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powers, 538-primary result of their
alliance, preparation for war by the
rest of Europe, 539–European wars

traced to that alliance, 540.
French literature (ancient), an immense

body of epic poetry, 283—Chanson
de Roland, 284–subjects of Chansons
de Geste, 285---defeat of Charle-
magne's rear-guard at Roncesvaux a
subject of song for three centuries,
287-rules for understanding ancient
French, 288-poems descriptive of
the wars of Charlemagne with his
vassals, 300—poem on Charlemagne's
war with Beuve, Duke of Aigremont,
301-embassy to demand homage of
bim, 303—the four sons of Aymon
the Duke's brother, 305—Karl's wars
with them, 307—heroic qualities of
Renaud the eldest, 309—supernatural
powers of his horse Baiart, ib. (See
Roland)-story of Bertha 'aux grans
piés,' mother of Charlemagne, 310—
substitution of a Servian woman for
Bertha on the night of her marriage
with Pepin, 312—detection of the
impostor by Queen Blanchefleur, 315
-other romances of the Carlovingian
cycle, 316.


history, 423—the controversy not all

matter of regret, 424.
Circumspectè agatis, statute of, 183.
Clericale privilegium, or benefit of

Clergy, 184.
Coal, exhaustion of, 104 — probable

duration of coal-fields, 105.
Cobet (G.C.), Dr. Badham's eulogy on,

333 — particulars of his life, 37—
at the head of Continental Greek

criticism, 348—-list of his works, ib.
Coiffure of African savages, 159.
Comparative grammar, a true science,

Conservative party,

true political
character and genius of, 553.
Cort (Henry), inventor of puddling iron,

Cotton supply from India, increase of,


Dissenting bodies, four great, 195.
Diving-bell and the water-spider's nest,

analogy between, 380.
Dobree's (P. P.) • Adversaria,' 329.
Dragonnades inflicted on Hugonots, 39.
Dutch school of classical criticism, 348.

Eden's (Hon. Emily) Up the Country,'

Elmsley's labours in Greek criticism,

Emigration from England, amount of

annual, 209.
England of to-day contrasted with the

English of some centuries ago, 71.
Esquiros's (M.) · English at Home,'

Esterlings, German merchants in Eng-

land, 69.
Evil May Day, riot on, 70.
Excommunication of Hendricks by

Bishop Wilson, 181.
Eyre (Mr.) his measures in Jamaica,


Galleys and galley slaves under Louis

XIV., description of the galleys, 46
-punishments of the cowhide and
bastinado, 48- nature of the labour
of a galley slave,' 49—horrible scenes
on board a galley, ib.-striking ac-
count of a galley in a storm, 51-de-
scription of a battle between an
English frigate and French galleys,
52- gallant conduct of the English
captain, 53 – a journey of galley

slaves described, 57.
Gainsborough's injustice to Sir J.

Reynolds, 133.
Gardiner's travels from Herat to Kaf-

feristan, 473.
Garrick's histrionic excellence, 125.
Gladstone's (Mr.) fanlts of manner and

tactics reduced his majority of
seventy-five to a minority of eleven,
261-his arguments framed to please
not the moderate but the extreme
wing of his party, 264—his sin-
cerity and self-deception, 206—his

Reform measure 'made to pass,' 268.
Gleig's • Life of Wellington' contains

more personal details than are given
by any other writer, 2.

Fergusson's History of Architecture,'

425--the most comprehensive work
that has ever appeared on the subject,

Fishes as architects, 379.
Forçats pour la Foi, sufferings of, 40.
Foreign artificers in England under

Henry VIII., 70.
France and England, essentially rival

Gondokoro, a depôt for the slave trade,

Gordon, how far implicated in the

Jamaica rebellion, 245.
Gothic architecture, characteristics of,

Grand Monarque (the), his cruelty to

the Hugonots, 39.
Greek criticism, three stages of know-

ledge of ancient authors, 325- the
Scaligers, 326—history of classical
literature in England, 327–Bentley
the prince of English critics, ib.
Porson created a new epoch in Greek
scholarship, 328 -

Elmsley and
Dobree, 329-study of Sanscrit, 330—
comparative grammar, 331-infinite
variety of Greek, 334- relation be-
tween antiquarian and critical studies,
336-corrupt texts, 338-methods of
criticism, 341-illustrations of errors
in manuscripts, 343—blunders of
copyists, 344–Dutch school of Greek
criticism, 348-Dr. Badham its ex.

ponent, 319.
Guizot's meditations on the essence of

Christianity, 420.

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Hamley's (Col.) . Operations of War,'

512—his career, ib.-novels and con-
tributions to Blackwood's Magazine,
ib.-analysis of his work on the Ope-

ib.-commerce with India greater
than with any other nation, 2014
table of the increase of British trade
with, 202—Indian contributions to
the wealth of England, 203—table
of payments to England by, 204-
steamcommunication with, ib.
equivalent advantages to, 207–in-
creasing wealth of India depending
on English rule, ib.-70,000 English
troops required for its security, 209
-5000 recruits a year the only strain
upon England's resources, ib. - false
analogy between our colonies and
Indian possessions, 211-illustrations
of the difference between India and
our colonies, 212--Iudian legislative
council not a representative body,
213—particulars of Indian revenue,
215—future resources of India, 216
-whether public works should be
carried on by Government or by
private enterprise in, 218-introduc-

iion of Christianity into, 220.
Iranians (Eastern), the founders of

Central Asian civilization, 490.
Iron trade, growth of the, 72—variety

in the applicability of iron, :3—dit-
ference of wrought iron, steel, and
cast iron, 15.-smelting iron-ore in
Central Africa, 74-smelting process
in Borueo, 75—bronze and iron of
ancient Egypt, 76 Roman irop-
works in Britain, 77—substitution of
pit-coal for charcoal in smeltirg, 79
- pis or cast iron, ib.-puddling ex-
plained, 80-story of Henry Cort,
inventor of puddling, 80-invention
of hot-blast, 81-carboniferous iroe-
stone or wild coals, 81-black-band
iron-stone, ib. — saving effected by
hot-blast, ib.- Bessemer's iurention,
87 - Indian Wootz, 88 – inquiry
into the brittleness of iron, 103-
production of iron in relation to the
exhaustion of coal, 104. Ece Steel,
and Bessemer.

rations of War,' 514, See Warfare.
Heeren on the foreign policy of Great

Britain, 538.
Hippopotamus soup superior to turtle,

History (ancient), revolution in the

study of, 331.
Hogarth's envy and vanity, 107.
Homeopathy, its inductions illustrated,

Hugonots at the galleys, 39 — their

sufferings as Forçats, 40-memoirs
of Jean Marteilhe, 41--summary of
his narrative, 43—the Duke de la
Force sent to convert the Hugonots
with four Jesuit priests and a regi-
ment of dragoons, 43 (See Marteilhe)
- Hugonot dogs,' 51--intercession
of Queen Anne in their favour, 60.

India, whether a source of weakness to

England, 199 — facts demonstrating
its importance to England, 200-
errors from confounding a conquered
country with a colonial dependency,

Jamaica, negro population to European

as thirty to one, 221- the mulatto
class, 2.23 - examination of Mr.
Underhill's letter to the Secretary of
State, 224-inflammatory appeals to
the negroes, 226-history of ihe out-
break, 227-atrocities of the insur-
gents, 229 — vigorous proceedings
against the rebels, 230 - case of
Gordon, 231- Royal Commission of
Inquiry, 232—Report of the Com-

missioners, 233_effects of the anti-
pathy of races, 231---parallel with
the Irish rebellion of 1798, 235—the
negro character, 236 — justification
of severe measures of repression, 228

former risings of the negroes,
238 - Mr. Eyre not completely
cleared, 240—levity of officers with
respect to their dealings with the
negro, ib.—two lines of defence of
Mr. Eyre, ib.-his differences with
General O'Connor, 242—pernicious
influence of Baptist missionaries, 247
-grievances alleged by Mr. Underhill,
ib. — considerations on the alleged
poverty of the population, 248
striking admission of the Jamaica
Baptist Union, 250-answer to Mr.
Underhill's charge on taxation, 252
-immigration of coolies, 253—dis-
creet suicide of the colonial assembly,
251-qualifications for voters, ib.
inadequate administration of justice,
254 - - viciousness of the labouring
class, 255--measures necessary for
improved government, 256—gloomy

future of Jamaica, 258.
Jesuit logic of persecution, 59.
Jongleurs distinguished from Trouba-

dours and Trouvères, 323.

“breast-laws” (ecclesiastical) of, 180
-early feudal service, 189-ruins of
the Church of St. Patrick, 192-
Bishop's Court, 193—Kirk Michael
Church, ib.
Manx Society, 176.
Maroons of Jamaica, 239.
Marteilhe (Mémoires of the Hugonot),

a valuable contribution to Martyro-
Jogy, 42—his attempt to get beyond
the frontier, 43—sufferings in a dun-
geon at Tournay, 44-condemned to
the galleys for life for professing
the Reformed Religion, 46—escape
from death in an action with an
English frigate, 55–sufferings in
the prison of La Tournelle, 56-
liberated, 61-triumphant reception
of the martyrs at Geneva, ib.-ac-
companies a mission to Queen Anne
from the Walloon Church, 62-See

Melicerta ringens, animalcule



scarcely visible to the naked eye, the
most wonderful of all house-building

creatures, 383.
Metallurgy, practice and science of, 64

--Agricola 'De Re Metallica,' 66.
Milaners and millinery, 69.
Mill (Mr.), transformation of, on his

return for Westminster, 555.
Miners (German) encouraged to settle

in England before Elizabeth, 66–
mining terms of German origin, ibu
-numerous bodies of foreign miners

invited by Elizabeth, 67.
Mole (the), its habits, 357—the fiercest

and most active mammal in Britain,

ib.-its encampment described, 358.
Müller (Max), Professor, 333.
Muoro's · Lucretius, 319.

Keble's (Rev. J.) 'Life of Bishop

Wilson,' 171-suggestion of a memo-

rial to Mr. Keble, 198.
Kennedy's (Miss) portrait by Sir J.

Reynolds, its mournful expression

accounted for, 140.
Kingfisher's nest, 365.
Kirghiz, present condition of the, 494.

Ladies' square waists, 116.
Langue d'oc, sweet songs of, 322.
Lawreuce's (Sir Johu) policy in India,

Lima (bivalve), habitation of the, 385.
Louis XIV., architectural taste of, 459.

Napoleon Bonaparte, interpretations of

the vames, 402–etymology of Napo-

leon, ib., note.
Neilson, inventor of hot-blast, 82.
Nile, its two sources the Victoria and

Albert Lakes, 166—discovery of its
source not complete, 167-its sources
according to ancient maps, 168.
Northcote's admiration of Reynolds,

anecdote of, 127—his cynical wit,
132-early career, 141-not of a
high class of painters, 143.

McDougall's (Col.) military works,

Man (Isle of), history of, 174–expla-

nation of its coat of arms, 1754
Kings of Man, ib. — the thirteen
Stanley Kings, ib. falls to the Duke
of Atholl, ib.-purchased by the
Crown for 416,1141., ib. -- its consti-
tution, ib.—the Keys of Man, ib. -

O'Connor's (Maj.-Gen.) correspond-

ence with Mr. Eyre, 242.


Ocy pode, swift-footed crab of Ceylou,
Oxford, eminent classical critics of,

Ouvry's (Miss) two tales of Hugonot

martyrs, 42.

Parties (Parliamentary), their fixed

nucleus and floating tail, 262.
Patent rights, opinions on the expedi-

ency of, 84-arguments against in-

discriminate granting of, 87.
Penance, a punishment prescribed by

canons and statute, 183.
Peninsular and Oriental Steam Com-

pany, fleet of, 205.
Percy's (Dr.) Metallurgy,' 64-me-

chanical accuracy of the woodcuts,
65 — the first satisfactory British

treatise on metallurgy, 66.
Petrel (Stormy), an accomplished

miner, 367.
Pholas, its excavations in hard rocks,

Pichiago, its flexible coat of mail, 362.
Pin-making (English), A.D. 1400, 68.
Poisoned arrows of the Barri of Gon-

dokoro, 157.
Pope (Alex.) and Sir J. Reynolds,

anecdote of, 127.
Porson's Greek scholarship, 328.
Portrait, its place in art, 138.
Prairie dog, its habits, 361.
Primogeniture, law of, defended, 560.
Puffin or sea-parrot, 367.
Purgation (canonical) illustrated by

Mrs. Puller's case, 183–one of the
last remnants of an age of supersti-
tion, 184.


history of the Reform Act of 1832,
275-lateral and vertical extension of
the franchise, 277-guarantees neces-
sary to prevent the predominance of
numbers, ib.-arguments in favour
of a Conservative Reform Bill, 278
-no one of tbe three parties can
command a majority witbout the
help of one of the other two, 980–
the question will determine the
future character of the Constitution,

282. See Gladstone.
Reform (fresh Parliamentary), 545—

Reform Act of 1832, 546-balance of
power effected by the Chandos clause,
ib. faggot votes, 547 — representa-
tion of land an essential element in
the representation of England, 548—
county franchise of 141., instead of
lol., unfavourable to the increase of
voters in rural villages, 548 – the
question is between the mixed con-
stitution of England and the rude
democracy of manhood suffrage, 549
--concessions made by Conservatives
accepted, but their counterpoises
rejected, 551--English freedom dis-
tinguished from a levelling de-

mocracy, 559.
Rembrandt's colours, anecdote respect-

ing, 129.
Rennie's • Insect Architecture,' 355.
Reynolds (Sir Joshua), Leslie and

Taylor's Life of, 105 — friendship
with Johnson, 108-low and licen-
tious tastes of the artists of his day,
110-rapidity, freedom, and boldness
of his portrait painting, 111-drapery.
men in his employ, ib. - his time
*worth five guineas an hour,' 112-
contributions to Johnson's "Idler,'
113—his theory of beauty, 114his
chariot decorated with allegorical
figures, 116-as fond of London as
Dr. Johnson, 118-'the human face
his landscape,' ib.-his dinner-giving
described, ih. — flimsy evidence of
domestic parsimony, 120-aspersions
by Allan Cunuingham, ib.-his be-
nefactious, 120 – anecdote of his
benevolence to a convict and others,
121 - amount of his fortune, i).

originates an annual exhibition,
124 — portrait of Garrick between
Tragedy and Comedy, ib.-parallel
between Garrick and Reynolds, 127
- description of the portrait of Gar-
rick, 126--Pope (the poet) and Rey-
nolds, 127 — first President of the
Acaderny, 128_never mixed in poli-
tics, 129–his biennial discourses, s,

Railways, necessity for steel rails, 98-

experiments proving their superiority,
101—their adoption by the London

and North-Western Company, ib.
Rat (pouched) of Canada, 361.
Reform (Mr. Gladstone's Bill), arranged

to give the working men the power
to demand the rest when they chose,
268 -- the measure pregnant with
revolution, 270—a Reform act must
not involve the deposition of the
midille and upper classes or of the
landed interest, 271—the settlement
of the question depends on the
working men's accepting participa-
tion in the constitution without pre-
dominance, 273—a glance at the
- their style, 130 - upsound critic
cisms on the ‘Discourses,'ib.-answers
to A. Cunningham's charges against
Sir Joshua, 131--Reynolds's behaviour
towards established painters, 132 —
Gainsborough's injustice to him, 133
-Reynolds's kindness and liberality to
artists, 139 — portrait of Miss Ken-
nedy, 140 the Ugolino his best
historical picture, 143—principle in
depicting strong emotions, ib. — his
historical pictures, 144 — the Dido,
ib.--admirable allegorical figures, ib.
-the Infant Hercules a masterpiece,
145--his historical pictures seldom
satisfactory, ib. — degree of D.C.L.
conferred on him by Oxford, ib.--
chosen mayor of Plympton, 146.
competition with Gainsborough and
Romney, ib. Mrs. Siddons's the
finest portrait ever painted, 148 -
anecdote of her and Sir Joshua, 149
— compelled by impaired sight to
abandon his profession, 149-his final
Discourse, 151 — death and public
funeral, 153 — personal appearance,
ib. — bequest to Burke, ib. his

Spiders, habits of, 380.
Spider's (trap-door) nest, 372.
Steel, varieties of, 87—modern methods

of producing, 88-Huntsman's iuven-
tion of cast steel, 90-value of Besse-

mer steel, 96.
Steelyard Merchants, Company of, 70.
Sterling, origin of the word, 69.
Suphis, builder of the first Pyramid,

429, 430.
Sussex, once the great seat of the iron

manufacture, 105.
Sword-blades, wonderful temper of

Eastern, 88.

character nearly faultless, 154.
Roland, Chanson de, discovered by

M. Bourdillon, 284-account of the
poem, 288—Ganelon the traitor sent
ambassador from Charlemague to the
Sultan of Saragossa, 291-art of the
poet in relating the interview of
Ganelon with the Sultan, 292
Roland's refusal to sound his mar-
vellous horn, 295—his defeat, 297–
the sound of his horn reaches Charle-
magne at thirty leagues' distance,
298—Roland's address to his sword

Durendal, and his death, 299.
Romney the painter, morbid sensitive-
ness of, 132.

Sand-martin's (the) mode of burrowing,

Sanscrit, study of, 330.
Scaligers' (the) services to Greek lite-

rature, 326.
Smith's (Dr. W.) dictionaries collect

the results of present knowledge of

antiquity, 332.
Sodor and Man, full title of the bishop-

ric of, 190—antiquity and early his-
tory of the see, ib.-meaning of Sodor
or Sudreyjar, 191-ruins of the ca-

thedral, 191. See Man.
Somerset River (Speke's Nile), 163.
Sophia (St.) at Constantinople, archi-

tecture of, 419.

Tailor-bird, its marvellous architectural

skill, 377.
Tendy's (Capt.) military surveying,

Teredo navalis, ravages of, 370.
Tocqueville (de, accuracy of his

opinions on India, 198.
Tourrelle (La), prison of, described,

56 — the convict could neither lie

down, sit, nor stand upright, 57.
Trade of Britain (foreign) originally

in the hands of German merchants,

Troubadours for the langue d'oc, trou-

vères for the langue d'oil, 323.

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