast built a paper-mill. Dick. Why doft thou quiver, man? It will be proved to thy face, that thou hast men Say. The palsy, and not fear, provokes me. about thee, that usually talk of a noun, and a verb;25 Cade. Nay, he nods at us; as who Tould say, and such abominable words, as no christian ear can I'll be even with you. I'll see if his head will endure to hear. Thou haft appointed justices of Intand steadier on a pole, or no: Take him away, peace, to call poor men before them about matters and behead him. they were not able to answer. Moreover, thou Say. Tell me, wherein have I offended mont? hast put them in prison; and, because they could 30 Have I affected wealth, or honour? speak. not read 3, thou hast hang'd them; when, indeed, Are my chests fill'd up with extorted gold? only for that cause they have been most worthy to Is my apparel sumptuous to behold? live. Thou dost ride on a foot-cloth 4, dost thou Whom have I injur'd, that ye frek my death?

These hands are free from guiltless blood-thedding, Say. What of that?

35 This breast from harbouring foul deceitful thoughts. Cade. Marry, thou ought it not to let thy horse 10, let me live! wear a cloak, when honefter men than thou go in Cade. I feel remorse in myself with his words : their hose and doublets.

but I'll bridle it; he shall die, an it be but for pleadDick. And work in their thirt too; as myself, Jing so well for his life. Away with him ! he has for example, that am a butcher.

40 a familiar 6 under his tongue; he speaks not Say. You men of Kent,

lo' God's name. Go, take him away, I say, and Dick. What say you of Kent?

Iftrike off his head presently; and then break into Say. Nothing but this : 'Tis bona terra, mala gens. his son in law's house, Sir James Cromer, and Cade. Away with him, away with him! he speaks Itrike off his head, and bring them both upon two Latin.

[will. 45 poles hither. Say. Hear me but speak, and bear me where you All. It shall be done.

(prayers, Kent, in the Commentaries Cæsar writ,

Say. Ah, countrymen! if when you make your Is term'd the civil'ít place of all this isle:

God should be so obdurate as yourselves, Sweet is the country, because full of riches; How would it fare with your departed souls ? The people liberal, valiant, active, wealthy; 50 And therefore yet relent, and save my life. Which makes me hope you are not void of pity. Cade. Away with him, and do as I command ye. I sold not Maine, I loft not Normandy;

[Excunt f-me, with lord Say. Yet, to recover them, would lose my life.

The proudest peer of the realm Mall not wear a Justice with favour have I always done;

head on his shoulders, unless he pay me tribute; Prayers and tears have mov'd me, gifts could never. 55 there ihall not a maid be married, but Me shall pay When have I aught exacted at your hands? sto me her maidenhead ? ere they have it : Men

* Say was the old word for filk; on this depends the series of degradation, from say to ferge, from forge to buckram. Shakspeare is a little too early with this accufation. 3 That is, they were hanged because they could not claim the benefit of clergy. 4 A fociclob was a horse with housings which reached as low as his feet. 5 Dr. Johnson is inclined to think that Kent Nipped into this passage by chance, and would read: “ When have I aught exacted at your hand, But to maintain the king, the realm, and you?" Mr. Steevens proposes to read, “ Bent to maintain," &c. i. e. firenuously resolved to the oimfi, to, &c. 6 A familiar is a dæmon who was supposed to attend at call.

7 Alluding to an ancient usage during the existence of the feudal tenures.

Thall

not?

20

Thall hold of me in capite; and we charge and Will he conduct you through the heart of France, command, that their wives be as free as heart can And make the meanest of you earls and dukes? with, or tongue can tell.

Alas, he hath no home, no place to fly to; Dick. My lord, when thall we go to Cheapfide, Nor knows he how to live, but by the spoil, and take up commodities upon our bills'? 5 Unless by robbing of your friends, and us. Cade. Marry, presently.

Wer't not a shame, that, whilft you live at jar, All. O brave!

The fearful French, whom you late vanquished, Re-enter one with the beads.

Should make a start o'er feas, and vanquish you ? Cade. But is not this braver -Let them kiss Methinks, already, in this civil broil, one another; for they lov'd well, when they 10 I see them lording it in London streets, were alive. Now part them again, left they con- Crying-Villagrois! unto all they meet. sult about the giving up of some more towns in Better, ten thousand base-born Cades miscarry, France. Soldiers, defer the spoil of the city until Than you should stoop unto a Frenchman's mercy. night: for with these borne before us, instead of To France, to France, and get what you have lost; maces, we will ride through the streets; and, at 15 Spare England, for it is your native coaft : every corner, have them kiss ?--Away. (Exeunt. Henry hath money, you are strong and manly;

God on our fide, doubt not of victory.
S CE N E VIII.

All. A Clifford! a Clifford ! we'll follow the
Soutbwark.

king, and Clifford,

Cade. Was ever feather ro lightly blown to Alaram, and retreat. Enter again Cade, and all bis

and fro, as this multitude ? The name of Henry the rabblement.

fifth hales them to an hundred mischiefs, and Cade. Up Fish-ftreet ! down Saint Magnus' cor- makes them leave me desolate. I see them lay their der! kill and knock down! throw them into fheads together, to surprize me: my sword make Thames !

[A parley founded. 25 way for me, for here is no staying.--In despight What noise is this I hear? Dare any be so bold of the devils and hell, have through the very midit to sound retreat and parley, when I command them Jof you! and heavens and honour be witness, that kill?

no want of resolution in me, but only my fol. Enter Buckingban, and old Clifford, attended. flowers' base and ignominious treasons, makes me Buck. Ay, here they be that dare, and will 30 betake me to my heels.

(Exit. disturb thee:

Buck. What, is he fled? go fome, and follow him; Know, Cade, we come ambassadors from the king And he, that brings his head unto the king, Unto the commons, whom thou hast mis-led; Shall have a thousand crowns for his reward. And here pronounce free pardon to them all,

[Excunt fome of them. That will forsake thee, and go home in peace. 35 Follow me, soldiers; we'll devise a mean

Clif. What say ye, countrymen? will ye relent, To reconcile you all unto the king. [Exeunis And yield to mercy, whilst 'tis offer'd you ;

S CE N E IX. Or let a rabble lead you to your deaths ?

Kenelwertb Caffic. Who loves the king, and will embrace his pardon, Fling up his cap, and fay—God save his majesty: 40 Sound trumpets. Enter King Henry, Queen Margaret, Who hateth him, and honours not his father,

and Somerset, on rbe Terras. Henry the fifth, that made all France to quake, K. Henry. Was ever king, that joy'd an earthly Shake he his weapon at us, and pass by.

throne, All. God save the king! God save the king ! And could command no more content than I?

Cade. What, Buckingham, and Clifford, are ye 45 No sooner was I crept out of my cradle,
fo brave ?--And you, base peasants, do ye believe But I was made a king, at nine months old;
him? will you needs be hang'd with your pardons Was never subject long'd to be a king,
about your necks? Hath my sword therefore broke As I do long and wish to be a subject.
through London gates, that you should leave me

Enter Buckingham, and Clifford. at the White-hart in Southwark? I thought, ye 50

Buck. Health and glad tidings, to your majesty! would never have given out these arms, 'till you K. Henry. Why, Buckingham, is the traitor Cade bad recover'd your ancient freedom: but you are

Turpriz'd? all recreants, and daftards; and delight to live in Or is he but retir’d to make him strong? Navery to the nobility. Let them break your Enter below, multitudes, with balters about ibeir necks. backs with burdens, take your houses over your 55 Clif. He's fed, my lord, and all his powers do heads, ravish your wives and daughters before your

yield; faces: For me, I will make thift for one ; and And humbly thus with halters on their necks to God's curse light upon you all !

Expect your highness' doom, of life or death. All. We'll follow Cade, we'll follow Cade. K. Henry. Then, heaven, fet ope thy everlasting Clif. Is Cade the son of Henry the fifth, 60

gates, That thus you do exclaim--you'll go with him? To entertain my vows of thanks and praise !

' A pun, perhaps alluding to the brown bills, or halberds, with which the commons were anciently armed.

2 This fact is recorded by Holindhed, p.634 ; " and as it were in a spite caused them in every freet to kife together." Q.93

Sol.liers,

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