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on the (second) word “ country”? Emphatic word in the clause beginning “and their renown"? Inflection of the voice on “ bears” in the next sentence? What two pairs of words in what remains of this sentence? [Each of these four words should receive a moderate emphasis. ] Inflection at the close of this sentence? What words would be required to answer this question ? [ Questions that may be answered by " yes" or "no" are called "direct" questions, and usually require the rising inflection.) What group of words emphatic in the sentence beginning “Sir, does he suppose"? Inflection at the end of this sentence? Inflection upon "Sir" in the next sentence? Emphatic words here? Inflection upon “delight”? “ rather"? [See note on “limits in Par. 1.]
Third Paragraph. What spirit is meant by that “which is able to raise mortals to the skies”? by that is which would drag angels down"? What is “ public merit”? What is it to “sneer at public merit”? Why should he call the limits of his state “ little”? Is “neighborhood," as here used, more or less extensive than "state"? What “homage” is “due to talent”? What kind of patriotism is “elevated patriotism”? What is meant by an “uncommon endowment of Heaven”? What is it to be moved by local prejudice”? [State clearly.] To be “ gangrened by state jealousy"? What is the strict and proper meaning of “gangrene"? What is the resemblance between this strict meaning and the figurative meaning in this sentence? What is it to "abate”? Meaning of "tithe"? What is it, then, “to abate the tithe of a hair"? Where did Mr. Webster probably find the expression, “may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth”? The same writer who said this, said also, and for the same purpose, “let my right hand forget her cunning,” [or skill]. Why did not Mr. Webster use the last expression instead of the other? Did he wish his tongue to cleave to the roof of his mouth? What did he mean, then?
Emphatic words before the first comma in the first sentence? What inflection upon “skies"? [The falling circumflex, or the curve of the voice ending in a downward slide. Here are two alternative propositions, the first of which is conceded not to be true, while the truth of the second
is affirmed as an offset. Let the pupils repeat the sentence, “If I cannot fly, I can walk.” The word skies has the same slide as "fly" in this short sentence. There is at first a slight rise of the voice, then a greater fall. The inflection upon “down” should be exactly the opposite, that is, the rising circumflex. 7 Where and what is the chief clause in the next sentence ? How many subsidiary or conditional clauses, and what are they? Does a conditional clause set forth a full and positive statement? What inflection then shall be given to "neighborhood”? “talent”? “patriotism”? “country”? What is the positive declaration in this sentence? What word just before this should receive the intensest rising inflection? [The word “fame," closing, as it does, the last conditional clause.] Carefully select, in this long sentence, all the emphatic words.
Fourth Paragraph. “What is it to "recur to pleasing recollections”? Is there any idea in the clause, “let me indulge, &c.," that is not contained in the preceding? Difference between the two clauses? Name some of the pleasing recollections." What is it to “indulge”? Why are these remembrances called “refreshing”? Are the words, recollections and remembrances, cxactly synonymous? What times are the early times here referred to? Difference between “harmony of principle” and “harmony of feeling”? Find and state what the feeling between these states was for about twenty years after the Revolutionary war. Meaning of the expression, " would to God”? “shoulder to shoulder"? “ hand in hand”? Why did not Mr. Webster say, “Hand in hand they went through the Revolution, shoulder to shoulder they stood round, &c.” ? What states were devoted supporters of Washington's administration? What was the real cause of the unkind feeling" between Massachusetts and South Carolina ? What is meant by “such soils”? What great arm is referred to in the last sentence?
Etymology and meaning of recur? recollection ? indulge ? cherished ? harmony? principle? administration ? support? alienation?
Inflection upon the word recollections? Is the clause ending here a positive or a conditional one? Emphatic word
or group in the clause? Answer the same questions concerning each of the remaining members in the sentence. Inflection upon the word “harmony”? “feeling”? Inflections and emphases in the short sentence, “would to God, &c."? What is the new thought in this sentence? Explain the emphases and inflections in the remaining sentences of the paragraph, and point out the new thought or thoughts in each.
Fifth Paragraph. Who is addressed as “Mr. President”? What word has been used in addressing him before? What is it to “enter on an encomium”? Does Mr. Webster praise Massachusetts ? What is the highest praise that can be bestowed ? Why should he say, “there she is”? What if the world does "know her history by heart”? What is meant by learning a thing by heart? What follows from this? In what sense is “the past secure”? Is it certain that Boston, Concord, Lexington, and Bunker Hill are to last forever — that is, that they are never to be destroyed ? What will really last forever ? State the facts that made it proper to refer to these places here? Would it not have been as well to say, “ her sons fought in the great struggle for independence on the soil of every state, from New England to Georgia," as to say, “the bones of her sons, &c!'? Why? Show what, if anything, is gained in the form used? Why does he stop with Georgia, why not say from New England to Florida or Texas ?
Etymology and meaning of president? encomium? secure? remain ? independence ?
Inflection upon “Massachusetts"? [Negative expressions require the rising inflection.] upon 5 none"? [See note on “limits,” first paragraph.] In the sentences of this paragraph, point out the emphatic words, determining them as before directed. [They express the new and important ideas.] Also point out the inflections,— remembering that positive statements require the falling, and negative and conditional ones the rising.
Sixth Paragraph. Where did American liberty "raise its first voice”? What is meant by this ? When was it? Mention some of the events? What building is known as the “Cradle of Liberty”? Why? Show how discord and disunion might "wound liberty.” Show how “party strife and blind ambition might hawk at and tear it." What is it to hawk at ? Suppose men succeed in throwing off salutary restraint, do they thereby make themselves really more free? What does the "union make sure,” according to Mr. Webster? How does it effect this? What will “stretch forth its arm”? Will any of its vigor be lost? Why? Name some of the 5 proud monuments” amid which it will fall. Where is “the spot of its origin"? State the whole of this last sentence in language that is not figurative. What does Mr. Webster mean to say will take place ?
Etymology and meaning of liberty? nurtured ? sustained ? original ? spirit ? discord ? ambition ? salutary ? existence ? infancy? vigor ? monuments ?
Where, in the first sentence, does the positive statement begin? What inflections before this, therefore? What one word is most emphatic? In the second sentence, where does the positive statement begin? Inflections previous to this, then, must have been chiefly what? Find and point out the emphatic words as in previous paragraphs.
What effect ought the reading of this selection to have upon us? [It ought to exalt our patriotism, and make us willing to undergo personal trials and deprivations for our country's sake. If we go over the reading of such a selection without having our patriotic impulses stirred, it proves either that we fail to understand what we read, or that we are naturally deficient in love of country.]
XXVI. — THE GOBLET OF LIFE.
H, W. LONGFELLOW.
With solemn voice and slow.
2. No purple flowers, no garlands green, Conceal the goblet's shade or sheen, Nor maddening draughts of Hippocrene, Like gleams of sunshine, flash between
Thick leaves of mistletoe.
3. This goblet, wrought with curious art, Is filled with waters that upstart When the deep fountains of the heart, By strong convulsions rent apart,
Are running all to waste.
4. And as it mantling passes round, With fennel is it wreathed and crowned, Whose seed and foliage, sun-imbrowned, Are in its waters steeped and drowned,
And give a bitter taste.
5. Above the lowly plants it towers,
Lost vision to restore.
6. It gave new strength and fearless mood;
A wreath of fennel wore.
New light and strength they give.