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51. To Mr. Beattie. Apology for not accepting the degree of Doctor offered him by the University of Aberdeen

314 52. To Dr. WHARTON. Buffon's Natural History. Memoirs of Petrarch. Mr. Walpole at Paris. Description of a fine lady

316 53. To Dr. HARTON. Tour in Kent. New Bath Guide. Another volume of Buffon

· 318 54. To Mr. Mason. On his wife's death

321 55. To Mr. BeaTTIE. Thanks for a manuscript poem. Mr. Adam Fer

guson's Essay on Civil Society. A compliment to Lord Gray 321 56. To Mr. BEATTIE. On the projected edition of our Author's Poems

in England and Scotland. Commendation of Mr. Beattie's Ode on
Lord Hay's birth-day

324 57. To Mr. BEATTIE. More concerning the Glasgow edition of his Poems

326 58. To the Duke of Grafton. Thanking him for his Professorship. 328 59. To Mr. Nicholls. Account of Mr. Brocket's death, and of his being made his successor in the Professorship

329 60. To Mr. BEATTIE. On the same subject





Enumeration of such other literary pursuits of Mr. Gray as were not
sufficiently dilated upon in the preceding letters


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1. To Mr. NICHOLLS. On the death of his uncle, Governor Floyer, and advising him to take orders

341 2. To Mr. Nicholls. Congratulating him upon his situation, and men

tioning his own Ode on the Installation of the New Chancellor 343 3. To Mr. BEATTIE. His reason for writing that Ode

346 4. To Dr. WHARTON. A journal of his tour through Westmoreland, Cumberland, and a part of Yorkshire

347 5. To Dr. WHARTON. Description of Kirkstall-Abbey, and some other places in Yorkshire

377 6. To Mr. Nicholls. Of Nettley-Abbey and Southampton

379 7. To Mr. Beattie. On the first part of his Minstrel, and his Essay on the Immutability of Truth. Stricture on Mr. D. Hume

381 8. To Mr. How. On receiving three of Count Algarotti's Treatises, and

hinting an error which that author had fallen into, with regard to
the English taste of gardening



The manner in which the Count rectified his mistake



9. To Mr. How. After perusing the whole of Count Algarotti's works

in the Leghorn edition, and his sentiments concerning them 387 10. To Mr. Nicholls. On the affection due to a mother. Description of that part of Kent from whence the letter was written



Page 11. To Mr. NıcHoLLS. Character of Froissart and other old French historians. And of Isocrates

391 12. To Dr. WHARTON. Of his tour, taken the year before, to Mon

mouth, &c. Intention of coming to Old Park. And of bis ill state
of health


Conclusion, with the particulars of Mr. Gray's death. His character

by another hand, and some annotations on it by the Editor 394



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1. The little concern produced by public calamities. Some remarks upon the character of Mr. Pope

405 2. Description of true philosophy. Conduct of Mr. Ratcliffe at his execution

407 3. Elegy written in a Country Church-yard first forwarded, Hints recting a work in the press against Mr. Middleton

409 4. Observations upon a dramatic performance, entitled Elfrida, from the pen of Mr. Mason

410 5. Same subject continued

412 6. Mr. Lyttleton's Elegy and Mr. Walpole’s Epistle from Florence considered favourable views of the latter

413 7. Inquiries concerning a new work of his, containing a history of his own time

415 8. The Hymn to Adversity. Two publications of Dr. Middleton's noticed

416 9. Promises a new ode

419 10. Review of the writers who contributed to Mr. Dodsley's Collection of Poems. A new ode

420 11.- A visit intended

426 12. Acknowledges the receipt of two specimens of Erse Poetry: is anxious to discover the author

427 13. Complains of bodily indisposition, and begs to be supplied with siterary amusement

428 14. Thanks for a copy of Anecdotes of Painting: the Author's plan of an historical work

429 15. Thanks for the Castle of Otranto. Remarks upon a pamphlet and Rousseau's Lettres de la Montague

433 16. Means recommended to secure his restoration to health. Inquiries re

lative to an old picture
17. Prevailing opinions respecting the work entitled Historic Doubts. Al-

garotti's purchase of an excellent Holbein picture. Curious ta-


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Page 18. Our Author's observations upon his own writings. Mr. - Boswell's pamphlet

442 19. Ludicrous title-page, with particular information contained in the work




1. Laments his absence in language deeply affecting

448 2. Continues to deplore his separation from his friend

451 3. Mentions his return from Suffolk, and still pursues the subject of his regret



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ODE I. On the Spring
Ode II. On the Death of a Favourite Cat
Ode III. On a distant Prospect of Eton College
Ode IV. To Adversity
ODE V. The Progress of Poesy
ODE VI. The Bard
ODE VII. For Music
ODE VIII. 'The Fatal Sisters
ODB IX. The Descent of Odin
Ode X. The Triumphs of Owen
ODE XI. The Death of Hoel
SonNet on the Death of Mr. West
EPITAPH I. On Mrs. Clarke
EPITAPH II. On Sir William Williams
ELEGY written in a Country Church-yard

457 459 460 464 466 471 477 481 484 487 489 490 490 491 492 499

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The lives of men of letters seldom abound with incidents; and perhaps no life ever afforded fewer than that which I have undertaken to write. But I am far from mentioning this by way of previous apology, as is the trite custom of biographers. The respect which I owe to my deceased friend, to the public, and (let me add) to myself, prompts me to waive so impertinent a ceremonial. A reader of sense and taste never expects to find in the memoirs of a philosopher, or poet, the same species of entertainment, or information, which he would receive from those of a statesman or general: he expects, however, to be either informed or entertained; nor would he be disappointed, did the writer take care to dwell principally on such topics as characterize the man, and distinguish that peculiar part which he acted in the varied drama of society. But this rule, selfevidently right as it may seem, is seldom observed.

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It was said, with almost as much truth as wit, of one of these writers, that, when he composed the Life of Lord Verulam, he forgot that he was a philosopher; and, therefore, it was to be feared, should he finish that of the Duke of Marlborough, he would forget that he was a general. I shall avoid a like fault. I will promise my reader that he shall, in the following pages, seldom behold Mr. Gray in any other light than that of a scholar and a poet: and though I am more solicitous to shew that he was a virtuous, a friendly, and an amiable man, than either; yet this solicitude becomes unnecessary from the very papers which he has bequeathed me, and which I here arrange for the purpose: since in these the qualities of his head and heart so constantly appear together, and the fertility of his fancy so intimately unites with the sympathetic tenderness of his soul, that were it in my intention, I should find it impossible to disjoin them.

His parents were reputable citizens of London. His grandfather a considerable merchant: but his father, Mr. Philip Gray, though he also followed business, was of an indolent and reserved temper; and therefore rather diminished than increased his paternal fortune. He had many children, of whom Thomas, the subject of these Memoirs, was the fifth born. All of them, except him, died in their infancy; and I have been told that he narrowly escaped suffocation, (owing to too great a fulness of blood which destroyed the rest) and would certainly have been cut off as early, had not his mother, with a courage remarkable for one of her sex, and withal so very tender a parent, ventured

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