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CHAPTER II.

EARLY LIFE, A.D. 1118-1154.
Legend of Gilbert and Matilda . 10 | Introduction to Archbishop Theobald
Was Gilbert a Saxon ? .. .. .. 13 | Employments and preferments ..
Birth and early years of Thomas Accession of Henry II. .. .. ..

Becket .. .. .. .. .. 15 | Becket chancellor .. .. .. ..

22.

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THE BEGINNING OF TROUBLES, A.D. 1162–3. Becket's policy as chancellor .. . 60 | Council of Tours .. Resignation of the chancellorship .. 62 Claims as to Rochester and Tunbridge 71 Affair of the archdeaconry .. .. 64 Patronage of Eynesford .. ... Resumption of lands .. .. . 65 Taillage .. .. .. .. .. .. 73 Meeting with Henry at Southampton 67 | Question of clerical immunities ..

CHAPTER VI. COUNCILS AT WESTMINSTER AND CLARENDON, Oct. 1163—Oct. 1164. Page 1

Page Council of Westminster .. .. .. 89 Becket accepts them .. .. .. 101 Interview at Northampton . .. 91 Negotiations with the Par

104 Opposition of bishops to Becket . 92 Becket attempts to leave the kingdom 106 He agrees to accept the “ Customs” 95 Interview with Henry .. .. .. 107 Council of Clarendon .. .. .. 96 The archbishop's administration .. ib. The Constitutions .. .. .. .. 98

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91 Negotiations with the Porno

Opposition of bishops to Benz

CHAPTER VII.

NORTHAMPTON, Oct. 1164. Assembly at Northampton .. .. 109 | His accounts as chancellor demanded 114 Case of John the Marshal .. .. 110 Last day of the council .. .. .. 118 Becket condemned for treason .. .. 112 Withdrawal of the archbishop .. .. 127 Other charges .. .. .. .. .. 114 | His flight .. .. .. .. .. .. 132

CHAPTER VIII. THE BEGINNING OF EXILE, Oct. 1164–Jan. 1165. Becket escapes from England .. .. 133 Character of Alexander III. .. .. 146 St. Bertin's .

.. .. .. 138 Becket with the Pope .. .. .. 150 Interview of Henry's envoys with Interview of Becket's envoys with

Louis VII. .. .. .. .. .. 139 the King's mother .. .. .. 154 Becket's envoys with the French king Henry's measures agains the Arch

and the Pope .. .. . .. 142 bishop's friends .. .. .. .. 157 Henry's ambassadors with the Pope 143 |

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.. 176

CHAPTER IX.

PONTIGNY, Dec. 1164-EASTER, 1166. Foundation of the Cistercian order .. 161 | Diet of Würzburg .. Pontigny .. .. ..

.. 162 .

Return of the Pope to Italy .. .. 177 Becket's life there .. .. .. 163 Interview between Henry and Becket's His studies .. .. .. .. .. 166 clerks .. .. .. .. .. .. 178 The Correspondence .. .. .. .. 168 Negotiations through Urban and John of Salisbury .. .. .. 173 Gerard .. .. .. .. .. .. 179 German embassy to England .. 175

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CHAPTER X.

VÉZELAY, A.D. 1166. Becket legate for England .. .. 181 | The Archbishop dislodged from PonConference at Chinon .. .. .. 182 tigny .. .. .. .. .. .. 189 Becket goes to Soissons and Vézelay 184 Removal to Sens .. .. .. .. 196 Excommunication of the king's friends 186 |

CHAPTER XI.

COMMISSIONS, A.D. 1167-9,

Page

Page John of Oxford at Rome .. .. .. 200 Conference at Montmirail .. .. 213 First commission from the Pope Excommunication of Foliot .. .. 218

William and Otho .. .. .. 202 | Third commission — Gratian and Conferences at Gisors and Argentan 205 Vivian .. .. .. .. .. .. Excommunications and negotiations 209 Conference at Montmartre .. .. Second commission — Simon, Engel. Fresh excommunications .. ..

bert, and Bernard .. .. .. 211 | Abjuration of the Pope in England ..

CHAPTER XII.

THE RECONCILIATION, A.D. 1170.

Fourth commission — Archbishop of Coronation of Henry's son .. .. 237

Rouen and Bishop of Nevers .. 231 | Reconciliation at Freteval .. .. 242 Letter of Becket against Henry .. 232 Further conferences and negotiations 245 Absolution of Foliot .. .. .. 235 Becket prepares to return to England 249 Becket on the Roman court .. .. 236

CHAPTER XIII.

THE RETURN AND THE MURDER, DEC., A.D. 1170.

Becket's landing in England .. .. 253 | Christmas-day at Canterbury .. .. 263 Reception at Canterbury .. .. .. 255 Interview between English bishops Attempt to visit the younger king .. 258 and the king .. .. ..

.. 265

.. Interview with the abbot of St. Murder of the Archbishop .. .. 206

Alban's .. .. "

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.. 260

CHAPTER XIV.

THE SEQUEL.

Horror excited by the murder .. .. 287 Increase of miracles .. .. .. .. 304 Miracles and visions .. .. .. 291 Canonization of Becket .. .. .. 305 Dismay of Henry's friends .. .. 293 Pilgrimage of Henry to the shrine .. 306 Letters of his enemies to the Pope .. 294 Henry's control over the Church .. 307 Embassy from the king to the Pope 297 The clerical immunities lessened .. 310 Henry reconciled at Ayranches .. 302 |

CHAPTER XV. :

CONCLUSION. Character and merits of Becket .. .. .. .. ..

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THE MURDER OF BECKET.

From a painting on the torab of Henry IV., in Canterbury Cathedral. Restored by G. Austin.

FRONIIS PIECE. ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.

A Biograpby.

BY JAMES CRAIGIE ROBERTSON, M.A.,

CANON OF CANTERBURY.

LONDON:
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

1859.

The right of Translation is reserved,

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