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Diseases ; which, however, were much sewer than Horses have among us, and contracted not by any ill Treatment they meet with, butby the Nastinesi, and Greediness of that sordid Brute. Neither haa their Language any more than a general Appellation for those Maladies, which is borrowed from, the Name of the Beast, and called Hnea-Yahoo or the Yahoo's-Evil, and the Cure prescribed is a Mixtuie of their own Dung and Urine, forcibly put down the Yahoo's Throat. This I have since often known to have been taken with Success, and do freely recommend it to my Countrymen, for the Public Good, as an admirable Specisic against all Diseases produced by Repletion.

As to Learning, Government, Arts, Manufactures, and the like, my Master consessed, he could find little or no Resemblance between the Tahoos of that Country and those in ours. For he only meant to observe what Parity there was in our Natures. He had heard, indeed, some curious Houyhnhnms observe, that, in most Herds, there was a Sort of ruling Yahoo (as, among us, there is generally some leading or principal Stag in a Park) who was always more deformed in Body, and mischievous in Disposition, than any of the rest. That this Leader had usually a Favourite as like himself as he could get, whose Employment was to lick his Master's Feet and Posteriors, and drive the Female Yahoos to his Kennel; for which he was now and then rewarded with a Piece of Ass's Flesh. This Favourite is hated by the whole Herd, and therefore, to protect himself, keeps always near the Person of his Leader. He usually continues in Office till a worse can be found; but, the very Moment he is discarded, his Successor at the Head of all the Yahoos in that 306 ^voyage

District, Young and Old, Male and Female,' come in a Body, and discharge their Excrements upon him from Head to Foot. But how far this might be applicable to our Courts and Favourites, and Ministers of State, my Master faid I could belt determine.

I durst make no Return to this malicious Insinuation, which debased human Understanding below the Sagacity of a common Hound, who has Judgment enough to distinguish and follow the Cry of the ablest Dog in the Pack, without being ever mistaken.

My Master told me, there were some Qualities remarkable in the Yahoos, which he had not observed me to mention, or at least very slightly, in the Accounts I had given him of Human Kind; he faid, those Animals, like other Brutes, had their Females in common ; but in this they differed, that the She Yahoo would admit the Male, while she was pregnant; and that the Hees would quarrel and fight with the Females, as fiercely as with each other. Both which Practices were such Degrees of insamous Brutality, that Ho other sensitive. Creature ever arrived at.

Another Thing he wondered at in the Yahoos, was their strange Disposition to Nastiness and Dirt; whereas there appears to be a natural Love of Cleanliness in all other Animals. As to the two former Accufations, I was glad to let them pass without any Reply, because I had not a Word to offer upon them in Desence of my Species, which otherwise I certainly had done from my own Inclinations. But I could have easily vindicated Human Kind from the Imputation of Singularity upon the last Article, if there had been any Swine in that Country (as unluckily for Nhe there were not) which, although it may be a sweeter Quadruped than a Yahoo, cannot, I humbly conceive in Justice, pretend to more Cleanliness ; and so his Honour himself must have owned, if he had seen their filthy Way of Feeding, and their Custom of wallowing and sleeping in the Mud.

My Master likewise mentioned another Quality Which his Servants had discovered in several Yahoos, and to hini was wholly unaccountable. He faid, a Fancy would sometimes take a Yahoo, to retire into a Corner, to lie down, and howl and groan, and spurn away all that came near him, although he were young and fat, wanted neither Food nor Water: Nor did the Servants imagine what could possibly ail him. And the only Remedy they found was, to set him to hard Work, after which. he would insallibly come to himself. To this I was silent, out of Partiality to myown Kind; yet here I could plain! y-discover the true Seeds of Spleen, which only seizeth on the Laxy, the Luxurious, and the Rich; who, if they were forced to undergo the fame Regimen, I would undertake for the Cure.

His Honour had farther observed, that a Female Yahoo would often stand behind a Bank or a 8ush, to gaze on the young Males passing by, and then appear, and hide, using many antic Gestures and Grimaces, at which Time, it was observed, that she had a most offenfive Smell; and, when any of the Males advanced, would slowly retire, looking often back, and, with a counterseit Shew of Fear, run off into some convenient Place, where she knew the Male would follow her.

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At other Times, if a Female Stranger came* among them, three or four of her own Sex would get about her, and stare, and chatter, and grin, and smell her all over;: and then turn off with Gestures, that seemed to express Contempt and Disdain.

Perhaps my Master might refine a little in these Speculations, which he mid drawn from what he observed himself, or had been told him by others: However, I Cqum not reflect, without some Amazement, and much Sorrow, that the Rudiments of Lcwdness, Coquetry, Censure, and Scanital, should have Place, by Instinct, in Womankin J.

I expected, every Moment, that my Master would accuse the Yahooi of those unnatural Appetites in both Sexes, so common among us. But Nature, it seems, hath not been so expert a School-mistress ;. and these politer Pleasures are intirely the Productions of Art and Reason, on our Side of the Globe. , .

Chap. ym.

Tlie Author relates several Particulars of the Yahoos. The great Virtues of the-Houyhnhnms. 'the Education and Exercise of their Youihr Their general Assembly.

AS I ought to have understood human Nature much better than I supposed it possible for my ivlaster to do, so it was easy to apply the Character he gave of the Yahoos to myself, and my Countrymen y and, I believed, I could yet make farther Discoveries scom my own Observation. i 1 thtreI therefore often begged his Favour to let me g6 among the Herds of' Taboos in the Neighbourhood; to which he always very graciously consented, being persectly convinced, that the Hatred I bore those Brutes would never sufser me to be corrupted by them ; and his Honour ordered one of his Servants, a strong Sorrel Nag, very honest and good-natured, to be my Guard, without whose Protection, I durst not undertake such Adventures. For I^have already told the Reader, how much I was pestered by those odious Animals upon my sirst Arrival, And I asterwards failed very narrowly three or four Times of falling into their Clutches, when I happened to stray at any Distance without my Hanger. And I have Reason to believe they had some Imagination that I was of their own Species, which I often assisted myself, by stripping up my Sleeves, and shewing my naked Arms and Breast in their Sight, when my Protector was with me. At which Times they would approach as near as they durst, and imitate my Actions after the Manner of Monkies, but ever with great Signs of Hatred; as a tame Jack-Daio, with Cap and Stockings, is always persecuted by the wild ones, when he happens to be got among them.

They are prodigiously nimble from their Infancy; however, I once caught a young Male of three Years old, and endeavoured, by all Marks «f Tenderness, to make it quiet; but the little Imp sell a Squalling, and Scratching, and Biting, with such Violence, that I was forced to let it go i and it was high Time, for a whole Troop of old ones came about us at the Noise, but sinding the Cub was fase {(ot away it ran) and my Sorrel Nag being by, they durst not venture near Bs. I observed the young Animal's Flesh to smell X 3 veiy

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