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this eternal standard every individual of the race is bound to conform, and that by it the conduct of every man shall be adjudged. It should be proclaimed that dishonesty, fraud, and falsehood are as despicable and criminal in the most exalted stations as in the most obscure, in politics as in business. That the demagogue who tells a lie to gain a vote, is as infamous as the peddler who tells one to gain a penny.
2. It should be taught that an editor who wantonly maligns an opponent for the benefit of his party, is as vile as the perjured hireling who slanders his neighbor for pay. That the corporation or the man who spawns by the thousand his worthless promises-to-pay, under the name of banking, knowing them to be worthless, is as guilty of obtaining money under false pretenses, as the acknowledged rogue who is incarcerated for the same thing under the name of swindling. That the contractor who defrauds the government under cover of the technicalities of the law, is as much a thief as he who deliberately and knowingly appropriates to his own use the property of another.
3. In a word, let it be impressed in all our schocls that the vocabulary of heaven has but one word for each willful infraction of the moral code, and that no pretexts or subterfuges or sophistries of men can soften the import or lessen the guilt which that word conveys. Tell the school children that the deliberate falsifier of the truth is a liar, whether it be the prince on his throne, or the beggar on his dunghill, - whether it be by diplomatists for reasons of state, or by chiffonniers for the possession of the rags in the gutter. Tell them that he who obtains money or goods under false pretenses is a swindler, — no more nor less, — be the man and the circumstances what they may.
4. Tell them that he who irreverently uses the name of the Deity is a blasphemer, whether he be a congressman or a
scullion. Tell them that he who habitually drinks intoxicating liquors to excess is a drunkard, whether it be from goblets of gold in the palatial saloon, or from tin cups in a grogshop. Tell them that he who speaks lightly or sneeringly of the honor of woman is a calumniator, be his pretensions to gentility what they may. And so with the whole catalogue of vices and crimes, till the line of demarcation between good and eyil shall be graven so deeply upon the mind and conscience that it can never be obliterated.
5. Let our public schools do this, and the life-giving influence shall be felt through every vein and artery of the body politic.' A divine fire shall be kindled that will purge the foul channels of business, finance, and politics, and consume the subtle network of sophistries like stubble. Let our public schools do this, and a generation of men shall come upon the field of active life, who will bring back in the administration of public and private affairs, the purer days of the Republic --men in whom the high crimes and misdemeanors, the frauds and peculations which now disgrace and ruin the country shall be unknown.
6. And, while vice is stripped of its specious disguise and denounced in all its forms under its own hateful names, let our schools fail not to point the young to those substantial and enduring honors which cluster in eternal loveliness upon the brow of virtue. While the youthful citizen is taught to detect and detest the former, let him be allured and ravished by the ineffable attractiveness of the latter. Lead him to the mount of transfiguration and show him the moral and spiritual brightness that may encircle a human being, even in this life. Tell him that the conquest of self is more glorious than victories by land or sea. Tell him that there are laurels which will be green and fadeless when the chaplets of conquerors shall have crumbled to dust, and their names and deeds be forgotten.
7. Teach him that there is a power in the simple truth which no verbal gloss or exaggeration can enhance, - that there is a well-spring of happiness in a straightforward, unswerving honesty, to which the crooked paths of deceit and cunning can never conduct. Bid him seek for that daily joy, that peace of conscience, that rest of heart, that serene and tranquil old age, that favor of God, which attend and crown the life of him, and of him only, who with patient fidelity and enduring rectitude has filled his allotted sphere.
8. Is it said that this is visionary? No, it is not. It is practical and practicable, and that without disturbing the ordinary routine of school work ;- not in the form of set lectures or homilies, for that is not the true way to instruct the young in morals; but by the power of a living example in the teacher, and by the earnest and skillful use and improvement of the innumerable incidents and occurences in the daily life of the school and of the community ; by the reverent reading of the simple words of Jesus; by subsidizing the impressive events of Providence, the pomp of nature, the changing seasons, the opening and the dying year; by the timely word when the soul of the pupil is calm and subdued ; by the hint, story, or incident, from the affluent treasures of biography and history; by the power of sympathy, the pathos of sorrow, the might of love, and the inspiration of joy and hope. Oh, there are resources of influence over the ingenuous natures of children, if the teacher's own heart is warm and true, which not one child in a thousand can resist.
9. Grant that all can not be done that has here been marked out; enough can be done to infuse the leaven of truth and rectitude into tens of thousands of minds and hearts, to check the profligate tendencies of the times, and give an impulse in the right direction to a whole generation of the youthful citizens of the state.
10. And grant, too, that a few moments may sometimes be taken from intellectual drill to impress a moral sentiment or enforce the law of love; will the child be the loser? Will he suffer wrong? Is a child all intellect? Is the brain only to be developed ? Is life filled with nothing but grammar and rhetoric, arithmetic and geometry; or with beating hearts, wants and woes, rights and wrongs, as well? When will men believe that scholarship alone is powerless to make a good man or a good citizen ? - that with knowledge there must be a disposition to make a right use of it, or it will not add one jot to the welfare of the state - nay, will only precipitate its ruin?
11. If the increase of brain power, of mere intellectual acquisitions, is to be the exclusive province and result of public education, the blotting of the entire system from the statutes, and the conflagration of all its school houses, would hardly be a calamity. The exclusive culture of the intellectual forces is unnatural, monstrous, criminal. It is lighting a fire which the whirlwind may scatter in devastation among our dwellings. It is evoking a spirit which may prove a demon that will not “down” at our bidding. An incarnate fiend might take the highest honors of a university in science and letters, and, if that were all, be only the more a fiend.
12. Clear and cold and passionless, pure intellect looks down from its calm heights upon surging, pulsating humanity, immovable as the snow-crowned crest of Mont Blanc while whelming avalanches thunder below. No warm flush of sympathy prompts to fly to the rescue and assuage the woe. Grand and wonderful indeed is reason; but as one star differs from another in glory, so does the moral and spiritual nature of man transcend the intellectual, in its relations to the happiness and destiny of the race. Without an earnest
wouldatutes, and the ce blotting of the Province and.se
and practical recognition of this fact, our public schools will fail to achieve their chief end, that of sending forth from year to year those who shall be, in the best sense, good citizens. To a prompt and cordial submission to rightful authority must therefore be added uncompromising moral rectitude.
CVI.-APPROACHING THE ALPS.
C. C. FELTON. 1 But this is a digression from the Alps. The road up St. Gothard is a wonderful piece of engineering, mounting apparently inaccessible heights by a series of terraces or tourniquets, so that carriages are very easily driven up. The Reuss flows down, and the sound of the water is heard, the whole distance, though the river is sometimes so deep below the road that one can scarcely see it. Then the rocky walls rise steep and bare on either side, seeming to rest on the deep foundations of the earth, and to support the sky on their summits.
2. I walked a considerable part of the way, to enjoy the wonderful scene more completely. It was a good day's
journey to the Hospitenthal, or valley of the hospice, on the height of the pass. This valley is a beautiful spot, green and lovely in itself, though at so immense a height, and surrounded by snow-capped pinnacles. We spent the night here.
3. The next morning we started for the Furca Pass, and the Grimsel; but no more carriage roads. I was strongly tempted to walk the whole distance, from the Hospitenthal to Meyringen; but reflected that I was twenty years older than I was twenty years ago, and much heavier than when I was much lighter,—so I finally decided to compromise the