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acted wisely in shrinking from inquiry, as they must be well kware that their (hare in the business was of such a nature as. could by no means bear investigation. But though they might be disposed to flinch from the question, it became that House, to adopt a different conduct. When such serious consequences had been produced; when a whole country had been thrown into a state ef extreme agitation, and an opening afforded for the worst consequences of political dissension; when the union of the British empire had been endangered, at a period too, when its most important interests were at Make, it was proper that there should be some inquiry into the causes of these alarming evils, in order to ascertain who were the men from whose misconduct they originated. With this view he should propose some day to be appointed for the consideration of this momentous subject. And he trusted that the House would, feel it to be their duty to enter into the discussion, from whatever quarter the proposition might proceed. He concluded with giving notice that on the first open day he should move for a day to be appointed for the House to institute an inquiry into the grounds of the dismission of Earl Fifzwifliam from the situation of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Friday next was the. tlay appointed for the motion.
SOLDIERS AND INNKEEPERS.
Mr. Secretary at War presented to the House (according to prder) a Bill for increasing the rates of subsidence to be paid, to innkeepers and others, on quartering soldiers during the present war; and the same was receivt-d, and read the first time, and ordered to be read a second time on the Monday following.
Mr. Sumner moved, that the petition os the Veterinary Collcge.be referred to the Committee of Supply.
Mr. Puiuys moved the previous question, to give the House a longer coinlidi-ration upon it.
, Mr. Sumner then entered into a general statement os the institution, and the advantages resulting from it. He recapitulated all the practical experiments in the army upon gun-shot wounds, &c. in horses, on the authority of die Earl of Pembroke and other officers, whereby he contended that he was warranted in considering it as of material saving to the nation. This was the only country, he observed, without such a useful establishment by public authority. France, Spain, Austria, Prussia, Sardinia, all have it; here only it has been made by the subscription of a sew individuals, which is consequently inadequate to carry it into proper effect; and yet even sinail as .' their their resources have been, they have educated a number of pupils, who have since dispersed themselves and settled in various country towns, to the extension of science and the benefit of the community.
Mr. Po-wys explained his intention for moving the previous question, merely to gain some time for the consideration of the petition, in support of which the documents to him appeared •deficient.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer supported Mr. Sumner, and observed, that the experiment was at first but for one year, the advantages of which Would be demonstrated by the trial. .Mr, Sumner's motion was carried.
The House went into a Committee to take into consideration the petition of - ■ Meredith, respecting a deposit of money paid into the Exchequer, on the purchase of lottery tickets, by a person who acted as his agent, arid which had been forfeited from his ignorance of the forms of the transaction.
After a few words from Mr Hujfej and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, a resolution was corns to, which was reada firft-and second time, when the Chairman reported progress, and alked leave to fit again.
5/> fohii Frederick tnoved that the Order of the Dr.y, for the second reading of the Dead Body Bill, be postponed till Wednesday next.
Mr. Wigley moved the Order of the Day, for the House to go into a Committee of the whole House, on the Bill for the ■relief of the Widows and families of privates and non-commissioned officers serving in the militia.
Mr. Potvys stated two clauses in favour of the widows and families of substitutes serving in the militia, which after some observations from Mr. Wigley, were brought up and read a first and second time in the Committee. The report ordered to be received on Monday next.
The Order of the Day for the second reading of the Dafchet Canal Bill being moved,
Mr. Maimvaring sliortly stated his objections to the Bill, and likewise the thinness of the House; he therefore moved that the second reading be put of? till that day three months. Upon which a division took place; for the second reading, Ayes - - 33
Noes - - 22
A second division took place on a motion for calling in counsel, which was negatived. The Bill was then proceeded in.—Adjourned till Monday.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
Lord Grenville delivered a message from his Majesty, winch was read first; by the Lord Chancellor, and afterwards by the Clerk at the table.
He then moved, that the message from the King be taken into consideration on Friday next, and that the Lords be summoned.—Ordered.
The Bills on the table were read, and several private Bilk received from the Commons.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Mr. Maintoartitg presented a petition from a large number of British servants, complaining of die encouragement given to foreigners; but no Member appearing to second it, it could not be laid upon the table.
Mr. Poioys gave notice os his intention to move for leave to bring in a Bill for more effectually preventing deficient weights and false balances.
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PRINCE OF WALES, AND PROVISION
FOR HIS DEBT*.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer brought down the following Message from his Majelty, which was read by the Speaker:
"His Majesty relies on the liberality and affection of his faithful Commons, anc! on the cordial interest which they have manifested in the happy event of the nuptials of the Prince and Princess of Wales, that they will he ready lo concur in such provision as they may judge necessary, to enable his Majefty to fettle an establishment for the Prince and Princess, suited to their Tank and dignity.
"On an occasion, in all other respects so satisfactory, his Majesty seels the deepest regret in being under the necessity of communicating to the House, that the benefit of any settlement M be now made, cannot be effectually secured to the Prince of Wales, without providing the means of freeing him from incumbrances to a large amount, to which he is now subject.
'! Anxious as his Majesty must necessarily be, particularly under the present circumstances, to relieve the Prince or' Wales from tbifc difficulties, bis Majesty entertains no idea ef proposing to his Parliament to mike any • j>rovi 1*104 provision for this object, otherwise than by the application of a part of the income which may be settled on the Prince; but he earnestly recommends it to the House, to consider of the propriety of thus providing for the gradual discharge of these incumbrances, by appropriating and securing for a given term, the revenues arising from the Dutchy of Cornwall, together with a proportion of the Prince's other annual income; and his Majesty will be ready and desirous to concur in any provisions which the wisdom of Parliament may suggest, for the.purpose of establishing a regular and punctual order of payment, in the Prince's future expenditure, and of guarding against the possibility of the Prince being again involved in so painful and embarrassing a situation.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer then moved, that this Message be referred to a Committee of Supply.
Colonel Stanley desired, that his Majesty's Message of the 21st May 1787, be read,
Mr. Grey observed, that it was very important for the House to hear that Message and the Address of the House in answer to it.
They were both therefore read.
"George Rex. "It is with great concern his Majesty acquaints the House of Commons', that from the accounts which have been laid before his Majesty by the Prince of Wales, it appears that the Prince has incurred a debt to a large amount, which, if left to be discharged out of his annual income, would render it impossible for him to support au establishment suited to his rank and station.
"Painful as it is nt all times to his Majesty to propose an addition to the heavy expenecs necessarily borne by his people, his Majesty is induced, from his paternal affection to the Prince of Wales, to recur to the liberality and attachment of his faithful Commons for their assistance, on an occasion so interesting to his Majesty's feelings, and to the ease and honour of so distinguished a branch of his Royal Family.
"His Majesty could not, however, expect or desire the assistance of this House, but on a well-grounded expectation thai the Prince will avoid con. tractIng any debts in future.
"With a view to this object, and from an anxious defire to remove any possible doubt of the stilhcier.cy ot the Prince's income lo support amply the dignity of his situation; his Majesty has directed a sum of lo.oool. per annum to be paid out of his Civil Lilt, in addition to the allowance which his Majesty ha* hitherto given him; and his Majesty has the satisfaction to inform the House, that the Prince of Wales has given his Majesty the fullest assurance of his determination to confine his futu:c expenecs within his income, and has al!'? settled a plan for ai ranging those expences in theseieral
departments, and for fixing an order for payment under such regulations as his Majesty trusts will effectually secure the due execution of the Prince's intentions.
"His Majesty will direct an estimate to be laid before the House, of the sum wanting to complete, in a proper manner, the work which has been undertaken at Carleton-house, as soon as the fame can be prepared with sufficient accuracy, and recommends it to Iris faithful Commons to consider of making some provision for that purpose.
« G. R."
The Address was dated the 24th of May 1787, and the House of Commons complied with the wishes, and reiterated the sentiments expressed by his Majesty in the Message.
Colonel Stanley laid it was with regret that he found himself under the necessity of saying any thing upon the subject before the House. That House had already very liberally come forward to pay the debts of his Royal Highness. They were now called upon to discharge his debts a second time. This beirig a bu fin ess of the first importance, the House ought to be fully attended, and for that purpose he thought a Call of the House should take place. He wished that the establishment of his Royal Highness should be as splendid as possible. But he would teave it to his own feelings, whether, in the distressed state of the country, without inquiry and due deliberation, he could again expect that House to discharge these debts. He did not wish to say any thing bordering on disrespect to his Royal Highness, or any oile branch of the Royal Family; but surely the House ought to proceed deliberately on a matter of such magnitude. He therefore wished for a full attendance on the discussion of the subject. The situation of the country demanded it. A number of the Members of the House had gone into the country under an idea that no more burdens, for the present session, were to be laid on their constituents. In all points' of view, therefore, a Call of the House appeared to him to be necessary.
The Speaker observed, that, in point of order and regularity of proceeding, it would be necessary to dispose of the question before the House, previous to any thing being said on the subject of a Call os the House. When a motion should be made with respect to the day of taking his Majesty's Message into consideration, it would then be regular to bring forward the subject os the Call, to which the Hon. Member had alluded; but the rules of the House required that his Majesty's Message ih.ou!d be referred to a Committee of the whole House.
Tie Chancellor of the Exchequer said, it was his intention to move, that the House should go into a Committee os the whole.House that day se'nnight, to consider of this Message