Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven
Building on ideas first advanced by Arnold Schoenberg and later developed by Erwin Ratz, this book introduces a new theory of form for instrumental music in the classical style. The theory provides a broad set of principles and a comprehensive methodology for the analysis of classical form, from individual ideas, phrases, and themes to the large-scale organization of complete movements. It emphasizes the notion of formal function, that is, the specific role a given formal unit plays in the structural organization of a classical work.
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Hybrid Themes and Compound Themes
Looser Formal Regions
Fundamental Progressions of Harmony
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Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of ...
William E. Caplin
No preview available - 1998
antecedent appears Beethoven begins at measure brings cadence at measure cadential arrival cadential closure cadential function cadential idea chord classical coda codetta compound basic idea concerto confirmed continuation function continuation phrase contrasting idea contrasting middle core couplet deceptive cadence development key development section dominant arrival dominant harmony downbeat of measure E-flat eight-measure EXAMPLE expanded cadential progression expression final formal functions four-measure fragmentation grouping structure Haydn home key hybrid initiating function interior theme internal half cadence intrathematic large ternary leads looser main theme melodic minor minuet modulates motivic movement Mozart nonmodulating passage perfect authentic cadence phrase-structural Piano Sonata postcadential pre-core pre-dominant preceding presentation phrase recapitulation refrain repeated repetition retransition rhythmic ritornello rondo scale-degree second subordinate theme sentence sequence small binary small ternary solo sonata form sonata–rondo standing subdominant submediant subordinate key ternary form texture thematic unit tight-knit tonal regions tonic harmony tonic prolongation transition trio typically usually