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Etymology and meaning of intended ? general ? introduction ? exuberance ? diction ? satisfied ? expectation ? audience ? described ? character ? institutions ? natives ? recounted ? circumstances ? originated? constitution ? company? presidencies ?
Eleventh Paragraph. How well did Mr. Burke understand “eastern society”? What is meant by eastern society ? Meaning of the word " vivid ” as here used ? What is meant by the expression, “ to arraign the administration of Hastings”? Meaning of the word "systematically”? What is meant by i energy and pathos”? What is it to "extort expressions of unwonted admiration”? What are the duties of the " chancellor"? Was this one a friend of Mr. Burke ? What sort of man was he? Who was the “ defendant”? What is meant by “ taste and sensibility”? Does the author intend to say that the ladies might have controlled themselves ? Who was Mrs. Sheridan ?
Etymology and meaning of attempted? communicate ? eastern ? society ? vivid ? existed ? proceeded ? arraign? administration ? systematically ? conducted ? defiance? morality ? energy? pathos ? orator ? extorted ? expression ? admiration? hostile ? chancellor ? resolute ? defendant ? unaccustomed ? occasion ? sensibility ? emotion ? taste ?
Twelfth Paragraph. Meaning of the reference to “old arches of Irish oak ” ? By whom does this impeachment seem to have been conducted ? Meaning of « impeach”? of “high crimes and misdemeanors ” ? Wherein had Hastings 6 betrayed the trust” of the House of Commons ? What is the “ House of Commons”? Wherein had he “sullied the ancient honor” of England ? What country had he “turned into a desert”?
Etymology and meaning of confidence ? impeach? crime? misdemeanor ? Parliament ? betrayed ? nation? ancient ? people ? desert ? nature ? enemy? sexes ?
[The words enclosed in quotation marks should be read with more force than what precedes them. Let the voice rise into a full, sonorous, ringing utterance, and pass over the periods with a stately and impressive movement.]
XLVII.-INVOCATION TO LIGHT.
MILTON. 1. Hail, holy light! offspring of heaven first-born, Or of the Eternal co-eternal beam, May I express thee unblamed ? since God is light, And never but in unapproached light Dwelt from eternity; dwelt then in thee, Bright effluence of bright essence increate. Or hear'st thou rather pure ethereal stream Whose fountain who shall tell ? Before the sun, Before the heavens thou wert, and at the voice Of God, as with a mantle didst invest The rising world of waters dark and deep, Won from the void and formless infinite.
2. Thee I revisit now with bolder wing, Escaped the Stygian pool, though long detained In that obscure sojourn; while in my flight, Through utter and through middle darkness borne, With other notes than to the Orphean lyre, I sung of chaos and eternal night; Taught by the heavenly muse to venture down The dark descent, and up to reascend, Though hard and rare; thee I revisit safe, And feel thy sovran vital lamp; but thou Revisit’st not these eyes, that roll in vain To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn; So thick a drop serene hath quenched their orbs, Or dim suffusion veiled.
3. Yet, not the more
Thee, Sion, and the flowery brooks beneath,
4. Thus with the year
XLVIII.—THE PRETEXT OF REBELLION.
STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS. 1. If war must come-if the bayonet must be used to maintain the constitution—I can say, before God, my conscience is clear. I have struggled long for a peaceful solution of the difficulty. I have not only tendered those states what was theirs of right, but I have gone to the very extreme of magnanimity. The return we receive is war, armies marched upon our capital, obstructions and danger to our navigation, letters of marque to invite pirates to prey upon our commerce, a concerted movement to blot out the United States of America from the map of the globe.
2. The question is, Are we to be stricken down by those who, when they can no longer govern, threaten to destroy ? What cause, what excuse, do disunionists give us for breaking up the best government on which the sun of heaven ever shed its rays? They are dissatisfied with the result of a presidential election. Did they never get beaten before ? Are we to resort to the sword when we get defeated at the ballet-box? I understand that the voice of the people expressed in the mode appointed by the constitution must command the obedience of every citizen. They assume, on the election of a particular candidate, that their rights are not safe in the Union. What evidence do they present of this? I defy any man to show any act upon which it is based. What act has been omitted or been done? I appeal to these assembled thousands, that, so far as the constitutional rights of the Southern States—I will say the constitutional rights of slaveholders are concerned, nothing has been done, and nothing has been omitted, of which they can complain.
3. There has never been a time, from the day that Washington was inaugurated first President of these United States, when the rights of the Southern States stood firmer under the laws of the land than they do now; there never was a time when they had not as good cause for disunion as they have to-day. What good cause have they now that has not existed under every administration? If they say the territorial question—now, for the first time, there is no act of
Congress prohibiting slavery anywhere. If it be the nonenforcement of the laws, the only complaints that I have heard have been of the too rigorous and faithful fulfillment of the fugitive slave law. Then what reason have they?
4. The slavery question is a mere excuse. The election of Lincoln is a mere pretext. The present secession movement is the result of an enormous conspiracy formed more than a year since,- formed by leaders in the southern confederacy more than twelve months ago. They use the slavery question as a means to aid the accomplishment of their ends. They desired the election of a northern candidate by a sectional vote, in order to show that the two sections cannot live together. When the history of the two years from the Lecompton charter down to the presidential election shall be written, it will be shown that the scheme was deliberately made to break up this Union..
4. They desired a northern Republican to be elected by a purely northern vote, and now assign this fact as a reason why the sections may not longer live together. If the disunion candidate in the late presidential contest had carried the united South, their scheme was, the northern candidate successful, to seize the capital last spring, and, by a united South and divided North, hold it. That scheme was defeated in the defeat of the disunion candidate in several of the Southern States.
XLIX.- NO NEUTRALS; ONLY PATRIOTS AND
STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS. 1. But this is no time for a detail of causes. The conspiracy is now known. Armies have been raised, war is levied, to accomplish it. There are only two sides to the question. Every man must be for the United States or against them.