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le chief occupation of my past life, to perform my
this that it illustrates and brings back to I' PAGE
milies who have figured in every 88° of English DEDICATION - - - - - -- - - w
PREFACE.. - - - - - - - - - - vii
with the consciousness that, amid many difficulties, PEERAGES, DoRMANT, ExTINCT, FoRFEITRD, and ABRYANT, arranged ALPHABETICALLY
have done “all in honour,” I submit my " History according to the SURNAME of each Peer .. - - - ... 1 to 599
3W - -
e” to the favourable judgment of the public, with ADDENDA:-
aders, I am convinced will take into account PEERAGES omitted in their proper places:-
My readers, dates, and names, and facts, CAMPBELL, BARON CLYDR - - - - - - 601
king, the countless da i. mistakes and em" CANNING, Wiscount and EARL CANNING .. - - - 601
and will mak inute revision, have been DE BURGH, EARL or UISTER .. - - - - - - 602
sedulous care and " to the general DR CouRCY, EARL or ULSTEB .. - - - - - - 603
corded to me, I feel safe as DE Folx, EARL of KENDAL .. - - - - - 603
$ 3000 DUNDAR, EARLs of DUNBAR AND MARCH .. - - - - - - 603
DUNGAN, EARLs of LIMERICK .. - - - - - 604
FITZ HERBERT, BARON ST. HELENs - - - - - - - 605
MAYNARD, Wiscounts MAYNARD .. - - - - - 605
MoNCK, EARL of RATHDowNE .. - - - - 606
y NUGENT, BARON RIVERSTown .. - - - - - 606
O'NEILL, EARLs O'NEILL - - - - - - 607
O'NEILL, EARL of TYRONE and BARON DUNGANNoN .. - - 608
ORREBY, BARONS ORREBY - - - - - - 609
TEMPLE, Wiscount PALMERsros .. - - - - - 609
CoRRIGENDA - - - - - - - - • - 611
ATON, BARONS ATON, BURRE, Baron Leitrim; DE DREUx, Earls of Richmond;
FITz JAMEs, Duke of Berwick; FLEMING, Earls of Wigton; GENEVILL,
Barons Genevill: LIVINGSTONE, of the United States; MAGENNIS, Wiscounts
Iveagh; MARTIN, Barons Martin; MAssuB DE RUVIGNY, Earl of Galway;
PALMER, Earl of Castlemaine; PRESTON, WIscount TARRA; UFFORD, BARONs
* FROM Lond Lispsay on the MostRose Case.. - - • * 615
*AGE of IRELAND - - - - - - 621
INDEX – -
PRERAGFs arranged alphabetically according to TITLEs .. - - 627
By Letters Patent, dated 6 July, 1688.
Alexander Abercrokbt, of Fetteraeir, younger brother of James Abercromby, of Birkenbog, in Banffshire (ancestor of the Abertromsys, Baronets of Birkenbog), m. Jean, dau. of John Seton, of Newark, and had three sons, Francis, John, and Patrick a physician, author of the "Martial Achievements of the Scottish Nation," as well as of "Memoirs of the Family of Abercromby." The eldest son and heir,
Francis Aberceombt, of Fetterneir, having married Anne, Baroness Sempill in her own right, was created a peer of Scotland, for lift only, 5 July, 1685, as Lord Glasford. He had several children (of whom Francis, 9th Lord Sempill, was the eldest, and Hugh, 11th Lord Sempill (great grandfather of the present Baroness Sempill), the 4th son), but the dignity of Glasford became, of course, Extinct at Lord Glasford's decease. (See Sempill, Burke's Extant Peerage.)
Acme- Art s chev., gu., between three boars' heads, erased, at, laogued of the second.
ABRIN CIS—EARLS OF CHESTER.
Upon the detention, a prisoner in Flanders, of Gherbod, a Fleming who first held the Earldom of Chester, that dignity was conferred; AJ>. 1070, by the Conqueror, upon (his halfsister's son)
Hugh De Abrincis,* surnamed Lotus, and called by the Wtlch, Kro*. or "the Fat." "Which Hugh," says Dugdale, "being a person of great note at that time amongst the Norman nobility, and an expert soldier, was, for that respect, chiefly placed so near those unconquered Britain*, the better to restrain their bold incursions: for it was, 'consilio prudentium." by the advice of his council, that King William thus advanced him to that government; his power being, also, not ordinary; having royal Jurisdiction within the precincts of his earldom, —which honor be received to hold a» freely by the ntorxi at the King himself held England by the crown. But, though the time of his advancement was not till the year 1070, certain it is, that he came into England with the Conqueror, and thereupon had a grant of Whitby, in Yorkshire, which lordship he soon afterwards disposed of to William de Percy, his associate in that famous expedition." In the contest between Wlllum Euros, and his brother Robert Curtuose, this powerful nobleman sided with the former, and remained faithful to him during the whole of his reign. He was subsequently in the confidence of I Unit I, and one of that monarch's chief councillors. "In his youth and flourishing age,'' continueth the author above quoted, "he was a great lover of worldly pleasures and secular pomp; profuse in giving, and much delighted with interludes, Jesters, horses, dogs, and
* Or At ranches, in Xunuondy.
other like vanities; having a large attendance of such persons, of all sorts, as were disposed to those sports: but he had also in his family both clerks and soldiers, who were men of great honor, the venerable Anselme (abbot of Bee, and afterwards archbishop of Canterbury) being his confessor; nay, so devout he grew before his death, that sickness hanging long upon him, he caused himself to be shorn a monk in the abbey of St. Werburge, where, within three days after, he died, 27 July, 1101.** His lordship m. Ermentrude, dau. of Hugh de Claremont, Earl of Bevois, in France, by whom he had an only son, Bicbard, his successor.
Of his illegitimate issue were Ottiwell, tutor to those children of King Henry I. who perished at sea; Robert, originally a monk in the abbey of St. Ebrulf, in Normandy, and afterwards abbot of St Edmundsbury, in Suffolk; and Geva,* the wife of Geffery Ridddl, to whom the earl gave Drayton Basset, in Staffordshire.
That this powerful nobleman enjoyed immense wealth In England is evident, from the many lordships he held at the general survey; for, besides the whole of Cheshire, excepting the small part which at that time belonged to the bishop, he had nine lordships in Berkshire, two in Devonshire, seven in Yorkshire, six in Wiltshire, ten in Dorsetshire, four in Somersetshire, thirty-two in Suffolk, twelve in Norfolk, one in Hampshire, five in Oxfordshire, three in Buckinghamshire, four in Gloucestershire, two in Huntingdonshire, four in Nottinghamshire, one in Warwickshire, and twenty-two in Leicestershire. It appears too, by the charter of foundation to the abbey of St. Werburge, at Chester, that several eminent persons held the rank of baron under him. The charter runs thus :— "Hsec sunt itaque dona data Abhatia? S. Werburge, qua omnia ego Comes Hcoo et Richardus Alius meus et Ermentrudfs Comitissa, et mei Barones, et mci homines dedimus, &c." which Baronet et homines mentioned therein, were the following :—
I William Malbanc; 2 Robert son of Hugo; 3 Hugo, son of Norman; 4 Richard de Vernon ; 5 Richard de Rullos; 6 Ranulph Venator; 7 Hugo de Mara; 8 Ranulph, son of Erwin; 9 Robert de Fremouz; 10 Walkelinus, nephew of Walter de Vernon; 11 Seward; 12 Gislebert de Venables; 13 Gaufridus de Sartes; 14 Richard de Mesnilwarin; 15 Walter de Vernon.
The chapter concludes—" Et ut hsec omnia esient rata et stabilia in perpetuum, ego Comes Hugo et mei Bazones confirmavimus (&c.), ita quod singuli nostrum propria manu, in testimonium posteris signum in modum Crucis facerunt:"—and is signed by the earl himself,
Richard, his son; Hervey, bishop of Bangor; Ranulph de Mest-hines, his nephew, who eventually inherited the eaildom; Roger Bigod; Alan de Perci; William Com tabular; Ranulph Dapifer; William Malbanc; Robert FitzHugh; Hugh FiLzNorman; Homo de Masci; and Bigod de Loges.
* The legitimacy of this lady is maintained from the circumstance of her father having bestowed upon her the manor of Drayton, in free marriage, which the lawyers say could not lo granted to a bastard; but had she been li'iritimnte, she uou.d I surely have succeeded to the en'Mum bcfoic uei* uuuL B
Those barons, be it remembered, were each and all of them men of great individual power, and large territorial possessions. Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, was s. by his only son (then but seven years of age),
EiChard De Abrincis, as 2nd earl. This nobleman, after ho had attained maturity, attached himself faithfully to King Henrt I., and never subsequently swerved in his allegiance. He Im. Maud, dau. of Stephen, Earl of Blois, by Adcla, dau. of William The Conqueror, but had no issue—himself and his countess being soon afterwards amongst the victims of the memorable shipwreck (Dec, 1119), wherein' the king's two sons, William and Richard, with their tutor Ottiwel), the earl's bastard brother, Geffery Biddell, his sister Geva's husband, and many others of the nobility perished. Upon the demise thus of Richard de Abrincis, 2nd Earl of Chester, the male line of the family becoming Extinct, the earldom passed to the deceased nobleman's 1st cousin, Ranulfh De Meschines, ton of Ralph de Meschines, by Maud de Abrincis, sister of Earl Hugh Lupus—(«(< Meschines, Earls of Chester).
4m*—Ax., a wolf's head, erased, arg.
James A Oar, Esq., of Gowran Castle, co. Kilkenny, M.P., son and heir of Charles Agar, Esq., of York, left by Mary, his 2nd wife (who d. 1771, aged 106), eldest dau. of Sir Henry Wemyss, Knt., of Dancsfort, two sons and two daus., viz., x. Henrt, of Gowran Castle, M.P., father of James, 1st VisCount Clifden, and of Charles, 1st Earl Of Nurmantom. (.See Huskk'h Peerage ami Baronetage.) n. James, of whom presently.
l. Ellis, m. 1st, March, 1726, Theobald, 7th Viscount Mayo; and 'Jndly, 7 August, 1745, Francis, Lord Athcnry. Her ladyship was created Countess or Brandon, 1 August, 1758, but d.n.p. in 1789, when the peerage became Extinct.
ii. Mary, m. to James Smyth, Esq., of Tinny Pork, co. Wicklow.
He d. 30 November, 1733; his 2nd ion,
James Agar, Esq., of Ring wood, co. Kilkenny, M.P. for Gowran, ft. 7 September, 1713, in. 6 July 1740, Rebecca, only dau. of William, Lord Castle Durrow, and by her (who d. 3 March, 1789.) had issue,
George, his heir.
Charles, 6. la April, 1754, archdeacon of Emly, d. * p.,
6 May, 1789. John, deceased.
Mary, m. 30 August 1761, to Lieut Philip Savage (of General John Campbell's dragoons), and was mother of James Savage. Esq., of Kilgibboo, co. Wexford, whose only dau. and heiress, Margaret, m. Harrt Alcocr, Esq., of Wilton, co. Wexford.
Mr. Agar (whose will is dated 20 October, 1761) d. 3 August 1769, and was ». by his son,
The Rt. Hon. George Agar, of Ringwood; 6. 4 December, 1751, M.P. forCallan in 1789; who was raised to the peerage of Ireland, as Baron Callan, of Callan, co. Kilkenny, 4 June, 1790. His lordship rf. however, without issue, 29 October, 1815, when the title became Extinct.
Arm—Az.t a lion rampant or.
AGAR—COUNTESS OF BRANDON.
ALAN, FERGAUNT, EARL OF RTC1TMOND.
ALBTNI—EARLS OF ARUNDEL.
William De Alrini. surnamcd pincrrno, ton of Boger de Albini, and elder brother of Nigel de Albini, whose posterity assumed, and attained such eminence under the name of Mowbray, accompanied the Conqueror into England, and acquired extensive territorial possessions by royal grunts in
Norfolk and other comities. Of theso grants was the lordship of Bokenham, to be bolden by the service of being Butler to the Kings of England on the day of their coronation, and in consequence we find this William styled in divers charters, "Pineerna Henrici R»gi* Anglorum." William de Albini founded the abbey of Wymondham In Norfolk, and gave to the monks of Rochester the tithes of his manor of Elham; as also one carucate of land in Achcstede, with a wood called Acholte. He likewise bestowed upon the abbey of St. Etienne at Caen, In Normandy, oil his lands lying in Stave! 1, which ■grant he made in the presence of King Henrt and his barons. He m. Maud, dau. of Roger Bigot with whom he obtained tea knights' fees in Norfolk, and had issue,
William. Nigel. Oliver.
Ouva, m. to Raphe de Hay a, a feudal baron of great power.
At the obsequies of Maud, William de Albini gave to the monks of Wymondham, the manor of Hapesburg, in pure alms, and made livery thereof to the said monks by a cross of silver, in which (says Dugdale) was placed certain venerable reliques, viz., "part of the wood of the cross whereon our Lord was crucified; part of the manger wherein he was laid at his birth; and part of the sepulchre of the blessed Virgin; as also a gold ring, and a silver chalice, for retaining the holy eucharist, admirably wrought in form of a sphere; unto which pious donation his three sons were witnesses, with several other persons." The exact time of the decease of this great feudal baron is not ascertained, but it is known that he was buried before the high altar in the abbey of Wymondham, and that the monks were in the constant habit of praying for his soul, by the name of "William de Albini, the king's butler." Ho was t. by his eldest son.
William Dr Albini, surnamcd "William with the strong hand," from the following circumstance, as related by Dugdale :—
"It happened that the Queen of France, being then a widow, and a very beautiful woman, became much In love with a knight of that country, who was a comely person, and in the flower of his youth : and because she thought that no man excelled him in valour, she caused a tournament to be proclaimed throughout her dominions, promising to reward those who should exercise themselves therein, according to their respective demerits; and concluding that if the person whom she so well affected should act his part better than others in those military exercises, she might marry him without any dishonour to herself. Hereupon divers gallant men, from forrain parts hasting to Paris, amongst others came this our William de Albini, bravely accoutred, and in the tournament excelled all others, overcoming many, and wounding one mortally with his lance, which being observed by the queen, she become exceedingly enamoured of him, and forthwith invited him to & costly banquet and afterwards bestowing certain jewels upon him, offered him marriage; but having plighted his troth to the Queen of England, then a widow, he refused her, whereat she grew so much discontented that she consulted with her maids how she might take away his life; and in pursuance of that designc, inticed him into a garden, where there was a secret cave, and in it a fierce lion, unto which she descended by divers steps, under colour of shewing him the beast; and when she told him of its fierceness, be answered, that it was a womanish and not a manly quality to be afraid thereof. But having him there, by the advantage of a folding door, thrust him in to the lion; being therefore in this danger, he rolled his mantle about his arm, and putting his hand into the mouth of the beast pulted out his tongue by the root; which done, he followed the queen to her palace, and gave it to one of her maids to present her. Returning thereupon to England, with the fame of this glorious exploit he was forthwith advanced to the Earldoms or Arundel, and for his arms the Lion given him."
He subsequently obtained the hand of the Queen Adillea, relict of King Henrt I., and daughter of Godfrey, Duke of Lorraine, which Adeliza had the castle of Arundel in dowry from the deceased monarch, and thus her new lord became its feudal carl. The earl was one of those who solicited the Empress Maud to come to England, and received her and her brother Robert Earl of Gloucester, at the port of Arundel, in August 1139, and in three years afterwards (1142), in the report made of King Stephens taking William de Mandevil at St. Albans, it is stated—"that before he could be laid bold on. he underwent a sharp skirmish with the king's party, wherein the Earl of Arundell, though a stout and exiwrt souldier. was unhorsed in the midst of the water by Walkeline de Oxeai, and almost drowned." In llfiO, his lordship wrote himself Earl of Chichester, but we find him styled again Earl of Arundel, upon a very memorable occasion — namely, the reconciliation of Henry Duke of Normandy (afterwards Heart II.) and King &rmm at the siege of Wallingford Castie In 1162. "It wns scarce possible/' says Rapin, *' for the armies to part without fighting. Accordingly the two leaders were preparing for battle with equal ardour, when, by the prudent advice of the Earl of Arundel, who was on the king's side, they were prevented from coming to blows." A truce and peace followed thii interference of the earl's, which led to the subsequent accession of Henry after Stephen's decease, in whose favour the earl stood so high that he not only obtained for himself and his heirs the castle and honour of Arundel, but a confirmation of tiie Earldom of Sussex, of which county he was really earl, by a grant of the Tertiun Dmarium of the pleas of that shire. In 1164, we find the Earl of Arundel deputed with Gilbert Foliot, bishop of London, to remonstrate with Lewis, King of France, upon affording an asylum to Thomas a Becket within his dominions, and on the failure of that mission, despatched with the archbishop of York, the bishops of Winchester, London, Chichester, and Exeter,—Wido Kufus, Kichard de Invecestre, John de Oxford (priests)—Hugh de Gundevile, Bernard de StValery, and Henry Fitzgerald, to lay the whole affair of Becket at the foot of the pontifical throne. Upon levying the aid for the marriage of the king's daughter, 12th of Henry II., the knights' fees of the honour of Arundel were certified to be ninety-seven, and those in Norfolk belonging to the earl, forty-two. In 1173, we find the Earl of Arundel commanding, in conjunction with William Earl of Mandcville, the king's amy in Normandy, and compelling the French monarch to abandon Verneuil after a long siege, and in the next year, with Richard de Lucy, justice of England, defeating Robert Earl of Leicester, then in rebellion at St. Edmundsbury. This potent nobleman, after founding and endowing several religious houses, departed this life at Waverley, in Surrey, on the 3 October, 1176, and was buried in the abbey of Wymondh&m. His lordship left by Adeliza, his wife, widow of King Henry L, four ions and three daughters, the eldest of whom, Alice, vt. John, Earl of Ewe. The eldest ion,
William De Aleim, 2nd earl, had a grant from the crown, 23rd Hbnry II., of the Earldom of Sussex, and in the 1st of Richard I„ had a confirmation from that prince, of the castle and honour of Arundel, as also of the Tertium Denarium of the county of Sussex. He d. 1196, and was *. by his son,
William De Alpim, 3rd earl, who, in 1218, embarked In the Crusade, and was at the celebrated siege of Damietta, but died In returning, anno 1221. He m. Maud, dau. and heiress of James de St. Hillary, and widow of Roger da Clare, Earl of Clare, by whom he left issue,
W.I^L'AM,l successors to the earldom.
L Isabel, m. to John Fitzalan, Baron of Clan and Oswestry, ancestor, by her, of the Fitzalans, Earls or Axes Del (tekich *te).
n. Mabel, m. to Sir Robert de Tateshall, and was mother of Robxxt De Tateshall, 6. in 1223: a participator in the wars of Henry III., and subsequently In those of Edward I.; summoned to parliament as Bason Tateshall from 24 June, 1235, to 26 August. 1296. He m. Joan, 2nd dau. and co~berr of Ralph FitzRanulph. Lord of Middleham, co. York, with whom he acquired a considerable accession of property. Ills lordship d. in 1272, leaving a son and successor, Robert Db Tateshall, 2nd baron, and it is supposed, on strong presumptive evidence, a younger son, John De Tateshall, bring 21st Edward I., ancestor of the Tattexshallb, of Waj tlaU and LittU Waltham, co. Eisex, of Hilden, co. Kent, of Fi»ekkamp*ttd, co. Berk*, and of Gatton, co. Surrey.
in. Nicola, m. to Roger de Somcrie, Lord of Dudley, and had four daus„ her co-heirs, viz.,
1 Joan. m. to John Le Strange.
2 Mabel, m. to Walter de Sulcy.
3 Maud, m. to Henry de Erdington. and left a ion, Henry, Lord Erdington, ancestor of the Erdingtons, ofSrdington, e»- tVaneick, long since Extinct.
4 Margery, m. 1st, to Ralph Cromwell, of Tatshall (tee Cromwell. Basons); and 2ndly, to William de Bifield.
It. Cecilia, m. to Roger de Montalt, a great feudal baron, and had two sons, John and Robert (whose issue became Xxtixct), and one dau., Leucba, m. to Philip de Orreby the younger.
The earl was s. by his elder son,
William Db Albinl. 4th earl, who m. Mabel, second of the four sisters and co-heiresses of Ranulpb, Earl of Chester, with whom he obtained great landed property. As he, however, died issueless in 1224, or, by some statements, in 1233, bis honours devolved upon his only brother (then in minority),
»! n.H De Albuti, 5th earl, who gave 2,600 marks fine to the king for the possession of all the lands and castles which descended to him from his brother, and those which he inherited from his uncle Ranulph, Earl Of Chester. At the nuptials of King Hewet III. we find the Earl of Warren serving the king with the royal cup in the place of this earl, by reason he was then but a youth, and not knighted. He m. Isabel, dau. of
William, Earl of Warren and Surrey, but d. s. Jj., In 1243, when' this branch of the great house of Albini expired, while its large possessions devolved upon the earl's sisters as co-heiresses —thus,
Mabcll Tateshall, had the castle and manor of Buckenham.
Isabel Fitzalan, had the castle und manor of Arundel, &C-, which conveyed the earldom to her husband.
Nichola de Somery, had the manor of Barwe, co. Leicester.
Cocilie de Montalt, had the castle of Rising, co. Norfolk.
The earl had another sister, Colet, to whom her uncle, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, gave £30 towards her marriage portion, which gift was confirmed by King Henry HI.
Arma—Gu., a lion rampant, or, armed and langued, as.
ALDEBTJRGH—BARONS ALDEBTJRGH. By Writ of Summons, dated 8 January, 1371, 44th Edward III.
William De Aldeburgh was summoned to parliament as a Baron, from 8 January, 1371, to 8 August, 138*3, in which latter year his lordship died, leaving by Elizabeth, his wife, dau. of Robert, Lord Lisle of Rugemont, an only son,
William De Aldebcrgb, 2nd baron, who dying #. p., 20 August, 1391, the Barony of Aldeburgh fell into Abeyanck at his lordship's decease, between his two sisters,
I. Elizabeth, who m. 1st, Sir Bryan Staplcton, of Carlcton, co. York; and 2mllyt to Richard or Edward Redman.
II. SybiUa, m. to William dc Ryther, of Harewood.
Armi—Ax., afesse, org., between three cross-crossleta. or.
ALEXANDER—VISCOUNT AND EAEL OF
This family is esteemed a branch of the Macdonalds, Lords of the Isles, one of whom,
Alexander Macdonald, obtained the lands of Menstrie, In the county of Clackmannan, in feu, from the family of Argyll, where he fixed his residence, and his posterity assumed the surname of Alexander, from his Christian name.
Thomas Alexander, of Menstrie, was one of the arbiters betwixt the abbot of Cambuskenneth and Sir David Bruce, of Clackmannan, in a dispute concerning the marches of their lands, which was settled 6 March, 1505. His descendant (probably his grandson),
Alexander Alexander, of Menstrie, living 1629, m. Elizabeth Douglas, of Locbleven, and d. 1545. He was great-grandfather of
Sir William Alexander, of Menstrie (son of Alexander Alexander, of Menstrie, and grandson of Andrew Alexander, also of Menstrie,) was a celebrated poet. He accompanied the Earl of Argyll upon his travels, was knighted by King James VI., and made master of requests. Henry, Prince of Wales> honoured Sir William with particular notice, and brougn him to court. He had a grant of the territory of Nova Scoti by charter, dated 10 September, 1621, and the king gav him permission to divide that territory into one hundrev. parcels, and to dispose of these tracts, with the title of Baronet, for the purpose of improving the colony. Sir William obtained about £200 from each purchaser; and he likewise had the privilege of coining a sort of base copper money, denominated "Turners," by which he acquired much wealth. He had charters of the lordship of Canada, in America, 2 February, 1628; and of the barony of Menstrie, 30 July following; of the barony of Largis, 11 April, 1629; and of the barony of Tullibody, 30 July, in the same year. He was sworn of the privy council, and appointed secretary of state in 1626; keeper of the signet in 1627; a commissioner of the exchequer in 1628; and one of the extraordinary lords of Session in 1631. He was created Lord Alexamler, of Tullibody* and Viscount Stirling, by patent, dated 4 September, 1630, to himself and his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Alexander; and was raised to the dignity of Earl of Stirling, Viscount Canada, and Lord Alexander, of Tullibody, by patent, dated 14 June, 1633, with the same remaindcrship His lordship m. Janet, dau. and co-hciress of Sir William