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laurels of victory/ greeted by the applause of grateful senates, and hailed by the shouts of an emancipated people. So felt Gideon/ when he sheathed the sword of the Lord in its scabbard/ and entered with trembling ecstacy the threshold of the temple/ now no longer polluted by the unhallowed footsteps of the heathen/ when he was saluted by the triumphant songs of the Hebrew maidens/ and cheered by the approving smile of his God. So felt Themistocles/ when thousands rose before him in reverential homage at the Olympic games/ when he had driven back the Persian tyrant/ with his countless hosts/ in shame and confusion to their seraglios and to their parasites/ plucked his country from the jaws of destruction and raised her to a proud and dazzling pre-eminence amongst the nations/ a vast and imperishable monument of the quenchless fires of the freeman's heart, and the resistless might of the freeman's arm. So felt Washington/ when he moved on in his career/ in the silent majesty of a planet/ giving life and light to an infant republic. So felt Wellington/ when/ amid the desolation of a continent/ and the universal crash of ruin/ he went forth the champion of Britain and of Europe/ shivered into atoms that fabric/ which had risen on the ashes of the shrine and the sanctuary/ burst the fetters of imprisoned nations, and seized the arch-magician in the midst of his hellish incantations. — Phillips.

(113.) A COUNTRY DANCE. Clear away! There was nothing they wouldn't have cleared away/ or couldn't have cleared away/ with old Fezziwig looking on. done in a minute. Every movable was packed off/ as if it were dismissed from public life for evermore; the floor was swept and watered/ the lamps were trimmed/ fuel was heaped upon the fire; and the warehouse was as snug/ and warm/ and dry/ and bright a ball-room/ as you would desire to see upon a winter's night.

In came a fiddler with a music-book/ and went up to the lofty desk/ and made an orchestra of its and tuned like fifty stomachaches. In came Mrs. Fezziwig/ one vast substantial smile. In came the three Miss Fezziwigs/ beaming and lovable. In came the six young followers whose hearts they broke. In came all the young men and women employed in the business. In came the housemaid/ with her cousin the baker. In came the cook/ with her brother's particular friend/ the milkman. In came the boy from over the way/ who was suspected of not having board enough from his master; trying to hide himself behind the girl from next door but one who was proved to have had her ears pulled by her mistress. In they

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all came one after another; some shyly/ some boldly/ some gracefully/ some awkwardly, some pushing/ some pulling; in they all came/ anyhow and everyhow. Away they all went/twenty couple at once; hands half round and back again the other way; down the middle and up again; round and round in various stages of affectionate grouping; old top couple always turning up in the wrong place; new top couple starting off again; as soon as they got there; all top couples at last/ and not a bottom one to help them! When this result was brought about/ old Fezziwig/ clapping his hands to stop the dance/ cried out/ “Well done!" and the fiddler plunged his hot face into a pot of porter/ especially provided for that purpose. But scorning rest upon his reappearance/ he instantly began again, though as if the other fiddler had been carried home/ exhausted/ on a shutter/ and he were a bran-new man resolved to beat him out of sight/ or perish.Dickens.


Change the tone to the description of the character, and make the narrative portion distinct from that of the dialogue.



There was a brief pause in the state-room of the Maypole/ as Mr. Haredale tried the lock to satisfy himself that he had shut the door securely/ and/ striding up the dark chamber to where the screen inclosed a little patch of light and warmth/presented himself/ abruptly and in silence/ before the smiling guest. If the two had no greater sympathy in their inward thoughts than in their outward bearing and appearance/ the meeting did not seem likely to prove a very calm or pleasant one. With no great disparity between them in point of years, they were/ in every other respect/ as unlike and far removed from each other as two men could well be. The one was soft-spoken/ delicately made precise and elegant; the other/ a burly squarebuilt man/ negligently dressed/ rough and abrupt in manner/ stern/ and/ in his present mood/ forbidding both in look and speech. The one preserved a calm and placid smile; the other/ a distrustful frown. The new-comer/ indeed/ appeared bent on showing by his every tone and gesture his determined opposition and hostility to the man he had come to meet. The guest who received him/ on the other hand/ seemed to feel that the contrast between them was all in his favour/ and to derive a quiet exultation from it which put him more at his ease than ever.

Haredale/ said this gentleman/ without the least appearance of embarrassment or reserve/ “I am very glad to see you.”

“Let us dispense with compliments. They are misplaced between us/” returned the other/ waving his hand/“and say plainly what we have to say. You have asked me to meet you. I am here. Why do we stand face to face again ?”

“Still the same frank and sturdy character/ I see !”

“Good or bad/ sir/ I am/" returned the other/ leaning his arm upon the chimney-piece/ and turning a haughty look upon the occupant of the easy-chair, “the man I used to be. I have lost no old likings or dislikings; my memory has not failed me by a hair's-breadth. You ask me to give you a meeting. I say/ I am here."

“Our meeting/ Haredale/” said Mr. Chester/ tapping his snuffbox/ and following with a smile the impatient gesture he had made -perhaps unconsciously—towards his sword/ “ is one of conference and peace/ I hope?”

I have come here/ returned the other/“ at your desire/ holding myself bound to meet you/ when and where you would. I have not come to bandy pleasant speeches/ or hollow professions. You are a smooth man of the world/ sir/ and at such play have me at a disadvantage. The very last man on this earth with whom I would enter the lists to combat with gentle compliments and masked faces/ is Mr. Chester/ I do assure you. I am not his match at such weapons/ and have reason to believe that few men are."

“ You do me a great deal of honour/ Haredale/" returned the other most composedly/ “and I thank you. I will be frank with you—"

“I beg your pardon--will be what?” “ Frank-open-perfectly candid.”

“Hah!” cried Mr. Haredale/ drawing his breath. “But don't let me interrupt you.”

“So resolved am I to hold this course!” returned the other/ tasting his wine with great deliberation that I have determined not to quarrel with you/ and not to be betrayed into a warm expression or a hasty word.”



Let us

“There again/” said Mr. Haredale/" you have me at a great advantage. Your self-command"

“Is not to be disturbed/ when it will serve my purpose/ you would say”—rejoined the other/ interrupting him with the same complacency. Granted. I allow it. And I have a purpose to serve

So have you. I am sure our object is the same. attain it like sensible men/ who have ceased to be boys some time.” - You will be seated ?

“I will stand/” returned Mr. Haredale impatiently/“ on this dismantled beggared hearth/ and not pollute it/ fallen as it is/ with mockeries. Go on."

“You are wrong/ Haredale/” said the other/ crossing his legs/ and smiling as he held his glass up in the bright glow of the fire. “You are really very wrong. The world is a lively place enough/ in which we must accommodate ourselves to circumstances/ sail with the stream as glibly as we can/ be content to take froth for substance the surface for the depth/ the counterfeit for the real coin. I wonder no philosopher has ever established that our globe itself is hollow. It should be/ if Nature is consistent in her works.”—Dickens.

The cheerfu' supper done/ wi' serious face/

They/ round the ingle/ form a circle wide;
The sire turns o'er/ wi' patriarchal grace/

The big ha' Bible, ance his father's pride:
His bonnet rev’rently is laid aside/

His lyart haffets wearin' thin and bare;
Those strains that once did sweet in Zion glide/

He wales a portion with judicious care;
And “Let us worship God !” he says/ with solemn air.

They chant their artless notes in simple guise;
They tune their hearts/ by far the noblest aim;
Perhaps “Dundee's" wild-warbling measures rise,

Or plaintive “Martyrs/” worthy of the name;
Or noble “Elgin ” beets the heaven-ward flame/

The sweetest far of Scotia's holy lays;
Compared with these Italian trills are tame;

The tickled ear no hearfelt raptures raise;
Nae unison hae they with our Creator's praise.

From scenes like these old Scotia’s grandeur springs/

That makes her loved at home/ revered abroad;

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Princes and lords are but the breath of kings/

An honest man's the noblest work of God :"
And certes/ in fair virtue's heavenly road!

The cottage leaves the palace far behind.
What is a lording's pomp?-a cumbrous load

Disguising oft the wretch of human kind/
Studied in arts of hell/ in wickedness refined !

O Scotia! my dear/ my native soil!

For whom my warmest wish to heaven is sent !
Long may thy hardy sons of rustic toil

Be blest with health/ and peace and sweet content!
Andj oh! may Heaven their simple lives prevent

From luxury's contagion/ weak and vile !
Then/ howe'er crown and coronets be rent/

A virtuous populace may rise the while/
And stand a wall of fire around their much-loved isle.



(116.) Pauses not alone aid the reader to make the meaning clear, but they enable bini also to regain breath, and to foresee the force of a forerunning sentence. Therefore, read clearly one thought at a time, and pause, longer or otherwise, according to the importance of the idea, distinctly changing the tone at each clause :-making “sound an ecbo to the sense."

(117.) Pauses must be regulated, in all cases, by the judgment of the speaker. As a general rule, the short, or comma pause, is used after several words occurring in one phrase, thus :—“He spoke clearly, calmly, sensibly, and extemporaneous), Also, after the objective phrase in an inverted sentence, as :- “With the whiff and wind of his fell blow—the unnerved father falls.” At the emphatic word of force :-“And Nathan said unto David-Thou-art the man." At each member of a compound series :-“You may as well go

stand upon the beach and bid the main flood bate his usual course; you may as well use question with the wolf why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; you may as well forbid the mountain pines to wag their high tops and to make no noise when they are fretted with the gusts of heaven,” &c., &c. Pause also before and after a parenthetical clause.

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