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Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,
Lucio. A French crown' more. That does affect it. Once more, fare you
well. 1 Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! | me: but thou art full of error; I am sound. Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happi Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy;
but so sound, as things that are hollow : thy bones Duke. I thank you: fare you well. [Exit. || are hollow; impiety has made a feast of thee.
Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave
1 Gent. How now? Which of your hips has the I am not yet instructed.
most profound sciatica? Ang. 'Tis so with me :-Let us withdraw to
Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, gether,
and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of And we may soon our satisfaction have Touching that point.
1 Gent. Who's that, I pray thee? Escal I'll wait upon your honour.
Bawd. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio. (Exeunt.
1 Gent. Claudio to prison! 'tis not so.
Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so: I saw him arSCENE II.-A street. Enter Lucio and two | rested; saw him carried away; and, which is Gentlemen. .
more, within these three days his head's to be chopLucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come
ped off. not to composition with the king of Hungary, why, || have it so : art thou sure of this?
Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not then all the dukes fall upon the king. 1 Gent. Heaven grant us its
Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting peace,
but not the king of Hungary's !
madain Julietta with child. 2 Gent. Amen.
Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious to meet me two hours since; and he was ever prepirate, that went to sea with the ten command- ||cise in promise-keeping. ments, but scraped one out of the table.
2 Gent. Besides you know, it draws something 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal?
near to the speech we had to such a purpose. Lucio. Ay, that he razed.
1 Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the pro1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to com
clamation. mand the captain and all the rest from their func
Lucio. Away ; let's go learn the truth of it. tions; they put forth to steal : there's not a soldier
(Ereunt Lucio and Gentlemen. of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat,
Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the doth relish the petition well that prays for peace.
sweat ;5 what with the gallows, and what with 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it.
poverty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? what's Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never
the news with you? wast where grace was said.
Enter Clown. 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least. 1 Gent. What? in metre?
Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison. Lucio. In any proportion,' or in any language. Bawd. Well; what has he done? 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion.
Clo. A woman, Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite Baud. But what's his offence ? of all controversy: as for example; thou thyself Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. art a wicked villain, despite of all grace.
Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him? 1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers Clo. No; but there's a woman with maid by him : between us. 2
you have not heard of the proclamation, have you? Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists Bawd. What proclamation, man? and the velvet: thou art the list.
Clo. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna must 1 Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art goodbe pluck'd down. velvet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee: Baud. And what shall become of those in the I had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be city ? pil'd, as thou art pild, for a French velvet. Do Clo. They shall stand for seed : they had gone I speak feelingly now?
down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the most painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of suburbs be pull'd down? thine own confession, learn to begin thy health ; Clo. To the ground, mistress. but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee. Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the
1 Gent. I think I have done myself wrong; || commonwealth! What shall become of me? have I not?
Clo. Come; fear not you : good counsellors lack 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art || no clients : though you change your place, you need tainted, or free.
not change your trade; I'll be your tapster still. Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitiga-|Courare: there will be pity taken on you : you that tion comes! I have purchased as many diseases ||have worn your eyes almost out in the service, you under her roof, as come to
will be considered. 2 Gent. To what, I pray?
Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? let's 1 Gent. Judge.
withdraw. 2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year. Clo. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the pro1 Gent. Ay, and more.
vost to prison : and there's madam Juliet. [E.16.
(1) Measure. (2) A cut of the same cloth.
(4) Corona Veneris.
SCENE III.-The same. Enter Provost, Clau-|| Clavd. I have done so, but he's not to be found.
dio, Juliet, and Officers; Lucio, and two Gen-I prythee, Lucio, do me this kind service: tlemen.
This day my sister should the cloister enter, Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to|| And there receive her approbation : 5 the world?
Acquaint her with the danger of my state; Bear me to prison, where I am committed.
Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends Prov. I do it not in evil disposition,
To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him; But from lord Angelo by special charge.
I have great hope in that: for in her youth Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority,
There is a prone and speechless dialect, Make us pay down for our offence by weight.-.
Such as moves men; besides, she hath prosperous art The words of heaven ;-on whom it will, it will ;
When she will play with reason and discourse. On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just.
Lucio. I pray she may : as well for the encourageLucio. Why, how now, Claudio? whence comes
ment of the like, which else would stand under this restraint?
grievous imposition; as for the enjoying of thy life, Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty : who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost As surfeit is the father of much fast,
at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her. So every scope by the immoderate use
Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio.
Lucio. Within two hours,Turns to restraint : our natures do pursue
Claud. Come, officer, away. (Like rats that ravin2 down their proper bane,)
[Exeunt. À thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die. Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an arrest,
SCENE IV.-A monastery. Enter Duke and I would send for certain of my creditors : and yet,
Friar Thomas. to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of Duke. No; holy father; throw away that thought; freedom, as the morality of imprisonment.-What's Believe not that the dribbling dart of love thy offence, Claudio ?
Can pierce a cómplete bosom :: why I desire thee Claud. What, but to speak of would offend again. || To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose Lucio. What is it? murder ?
More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends Clavd. No.
Of buming youth. Lucio. Lechery?
May your grace speak of it? Claud. Call it so.
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Proo. Away, sir; you must go.
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd;8 Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word | And held in idle price to haunt assemblies,
(Takes him aside. Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps. Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good.---|I have delivered to lord Angelo Is lechery so look'd after?
|(A man of stricture, 10 and firm abstinence,) Claud. Thus stands it with me ::
e:-Upon a true My absolute power and place here in Vienna, contract,
And he supposes me travell'd to Poland; I got possession of Julietta's bed;
For so I have strew'd it in the common ear, You know the lady; she is fast my wife,
And so it is receiv'd : now, pious sir, Save that we do the denunciation lack
You will demand of me, why I do this? Of outward order: this we canne not to,
Fri. Gladly, my lord. Only for propagation of a dower
Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Remaining in the coffer of her friends ;
laws From whom we thought it meet to hide our love, l (The needful bits and curbs for headstrong steeds) Till time had made them for us. But it chances,|| Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep; The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, Even like an over-grown lion in a cave, With character too gross, is writ on Juliet. That goes not out to prey : now, as fond fathers Lucio. With child, perhaps ?
Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birch, Claud. Unhappily, even so.
Only to stick it in their children's sight, And the new deputy now for the duke, For terror, not to use; in time the rod Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness ; Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd: so our decrees, Or whether that the body public be
Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; A borse whereon the governor doth ride, And liberty plucks justice by the nose ; Who, newly in the seat, that it may know The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: Goes all decorum. Whether the tyranny be in his place,
It rested in your grace Or in his eminence that fills it up,
To unloose this tied-up justice, when you pleas'd : I stagger in :--But this new governor
And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, Awakes me all the enrolled penaltics,
Than in lord Angelo. Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the Duke.
I do fear, too dreadful : wall
Sithll 'twas my fault to give the people scope, So long, that nineteen zodiacs have gone round, *Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them And none of them been worn ; and, for a name, For what I bid them do: for we bid this be done, Now puts the drowsy and neglected act
When evil deeds have their permissive pass, Freshly on me :-'tis surely for a name.
And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my Lucio. I warrant it is: and thy head stands so
father, ticklet on thy sboulders, that a milk-maid, if she bel I have on Angelo impos'd the office; in love, may sigh it off.' Send after the duke, and Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home, appeal to him.
And yet my nature never in the sight,
(9) Showy dress resides. (10) Strictness. (5) Enter on her probation (6) Prompt.
To do it slander: and to behold his sway, To teeming foison;" even so her plenteous womb
Lucio. Is she your cousin ? Like a true friar. More reasons for this action, Isab. Adoptedly; as school-maids change their At our more leisure shall I render you ;
names, Only, this one :-Lord Angelo is precise ; By vain though apt affection. Stands at a guard' with envy; scarce confesses
She it is. That his blood flows, or that his appetite
Isab. O, let him marry her! Is more to bread than stone: hence shall we see, Lucio.
This is the point If power change purpose, what our seemers be. The duke is very strangely gone from hence;
(Exeunt. Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,
In hand, and hope of action : but we do learn SCENE V.-A nunnery. Enter Isabella and By those that know the very nerves of state, Francisca.
His givings-out were of an infinite distance Isab. And have you nuns no further privileges ? | From his true-meant design. Upon bis place, Fran. Are not these large enough?
And with full lines of his authority,
Is very snow-broth; one who never feels Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of saint Clare. The wanton stings and motions of the sense; Lucio. Ho! peace be in this place! [Within. But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge Isab.
Who's that which calls ? With profits of the mind, study and fast. Fran. It is a man's voice: gentle Isabella, He (to give fear to use and liberty, Turn you the key, and know his business of him ; | Which have, for long, run by the hideous law, You may, I may not; you are yet unsworn : As mice by lions,) bath pick'd out an act, When you have vow'd, you must not speak with Under whose heavy sense your brother's life
Falls into forfeit: he arrests him on it; men, But in the presence of the prioress:
And follows close the rigour of the statute, Then, if you speak, you must not show your face ;|| To make him an example: all hope is gone, Or, if you show your face, you must not speak.
Unless you have the grace by your fair prayer He calls again ; I pray you answer him.
To soften Angelo : and that's my pith
your poor brother. Isab. Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls ?
Isab. Doth he so seek his life?
Has censur'd him
Already; and, as I hear, the provost hath Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as those cheek-|| A warrant for his execution.
Isab. Alas! what poor ability's in me Proclaim you are no less ! can you so stead me,
To do him good ? As bring me to the sight of Isabella,
Lucio. Assay the power you have. A novice of this place, and the fair sister
Isab. My power! Alas! I'doubt, To her unhappy brother Claudio ?
Our doubts are traitors, Isab. Why her unhappy brother? let me ask ; And make us lose the good we oft might win, The rather, for I now must make
know By fearing to attempt : go to lord Angelo, I am that Isabella, and his sister.
And let him learn to know, when maidens sue, Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly Men give like gods; but when they weep and kneel, greets you:
All their petitions are as freely theirs Not to be weary with you, he's in prison. As they themselves would owe them. Isab. Wo me! For what?
Isab. I'll see what I can do. Lucio. For that, which, if myself might be bis
But speedily. judge,
Isab. I will about it straight;
Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you :
Commend me to my brother: soon at night Lucio.
It is true. I'll send him certain word of my success. I would not-though 'tis my familiar sin
Lucio. I take my leave of you. With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest,
Good sir, adieu. Tongue far from heart,-play with all virgins so :
(Exeunt. I hold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted"; By your renouncement, an immortal spirit; And to be talk'd with in sincerity, As with a saint.
ACT II. Isab. You do blaspheme the good, in mocking || SCENE I.-A hall in Angelo's house. Enter Lucio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth,3
Angelo, Escalus, a Justice, Provost, Officers, and 'tis thus :
attendants. Your brother and his lover have embrac'd :
Ang. We must not make a scare-crow of the law, As those that feed grow full; as blossoming time, | Setting it up to fear the birds of prey, That from the seedness the bare fallow brings And let it keep one shape, till custom make it
Their perch, and not their terror. (1) On his defence. (2) Do not make a jest of me. (3) In few and true words. (4) Breeding plenty. (7) Power of gaining favour. (8) Sentenced. (5) Tilling. (6) Extent.
Have. (10) Abbess. (11) Scare.
(12) For protest. (13) Ere of All Saints day.
Ay, but yet Escal. How know you that? Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,
Elb. My wise, sir, whom I detest12 before heaven Than fall, and bruise to death: alas! this gentleman, and your honour,Whom I would save, had a most noble father. Escal. How ! thy wife? Let but your honour know!
Elb. Ay, sir; whom, I thank heaven, is an (Whom I believe to be most strail in virtue,)
honest woman, That, in the working of your own affections,
Escal. Dost thou detest her therefore ? Had time coher’da with place, or place with wishing, Elb. I say, sir, I will detest myself also, as well Or that the resolute acting of your blood
as she, that this house, if it be not a bawd's house, Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose, it is pity of her life, for it is a naughty house. Whether you had not sometime in your life
Escal. how dost thou know that, constable ? Err'd in this point which now you censure him, Elb. Marry, sir, by my wife; who, if she had And pull'd the law upon you.
been a woman cardinally given, might have been Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, accused in fornication, adultery, and all uncleanliAnother thing to fall. I not deny,
ness there. The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,
Escal. By the woman's means? May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two Elb. Ay, sir, by inistress Over-done's means : Guiltier than him they try : what's open made to but as she spit in his face, so she defied him. justice,
Clo. Sir, if it please your honour, this is not so. That justice seizes. What know the laws,
Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou That thieves do pass on thieves ? 'Tis very preg- honourable man, prove it. nant,
Escal. Do you hear how he misplaces ? The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it,
(To Angelo. Because we see it; but what we do not see, Clo. Sir, she came in great with child ; and longWe tread upon, and never think of it.
ing (saving your honour's reverence) for stew'd You may not so extenuate bis offence,
prunes : sir, we had but two in the house, which at For I have had such faults; but rather tell me, that very distant time stood, as it were, in a fruit. When I, that censure him, do so offend,
dish, a dish of some three-pence: your honours have Let mine own judgment pattern out my death, scen such dishes; they are not China dishes, but And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. very good dishes. Escal. Be it as your wisdom will.
Escal. Go to, go to: no matter for the dish, sir. Ang
Where is the provost? Clo. No, indeed, sir, not of a pin ; you are thereProv. Here, if it like your honour.
in in the right : but, to the point: as I say, this Ang.
See that Claudio mistress Elbow, being, as I say, with child, and beBe executed by nine to-morrow morning : ing great belly'd, and longing, as I said, for prunes; Bring him his confessor, let him be prepar'd; and having but two in the dish, as I said, master For that's the utmost of his pilgrimage. (Ex. Prov. Froth here, this very man, having eaten the rest, as Escal. Well, heaven forgive him; and forgive I said, and, as I say, paying for them very honestly ; us all!
-for, as you know, master Froth, I could not give Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall : you three-pence again. Some run from brakes) of vice, and answer none; Froth. No, indeed. And some condemned for a fault alone.
Clo. Very well : you being then, if you be reEnter Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, &c.
member'd, cracking the stones of the foresaid
prunes. Elb. Come, bring them away: if these be good| Froth. Ay, so I did, indeed. people in a common weal,s that do nothing but use Clo. Why, very well : I telling you then, if you their abuses in common houses, I know no law; be remember'd, that such a one, and such a one, bring them away.
were past cure of the thing you wot of, unless they Ang. How now, sir! what's your name? and kept very good diet, as I told you. what's the matter?
Froth. All this is true. Elb. If it please your honour, I am the poor Clo. Why, very well then. duke's constable, and my name is Elbow ; I do lean Escal. Come, you are a tedious fool : to the purupon justice, sir, and do bring in here before your pose.-What was done to Elbow's wife, that be good honour two notorious benefactors. hath cause to complain of ? Come me to what was
Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are done to her. they are they not malefactors ?
Clo. Sir, your bonour cannot come to that yet. Elb. If it please your honour, I know not well Escal. No, sir, nor I mean it not. what they are : but precise villains they are, that I Clo. Sir, but you shall come to it, by your am sure of; and void of all profanation in the world, honour's leave: and I beseech you, look into master that good Christians ought to have.
Froth here, sir ; a man of fourscore pound a year; Escal. This comes off' well;' here's a wise officer. wbose father died at Hallowmas:-Was't not at
Ang. Go to: what quality are they of? Elbow Hallowmas, master Froth? is your name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow? Froth. All-hollond13 eve. Clo. He cannot, sir; he's out at elbow.
Clo. Why, very well; I hope here be truths : Ang. What are you, sir?
he, sir, sitting, as I say, in a lowerli chair, sir ;Elb. He, sir? a tapster, sir; parcello-bawd; one l'twas in the Bunch of Grapes, where, indeed, you that serves a bad wornan; whose house, sir, was, as have a delight to sit : have you not? they say, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now she Froth. I have so; because it is an open room, professesil a hot-house, which, I think, is a very ill and good for winter. house too.
(1) Examine. (2) Suited. (3) Pass judgment. (9) Well told. (10) Partly: (11) Keeps a bagnio. (4) Plain. (5) Because. (6) Sentence. (7) Thickest, thomy paths of vice.' (8) Wealth. || (14) Easy.
Clo. Why, very well then ;-I hope here be Clo. Mistress Over-done. truths.
Escal. Hath she had any more than one husband? Ang. This will last out a night in Russia, Clo. Nine, sir; Over-done by the last. When nights are longest there : I'll take my leave, Escal. Nine!-Come hither to me, master Froth. And leave you to the hearing of the cause;
Master Froth I would not have you acquainted Hoping, you'll find good cause to whip them all. with tapsters; they will draw you, master Froth, Escal.' I think no less : good morrow to your and you will hang them: get you gone, and let lordship.
(Exit Angelo.me bear no more of you. Now, sir, come on : what was done to Elbow's Froth. I thank your worship: for mine own wife, once more?
part, I never come into any room in a taphouse, Clo. Once, sir ? there was nothing done to her but I am drawn in. once.
Escal. Well; no more of it, master Froth: fareElb. I beseech you, sir, ask him what this man well. (Exit Froth.)-Come you hither to me, did to my wife?
master tapster; what's your name, master tapster? Clo. I beseech your honour, ask me.
Clo. Pompey. Escal. Well, sir: what did this gentleman to her? Escal. What else?
Clo. I beseech you, sir, look in this gentleman's Clo. Bum, sir. face :--Good master Froth, look upon his honour;
Escal. 'Troth, and your bum is the greatest 'tis for a good purpose : doth your honqur mark thing about you; so that, in the beastilest sense, you his face?
are Pompey the great. Pompey, you are partly a Escal. Ay, sir, very well.
bawd, Pompey, howsoever you colour it in being a Clo. Nay, I beseech you, mark it well. tapster. Are you not? come, tell me true; it shall Escal. Well, I do so.
be the better for you. Clo. Doth your honour see any harm in his face? Clo. Truly, sir, I am a poor fellow, that would Escal. Why, no.
live. Clo. I'll be suppos'di upon a book, his face is Escal. How would you live, Pompey? by bethe worst thing about him: good then; if his saceing a bawd? What do you think of the trade, be the worst thing about him, how could master Pompey? is it a lawful trade? Froth do the constable's wife any harm? I would Clo. If the law would allow it, sir. know that of your honour.
Escal. But the law will not allow it, Pompey; Escal. He's in the right: constable, what say | nor it shall not be allowed in Vienna. you to it?
Clo. Does your worship mean to geld and spay Elb. First, an it like you, the house is a re- | all the youth in the city? spected house; next, this is a respected fellow ; Escal. No, Pompey. and his mistress is a respected woman.
Clo. Truly, sir, in my poor opinion, they will Clo. By this hand, sir, his wife is a more to't then: if your worship will take ordert for the respected person than any of us all.
drabs and the knaves, you need not to fear the Elb. Varlet, thou liest; thou liest, wicked
ar-| bawds. let : the time is yet to come, that she was ever re Escal. There are pretty orders beginning, I can spected with man, woman, or child.
tell you : it is but heading and hanging. Clo. Sir, she was respected with him before he Clo. If you head and hang all that offend that married with her.
way but for ten year together, you'll be glad to Escal. Which is the wiser here? justice, or give out a commission for more heads. If this law iniquity ?2 Is this true ?
hold in Vienna ten year, I'll rent the fairest house Elb: ( thou caitiff! O thou varlet ! O thou wick-in it, after three-pence a bay: if you live to see ed Hannibal !3 I respected with her, before I was this come to pass, say Pompey told you so, married to her? If ever I was respected with her, Escal. Thank you, good Pompey: and, in reor she with me, let not your worship think me the quital of your prophecy, hark you, --1 advise you, poor duke's officer :-Prove this, thou wicked Han- || let me not find you before me again upon any com-. nibal, or I'll have mine action of battery on thee. I plaint whatsoever, no, not for dwelling where you
Escal. If he took you a box o' the ear, you do: if I do, Pompey, I shall beat you to your tent, might have your action of slander too.
and prove a shrewd Cæsar to you; in plain dealElb. Marry, I thank your good worship for it: ing, Pompey, I shall have you whipt: so for this what is't your worship’s pleasure I should do with time Pompey, fare you well
. this wicked caitiff?
Clo. I thank your worship for your good counEscal. Truly, officer, because he hath some of- || sel; but I shall follow it, as the filesh and fortune fences in him, that thou wouldst discover is thou shall better determine. couldst, let him continue in his courses, till thou Whip me! No, no; let carman whip his jade ; know'st what they are.
The valiant heart's not whipt out of his trade. (Er. Elb. Marry, I thank your worship for it:-hou Escal. Come hither to me, master Elbow ; come seest, thou wicked varlet now, what's come upon || hither, master Constable. How long have you thee; thou art to continue now, thou varlet; thou been in this place of constable ? art to continue.
Elb. Seven years and a half, sir.
Escal. I thought, by your readiness in the office, Escal. Are you of fourscore pounds a year?
you had continued in it some time : You say, seven Froth. Yes, and't please you, sir.
Elb. And a half, sir. Escal. So.-What trade are you of, sir ? Escal. Alas! it hath been great pains to you!
[To the Clown. They do you wrong to put you so oft upon't: Are Clo. A tapster: a poor widow's tapster. there not men in your ward sufficient to serve it? Escal. Your mistress's name?
Elb. Faith, sir, few of any wit in such matters : (1) Deposed,
(2) Constable or Clown, (3) For cannibal. (4) Measures.