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And then away to Venice to your friend; SCENE IV.-Belmont. A room in Portia's For never shall you lie by Portia's side
house. Enter Portia, Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold and Balthazar. To pay the petty debt twenty times over;
Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your preWhen it is paid, bring your true friend along :
sence, My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time,
You have a noble and a true conceit
Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly you shall hence upon your wedding-day : Bid
In bearing thus the absence of your lord. your friends welcome, show a merry cheer:! Since you are dear bought
, I will love you dear. But, if you knew to whom you show this honour, But let me hear the letter of your friend.
How true a gentleman you send relief, Bass
. (Reads.] Sweet Bassanio, my ships have | How dear a lover of my lord your husband, all miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my estate
I know, you would be prouder of the work, is very lord, my bond to the Jew is forfeit;
and Than customary bounty can enforce you. since, in paying it, it is impossible should live,| Nor shall not now: for in companions
Por. I never did repent for doing good, all debts are cleared between you and I, if I might || That do converse and waste the time together, but see you at my death : notwithstanding, use | Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, your pleasure: if your love do not persuade you | There must be needs a like proportion to come, let not
letter. Por. O love, despatch all business, and be gone. Which makes me think, that this Antonio,
Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; Buss
. Since I have your good leave to go away, Being the bosom lover of my lord, I will make baste : But, till I come again,
Must needs be like my lord: If it be so,
How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the state of hellish cruelty? SCENE III.-Venice. A street. Enter Shylock, This comes too near the praising of myself; Salanio, Antonio, and Gaoler.
Therefore no more of it: hear other things.Shy. Gaoler, look to him ;-Tell not me of Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
The husbandry and manage of my house, mercy This is the fool that lent out money gratis ;
Until my lord's return : for mine own part,
I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow,
Hear me yet, good Shylock. To live in prayer and contemplation,
Only attended by Nerissa here, bond; I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond:
There is a monastery two miles off,
And there we will abide. I do desire you,
The which my love, and some necessity,
Now lays upon you.
Madam, with all my heart; Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak.
I shall obey you in all fair commands. Shy. I'll have my bond ; I will not hear thee And will acknowledge you and Jessica
Por. My people do already know my mind, speak: I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more.
In place of lord Bassanio and myself. I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool,
So fare you well, till we shall meet again. To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield
Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on To Christian intercessors. Follow not;
you. I'll have no speaking ; I will have bond.
Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. [Exit Shylock.
Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur,
pleas'd That ever kept with men.
To wish it back on you : fare you well, Jessica.Ant. Let him alone,
(Exeunt Jessica and Lorenzo. I'll follow him no more with bootless
prayers. He seeks my life; his reason well I know;
As I have ever found thee honest, true, I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
So let me find thee still: Take this same letter, Many that have at times made moan to me ;
And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Therefore he hates me.
In speed to Padua, see thou render this Salan.
I am sure, the duke Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.
And, look, what notes and garments he doth give Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law.
thee, For the commodity that strangers have
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed With us in Venice, if it be denied,
Unto the tranect, to the common ferry Will much impeach the justice of the state;
Which trades to Venice:-waste no time in words, Since that the trade and profit of the city
But get thee gone ; I shall be there before thee. Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go :
Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. These griefs and losses have so 'bated me,
[Erit. That I shall hardly spare a pound of Nesh
Por. Come on, Nerissa ; I have work in hand, To-morrow to my bloody creditor.--
That you yet know not of: we'll see our busbands, Well, gaoler, on :-Pray God, Bassanio come
Before they think of us. To see me pay this debi, and then I care not!
Shall they see us ? (Exeunt.
Por. They shall, Nerissa ; but in such a babit,
That they shall think we are accomplished
With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager,
When we are both accoutred like young men, silence; and discourse grow commendable in none
word. Which I denying, they fell sick and died ;
Lor. Will you cover then, sir ? I could not do withal ;-then I'll repent
Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them : Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell,
thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an inThat men shall swear I have discontinued school stant ? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Above a twelvemonth :-I have within my mind plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in Which I will practise.
to dinner. Ner.
Why, shall we turn to men? Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; Por. Fie! what a question's that,
for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your If thou wert near a lewd interpreter ?
coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device
and conceits shall govern.
[Exit Launcelot. When I am in my coach, which stays for us Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are At the park gate; and therefore haste away,
An army of good words ; And I do know
A many fools, that stand in better place,
Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins of Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou Jessica ? the father are to be laid upon the children : there- | And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, fore, I promise you, I fear you. I was always plain || How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? with you, and so now I speak my agitation of the Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, matter : Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, The lord Bassanio live an upright life ; I think, you are damn'd. There is but one hope in For, having such a blessing in his lady, it that can do you any good; and that is but a kind He finds the joys of heaven here on earth ; of bastard hope neither.
And, if on earth he do not mean it, it
Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your Why, if two gods should play some heavenly match, father got you not, that you are not the Jew's And on the wager lay two earthly women, daughter.
And Portia one, there must be something else Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed ; || Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world so the sins of my mother should be visited upon me. Hath not her fellow. Laun. Truly then I fear you are damn'd both Lor.
Even such a husband by father and mother: thus when I shun Scylla,|| Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother: Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. well, you are gone both ways.
Lor. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a made me a Christian.
stomach. Laun. Truly, the more to blame he : We were Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk, Christians enough before ; e'en as many as could Then, howsoe'er thou speak'st, ’mong other things well live, one by another: This making of Christians || I shall digest it. will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all to be Jes.
Well, I'll set you forth. (Exe. pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher on the coals for money. Enter Lorenzo.
ACT IV. Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you l SCENE I.–Venice. A court of Justice. Enter say; bere he comes Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Launce
the Duke, the Magnificoes ; Antonio, Bassanio, lot, if you thus get my wife into corners.
Gratiano, Salarino, Salanio, and others. Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Duke. What, is Antonio here? Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there Ant. Ready, so please your grace. is no mercy for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to andaughter: and he says, you are no good member of the commonwealth; for, in converting Jews to A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch Christians, you raise the price of pork.
Uncapable of pity, void and empty Lor. I shall answer that better to the common || From any drain of mercy. wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's Ant.
I have heard, belly : the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. Your grace bath ta'en great pains to qualify
Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, than reason : but if she be less than an honest And that no lawful means can carry me woman, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. Out of his envy'sl reach, I do oppose
Lor. How every fool can play upon the word ! || My patience to his fury; and am arm'd I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
The very tyranny and rage of his. (1) Hatred, malice.
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court.
Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord. ,. You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to soften that (than which what's harder?)
His Jewish heart :- Therefore, I do beseech you, Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our | Make no more offers, use no further means, face.
But, with all brief and plain conveniency, Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse,' more strange Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, Than is thy strange apparenta cruelty :
I would not draw them, I would have my bond. And where thou now exact'st the penalty
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,)
none? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no But touch'd with human gentleness and love,
wrong? Forgive a moiety of the principal ;
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, That have of late so huddled on his back ; You use in abject and in slavish parts, Enough to press a royal merchant down, Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, And pluck commiseration of his state
Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates To offices of tender courtesy.
Be season'd with such viands? You will answer, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
The slaves are ours :-So do I answer you : Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur- | The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, pose;
Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it: And by our holy sabbath have I sworn,
If you deny me, fie upon your law ! To have the due and forfeit of my bond
There is no force in the decrees of Venice : If you deny it, let the danger light
I stand for judgment: answer ; shall I have it? Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court, You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have Unless Bellario, a learned doctor, A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive Whom I have sent for to determine this, Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that: Come here to-day. But, say, it is my humour ;4 Is it answer'd ?
My lord, here stays without What if my house be troubled with a rat,
A messenger with letters from the doctor, And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats New come from Padua. To have it baned? What, are you answer'd yet? Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger. Some men there are, love not a gapingó pig; Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;
courage yet! And others, when the bag-pipe sings i’ the nose, The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Cannot contain their urine; For affection, Ere thou shalt loose for me one drop of blood. Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood
Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Of what it likes, or loaths: Now, for your answer : Meetest for death ; the weakest kind of fruit As there is no firm reason to be render'd, Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk. As to offend, himself being offended;
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing
[Presents a letter. I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earA losing suit against him. Are you answer'd?
nestly? Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Thou mak’st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness love?
Of thy sharp envy.8 Can no prayers pierce thee?
Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith,
That souls of animals infuse themselves
bond, (1) Pity.
(2) Seeming. (3) Whereas. (4) Particular fancy. (5) Crying. (6) Prejudice. (7) Converse.
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud : The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice
there. Where is he?
Shy. My deed's upon my head! I crave the law,
Yea, twice the sum : if that will not suffice,
(Clerk reads.) Your grace shall understand, || If this will not suffice, it must appear that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, but in the instant that your messenger came, in Wrest once the law to your authority : loving visitation was with me a young doctor of ||To do a great right, do a little wrong; Rome, his name is Balthazar : I acquainted him || And curb this cruel devil of his will. with the cause in controversy between the Jew and Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice Antonio the merchant : we turned o'er many books Can alter a decree established : together : he is furnish'd with my opinion; which,|'Twill be recorded for a precedent; better'd with his own learning (the greatness And many an error, by the same example, whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with Will rush into the state: it cannot be. him, al my importunity, to fill up your grace's Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Danrequest in my stead. I beseech you, let his lack
iel ! of years be no impediment to let him lack a rever-|O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! end estimation; for I never knew so young a body Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. with so old a head. I leave him to your gracious Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd commendation.
thee. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he Shy. Anoath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven : writes :
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.
Why, this bond is forfeit;
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Give me your hand : Came you from old Bellario? A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Por. I did, my lord.
Nearest the merchant's heart :-Be merciful; Duke. You are welcome : take your place. Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond. Are you acquainted with the difference
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor. That holds this present question in the court ? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge;
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. You know the law, your exposition
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment : by my soul I swear,
Shylock is my name. There is no power in the tongue of man
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
Why then, thus it is. (To Antonio. You must prepare your bosom for his knife : Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man !
Do you confess the bond? Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Then must the Jew be merciful. Which here appeareth due upon the bond.
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; How much more elder art thou than thy looks!
Ay, his breast : It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge?'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Nearest his heart, those are the very words. The throned monarch better than his crown: Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, The flesh ? The attribute to awe and majesty,
Shy. I have them ready. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
charge, It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond?
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say?
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; (1) Oppose (2) Reach or control. For herein fortune shows herself more kind
MERCHANT OF VENICE.
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is.
Gra. A Daniel, still say 1; a second Daniel !
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture,
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.
I'll stay no longer question.
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
If it be prov'd against an alien,
He seek the life of any citizen,
Gra. I have a wife, whom I protest I love; Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back ; Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice.
That, indirectly, and directly too, 'Would any of the stock of Barabbas
Thou hast contriv'd against the very life Had been her husband, rather than a Christian ! Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
(Aside. The danger formerly by me rehears'd. We trifle time : I pray thee pursue sentence. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to hang thine ;
thyself : The court awards it, and the law doth give it. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most rightful judge !
Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. breast;
Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our The law allows it, and the court awards it.
spirit, Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence; come, I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it : prepare.
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's; Por. Tarry a little;—there is something else.-- || The other half comes to the general state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Antonio. Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: But, in the cutting it , if thou dost shed
You take my house, when you do take the prop One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods That doth sustain my house; you take my life, Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
you do take the means whereby I live. Unto the state of Venice.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio? Gra. O upright judge!-Mark, Jew;-0 learn- Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's sake. ed judge?
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Shy. Is that the law ?
Thyself shalt see the act : To quit the fine for one half of his goods; For, as thou urgest justice, be assur'd,
I am content, so he will let me have
That lately stole his daughter :
He presently become a Christian ;
The other, that he do record a gift,
Here in the court, of all he dies possessid, The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!--no haste;— Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou
Clerk, draw a deed of gift.
am not well; send the deed after me, Of one poor scruple ; nay, if the scale do turn And I will sign it. But in the estimation of a hair,--
Get thce gone, but do it.