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Caf. You advise me well.

(She shall undo her credit with the Moor. lago. I protest, in the fincerity of love, and So will I turn her virtue into pitch; honeft kindness.

And out of her own goodness make the net Caf. I think it freely; and, betimes in the That Thall enmeth them all. How now, Roderigo ? morning, I will beseech the virtuous Desdemona 5

Enter Roderigo. to undertake for me : I am desperate of my for- Rod. I do follow here in the chace, not like a tunes, if they check me here.

hound that hunts, but one that fills up the cry Iago. You are in the right. Good night, lieu- My money is almost spent; I have been to-night tenant; I must to the watch.

exceedingly well cudgeld; and, I think, the iffue Caf. Good night, honest Iago. [Exit Caffio. 10 will be I shall have so much experience for my lago. And what's he then, that says I play the pains : and so, with no money at all, and a little villain?

more wit, return to Venice. When this advice is free' I give, and honest, lago. How poor are they, that have not patience! Probable to thinking, and (indeed) the course What wound did ever heal, but by degrees? To win the Moor again? For 'tis most easy 15 Thou know'st, we work by wit, and not by The inclining Desdemona to subdue

witchcraft; In any honest suit; she's fram'd as fruitful And wit depends on dilatory time. As the free elements 2: And then for her

Does 't not go well? Cassio frath beaten thee, To win the Moor-were't to renounce his baptism, And thou, by that small hurt, haft cashier'd Caffio: All seals and symbols of redeemed fin, 20 Though other things grow fair against the fun, His soul is so enfetter'd to her love,

Yet fruits, that blossom first, will first be ripe : That she may make, unmake, do what the lift, Content thyself a while. By the mass, 'tis mornEven as her appetite Tall play the god

ing: With his weak function. How am I then a villain, Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short To counsel Caffio to this parallel 3 course, 25 Retire thee; go where thou art billeted : Directly to his good ? Divinity of hell !

Away, I say ; thou Malt know more hereafter : When devils will their blackest fins put on, Nay, get thee gone..

[Exit Rederig. They do suggest at first with heavenly shews, Two things are to be done, As I do now: For, while this honest fool, My wife must move for Caffio to her mistress; Plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes,

301'll set her on; And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, Myself, the while, will draw the Moor apart, I'll pour this peftilence * into his ear,

And bring him jump when he may Caffio find That the repeals 5 him for her body's luft; Soliciting his wife :-Ay, that's the way; And, by how much Me strives to do him good, |Dull not device by coldness and delay. [Exit.

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that I know. But, masters, here's money for Before the Cafile.

you : and the general so likes your music, that he

45 desires you, of all loves, to make no more noile Enter Casin, with Muficians.

with it. Caf . MASTERS, play here, I will content Mus. Well, fir, we will not. your pains,

[general. Clown. If you have any music that may not be Something that's brief; and bid-good-morrow, heard, to 't again : but, as they say, to hear music,

[Mufick plays, and enter Clown. 50 the general does not greatly care. Clown. Why, masters, have your instruments Muf. We have none fuch, fir. been at Naples, that they speak i' the nose thus ?? Clown. Then put up your pipes in your bag, for Muf. How, fir, how!

I'll away: Go; vanish into air; away. Clown. Are these, I pray you, callid wind in

[Exeunt Maf. struments ?

155) Caf. Dost thou hear, my honest friend? Muf. Ay, marry, are they, fir.

Clown. No, I hear not your honest friend; I Clorun. O, thereby hangs a tail. Muf. Whereby hangs a tale, fir?

Caf. Pr'ythee, keep up thy quillets. There's a Clown. Marry, fir, by many a wind instrument Ipoor piece of gold for thee: if the gentlewoman

1 i. e. has an appearance of honest openness, of frank good-will. 2 Liberal, bountiful, as the elements, out of which all things are produced. 3 i. e. a course level, and even with his design. * Pestilence, for poison. 5 That is, recals him. • A metaphor from taking birds in melhes. 7 The veacreal direale first appeared at the fiege of Naples.


hear you.

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that attends the general's wife, be stirring, tells Def. O, that's an honest fellow. Do not doubty her, there's one Cassio entreats her a little favour

Callio, of speech : Wilt thou do this?

But I will have my lord and you again
Clown. She is stirring, fir; if she will ftir hither, As friendly as you were.
I Thall seem to notify unto her. (Exit Clown. 5 Caf. Bounteous madam,
Enter Iago.

Whatever Mall become of Michael Casio, Caf. Do, good my friend. In happy time, Iago. He's never any thing but your true servant. lago. You have not been a-bed then?

Def. O, fir, I thank you : You do love my Caf. Why, no; the day had broke


[affur'd, Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago, 10 You have known him long; and be you well To send in for your wife : My suit to her

He Mall in ftrangeness stand no farther off Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona

Than in a politic distance. Procure me some access.

Caf. Ay, but, lady, lago. I'll send her to you presently:

That policy may either last so long,
And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor 15 Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Out of the way, that your converse and business Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
May be more free.

(Exit. That, I being absent, and my place supply'd, Caf. I humbly thank you for't. I never knew My general will forget my love and service. A Florentine more kind and honest.

Def. Do not doubt that; before Æmilia here, Enter Æmilia.

2011 give thee warrant of thy place : affure thee, Æmil. Good morrow, good lieutenant : I am If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it sorry

To the last article: my lord shall never rest; For your displeasure; but all will soon be well. l'll watch him tame ", and talk him out of paThe general, and his wife, are talking of it;

tience; And the speaks for you stoutly: The Moor replies, 25 His bed shall seem a school, his board a Shrift; That he, you hurt, is of great fame in Cyprus, I'll intermingle every thing he does And great affinity; and that, in wholsome wisdom, With Cassio's suit : Therefore be merry, Callio; He might not but refuse you : but, he protests, he For thy solicitor Thall rather die, loves you;

Than give thy cause away.
And needs no other suitor, but his likings, 30 Enter Otbello, and lago, at a distance.
To take the safest occasion by the front,

Æmil, Madam, here comes my lord.
To bring you in again.

Caf. Madam, I'll take my leave. Caf. Yet, I beseech you,

Def. Why, stay, and hear me speak. If you think fit, or that it may be done,

Caf. Madam, not now; I am very ill at ease, Give me advantage of some brief discourse 35 Unfit for mine own purposes. With Desdemona alone.

Def. Well, do your discretion. [Exit Caffio. Æmil. Pray you, come in;

logo. Ha! I like not that. I will bestow you where you shall have time

Oib. What dost thou say?

[what. To speak your bosom freely.

Iago. Nothing, my lord : or if I know not, Caf. I am much bound to you. [Excunt. 40 Orb. Was not that Caffio parted from my wife?

laga. Cassio, my lord? No, sure, I cannot SCENE II.

think it, A Room in the Cafie.

That he would steal away so guilty-like,

Seeing you coming.
Enter Orbello, lago, and Gentlemen.

1451 Otb. I do believe, 'twas he. Orb. These letters give, lago, to the pilot; Def. How now, my lord ? And, by him, do my duties to the state :

I have been talking with a suitor here, That done, I will be walking on the works, A man that languishes in your displeasure. Repair there to me.

Orb. Who is 't, you mean? lago. Well, my good lord, I'll do't. [lee't? 50 Des. Why, your lieutenant Caffio. Good my Orb. This fortification, gentlemen,-hall we

lord, Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship.

If I have any grace, or power to move you,

[Exeunt. His present reconciliation take;

For, if he be not one that truly loves you,
Anorber Room in the Caftle.

55 That errs in ignorance, and not in cunning 2,

I have no judgment in an honeft face:
Enter Desdemona, Caffio, and Æmilia.

I pr’ythee, call him back.
Def. Be thou assur'd, good Cassio, I will do Oth. Went he hence now?
All my abilities in thy behalf. Thusband, Def. Ay, footh; so humbled,

Æmil. Good madam, do; I know it grieves my 60 That he hath left part of his grief with me,
As if the case were his.

ITo suffer with him : Good love, call him back.

i It is said, that the ferocity of beasts, insuperable and irreclaimable by any other means, is fube dued by keeping them from Neep. 2 Cunning, for design, or purpose, fimply.

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0:b. Not now, Tweet Desdemona; some other lago. But for a satisfaction of my thought; time.

No further harm. Def. But shall 't be shortly?

Oth. Why of thy thought, lago? Orb. The sooner, sweet, for you.

lago. I did not think, he had been acquainted Def. Shall 't be to-night at supper?


with it. Oib. No, not to-night.

Oib. O yes; and went between us very oft. Dif. To-morrow dinner then?

lags. Indeed? Oth. I shall not dine at home.

Oib. Indeed! ay, indeed;-Discern't thou I meet the captains at the citadel. [morn;

aught in that?
Def. Why then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday 10 Is he not honest?
Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednesday morn; lago. Honest, my lord ?
I pray thee, name the time; but let it not

Otb. Honest! ay, honeft.
Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;

lago. My lord, for aught I know, And yet his trespass, in our common reason,

Oth. What dost thou think? (Save that, they say, the wars must make ex-15 Iago. Think, my lord ?

[me, amples

0:b. Think, my lord;—By heaven, he echoes Out of their beft) is not almost a fault

As if there were some monster in his thought, To incur a private check: When Mall he come? Too hideous to be thewn.—Thou doft mean some. Tell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul,

thing: What you could ask me, that I should deny, 20 I heard thee say but now,- Thou lik'dt not that, Or stand so mammering on'. What! Michael When Caffio left my wife; What didft not like? Caffio,

[time, And, when I told thee-he was of my counsel That came a-wooing with you ; and so many a in my whole course of wooing, thou cry'dit, When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,

Indeed! Hath ta'en your part; to have so much to do 125 And didst contract and purse thy brow together, To bring him in! Trust me, I could do much, As if thou then hadft Mut up in thy brain Oib. Pr’ythee, no more: let him come when Some horrible conceit. If thou dost love me, he will;

Shew me thy thought. I will deny thee nothing.

lago. My lord, you know I love you. Def. Why, this is not a boon;


Otb. I think, thou do'st; 'Tis as I Tould entreat you wear your gloves, And, for I know thou art full of love and hoOr feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm;


[breathOr sue to you to do a peculiar profit

And weigh'st thy words before thou giv'st them To your own person : Nay, when I have a suit, Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more: Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed, 35 For such things, in a false diNoyal knave, It shall be full of poize 2 and difficulty,

Are tricks of custom; but, in a man that's juft, And fearful to be granted.

They are close delations 5, working from the heart, 0:b. I will deny thee nothing:

That passion cannot rule. Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this,

lago. For Michael Caffio, To leave me but a little to myfelf.

40 I dare be sworn, I think that he is honeft. Des. Shall I deny you? no: Farewel, my lord. Oib. I think so too. Oib. Farewel, my Desdemona: I will come to lage. Men should be what they seem; thee straight.

(teach you ; Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem Def. Æmilia, come: Be it as your fancies Whate'er you be, I am obedient.

145 Orb. Certain, men Mould be what they feem. [Exit with Æmil.

lag. Why then, I think Caffio's an honest Otb. Excellent wretch 3! Perdition catch my soul,

man. But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, Oıb. Nay, yet there's more in this: Chaos is come again 4.

I pray thee, speak to me as to thy thinkings, Iags. My noble lord.

50 As thou doit ruminate ; and give thy worst of Oib. What doft thou say, Iago ? [lady, The worst of words.

lago. Did Michael Callio, when you woo'd my lago. Good my lord, pardon me; Know of your love?

[ask? Though I am bound to every act of duty, Oib. He did, from first to last: Why dost thou am not bound to that all Naves are free to. To hesitate, to stand in suspence. 2 i. e. of weight.

3 The word wretcb, in some parts of England, is a term of the softest and fondest tenderness. It expresses the utmost degree of amiable nels, joined with an idea

, which perhaps all tenderness includes, of feebleness, foftness, and want of protection. 4 i. e. When I cease to love thee, the world is at an end; i. e. there remains nothing valuable or important. S i. e. occult and secret accusations, workirg involuntarily from the beart, whicho though resolved to conceal the fault, cannot rule its paffion of resentinent.

oi. e. would they might *0 lor:per feem, or bear the shape of men,


none 6!


Utter my thoughts ? Why, say, they are vile and (Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, false,

To follow still the changes of the moon As where's that palace, whereinto foul things With fresh suspicions ? No; to be once in doubt, Sometimes intrude not? who has a breast so pure, Is--once to be resolv'd: Exchange me for a goat, But some uncleanly apprehensions

5 When I shall turn the businefs of my soul Keep leets, and law-days, and in session fit To such exsuffolate and blown surmisess, With meditations lawful??

Matching thy inference. 'Tis not to make me Orb. Thou doft conspire against thy friend, Iago,

jealous, If thou but think'st him wrong'd, and mak'it his To say-my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company, A ftranger to thy thoughts.

[ear 10 Is free of speech, fings, plays, and dances well; lago. I do beseech you,

Where virtue is, these are more virtuous ; Though Imperchance, am vicious in my guess 2, Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw (As, I confess, it is my nature's plague

The smallest fear, or doubt of her revolt; To spy into abuses; and, oft, my jealousy For she had eyes, and chose me: No, Iago; Shapes faults that are not) that your wisdom yet, 15 I'll fee, before I doubt; when I doubt, prove; From one that so imperfectly conceits,

And, on the proof, there is no more but this,-. Would take no notice ; nor build yourself a trouble Away at once with love, or jealousy. (reason Out of his scattering and unsure observance :

lago. I am glad of this; for now I Thall have It were not for your quiet, nor your good,

To thew the love and duty that I bear you Nor for my manhood, honesty or wisdom, 20 With franker fpirit : therefore, as I am bound, To let you know my thoughts.

Receive it from me :-I speak not yet of proof. Orb. What doft thou mean?

Look to your wife; observe her well with Caffio; lago. Good name, in man and woman, dear Wear your eye-thus, not jealous, nor secure : my lord,

I would not have your free and noble nature, Is the immediate jewel of their souls:

25 Out of self-bounty", be abus’d; look to 't: Who steals my purse, steals trash ; 'tis something, I know our country disposition well; nothing;

in Venice they do let heaven see the pranks 'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been save to thousands; They dare not thew their husbands; their best But he, that filches from me my good name,

conscience Robs me of that, which not enriches him, 301s-not to leave undone, but keep unknown. And makes me poor indeed.

Otb. Doft thou say so? Oıb. By heaven, I'll know thy thought.

lago. She did deceive her father, marrying you; lago. You cannot, if my heart were in your And, when the seem'd to shake, and fear your looks, hand;

She lov'd them moft?. Nor shall not, whilft 'tis in my custody.


Oib. And so she did. Orb. Ha!

lago. Why, go to, then; Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; She that, so young, could give out such a seeming It is the green-ey'd monfter, which doch mock 3 To feel her father's eyes up, close as oak ,The meat it feeds on: That cuckold lives in bliss, He thought, 'twas witchcraft :-But I am much Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger; 40

to blame; But, 0, what damned minutes tells he o'er, sloves! I humbly do beseech you of your pardon, Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly

For too much loving you. Otb. O misery!

Oib. I am bound to thee for ever. lago. Poor, and content, is rich, and rich enough; lags. I see, this hath a little dath'd your fpirits But riches, fineless 4, is as poor as winter, 145

Oib. Not a jot, not a jot.
To him that ever fears he shall be poor :-

Iago. Trust me, I fear it has.
Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend I hope, you will consider, what is spoke
From jealousy!

Comes from my love :-But, I do fee, you are Orb. Why? why is this?



1 The poet's meaning is, « Who has a breast fo little apt to form ill opinions of others, but that foul suspicions will sometimes mix with his fairest and most candid thoughts, and erect a court in his mind, to enquire of the offences apprehended ? 2 i. e. am apt to put the worst construction on every thing. ? i. e. loaths that which nourishes and sustains it. This being a miserable ftate, Iago bids him beware of it. 4 i. e. unbounded, endless, unnumbered treasures. 5 The allusion is to a bubble. Self-bounty, for inherent generosity. 7 Dr. Johnson obferves, that “ this and the following argument of Iago ought to be deeply impressed on every reader. Deceit and fallhood, whatever conveniencies they may for a time promise or produce, are, in the sum of life, obstacles to happiness. Those who profit by the cheat, distrust the deceiver, and the act by which kindness was sought, puts an end to confidence. The same objection may be made with a lower degree of strength against the imprudent generosity of disproportionate marriages. When the first heat of paffion is over, it is easily succeeded by suspicion, that the same violence of inclination, which caused one irregularity, may stimulate to another; and those who have shewn, that their passions are too powerful for their prudence, will, with very night appearances against them, be censured, as not very likely to restrain them by their virtue. & Clofe as oak, means, close as the grain of ibe oak. To see is an expression taken from falconry,

3 Y 3

I am with you,


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[Going. 30

I am to pray you not to strain my speech And knows all qualities, with a learned ? fpirit, To grosser issues', nor to larger reach,

Of human dealings: If I do prove her haggards, Than to suspicion.

Though that her jesses were my dear heart-strings Otb. I will not.

I'd whistle her off, and let her down the wind, lago. Should you do fo, my lord,

5 To prey at fortune to. Haply, for I am black; My speech should fall into such vile success 2 And have not those soft parts of conversation As my thoughts aim not at. Caffio's my worthy That chamberers "I have: Or, for I am declin'd friend :

Into the vale of years ;-yet that's not much; My lord, I see you are mov'de

She's gone ; I am abus'd; and my relief Orb. No, not much moy'd :

1. Must be to loath her. O curse of marriage, I do not think but Desdemona's honeft.

That we can call these delicate creatures ours, lago. Long live me so! and long live you to And not their appetites! I had rather be a toad, think fo!

And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, Otb. And yet, how nature erring from itself,- Than keep a corner in the thing I love, lags. Ay, there's the point : As--to be bold 15 For others'uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great ones ;

Prerogativ'd are they less than the base :
Not to affect many proposed matches,

'Tis destiny unlhunnable, like death;
Of her own clime, complexion, and degree; Even then this forked plague 12 is fated to use
Whereto, we see, in all things nature tends : When we do quicken. Desdemona comes :
Foh! one may (mell, in such, a will most rank 3,

Enter Desdemona and Æmilia.
Foul disproportion, thoughts unnatural.

If the be false, O, then heaven mocks itself! But pardon me; I do not, in pofition,

I'll not believe it.
Distinctly speak of her : though I may fear,

Def. How now, my dear Othello?
Her will, recoiling to her better judgment, Your dinner, and the generous islanders 15
May fall to match you with her country forms, 125 By you invited, do attend your presence.
And (happily) repent.

Oib. I am to blame.

(well? Otb. Farewel, farewel:

Def. Why is your speech fo faint? are you not If more thou dost perceive, let me know more; Oib. I have a pain upon my forehead here. Set on thy wife to observe: Leave me, lago. Def, Why, that's with watching; 'twill away lago. My lord, I take my leave.

again : Oıb. Why did I marry!--This honeft creature, Let me but bind it hard, within this hour doubtless,

[folds. It will be well. Sees and knows more, much more, than he un- Oib. Your napkin 14 is too little ; lago. My lord, I would, I might entreat your

(Sbe drops ber bandkerebief. honour

35 Let it alone. Come, l’līgo in with you. To scan this thing no further ; leave it to time: Def. I am very sorry that you are not well

, And though it be fit that Caffio have his place,

[Exeunt Def. and Othe (For, sure, he fills it up with great ability)

Æmil. I am glad, I have found this napkin; Yet, if you please to hold him off a while, This was her first remembrance from the Moor: You thall by that perceive him and his means 4: 140 My wayward husband hath a hundred times Note, if your lady strain his entertainment 5 Woo'd me to steal it; but the ro loves the token, With any strong, or vehement importunity; (For he conjur'd her, the should ever keep it) Much will be seen in that. In the mean time, That the reserves it evermore about her, Let me be thought too busy in my fears,

To kiss and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out, (As worthy cause I have, to fear--I am) 45 And give it lago : And hold her free, I do beseech your honour. What he'll do with it, heaven knows, not I; Oıb. Fear not my government 6.

I nothing but to please his phantasy. lago. I once more take my leave. [Exit.

Enter Iago. Oib. This fellow's of exceeding honesty,

lago. How now? what do you here alone! I pues, for conclusions. 2 Iago means, “ Should you do so, my lord, my words would be attended by such infamous degree of success, as my thoughts do not even aim at." is self-will overgrown and exuberant. 4 i. e. You mall discover whether he thinks his best mecans, his most powerful interift, is by the solicitation of your lady.

Si. e. press hard his re-admiffion to his pay and office. Entertainment was the military term for admission of soldiers. distrust my ability to contain my passion. ? Learned, for experienced. wild hawk, a baruk difficult to be reclaim'd. It appears also, that baggard was a term of reproach fometimes applied to a wanton. 9 jefes are short straps of leather tied about the foot of a hawk, by which she is held on the fift. 10 Dr. Johnson observes, that the falconers always let fly the hawk against the wind, if the Ries with the wind behind her, she feldom returns. If therefore a hawk was for any reason to be difniffed, she was let down the wind, and from that time Thisted for herself

, and prey'd at foriune, 11 i, e. men of intrigue. 12 In allusion, according to Dr. Johnson,

or forked arrow, which, once infixed, cannot be extracted. Or, according to Dr. Percy, the forket place may mean the cuckold's borns. 13 The generous islanders are the islanders of rank, dipintiin, your pocket handkerchief,

3 A rank wil,

i. e. do not 8 A baggard hawk is a

to a barbed

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