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your unhappy state will inevitably fall all the evils of the
conflict you force upon the government of your country. P. 4. It cannot accede to the mad project of disunion, of
which you would be the first victims. Its first magistrate . cannot, if he would, avoid the performance of his duty.
The consequences must be fearful for you, distressing to
your fellow-citizens here, and to the friends of good governsement throughout the world. Its enemies have beheld our
prosperity with a vexation they could not conceal; it was a af standing refutation of their slavish doctrines, and they will e point to our discord with the triumph of malignant joy. It
is yet in your power to disappoint them. There is yet time jf to show that the descendants of the Pinckneys, the Sumters,
the Rutledges, and of the thousand other names which adorn be the pages of your Revolutionary history, will not abandon
To that Union to support which so many of them fought and to bled and died.
5. I adjure you, as you honor their memory-as you love in the cause of freedom, to which they dedicated their lives -as
you prize the peace of your country, the lives of its best 2 citizens, and your own fair fame, to retrace your steps.
Snatch from the archives of your state the disorganizing edict che of its convention-bid its members re-assemble and pro
mulgate the decided expressions of your will to remain in the path which alone can conduct you to safety, prosperity, and honor,-tell them that, compared to disunion, all other evils
are light, because that brings with it an accumulation of all Telefon — declare that you will never take the field unless the star
spangled banner of your country shall float over you— that
you will not be stigmatized when dead, and dishonored and xit scorned while you live, as the authors of the first attack on pe the constitution of your country!—its destroyers you canis not be. You may disturb its peace - you may interrupt the course of its prosperity-you may cloud its reputation for stability — but its tranquillity will be restored, its prosperity will return, and the stain upon its national character will be transferred and remain an eternal blot on the memory of those who caused the disorder.
6. Fellow-citizens ! the momentous case is before you. On your undivided support of your government depends the decision of the great question it involves, whether your sacred union shall be preserved, and the blessings it secures to us as one people shall be perpetuated. No one can doubt that the unanimity with which that decision will be expressed will be such as to inspire new confidence in republican institutions, and that the prudence, the wisdom, and the courage which it will bring to their defense, will transmit them unimpaired and invigorated to our children.
7. May the Great Ruler of nations grant that the signal blessings with which he has favored ours may not, by the madness of party or by personal ambition, be disregarded and lost; and may His wise providence bring those who have produced this crisis to see the folly, before they feel the misery, of civil strife, and inspire a returning veneration for that Union which, if we may dare to penetrate His designs, He has chosen as the only means of attaining the high destinies to which we may reasonably aspire.
XLII.—LAST INAUGURAL OF LINCOLN. 1. FELLOW-COUNTRYMEN : At this second appearing to take the oath of the Presidential office, there is less occasion for extended address than there was at first. Then a statement somewhat in detail of a course to be pursued seemed fitting and proper. Now at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented.
2. The progress of our arms, upon which all else chiefly depends, is as well known to the public as to myself; and it is, I trust, reasonably satisfactory and encouraging to all. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured.
3. On the occasion corresponding to this, four years ago, all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war. All dreaded it; all sought to avoid it. While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in this city seeking to destroy it without war-seeking to dissolve the Union and divide its effects by negotiation. Both parties deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish; and the war came.
4. One-eighth of the whole population were colored slaves, not distributed generally over the Union, but localized in the southern part of it. These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend the interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union, even by war, while the government claimed no right to do more than restrict the territorial enlargement of it.
5. Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has already attained. Neither anticipated that the cause might cease with or even before the conflict itself should cease. Each looked for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding.
6. Both read the same Bible and prayed to the same God, and each invoked His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God's assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men's faces; but let us judge not, that we be not judged. The prayers of both could not be answered—that of neither has been answered fully. The Almighty has His own purpose. Woe unto the world because of offenses, for it must needs be that offenses come; but woe to that man by whom the offense cometh. If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of these offenses which in the providence of God must needs come, but which having continued through His appointed time He now wills to remove, and that He gives to both North and South this terrible war as the woe due to those by whom the offense came, shall we discern therein any departure from those Divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to him ?
7. Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still must it be said, that the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
8. With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphans—to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.
XLIII.—THE INCHCAPE ROCK.
2. Without either sign or sound of their shock,
4. When the rock was hid by the surge's swell
5. The sun in heaven was shining gay ;
6. The buoy of the Inchcape Bell was seen,